• Title, Summary, Keyword: arbutin

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A Study on Application for Cosmeceutical of Fagopyrum esculentum Extracts (메밀 추출물의 기능성 화장품으로서의 응용가능성에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Young;Park, Soo-Nam
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 2008
  • In this study, the antioxidative effects, inhibitory effects on tyrosinase and elastase and components of Fagopyrum esculetum extracts were investigated. Fagopyrum esculetum used for this study is hulls and dehulled seeds. The free radical(1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical, DPPH) scavenging activities($FSC_{50}$) and reactive oxygen species(ROS) scavenging activities($OSC_{50}$) of extract/fractions from Fagopyrum esculetum were measured. The aglycone($3.5{\pm}0.0{\mu}g/mL$) and ethyl acetate fractions($0.2{\pm}0.1{\mu}g/mL$) of hulls showed the most effective scavenging activities. The protective effects on the rose-bengal sensitized photohemolysis of human erythrocytes were investigated. The ethyl acetate fraction exhibited the most prominent cellular protective effect(${\tau}_{50},\;771.7{\pm}9.9 min$ at 10 ${\mu}g/mL$). The inhibitory effect of aglycone fraction of hull and dehulled seeds on tyrosinase were examined ($53.6{\pm}0.5{\mu}g/mL,\;35.6{\pm}0.4{\mu}g/mL$, respectively). And The inhibitory effect of aglycone fraction of hull and dehulled seeds on elastase were investigated($3.7{\pm}0.4{\mu}g/mL\;and\;6.0{\pm}0.7{\mu}g/mL$ respectively). But 50% ethanol extract rarely exhibited the inhibitory activity on tyrosinase and elastase. (+)-Catechin and (-)-epicatechin were contained in ethyl acetate fraction of dehulled seeds. And ethyl acetate fraction of hull contains flavonoids of hyperin, quercetin, rutin and so on. These results indicate that extract/fractions of Fagopyrum esculentum can function as antioxidants in biological systems, particularly skin exposed to UV radiation by scavenging $^1O_2$ and other ROS, and protect cellular membranes against ROS. Fagopyrum esculentum extract could be used as a new cosmeceutical for whitening and anti-wrinkle products.

Antioxidant and Immunological Activities of Polysaccharide Extracted from Cultured Mycelia of Schizophyllum commune (치마버섯 균사체 배양물로부터 분리한 다당류의 항산화 및 면역 활성)

  • Lee, June-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.9
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    • pp.1334-1341
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    • 2014
  • To examine the biological activity of polysaccharide extracted from cultured mycelia of Schizophyllum commune, we determined anti-complementary activity and nitric oxide production as a measure of immunological activity, anti-lipidperoxidation and hydroxy radical scavenging activity as a measure of antioxidative activity, tyrosinase inhibitory activity, anti-microbial activity, and transdermal flux of polysaccharide extracted from cultured mycelia of S. commune. Polysaccharide extracted from S. commune activated the complementary system and produced nitric oxide in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Antioxidant activities as malondialdehyde values were $49.5{\pm}0.7$, $39.7{\pm}1.7$, $39.2{\pm}1.2$, and $2.6{\pm}0.5nM/mL$ for control, extracellular polysaccharide extracted from S. commune (SC-EP), ultrafiltrated polysaccharide extracted from S. commune (SC-UP), and butylated hydroxytoluene, respectively. Hydroxy radical scavenging activity ($IC_{50}$) of SC-UP and mannitol were 3.32 and 1.66 mg/mL, respectively. Tyrosinase inhibitory activities of SC-UP, arbutin, and kojic acid were 19.9%, 31.8%, and 99.0%, respectively. Anti-microbial activities of SC-UP appeared to be low, and transdermal fluxes of SC-UP were 0.47%, 0.73%, and 1.20% after 3, 6, and 9 hr, respectively. These findings suggest that polysaccharide extracted from S. commune has potential immunological and antioxidant activities.

Cellular Antioxidant Activity and Whitening Effects of Dendropanax morbifera Leaf Extracts (황칠나무 잎 추출물의 세포 항산화 활성과 미백활성 측정)

  • Park, Su Ah;Park, Jun;Park, Chan Il;Jie, Young Jong;Hwang, Yun Chan;Kim, Yong Hyun;Jeon, So Ha;Lee, Hye Mi;Ha, Ji Hoon;Kim, Kyeong Jin;Park, Soo Nam
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.407-415
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    • 2013
  • In this study, we investigated the antioxidant activities on HaCaT and the whitening effects on B16F1 melanoma cells of Dendropanax morbifera leaf extract. In an antioxidative activity assay using HaCaT cells, the ethyl acetate ($50{\mu}g/ml$) and aglycone fractions ($25{\mu}g/ml$) of the D. morbifera leaf extract didn't exhibit any characteristics of cytotoxicity. When HaCaT cells were exposed to a single large dose ($800mJ/cm^2$) of UVB, the extracts protected the cells against UVB radiation. When HaCaT cells were treated with 10 mM $H_2O_2$ and $4{\mu}M$ rose bengal, the ethyl acetate ($6.25{\sim}50{\mu}g/ml$) and aglycone ($6.25{\sim}25{\mu}g/ml$) fractions protected the cells against oxidative damage in a concentration dependent manner. When the whitening effects of D. morbifera leaf extract were tested in melanoma B16/F1 cells treated with the a-melanocyte stimulating hormone (${\alpha}$-MSH), the extracts inhibited ${\alpha}$-MSH-stimulated intra/extracellular melanogenesis in a concentration dependent manner. The inhibitory effects of the ethyl acetate and aglycone fractions of D. morbifera leaf extract were 21% and 44% at $25{\mu}g/ml$, respectively. Both are more effective than arbutin (15% at $25{\mu}g/ml$) which is known as a whitening agent. These results indicate that fractions of the D. morbifera leaf can function as cell protectants and natural antioxidants in biological systems, particularly skins exposed to UV radiation by quenching and/or scavenging $^1O_2$ and other ROS, and protecting cells against ROS. In addition, fractions of the D. morbifera leaf can be applied to new whitening cosmetics because of their inhibitory effects on ${\alpha}$-MSH stimulated melanogenesis in B16F1 melanoma cells.

Antioxidative Effect and Component Analysis of Eriobotrya japonica Leaf Extracts (비파엽 추출물의 항산화 효능과 성분분석)

  • Kim, Su-Ji;Park, Jin-O;Park, Soo-Nam
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 2012
  • In the present study, the antioxidative properties, inhibitory activity on tyrosinase, and active components of Eriobotrya japonica (E. japonica) leaf extract were investigated. The free radical (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl, DPPH) scavenging activity ($FSC_{50}$) of extract/fraction of E. japonica leaf was in the order 50 % ethanol extract ($22.625{\mu}g/mL$) < ethyl acetate fraction (6.75) < deglycosylated aglycone fraction (5.06). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging activities ($OSC_{50}$) of fraction/extracton ROS generated in $Fe^{3+}-EDTA/H_2O_2$ system using the luminol-dependent chemiluminescenceassay were investigated. $OSC_{50}$ of the ethyl acetate fraction, deglycosylated aglycone fraction, and ethanol extract were 0.75, 0.79, and $1.61{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. The cellular protective effects of E. japonica leaf extract on the rose-bengal sensitized photohemolysis of human erythrocytes were investigated. The protective effects of extract/fraction of E. japonica leaf were increased in a in a concentration dependent manner ($5{\sim}50{\mu}g/mL$). Especially, ${\tau}50$ of ethyl acetate fraction at concentrations of $10{\mu}g/mL$ and $50{\mu}g/mL$ showed the most protective effects at 390.8 min and 1471.5 min. The inhibitory effect ($IC_50$) on tyrosinase of E. japonica leaf extracts was higher than arbutin, known as a skin-whitening agent. The order of inhibitory effects was acetate fraction ($75.25{\mu}g/mL$) < 50 % extract (74.1) < deglycosylated aglycone fraction (43.35). TLC of the ethyl acetate fraction showed 7 bands (EJL 1 - EJL 7). HPLC of the aglycone fraction exhibited 2 peaks, kaempferol and quercetin. The amounts of kaempferol and quercetin were 53.7 and 46.3 %. respectively. Therefore, The amounts of kaempferol and its glucoside were a little bit higher than quercetin and its glucoside in E. japonica leaf extract. Accordingly, these findings suggest that extracts/fractions of E. japonica leaf can function as antioxidants in biological systems, especially skin exposed to UV radiation, and protect cellular membranes against ROS. Thus, the extract/fraction of E. japonica leaf may be used in novel functional cosmetics as antioxidants against skin photoaging.

Antioxidative Effects and Tyrosinase Inhibitory Activities of Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) Extract/Fractions (마테(Ilex paraguariensis) 추출물/분획물의 항산화능 및 타이로시네이즈 저해 활성)

  • Kong, Bong Ju;Kim, Yong Jae;Baek, Jee Seon;Lee, Da Bin;Lee, Ji Won;Min, Na Young;Kim, A Young;Park, Soo Nam
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.391-400
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    • 2015
  • In the present study, 50% ethanol extract, the ethyl acetate and aglycone fraction were prepared from mate (Ilex paraguariensis) and their antioxidative ability was evaluated. The yields of extract and fractions were 32.0, 4.48 and 0.82% per dried powder, respectively. Free radical scavenging activities were performed by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay and total antioxidant capacity was estimated using luminol-dependent chemiluminescence assay. Free radical scavenging activities ($FSC_{50}$) of 50 % ethanol extract, ethyl acetate fraction and aglycone fraction were 8.83, 5.84 and $6.05{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. Their total antioxidant capacities ($OSC_{50}$) were similar to that of L-ascorbic acid ($1.72{\mu}g/mL$), known as a prominent water soluble antioxidant, in all extracts and 50% ethanol extract ($1.03{\mu}g/mL$) was the most effective. The cellular protective effects on the $^1O_2$-induced cellular damage of erythrocytes were evaluated and the results showed that all extracts were significantly higher than (+)-${\alpha}$-tocopherol at $10{\mu}g/mL$. Especially, the ${\tau}_{50}$ value of aglycone fraction was 5 times higher than (+)-${\alpha}$-tocopherol at $10{\mu}g/mL$ and $50{\mu}g/mL$. The inhibitory effects of the ethyl acetate and aglycone fractions on tyrosinase were similar to arbutin, known as the whitening agent in cosmetics. These results suggest that the extracts of mate have the applicability as antioxidant and anti-aging cosmeceutical ingredients.