• 제목, 요약, 키워드: b-value

검색결과 8,043건 처리시간 0.054초

KSRS 관측자료에 의한 b-값 평가 (Estimation of b-value for Earthquakes Data Recorded on KSRS)

  • 신진수;강익범;김근영
    • 한국지진공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.28-34
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    • 2002
  • The b-value in the magnitude-frequency relationship logN(m) = $\alpha$ - bmwhere N(m) is the number of earthquakes exceeding magnitude m, is important seismicity parameter In hazard analysis. Estimation of the b-value for earthquake data observed on KSRS array network is done employing the maximum likelihood technique. Assuming the whole Korea Peninsula as a single seismic source area, the b-value is computed at 0.9. The estimation for KMA earthquake data is also similar to that. Since estimate is a function of minimum magnitude, we can inspect the completeness of earthquake catalog in the fitting process of b-value. KSRS and KMA data lists are probably incomplete for magnitudes less than 2.0 and 3.0, respectively. Examples from probabilistic seismic hazard assessment calculated for a range of b-value show that the small change of b-value has seriously effect on the prediction of ground motion.

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B2B 거래에서 브랜드가치, 관계가치, 시장지향성 그리고 성과에 관한 연구 (The Relation among Brand Value, Relationship Value, Market Orientation and Performance in B2B)

  • 박승환;한상설
    • 산경연구논집
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    • v.9 no.9
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - The focus of this study is to investigate the structural influences such as brand value, relationship value, market orientation, long-term orientation, and performance. The effects of brand value and relationship value on the differences on transaction performance in b2b was investigated. Research design, data, and methodology - The subject of this study was a liquor and beverage distribution company that deals in b2b. The research hypothesis is based on literature of the preceding research analysis of brand value, relationship value, market orientation and long-term orientation. This study has constructs that was defined operationally by referencing previous studies. Operational questionnaire was used to investigate the target key staff who work in the liquor and beverage distribution company. 178 survey data were used for empirical analysis to prove the hypothesis. This study used structural equation techniques(AMOS) to prove the research hypothesis. Results - The main results of this empirical study were as follows. First, supplier's brand awareness has a positive effect on market orientation, but did not affect long-term orientation. Brand awareness of suppliers indicates that they are not directly related to long-term orientation. Second, supplier's brand image has a positive effect on market orientation and long-term orientation in b2b transaction. So, the brand image and reputation of the supplier suggest that it is important for the b2b transaction to have a market orientation tendency or a long-term orientation. Third, supplier's relationship value has a positive effect on long-term orientation, but does not affect market orientation. Relationship value indicates that they are not directly related to market orientations of the buyer. Fourth, Market orientation has a positive effect on long-term orientation and marketing performance and long-term orientation has a positive effect on marketing performance in b2b. Additionally, the buyers market and long term orientation are important factors in marketing performance in b2b. ' Conclusions - Based on empirical results, this study confirmed that brand image rather than brand awareness positively influenced long-term orientation as well as market orientation in b2b. Relationship value can be found in transactions, which is important for long-term orientation. Especially, these findings are suggestive in the consumer goods distribution market.

한국 여성의 피부색 분류와 의상선호색에 관한 연구 (Classifications of the Skin Colors on Korean women and their Preference Colors of Apparel)

  • 이민아;김구자
    • 한국의류학회지
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.133-143
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    • 2002
  • The textile industry is petting increased effort to manufacture the value-added products that gives the differentiated characters at every level of fiber and fabric production. The color is an important element to be used strategically in order to push up the value-added design. The colors of apparel products have a close relationship with the skin colors of consumers and their preference colors. This study was carried out to cluster the skin colors of the Korean women into several similar skin colors and to analyze their preference colors by the classified groups. We measured the skin colors of 354 Korean women. With color spectrometer, JX-777, we measured 4 points of the body; cheek with removing cosmetics off, forehead, rear neck and arm on the interior part near elbow. All subjects had been shown with 40 color chips and answered the preference colors and preference colors of apparel. Data were analysed to classify skin colors using K-means Cluster Analysis and Duncan test, Frequency and Chi square test on the preference colors about the clustered 3 groups. In doing so, we used in SPSS Win 10 statistical package. Findings were as fellows: 1) The skin colors of the Korean women were clustered into YR, R, and Y skin colors. The majority of the subjects, 324 observations had YR skin colors and the subjects were classified into 3 kinds of skin color groups who had YR skin colors. 2) The average skin colors of total 324 subjects was 5.23YR 6.49/4.09 in Munsell Color System(MCS), 66.56 in L value, 10.53 in a value, and 20.67 in b value. 3) The average skin color of Type 1 was 7.98YR 6.24/4.14 in MCS, 64.10 in L value, 15.05 in a value, and 24.0 in b value. For Type 2 was 7.30 YR 6.56/3.28 in MCS, 67.24 in L value, 6.89 in a value, and 18.4 in b value, and Type 3 was 7.01 YR 7.20/4.38 in MCS, 73.53 in L value, L 16.04 in a value, and 24.87 in b value. 4) The average face color of total 324 subjects was 7.31YR 6.65/3.56 in MCS, 68.13 in L value, 9.53 in a value, and 20.18 in b value. 5) The average face color of Type 1 was 4.19 YR 6.92/5.05 in MCS, 70.78 in L value, 13.2 in a value, and 25.32 in b value. For Type 2 was 5.24YR 6.33/3.79 in MCS, 64.94 in L value, 9.84 in a value, and 19.08 in b value. Type 3 was 5.4YR 6.85/4.68 in MCS, 70.1 in L value, 11.73 in a value, and 23.92 in b value. 6) The difference of mean values between the clustered 3 skin color groups showed significantly different except the a value of neck and H value of cheeks and H value of foreheads. 7) All 3 groups showed that the most preference colors and the most preference colors of apparel was 5R 4/14. and their preference colors were much more than the preference colors of apparel.

1.5T MR 기기를 이용한 확산강조영상에서 b Value의 증가에 따른 요추압박골절 환자의 신호대 잡음비와 현성 확산 계수의 변화 (SNR and ADC Changes at Increasing b Values among Patients with Lumbar Vertebral Compression Fracture on 1.5T MR Diffusion Weighted Images)

  • 조재환;박철수;이선엽;김보희
    • 한국의학물리학회지:의학물리
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.52-59
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    • 2010
  • 요추 압박 골절이 있는 환자를 대상으로 1.5 T MR 기기에서 b value의 변화를 이용한 확산강조영상에서 압박 골절이 있는 요추의 신호대 잡음비와 현성 확산 계수가 어떤 변화를 나타내는지 알아보고자 하였다. 2008년 1월부터 2009년 11월까지 요추 MRI를 촬영한 환자 중에서 만성 골다공증으로 척추 압박 골절을 보였던 환자 30명을 대상으로 1.5T MR scanner를 이용하여 b value를 400, 600, 800, 1000, $1200\;s/mm^2$으로 점차 증가시켜가면서 확산강조영상을 각각 획득하였다. 각각의 b value로 획득한 확산강조영상에서 1~5번의 요추체중 척추 압박 골절이 있는 부위와 골절이 있는 부위의 위, 아래 추간판등 세 부위에서 신호대 잡음비를 측정하였고 각각의 b value로 획득한 ADC map 영상에서는 세 부위의 신호대 잡음비와 현성 확산 계수를 측정 하였다. 정량적 분석방법으로 b value $400\;s/mm^2$으로 획득한 확산강조영상과 ADC map영상을 기준으로 각각의 b value로 획득한 영상과 비교하였다. 정성적인 분석방법은 b value $400\;s/mm^2$ 확산강조영상과 ADC map영상의 1~5번의 요추체중 척추 압박 골절이 있는 부위의의 신호강도를 분석하여 이를 기준으로 각각의 b value를 증가시켰을 때의 확산강조영상과 ADC map영상에서 신호강도가 상대적으로 어떻게 변화하는지 알아보았다. 영상의 정량적 분석에서는 확산강조영상에서 b value가 증가함에 따라 척추 압박 골절이 있는 부위와 골절이 있는 부위의 위, 아래 추간판등 세 부위 모두 신호대 잡음비가 상대적으로 감소했다. ADC map영상에서는 b value가 증가함에 따라 척추 압박 골절이 있는 부위와 골절이 있는 부위의 위, 아래 추간판등 세 부위 모두 신호대 잡음비가 상대적으로 감소했다. ADC map영상에서 b value에 따른 관심영역의 현성 확산 계수는 b value가 증가함에 따라 척추 압박 골절이 있는 부위와 골절이 있는 부위의 위, 아래 추간판등 세 부위 모두 현성 확산 계수가 상대적으로 감소했다. 영상의 정성적 분석에서 b value를 $400\;s/mm^2$ 이상으로 증가시킴에 따라 척추 압박 골절이 있는 부위와 골절이 있는 부위의 위, 아래 추간판등 세 부위 모두 신호강도가 점차 감소하였고 b value를 $1,000\;s/mm^2$ 이상으로 했을 때에는 세 부위 모두 영상의 잡음이 매우 심했다. 또한 척추 압박 골절이 있는 부위는 상대적으로 위, 아래 추간판 보다 높은 신호강도를 보였다. 확산강조영상에서 b value를 증가시킴에 따라 척추 압박 골절이 있는 부위와 골절이 있는 부위의 위, 아래 추간판 등 세부위 모두 신호대 잡음비와 현성확산계수가 점차 감소하는 결과를 얻었고 향후 확산강조영상 검사 시 Multi b value를 사용하여 신호의 변화를 인지함으로서 여러 가지 척추질환으로의 적용에 도움을 줄 것이라 사료된다.

바나나를 이용한 식빵의 품질특성 (Quality Characteristics of White Pan Bread with Banana)

  • 최익준
    • 한국조리학회지
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.78-92
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구는 바나나 첨가에 따른 식빵의 품질 특성을 알아보고자 하였다. 반죽의 mixograph와 stickiness, 발효율, TPA, 비용적, 영상분석, 색도, 수분함량, 기호도 검사를 통하여 분석하였다. Mixograph의 peak time(min)는 모든 시료가 4~5분을 나타냈지만, peak value(%)의 경우 CON, B10, B20 시료가 60% 이상, B30, B40이 60% 이하를 나타냈다. Stickiness 측정결과, 바나나 첨가량이 늘어나면서 점착력이 낮아짐을 알 수 있었다. 발효율은 전반적으로 증가하였으나, B40 시료의 경우 75분 이후에는 감소하는 경향을 보였다. 껍질과 속질의 색도 측정결과, 명도 L값은 CON이 가장 높았고, 적색도 a값은 B40이 가장 높았으며, 황색도 b값 역시 B40이 가장 높았다. pH 측정 결과, B40이 가장 낮은 수치를 보였고, 바나나 첨가량이 많을수록 pH가 낮아지는 경향을 보였다. 바나나 첨가가 제품의 부피와 비용적에는 부정적인 영향을 끼치는 것을 알 수 있었으며, crumbScan을 통한 영상분석 결과, 껍질두께, 기공의 찌그러짐에서 유의한 차이는 나타나지 않았다. 반면, 기공의 조밀도에서는 CON의 값이 774.33으로 가장 낮았으며, B40의 값이 927.66으로 가장 높게 나타났다. Hardness는 유의한 차이를 보이며 B40이 가장 낮았고, 대조구가 가장 높았다. 수분함량은 전체적으로 유의한 차이가 있었고, CON의 값이 가장 높았으며, 바나나 첨가량이 늘어남에 따라서 그 값이 줄어드는 것을 확인할 수 있다. 관능검사 중 기호도 검사 결과, B20이 가장 높은 평가를 받았고, B40은 전체적 기호도에서 가장 좋지 않게 나타났다. 특성차이 검사결과, 바나나 첨가량이 부피를 크게 하는데 부정적인 영향을 끼친다는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 전반적인 품질특성 결과와 관능검사 결과에 따르면, 바나나를 20% 첨가하는 것이 품질과 기호도 측면에서 최적이라 사료된다.

B2B 거래관계에서 고객가치, 고객만족, 관계지속의도에 영향을 미치는 관계품질에 관한 연구 : PCB 제조기업의 고객사를 중심으로 (A Study on Relationship Quality Influencing Customer Value, Customer Satisfaction and Relationship Retention Intention in the B2B Transaction : Focused on Clients of PCB Manufacturing Corporation)

  • 김민정;이재광;정종관
    • 한국IT서비스학회지
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.139-153
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of relationship quality on customer value, customer satisfaction and relationship retention intention in the B2B transaction relationship. For the empirical study, we conducted a survey of the PCB corporation's client companies and used 110 surveys of them for analysis. The results of this study are summarized as follows : First, trust, relationship satisfaction, unity and performance as factors of relationship quality had significantly positive effect on relationship retention intention by the medium of customer satisfaction. Second, utilitarian value which is a parameter did not have significantly effect on customer satisfaction and relationship retention intention. Whereas, hedonic value which is influenced by relationship satisfaction, unity and performance had significantly positive effect on customer satisfaction and relationship retention intention. These results are not treated weightily in the preceding studies and managing the hedonic value in B2B transaction relationship is considered important to improve the customer satisfaction and relationship retention intention.

Research and Development of Korea B(Benefit)-impact Model for Sustainable Development - in Case of Construction Sector -

  • Kwon, Sung-Sik;Lee, Myung-Sik
    • Architectural research
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to research and development of 'Korea B(Benefit)-impact Model' for Sustainable Development. A concept evaluation model is 'B(Benefit)-impact model' in U.S.A. We use the results of surveys that examined the importance of social value issues to stakeholders in Korea to implement the benefit-impact model in Korea. In particular, in this paper, we use the KSI(Korean Sustainability Index) survey data conducted by the Korea Standards Association to evaluate the social value of the construction industry for representative stakeholders in the construction industry. The social value pool and the activity indicator pool used for the survey are created based on relevant International Standards; ISO 26000, ISO 14001, ISO 37001. As a result, Korea B-impact model for construction industry included the following five core social value issues; Strengthen transparency of corporate management, Ensure fair employment and employment relations, Efforts to prevent corruption, Conduct fair competition, Efforts to prevent environmental pollution. In addition, the US B-impact model has three limitations. First, it is unclear whether the key indicators have been derived while considering all issues of social value. Second, US B-impact model indicators are developed by the social responsibility experts, so it is necessary to review by stakeholders in each industry. Finally, it would be more effective for companies to use the B-impact model index as a more detailed activity indicator. When developing a Korea B-impact model, the following methods are used to supplement it. First, we reviewed all social value issues using international standards. Secondly, we used the KSI(Korean Sustainability index) survey results to derive the importance of the social value issue of construction industry in Korea. Finally, we have clearly matched the activity indicators by social value core issues based on the GRI Standard so that companies can actually use the Korea B-impact model for the construction sector. The detailed development stages and results of this study are as follows;.

첨단 기술 기반 B2B 회사의 관계 네트워크에서의 공동 가치 창출을 위한 자원 및 역량 도출 (Identification of resources and competences for value co-creation in the relationship network of high-tech B2B firm)

  • 박창현;이희상
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.4191-4197
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    • 2014
  • 공동가치창출 현상은 B2B 및 B2C 시장 모두에서 중요한 비즈니스 전략으로 인식되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 다양한 주체들 및 복잡한 네트워크로 구성된 첨단 기술 기반의 B2B 시장에서 공동가치창출을 위한 핵심 자원 및 역량을 도출하였다. 대만의 파운드리 반도체 선두업체인 TSMC가 사례 연구로 선정되어 공급자, 고객, 파트너들간의 공동가치창출 현상에 대해 연구하였다. 관찰 연구, 내용 분석 및 TSMC 직원들과의 비구조화된 인터뷰를 통해 수집한 질적 데이터를 정성적 데이터 분석(Qualitative data analysis) 툴을 사용하여 분석하였다. 귀납적 추리 (Inductive reasoning)에 기반한 사례 연구 및 사례 연구를 바탕으로 한 이론수립을 연구방법론으로 적용하여 4가지의 핵심 자원 (재무적 자원, 지식 자원, 효율성 자원, 지적 자원)과 6가지의 핵심 역량 (관계 역량, 협력 역량, 전략적 역량, 혁신 역량, 관리 역량, 서비스 역량)을 도출하였다. 도출된 자원과 역량을 기반으로 관계 네트워크 하에서의 공동가치창출을 연구하기 위한 연구 체계를 수립하였다.

포화된 사질토에서 등방재하시험에 의한 비배수 공극수압의 거동분석 (Analysis of the Behavior of Undrained Pore Water Pressure in Saturated Sand by Isotropic Loading Test)

  • 임성훈
    • 한국농공학회논문집
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2005
  • It is known in some literatures that the B value is not equal to unity in saturated soil when effective stress is given, in which the B Value is the ratio of measured excess pore water pressure and isometric loading pressure. In this study the B value was measured on various effective stresses and on various incremental loading stresses in various grain size of specimens with saturated sand. The test results showed that the B value was affected largely by grain size of sand in specimen and the amount of effective stress. There was the semi-logarithmic relationship between B value and effective stress, and also there was the linear relationship between the gradient of the former semi-logarithmic relationship and grain size of specimen.

기업간 전자상거래 성과 제고를 위한 가상시장의 지식확산체계에 관한 연구 (A Study on Knowledge-Diffusing Mechanisms of e-Marketplace to Promote Performances of B2B Transactions)

  • 정종식
    • 지식경영연구
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.17-30
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    • 2002
  • The emergence of business-to-business e-marketplace spanning both vertical and horizontal markets has relandscaped the competitive playing field in nearly every industry over the past few years by aggregating scale and spends, increasing market and value chain transparency, automating transactions along the value chain. The traits uncovered in business-to-business e-marketplaces are the taking initiative of leading companies in e-marketplace, value chain composing of promoting commerces etc, wide alliance network, and B2B in relation to B2C etc.

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