• 제목, 요약, 키워드: attrition

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상악 측절치의 교모에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Attrition of Maxillary Lateral Incisors in Korea)

  • 임병철
    • 대한치과기공학회지
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.117-127
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    • 1996
  • This study was aimed to help the construction of esthetic dental prosthesis by investigation of the factors affecting on the atterition position and attrition angle of maxillary lateral incisors. Therefore 197 complete cast of maxillary and mandibualar extracted form the student of K. college were subjected for this study, and result throught the study are as follows. 1. None attrite rate of the maxiilary right lateral incisors was about 16.2% and that of the maxillary left lateral incisors was about 32.4% of examined teeth. 2. Throught mesiodistal attrition area 1) It showed that right lateral incisors was the most frequence in attrition of mesial area of incisal edge, and left lateral incisors was the most frequence in attrition of mesial and mid area of incisal edge. 2) It showed that square type arch was more frequence in attrition of all incisal edge, and ovoid type arch was more frequence in the attrition of mid area of incisal edge, and ovoid type arch was more frequence in the attrition of mid area of incisal edge, and taper type arch was more frequence in the attrition of mesial area of incisal edge than it of average frequence of right lateral incisors, by dental arch type. 3) It showed that square type arch was more frequence in the attrition of all area and mid area of incisal edge, and ovoid type arch was more frequence in the attrition of mid area of incisal edge, and taper type arch was more frequence in the attrition of mesial and distal area of incisal edge than it of average frequence of left lateral incisal, by dental arch type. 4) Sex, vertical overlap, horizontal overlap, incisal guide angle, did not affect significantly to throughout mesiodistal attrition, statistically 3. Throughout labiolingual attrition quantity. 1) It showed that throughout labiolingual attrition quantity was more attrition in order of taper type arch < ovoid type arch < square type arch, by dental arch type. 2) It showed that throughout labiolingual attrition qauntity was more attrition when the length of horizontal overlap is shorter than it of other, by horizontal overlap. 3) Throughout labiolingual attrition quantity of right lateral incisors showed that male was more attrition than it of female. 4) Vertical overlap, incisal guide angle, sex on left lateral incisors did not affect significantly to throughout labiolingual attrition, statistically. 4. Attrition angle 1) It showed that average attrition anlge of right lateral incisors were $30{\pm}13.02$ degree, and it of left lateral incisors were $26{\pm}13.37$ degree. 2) It showed that taper type arch have a bigger attrition angle than it of average of lateral incisors, and square tape arch have a smaller attrition angle than it of average of lateral incisors, by dental arch type. 3) It showed that horizontal overlap of 2.1mm above have a bigger attrition angle than it of average, by horizontal overlap. 4) It showed that female have a bigger attrition angle it of male, by sex.

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상악 견치의 교모에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Attrition of Maxillary Canine in Korea)

  • 임병철
    • 대한치과기공학회지
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 1997
  • This study was aimed to help the construction of naturally dental prosthesis by investigation of the factors affecting on the attrition position and attrition angle of maxillary canines. Therefore 163 complete cast of maxillary and mandibular extracted from the student of K. college were subjected for this study, and result through the study are as follows. 1. None attrite rate of the maxillary canine was 7%, of examined teeth. 2. Throughout mesiodistal attrition of 1) Throughout mesiodistal attrition area of the maxillary canines showed that mesial area and mid area of cusp was more frequence in attrition than distal area of it. 2) Sex, dental arch type, vertical overlap, horizontal overlap, did not affect significantly to throughtout mesiodistal attrition statistically 3. Througout labiolingual attrition area 1) Throughout labiolingual attrition area of the maxillary canines showed that attrition of the from lingual to labioncisal edge was more frequence than it of linguoincisal edge 2) It showed that attrition of the from lingual to labioincisal edge was more frequence when the length of horizontal overlap is shorter, by horizontal overlap 3) The attrition of the from lingual to labioincisal edge in maxillary left canines showed that male was more frequence in attrition than female. 4) Dental arch type, vertical overlap, did not affect signioficantly to labiolingual attrition, statistically. 4. Attrition angle 1) It showed that average attrition angle of the maxillary right canines were $19{\pm}11.02$ dagree, and it of left canines were $18{\pm}11.83$ degree. 2) It showed that famale have a bigger attrition angle than male, by sex. 3) It showed that attrition angle was bigger when the length of horizontal ovelap is bigger, by horizontal overlap.

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SEWGS 시스템을 위한 WGS 촉매들의 마모특성 (Attrition Characteristics of WGS Catalysts for SEWGS System)

  • 류호정;이동호;이승용;진경태
    • 한국수소및신에너지학회논문집
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.122-130
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    • 2014
  • Attrition characteristics of WGS catalysts for pre-combustion $ CO_2$ capture were investigated to check attrition loss of those catalysts, to check change of particle size distribution during attrition tests, and to determine solid circulation direction of WGS catalysts in a SEWGS system. The cumulative attrition losses of two catalysts increased with increasing time. However, attrition loss under humidified condition was lower than that under non-humidified condition case for long-term attrition tests. Between two catalysts, attrition loss of PC-29 catalyst was higher than that of MDC-7 catalyst for long-term attrition tests. However, the MDC-7 catalyst generated much more fines than PC-29 catalyst during attrition. Therefore, we conclude that the PC-29 catalyst is more suitable for fluidized bed operation if we take into account the separation efficiency of cyclone. Based on the results from the tests for the effect of humidity on the attrition loss, we selected solid circulation direction from SEWGS reactor to regeneration reactor because the SEWGS reactor contains more water vapor than regeneration reactor.

한국인 남자 상악소구치의 교모형태에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Attrition Pattern of Upper Premolar Teeth in Korean Male)

  • 이승우
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.5-8
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    • 1981
  • The author had sellected stone models of upper premolar teeth from 20 age to 60 ages in male, and studied the attrition pattern of upper premolar teeth having attention to teeth cups on the stone model. All of the attrition patterns were divided (into) 14 forms. The results were as follows : 1. Attrition patterns of upper premolar teeth were divided into 14 forms. 2. Being compared with age group, early attrition pattern (M) showed decreasing tendency and late attrition pattern (A) showed incresing tendency by aging.

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연소 전 CO2 포집 흡수제들의 마모특성 (The Characteristics of Attrition of Absorbents for Pre-combustion CO2 Capture)

  • 류호정;이동호;문종호;박영철;조성호
    • 한국수소및신에너지학회논문집
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.428-436
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    • 2013
  • Attrition characteristics of $CO_2$ absorbents for pre-combustion $CO_2$ capture were investigated to check attrition loss of those absorbents and to determine solid circulation direction and the better $CO_2$ absorbent. The cumulative attrition losses of two absorbents increased with increasing time. However, attrition loss under a humidified condition was lower than that under a non-humidified condition case. Between two absorbents, attrition loss of PKM1-SU absorbent was higher than that of P4-600 absorbent. The average particle sizes of the attrited particles were less than $2.5{\mu}m$ for two absorbents under a non-humidified condition case, and therefore, we could conclude that the main mechanism of attrition for two absorbents is not fragmentation but abrasion. Based on the results from the test for the effect of humidity on the attrition loss, we selected solid circulation direction from SEWGS reactor to regeneration reactor because the SEWGS reactor contains more water vapor than regeneration reactor. Attrition loss and make-up rate of two absorbents were compared based on the results from $CO_2$ sorption capacity tests and attrition tests. Required make-up rate of P4-600 absorbent was lower than that of PKM1-SU absorbent. However, more detail investigation on the optimum regeneration temperature, manufacturing cost, solid circulation rate, regeneration rate, and long-term sorption capacity should be considered to select the best $CO_2$ absorbent.

증령에 따른 구치의 학모면적비에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Age Estimation Based upon Attrition of Molars)

  • 양무도;이승우
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.91-100
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    • 1981
  • The author collected 146 men's stone models and 175 women;s stone models over the age of twenties, and studied area ratio of attrition of molars. Area ratio of attrition = (area of attrition / area of occlusal surface)*100(%) All data were analyzed by means of statistical method, and following results were obtained. 1. There was correlation between age and area ratio of attrition, that is, area ratio of attrition was increased with aging process. 2. Regression equtions and coefficients of correlation showed a significant meaning. 3. Generally, upper teeth showed higher tendency of area ratio of attrition, being compared with lowers. 4. Being compared with male and female, there was no uniform difference.

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성인구치의 교모형태에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Attrition Pattern of Posterior Teeth in Adult)

  • 박영식;김영구
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.57-82
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    • 1981
  • The author had collected the full mouth stone model of 277 persons from 20 ages to 60 ages and studied the attrition pattern of posterior teeth paying attention to the teeth cusps on the stone model. All of the attrition patterns were classified by age, sex and analyzed. The results are followings : 1. Attrition patterns of posterior teeth were divided into 64 forms.(expept 3rd molar) 2. There was no significant difference between right & left. 3. Generally early attrition pattern of younger age and late attriction pattern of older age were more prominent in men being compared with sexual difference. 4. Being compared with age group, early attrition pattern showed decreasing tendency and late attrition pattern showed increasing tendency by aging.

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한국인의 연영증가에 따른 치아교모도에 관한 연구 (STUDY ON THE DEGREE OF TEETH ATTRITION WITH AGE INCREASE OF THE KOREAN)

  • 이명종
    • 대한치과의사협회지
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.445-450
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    • 1972
  • The author collected 93 male stone model and 93 female stone model of upper and lower jaw of the koreans as samples and studied the degree of attrition with age increase. Determining the degree of attrition, each normal cusp were given 40 points and calibrated into percentage. The percentage score were examined and analized, and came to the following conclusions. 1) Increased age were found graudually higher the degree of attrition at 10 to 20 age,. The degree of attrition presented localized disappearance of marginal-ridges and marginal grooves. At 30 up to 40 age, about 40 to 50% of the degree of attrition were found gradually on cusp ridges and grooves At 50 to 60 age, it was found about 70 to 80% of attrition. 2) Male score was slightly higher than female. 3) There was no significant difference between male and female score.

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유동층 연소로에서 국내탄 회재의 마모 특성 (Attrition Characteristics of Korean Antracite Ash in Fluidized Bed Combustors)

  • 이시훈;김상돈;김재성;이종민
    • 공업화학
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.547-551
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    • 2006
  • ASTM D5757-95에 따른 입자 마모 측정기와 lab-scale 유동층 연소로에서 국내 무연탄 회재와 모래의 입자 마모 특성을 실험하였다. 기체유속에 따른 마모 특성으로 비산 회재의 입도 분포, 마모 속도, 마모율 등을 측정하였다. 일반적으로 유동층 층물질로 사용되는 모래보다 회재가 마모에 취약해 비산 회재의 발생이 높았으며 마모지수의 경우 5배 정도 높게 나타났다. 기체 유속 변화에 따라 입자의 마모에 의해 미세 입자의 생성이 지속적으로 발생하였으며 다음과 같은 식을 따른다. $$\frac{dW}{dt}=-3.18{\times}10^{-7}(U-U_{mf})W$$.

유동층 공정변수의 고체입자 마모에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Fluidized-Bed Variables on Attrition of Solid Particles)

  • 문영섭;이창근;손재익;류청걸;최정후
    • 공업화학
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.603-608
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    • 2005
  • 본 연구는 zinc titanate를 탈황제로 사용하는 유동층 탈황공정에서 고체 입자 마모특성을 고찰하는 것을 목표로 내경 0.035 m, 높이 1.34 m의 기체유동층 실험장치에서 수행되었다. 다공판 분배기에서 고속 분사 제트와 유동층 내부의 기포요동이 입자마모의 주요 원인으로 사료되었다. 탈황제의 마모속도가 작아서 회분식 측정결과가 연속식 유동층에 근사하게 적용될 수 있는 조건에서 수행되었다. 탈황공정에서 주요 변수인 기체유속, 온도, 압력, 층물질량의 변화에 따른 AI(attrition index)와 CAI(corrected attrition index)를 측정하였다. AI(5), CAI(5)는 층 무게가 증가함에 따라 감소하였다. 입자는 일정기간 충격에 의한 피로현상이 있은 후 마모되는 것으로 판단되었다. AI와 CAI는 기체속도, 상대습도, 압력이 증가함에 따라, 온도가 감소함에 따라 증가하였다. 입자마모는 주로 제트에 의하여 일어났으며 절단(fragmentation)보다 마쇄(abrasion)에 의하여 더 많은 미분입자가 발생하였다.