• Title, Summary, Keyword: argyrophil cell

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An histological and immunohistochemical study of endocrine cells in the gastrointestinal tract of the Amur lizard (Takydromus amurensis) (아무르장지뱀의 위장관 내분비세포에 관한 조직화학적 및 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeung-sik;Lee, Mal-soon;Lee, Jae-hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 1995
  • The distribution and the frequency of endocrine cells in the GIT of the Amur lizard(Takydromus amurensis) were investigated using silver techniques and immunohistochemical method. Only argyrophil cells stained by the Grimelius technique were found numerous in the pyloric glands and moderate in the duodenum. Two types of immunoreactive endocrine cells were identified by immunohistochemical method. Bovine CG-immunoreactive cells were demonstrated the entire GIT. BPP-immunoreactive cells were restricted in the duodenum and the ileum. The results showed that: the number of argyrophil cells was lower than the number of cells stained with bovine CG antiserum. Therefore, bovine CG-immunostaining and the Grimelius silver technique did not correspond with various endocrine cells in the Amur lizard.

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An histochemical study of endocrine cells in the alimentary tract of the red-eared slider, Trachemys scripta elegans (붉은귀거북이 소화관 내분비세포에 관한 조직화학적 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeung-sik;Ku, Sae-kwang;Park, Ki-dae;Lee, Jae-hyun;Lee, Mal-soon
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.247-256
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    • 2000
  • The regional distributions and relative frequencies of endocrine cells were studied histochemically (Grimelius and Masson-Hamperl (M-H) silver methods) in the alimentary tract of the red-eared slider, Trachemys scripta elegans. Samples were taken from the esophagus, fundus, pylorus, duodenum, jejunum, ileum and large intestine. Argyrophil (Grimelius-positive) cells and argentaffin (M-H-positive) cells were found in the whole alimentary tract in this study. Spherical to spindle and/or oval to round-shaped argyrophil or argentaffin cells were located in the gastric glands of the stomach regions, in the basal portion of the epithelium of intestinal tract or the esophagus with variable frequencies. Argentaffin cells were more numerously detected in the whole alimentary tract compared with those of argyrophil cells in this study. Argyrophil cells were observed in the whole alimentary tract including the esophagus and the most predominant region was the rectum with moderate frequency. The relative frequency of these cells was rare in the esophagus, fundus, duodenum, jejunum and ileum, respectively and a few frequency in the pylorus. Argentaffin cells were also observed in the whole alimentary tract including the esophagus and the most numerously demonstrated region was the rectum with numerous frequency. They were observed with a few frequencies in the remaining regions of the alimentary tract except for the rectum, respectively. However, to know the exact type of the argyrophil cells and argentaffin cells that were observed in this study, more developmental methods such as immunohistochemistry were needed.

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Electron Microscopic Observations of Endocrine Cells on the Squirrel's Gastrointestinal Tract (다람쥐 소화관의 내분비세포에 관한 전자현미경적 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeung-sik;Lee, Jae-hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.19-30
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    • 1986
  • Endocrine cells were observed in the gastrointestinal tract of the squirrels by light microscopy using Grimelius and Masson-Hamperl silver impregnation, and in the stomach and duodenum by electron microscopy. Light microscopically, argyrophil cell decreased gradually in number in the pyloric region and ileum, stomach, duodenum and jejunum and rectum in the order listed. Argentaffin cells were moderately distributed in the stomach, pyloric region and duodenum, while absent in the jejunum, ileum and rectum. Five kinds of cell types, EC, ECL, D, $D_1$ and G cells were identified in the stomach and three kinds of cell types, S, $EC_1$ and $EC_2$ were also identified in the duodenum by electron microscopy. A cilium noted in the cytoplasm of $D_1$-type cell. The species differences in the distribution, size and structure of the secretory granules were discussed.

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Immunohistochemical study on endocrine cells of the thymus of duck(Anas platyrhynchos platyrhyncos, Linne) (청둥오리의 가슴샘 내분비세포에 대한 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Kim, Jeong-mi;Lee, Jae-hyun;Ku, Sae-kwang;Lee, Hyeung-sik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.246-257
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    • 1998
  • Endocrine cells in the thymus of duck(Anas platyrhynchos platyrhyncos, Linne) were studied immunohistochemically from 23 days of incubation to 32 weeks of age. Somatostatin-, growth hormone(GH)-, gastrin/cholecystokinin(Gas/CCK)-, polypeptide YY(PYY)-, S-100 protein(S-100 P)-, dopamine-, serotonin(5-HT)-, and bovine chromogranin (BCG)-immunoreactive cells were detected in the duck thymus by the PAP techniques. These immunoreactive cells were observed in the medulla and in the juxtacortical medulla. No immunoreactivity of calcitonin and bovine pancreatic polypeptide(BPP) antiserum were observed. The argyrophil cells by Grimelius techniques were observed from 23 days of incubation to 32 weeks of age and peaked in 5 weeks of age. In the early develpmental stage, the argyrophil cells were distributed only in the medulla, while these cells were distributed mainly in the medulla and a few cells were distributed in the corticomedullary junction from 3 weeks of age. These immunoreactive cells were generally round, oval and elliptical and occasionally spindle, polygonal and polymorphous with the long cytopslasmic processes in shape. The present study suggests that the intrathymic endocrine cells may associate with the functional maturation of T-lymphocytes on the establishment of immunity. The further study will be needed to elucidate the function of these thymic endocrine cells.

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Composite Tumor of Adenocarcinoma and Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix -A Case Report- (자궁 경부의 선암과 혼합된 신경내분비 소세포 암종 - 1 증례 보고 -)

  • Park, Hye-Rim;Lee, Yong-Woo;Park, Young-Euy
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.111-120
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    • 1990
  • Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the uterine cervix is a distinct subtype of cervical cancer that appears analogous to oat cell carcinoma and carcinoid tumors of the lung. It has been assumed to be derived from the neural crest via argyrophilic cells in the normal endocervix. We have recently encountered a case of small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the uterine cervix coexisting with adenocarcinoma which was argyrophil negative. A 66-year-old multiparous woman was admitted because of vaginal bleeding for 2 months. Cervicovaginal smear revealed several scattered clusters and sheets of monotonous small cells with some peripheral palisading in the background of hemorrhage and necrosis. Radical hysterectomy specimen revealed an ulcerofungating tumor on endocervical canal which was composed of two components. Major component of the tumor was made up of monomorphic population of small oval-shaped tumor cells arranged in sheets and partly in acinar structures or trabecular fashion. Other component was adenocarcinoma, endocervical well-differentiated type. Argyrophilia was present on the Grimelius stain and immunohistochemical studies revealed diffuse positivity to neuron-specific enolase and carcinoembryonic antigen. Electron microscopic examination showed clusters of small round to oval cells, which had a few well-formed desmosomes and several membrane-bound, dense-core neurosectetory granules.

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An Immunohistochemical ana Ultrastructural Studies on the Gut Endocrine Cells in the Hedgehog, Erinaceus koreanus (한국산 고슴도치(Erinaceus koreanus)의 장관 내분비세포에 관한 면역조직화학적 및 전자현미경적 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyun
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.59-76
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    • 1988
  • In order to know the distribution, relative frequencies, types and morphology, endocrine cells in the intestinal tract of the hedgehog(Erinaceus koreanus) were studied by light microscopy, immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Two kinds of endocrine cells were demonstrated with two specific staining methods. Argyrophil cells(reactive cells for Grimelius method) were found most frequently in the intestinal region, and were infrequent in the rectum, whereas argentaffin cells (reactive cells for Masson-Hamperl method) were found most frequently in the rectum and in the other legions were infrequent. These reacting cells were mainly found in the intestinal glands, whereas a small number in the mucosa. 2. Twelve kinds of endocrine cells, gastrin(Gas)-, somatostatin (Som)-, serotonin(5-HT)-, glucagon(Glu)-, bovine pancreatic polypeptide(Bpp)-, cholecystokinin(Cck)-, secretin(Sec)-, motilin(Mot)-, glicentin(Gli)-, gastric inhibitor polypeptide(GIp)-, substance P(Sp)-, and neurotensin(Neu)-immunoreactive cells, were identified by immunohistochemical method. Gas-, Som-, 5-HT-, Glu-, Cck-, Sec-, Mot-, Gli-, Sp-, and Neu-reactive cells were observed in the duodenum, and among these Gas- and 5-HT-reactive cells were moderately found while the others were infrequent. In the jejunoileum Gas-, Som-, 5-HT-, Glu-, Cck-, Mot-, Gli-, GIp-, SP-, and Neu-reactive cells were found, and among these 5-HT- and GIp-reactive cells were moderately found while the others were infrequent. In the colon Sec-reactive cell was not detected. 5-HT-reactive cells were found most frequently and the others were infrequent in this region. 5-HT-, Bpp-, GIi- and Neu-reactive cells were found in the rectum. Among these 5-HT-reactive cells were found most frequently. 3. Electron microscopically, five types of endocrine cells, EC, ECL, D, G, A-like cell, were identified in the intestinal region. EC and ECL cells in the duodenum, EC, D and G cells in the jejuno-ileum, EC and A-like cells in the colon and EC cell in the rectum were observed respectively.

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