• Title, Summary, Keyword: articulation

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Teaching-Learning Methods articulated with mathematics in middle school (중학 수학의 연계적인 교수 학습 방법에 관한 연구 - 함수 영역을 중심으로)

  • 장이채;김태균;정인철;송주현
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.21-37
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, we improved, compared and analyzed the articulation of school mathematics. We also tried to form the theoretical basis of school mathematics by classifying and considering the articulation into vertical articulation and horizontal articulation depending on the meaning, and give an actual help. The articulation of school mathematics until now has been focused on a study of vertical articulation according to the macroscopic characteristic of mathematics, but now a study of the horizontal articulation as well as the vertical articulation should be done in consideration of the micro characteristics of mathematics and various realities of life by modifying a syllabus of the function unit and by using internet homepage. Thus, we structurally divided the articulation into vertical articulation and horizontal articulation, analyzed mathematical activities and presented actual models of each representative learning activity for smooth teaching in schools through the function unit.

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The Effect of Articulation Modification Program for Production /ㅅ/ of Hearing Disordered Students (조음조절 프로그램에 의한 청각장애학생의 /ㅅ/산출 개선)

  • Son, Jung-Min;Seok, Dong-Il;Park, Sang-Hee
    • Speech Sciences
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.229-247
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the improvement effect of articulation of the fricative consonant /s/(ㅅ), when applying the Articulation Modification Program (AMP) to hearing disordered students. Three hearing disordered students were selected for this study by the consonant picture and Korean Articulation Sentence tests. They have no defect in their emotion, behavior and sight. This program applied the multiple baseline design across subjects to examine the improvement effect of articulation of fricative consonant /s/(ㅅ). Also I designed th$\sim$s program with an advanced pre-test and post-test in order to research the improvement difference of articulation by articulation position and language unit. It was executed 32 sessions over three months, four sessions a week, one session taking forty minutes. The results according to the study subject are as follow; First, as result of AMP, articulation of all students was developed after applying this program. Second, as result of AMP, articulation in fore-word was one-hundred percent efficiency and articulation in middle-word was 97.7% efficiency by position. Third, as result of AMP, articulation in the word reached 98.7% efficiency, in phrase 97.7% efficiency, in the sentence 97.7% efficiency and in the story was 98.3% efficiency by language unit.

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Compensation Ability in Speech Motor Control in Children with and without Articulation Disorders (조음장애아동과 비장애아동의 말운동통제 보상능력 비교)

  • Song, Yun-Kyung;Sim, Hyun-Sub
    • Speech Sciences
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.183-201
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    • 2008
  • This study attempted to reveal the physiologic etiology or related factors associated with speech processing by comparing the compensation ability in speech motor control in children with and without articulation disorders. Subjects were 35 children with articulation disorder and 35 children without articulation disorder whose age ranged from 5 to 6 years. They were asked to rapidly repeat /$p^ha$/, /$t^ha$/, /$k^ha$/, /$p^hat^hak^ha$/ diadochokinetic movement while mandible was free and mandible was stabilized with bite block. The results showed that children with articulation disorder revealed significantly greater difference in elapsed time for diadochokinetic movement between mandible free and stabilized state compared to the without articulation disorder group. But the correlation between the percentage of consonants correct and the compensation ability in speech motor control in the articulation disorder group was irrelevant. These results point out to the fact that children with articulation disorder have poor compensation ability in speech motor control compared to the children without articulation disorder. On the other hand, the poor ability does not have any relation with the severity of articulation disorder. These results suggest either general or individual characteristics of children with articulation disorder.

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Velopharyngeal Insufficiency Induced by a Postoperative Palatal Fistula during Articulation Development Period: A Case Report (언어발달시기의 구개누공으로 인한 구개인두부전: 증례보고)

  • Baek, Rong-Min;Park, Mi-Kyong;Lee, Sang-Woo
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.175-177
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    • 2010
  • Ppupose: Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) during articulation development period can cause compensatory articulation like glottal stop, which can maintain VPI symptoms such as hypernasality and nasal emission despite of recovered velopharyngeal function. Methods: A girl visited our department with speech problems such as hypernasality, compensatory articulation patterns, and nasal air emission. She had history of postpalatoplasty fistula which was repaired after 1 year follow-up. Results: After treated with speech therapy without surgery, her hypernasal speech problem was corrected. From this, we could assume that the fistula during articulation development period induced VPI, which leads to glottal substitution and this compensatory articulation maintained VPI though the fistula was repaired. Conclusion: In this report, we could observe that palatal fistula in articulation development period can have detrimental effect on articulation, and also we could confirm that evaluation of soft palate mechanism with using speech sample without compensatory articulations prevent the patient from unnecessary operation.

On the Place of Articulation of the Korean Lenis Affricate (한국어 연파찰음의 조음위치에 관한 연구)

  • Baik, Woon-Il
    • Speech Sciences
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.281-285
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    • 2003
  • An EPG study was conducted to examine the place of articulation of Korean lenis affricate /c/. Results indicated that the place of articulation of the stop portion /t/ of /c/ was shifted to the place of articulation of the fricative portion /s/ of /c/. Also, we found that the shifting in the place of articulation occurred because of the gap of the place of articulation between /t/ and /s/ (two portions of /c/). From this study, we proposed that the /e/ is articulated at the same place of articulation of /s/ both for its stop portion and its fricative portion. Also, we observed that the place of articulation of /t/ is articulated farther front than that of /s/ and /c/.

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Effects of gender, age, and individual speakers on articulation rate in Seoul Korean spontaneous speech

  • Kim, Jungsun
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.19-29
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    • 2018
  • The present study investigated whether there are differences in articulation rate by gender, age, and individual speakers in a spontaneous speech corpus produced by 40 Seoul Korean speakers. This study measured their articulation rates using a second-per-syllable metric and a syllable-per-second metric. The findings are as follows. First, in spontaneous Seoul Korean speech, there was a gender difference in articulation rates only in age group 10-19, among whom men tended to speak faster than women. Second, individual speakers showed variability in their rates of articulation. The tendency for some speakers to speak faster than others was variable. Finally, there were metric differences in articulation rate. That is, regarding the coefficients of variation, the values of the second-per-syllable metric were much higher than those for the syllable-per-second metric. The articulation rate for the syllable-per-second metric tended to be more distinct among individual speakers. The present results imply that data gathered in a corpus of Seoul Korean spontaneous speech may reflect speaker-specific differences in articulatory movements.

Educational Articulation Between Kindergarten and Primary School : Perceptions of Teachers and Mothers (유·초 연계교육에 대한 교사와 학부모의 신념, 지식 및 실제 간의 차이)

  • Hwang, Yoon-Se;Choi, Mi-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.147-163
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are any differences among kindergarten teachers', primary school teachers', and children's mothers's perceptions-belief, knowledge, practice-about the educational articulation between kindergarten and primary school. The results of this study were as follows; First, there were differences among kindergarten teachers, primary school teachers, and mothers about the belief of articulation content. Second, in the knowledge of educational articulation, kindergarten teachers's understandings of the counterpart's curriculum were higher than that of primary school teachers's. Third, in the practice of educational articulation, kindergarten teachers and mothers were focused language and mathematics learning for educational articulation. But primary school teachers were focused school adjustment.

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The Effect of Sponsorship Articulation and Moderating Effect of Articulation Type & Thinking Style (스폰서십 접합화와 접합화 유형 및 사고방식의 조절효과)

  • Enkhchimeg, Tsedendorj;Kim, Gwi-Gon;Oh, Ji-Won
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.149-157
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to test the effects of articulation and sponsorship according to the native fit level. Especially this study is focused on the moderating effect of articulation type and thinking style. The results of this study are as follows. 1) An articulation effect appears more in the low native fit than the high one. 2), 3) The moderating effect appears in articulation type, but partially in thinking style. Namely, the difference in the articulation effect appears between commercial and non commercial articulation, but it does partially between holistic thinkers and analytic thinkers. 3) The higher articulation effect is, the more sponsorship effect(attitude toward sponsor and sponsor brand) is. The results of this study contribute theoretical and managerial implications about articulation and its effect as an effective means in marketing communications.

The relationship among articulation rate, intelligibility and working memory in children with spastic and flaccid dysarthria (경직형과 이완형 마비말장애아동에서 조음속도와 말명료도 및 작업기억능력 간의 관계)

  • Jeong, Pil Yeon;Sim, Hyun Sub;Jeong, Sook Hwae;Yim, Dongsun
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association among articulation rate, speech intelligibility and working memory in children with dysarthria. Two subject groups of 11 spastic and 11 flaccid dysarthria, respectively, aged between 8 and 17 years of age participated in this study. All participants were administered the following tests: K-WISC III PIQ test, speech intelligibility, working memory and articulation rate. Group differences were compared by an independent t-test. Pearson correlation were computed between all measures. The results of this study are as follows: First, articulation rate and intelligibility were significantly lower for the spastic dysarthria than for the flaccid dysarthria. Second, there was a significant correlation between articulation rate and intelligibility in children with flaccid dysarthria. Lastly, there was no significant correlation between articulation rate and working memory in both groups. The results suggest that articulation rate is not necessarily accompanied by working memory capacity in children with dysarthria, and there are differences in the effect of articulation rate on intelligibility depending on the type of dysarthria.

Effects of Vocal Relaxation Treatment on the Articulation Accuracy and Compensatory Articulation of Cleft Palate Children (성대이완 조음치료가 구개파열 아동의 조음정확도 향상과 보상조음 감소에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, So-Young;Kim, Young-Tae
    • Speech Sciences
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.185-200
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    • 2001
  • This study was designed to investigate the treatment, generalization, and maintenance effects of vocal relaxation treatment on compensatory articulation(i.e., glottalization of plosive sound) of three children with cleft palate. Multiple baseline design was applied to evaluate treatment, generalization, and maintenance effects. The targeted phonemes were ph/, th/, /t/ which Were frequently substituted by glottal stop sounds. The main component of the treatment program was vocal relaxation using humming and aspiration sound /h/. The following conclusions were deduced from the results: (1) the treatment program for compensatory articulation was effective in facilitating correct production of targeted phoneme and eliminating glottalization for all subjects, (2) the treatment effects on articulation accuracy were generalized to untreated phonemes (/c/, /c$c^{h}$/) for 2 subjects, (3) the treatment effects on decrease of glottalization were generalized to untreated phonemes for all subjects, and (4) the treatment effects were maintained for all subjects for 2 weeks after treatment was terminated.

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