• Title, Summary, Keyword: arbutin

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Purification and Characterization of Neoagarotetraose from Hydrolyzed Agar

  • Jang, Min-Kyung;Lee, Dong-Guen;Kim, Nam-Young;Yu, Ki-Hwan;Jang, Hye-Ji;Lee, Seung-Woo;Jang, Hyo-Jung;Lee, Ye-Ji;Lee, Sang-Hyeon
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.1197-1200
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    • 2009
  • The whitening effect, tyrosinase inhibition, and cytotoxicity of neoagarotetraose were measured after its purification from hydrolyzed agar by gel filtration chromatography. In melanoma B16F10 cells, the melanin content of neoagarotetraose-treated cells was the same as that treated by kojic acid or arbutin. In addition, tyrosinase of melanoma cells was strongly inhibited by neoagarotetraose at a concentration of $1{\mu}g/ml$ and similarly inhibited at 10 and $100{\mu}g/ml$ compared with those by arbutin or kojic acid. The activity of mushroom tyrosinase showed a 38% inhibition by neoagarotetraose at $1{\mu}g/ml$, and this inhibitory effect was more efficient than that by kojic acid. Neoagarotetraose revealed a similar $IC_{50}$ (50% inhibition concentration) value for mushroom tyrosinase as that by kojic acid. These data suggest that the neoagarotetraose generated from agar by recombinant $\beta$-agarase might be a good candidate as a cosmetic additive for the whitening effect.

Evaluation of 1,1-Diphenyl-2-Picrylhydrazyl Radical Scavenging Effect, Cytotoxicity and Tyrosinase Inhibition Activities in 4 Species of Herb Plants (허브 식물 4종의 1,1-Diphenyl-2-Picrylhydrazyl 라디칼 소거능, 세포 독성 및 tyrosinase 저해활성 검정)

  • Park, Hye-Won;Jang, Ka-Hee;Hussain, Mubshar;Lee, Dong-Jin
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.201-205
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    • 2012
  • The present study was conducted to evaluate of the 1,1-Diphenyl-2-Picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging effect, cytotoxicity and tyrosinase inhibition activities using methanol extracts from different parts of four herb plants. The results showed that whole and root extracts of yarrow the highest total polyphenol and flavonoid contents as well as whole of yarrow revealed the highest DPPH radical scavenging effect. In cytotoxicity test against three cancer cell lines, HeLa (uterus), SK-Hep-1 (liver), and YD-15 (oral), the whole extract of feverfew showed the highest toxicity with $IC_{50}$ values of $102.58-138.68{\mu}g/mL$. Also, mallow root extract ($71.24{\mu}g/mL$) exhibited potent tyrosinase inhibitory activity comparable to arbutin ($69.56{\mu}g/mL$), which was used as the control.

Loading Behavior of pH-Responsive P(MAA-co-EGMA) Hydrogel Microparticles for Intelligent Drug Delivery Applications (지능형 약물전달시스템을 위한 pH 감응형 P(MAA-co-EGMA) 수화젤 미세입자의 탑재거동)

  • Shin, Young-Chan;Kim, Kyu-Sik;Kim, Bum-Sang
    • Polymer Korea
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.421-426
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    • 2008
  • pH-responsive P(MAA-co-EGMA) hydrogel microparticles were synthesized via dispersion photo polymerization and the feasibility of the particles as the cosmetic formulation was investigated. Rh-B and the functional materials for the cosmetic application such as ascorbic acid, adenosine, EGCG, and arbutin were loaded in the P (MAA-co-EGMA) hydrogel microparticles in order to examine the interaction between the hydrogel and the loaded materials. In the loading experiments, Rh-B showed the highest loading efficiency to the P(MAA-co-EGMA) hydrogels due to the electrostatic attraction between the negative charge of the hydrogels and the positive charge of Rh-B at the ionized states. However, the functional materials showed relatively low loading efficiencies because of the electrostatic repulsions between the negative charges of both the hydrogels and the materials at the ionized states. In addition, P(MAA-co-EGMA) hydrogel microparticles showed pH-responsive release behavior of Rh-B according to the external pH changes.

Inhibitory Effect of Gardenia Fruit Extracts on Tyrosinase Activity and Melanogenesis (치자 열매 추출물의 Tyrosinase 효소활성 저해 및 Melanogenesis 억제 효과)

  • Kwak Jung-Hoon;Kim Yong-Hae;Chang Hae-Ryong;Park Chul-Woo;Han Yeong-Hwan
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.437-440
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    • 2004
  • To determine the inhibition of tyrosinase activity and melanogenesis, gardenia fruit was extracted initially with $95\%$ ethanol (w/v), The ethanol extract was fractionated subsequently with hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate in that order. The inhibitory effect of the ethanol extract on tyrosinase activity was higher than water extract. When 10 mg/mL of ethyl acetate fraction was applied, the inhibition ratio of tyrosinase activity was much higher ($99.7{\pm}0.1\%$) than that of arbutin. The inhibition of melanogenesis using B16F10 melanoma cell, the ethanol extract also showed higher inhibitory effect than water extract. The highest inhibitory activity of melanogenesis was also shown in ethyl acetate fraction ($89.1{\pm}1.4\%$ at the cone. of $100\;{\mu}g/mL$). These results suggests that gardenia extracts might be used to be a potential agents for whitening.

A Research Trend of Natural Product on Well-Being Industry (웰빙산업에서의 천연물 연구 동향)

  • Kim Ki Ho;Ko Kang Il;Kang En Jung;Yang En Kyung;Park Soo Nam
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.329-343
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    • 2004
  • Recently, our society has prominently raised the desire to well-being life since not only our economical situations are better than before, but environmental pollution become serious. In well-being trends, the natural or nature-related products are also issued on their usages as bio-/raw materials for our living industries, such as cosmetics, household goods, and so on. Especially, various materials which comes from medicinal plants has been discovered their physiological properties and validated their functions. Thus, they have been subjected to several processes, including extraction, isolation and concentration, and popularly introduced to cosmetic industry. In these reasons, a variety of cosmetic Products using natural materials has been developed, which are focused on whitening, wrinkle improvement, and anti-aging. In this report, we present a brief review of the function and classification of natural products interested in until now, and introduce the natural materials for cosmetics having physiological activities on skin, including Fructan, Acrea extract, Portulaca extract, Licorce extract, Dandelion extract, Ulmus extract, SC-glucan, Arbutin, and Sophora extract.

Vitis amurensis Ruprecht root inhibited ${\alpha}$-melanocyte stimulating hormone-induced melanogenesis in B16F10 cells

  • Jin, Kyong-Suk;Oh, You Na;Hyun, Sook Kyung;Kwon, Hyun Ju;Kim, Byung Woo
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.509-515
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    • 2014
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The root of Vitis amurensis Ruprecht, a sort of wild-growing grape, has been used in oriental medicine for treatment of skin ailments; however, its dermatological activity is not sufficiently understood. The aim of this study was to investigate tyrosinase inhibitory and anti-melanogenic activities of V. amurensis Ruprecht root methanol extract (VARM) in B16F10 mouse melanoma cells and to attempt to isolate and identify the active compound issued from VARM. MATERIALS/METHODS: Anti-melanogenic activity of VARM was analyzed in ${\alpha}$-melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH)-stimulated B16F10 cells through evaluation of antioxidative activity as well as inhibited tyrosinase activity and melanin contents compared with those of kojic acid and arbutin. After anti-melanogenic analysis of VARM, serial fractionation, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and thin layer chromatorgraphy (TLC) were applied for identification of active compounds contained in VARM. RESULTS: VARM significantly inhibited oxidative stress and tyrosinase activity and attenuated ${\alpha}$-MSH-induced melanin production in B16F10 cells. For isolation of active compounds, VARM was fractionated using a series of organic solvents, including dichloromethane ($CH_2Cl_2$), ethyl acetate (EtOAc), and n-butanol (n-BuOH). Among fractions showing anti-melanogenic activity, the CH2Cl2 fraction induced the most potent attenuation of melanogenesis without cytotoxicity and the major compound in the $CH_2Cl_2$ fraction was identified as betulinic acid. Betulinic acid isolated from the $CH_2Cl_2$ fraction of VARM significantly attenuated ${\alpha}$-MSH-induced melanogenesis in a dose dependent manner, which was stronger than that of arbutin used as a positive control. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that VARM inhibits oxidative stress, tyrosinase activity, and ${\alpha}$-MSH-induced melanogenesis in B16F10 cells, due primarily to the active compound, betulinic acid, in the $CH_2Cl_2$ fraction.

Cosmetic Effects of Dietary Fiber from Mozuku, Cladosiphon novae-caledoniae Kylin (큰실말(Cladosiphon novae-caledoniae Kylin) 부산물의 화장품소재 특성)

  • Kim, In Hae;Lee, Jae Hwa
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.285-295
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    • 2016
  • To investigate the effect of dietary fiber from mozuku, Cladosiphon novae-caledoniae kylin (C. novae-caledoniae kylin) on the skin care, we measured anti-oxidant activity, anti-microbial activities, tyrosinase activity inhibition and elastic activity. B16F10 melanoma cell (MTT assay) were used to measure cell viability. MC and MI exhibited in vitro antibacterial activity against Staphyloccus aureus (S. aureus) and MRSA without antifungal activity. Mozuku extract (MS) showed excellent tyrosinase inhibition effect compared to arbutin as a positive control (to 49% for tyrosine). The wrinkle-improving effect was relatively low. However, wrinkle-improving effect was relatively low. DPPH free radical scavenging activity was 89% in a concentrations at $500{\mu}g/mL$. These results indicate that the mozuku extracts may be an effective cosmetic ingredient for skin whitening.

Whitening Effect of Watersoluble Royal Jelly from South Korea

  • Han, Sang Mi;Kim, Jung Min;Hong, In Phyo;Woo, Soon Ok;Kim, Se Gun;Jang, Hye Ri;Park, Kwan Kyu;Pak, Sok Cheon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.707-713
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    • 2015
  • Royal jelly has been widely used as a health supplement worldwide. However, royal jelly has been implicated in allergic reactions, and we developed a water-soluble royal jelly (WSRJ) without the allergy inducing protein. In this study, we aimed to identify the anti-melanogenic efficacy of WSRJ. B16F1 melanoma cells were first treated with 10 nM α-melanocyte stimulating hormone (α-MSH) and then with various doses of WSRJ. In addition, we investigated the mRNA and protein expression of melanogenesis-related genes such as tyrosinase, tyrosinase related protein-1 (TRP-1) and TRP-2 by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. WSRJ directly inhibited tyrosinase and cellular tyrosinase activity, which decreased melanin synthesis in α-MSH stimulated B16F1 melanoma cells a level comparable to that observed with arbutin. WSRJ decreased the mRNA and protein expressions of tyrosinase, TRP-1, and TRP-2, which was comparable to that observed with arbutin. WSRJ has strong anti-melanogenic activity, which invoice direct inhibition of tyrosinase enzyme activity and suppression of expression of melanogenesis related genes. Results from this study suggests that WSRJ is a potential candidate for the treatment of skin pigmentation.

Antioxidant, Anti-Melanogenic and Anti-Wrinkle Effects of Phellinus vaninii

  • Im, Kyung Hoan;Baek, Seung A;Choi, Jaehyuk;Lee, Tae Soo
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.494-505
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    • 2019
  • In this study, the antioxidant, anti-xanthine oxidase, anti-melanogenic and anti-wrinkle effects of methanol (ME) and hot water (HE) extracts from the fruiting bodies of Phellinus vaninii were investigated. The 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl free radical scavenging activity of 2.0 mg/mL HE (95.38%) was comparable to that of butylated hydroxytoluene (96.97%), the reference standard. The hydroxyl radical scavenging activities of ME (98.19%) and HE (97.55%) were higher than that of butylated hydroxytoluene (92.66%) at 2.0 mg/mL. Neither ME nor HE was cytotoxic to murine melanoma B16-F10 cells at 25-750 ㎍/mL. Although the xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitory effects of ME and HE were significantly lower than that of allopurinol, the values were higher than 84 percent. The in vitro tyrosinase inhibitory activities of ME and HE were comparable to kojic acid at 2.0 mg/mL. The cellular tyrosinase and melanin synthetic activities of ME and HE on B16-F10 melanoma cells at 500 ㎍/mL were higher than arbutin, indicating that the inhibitory effects of arbutin on the tyrosinase and melanin synthesis were higher than those of ME and HE. The collagenase inhibitory activity of HE was comparable to EGCG at 2.0 mg/mL, however, the elastase inhibitory activity of ME and HE was lower than EGCG at the concentration tested. The study results demonstrated that the fruiting bodies of Ph. vaninii possessed good antioxidant, anti-xanthine oxidase, cell-free anti-tyrosinase, cellular anti-tyrosinase, anti-collagenase, and moderate anti-elastase activities, which might be used for the development of novel anti-gout, skin-whitening, and skin anti-wrinkle agents.

Whitening Effect of Hizikia fusiformis Ethanol Extract and Its Fractions (톳(Hizikia fusiformis) 에탄올 추출물 및 분획물의 미백활성)

  • Jeon, Myong-Je;Kim, Mi-Hyang;Jang, Hye-Ji;Lee, Seung-Woo;Kim, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Hyung-Suk;Lee, Sang-Hyeon
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.889-896
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    • 2012
  • Melanin synthesis is catalyzed by tyrosinase. To investigate the whitening effect of Hizikia fusiformis, fractions from ethanol extract of H. fusiformis were prepared by a systematic fractionation procedure with solvents such as methanol, hexane, butanol, and $H_2O$. The ethanol extract and its fractions were then subjected to evaluate the inhibitory effects on the tyrosinase activity and melanin synthesis in murine B16F10 melanoma cells. The ethanol extract and aqueous fraction exhibited a whitening effect with no cytotoxicity. The ethanol extract showed the highest whitening effect among the samples. The inhibitory effect of $100{\mu}g/ml$ of ethanol extract was higher than that of $10{\mu}g/ml$ of arbutin, but it was lower than that of $10{\mu}g/ml$ of kojic acid. Furthermore, the inhibitory effects of $100{\mu}g/ml$ of methanol, hexane, butanol, and aqueous fractions were similar to those of $10{\mu}g/ml$ of arbutin. The antioxidant activities were examined by comparing the results with that of ascorbic acid as a positive control. The ethanol extract and aqueous fraction showed relatively higher DPPH radical-scavenging activities compared with the other samples. Furthermore, $500{\mu}g/ml$ of ethanol extract and aqueous fraction diminished LPS-induced iNOS expression to 82 and 80%, respectively. These results suggest that ethanol extract and aqueous fraction of H. fusiformis could be used as cosmetic ingredients for whitening and skin protection effects.