• Title, Summary, Keyword: b-value

Search Result 8,043, Processing Time 0.057 seconds

Quality Evaluation of Korean Cabbage Kimchi by Instrumentally Measured Color Values of Kimchi Juice (김치액의 색상에 의한 배추 김치의 품질 평가)

  • 노홍균;이명희;이명숙;김순동
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.163-170
    • /
    • 1992
  • Color of kimchi juice was measured instrumentally to evaluate the quality of Korean cabbage kimchi during fermentation at 4$^{\circ}C$ and 16$^{\circ}C$ . These results were compared with those of chemical analyses of kimchi juice and sensory evaluation for kimchi. Chemiral analyses and sensory evaluation showed that the kimchi has reached pH 4.3, the pH value under an optimum ripening period, after 3-days fermentation at 16$^{\circ}C$ with almost the highest contents of vitamin C and carotenoids as well as desirable sour taste and texture. At 4$^{\circ}C$ the kimchi was unripened after 6-days fermentation. At 16$^{\circ}C$, $L^{*}$ value of kimchi juice did not show any significant change during fermentation periods. However, $a^{*}$ value increased until day 4$^{\circ}C$ and thereafter decreased sharply. $b^{*}$ value increased until day 3 and then showed no change. High correlations were seen between volume of kimchi juice, pH, total acidity and $L^{*}$or $b^{*}$ value, and between carotenoid content and $a^{*}$ value, respectively. It was desirable to use color $a^{*}$ or $b^{*}$ value of kimchi juice to evaluate the quality of kimchi. The kimchi was under an over-ripening period when $a^{*}$ value was equal to or lower than the initial value, or when $b^{*}$ value was almost constant. Predicting an optimum ripening period was possible by using a proportional value of $a^{*/}$ $b^{*}$ , i.e., unripening period, 1 $\geq$ and near 1 ; optimum ripening period, near 0.8 ; over-ripening period, < 0.8.eriod, < 0.8.d, < 0.8.

  • PDF

A Study of Image Quality Improvement Through Changes in Posture and Kernel Value in Neck CT Scanning (경부 CT검사 시 Kernel 값과 검사자세 변화를 통한 화질개선에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyeon-Ju;Chung, Woo-Jun;Cho, Jae-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
    • /
    • v.5 no.2
    • /
    • pp.59-66
    • /
    • 2011
  • There is a difficulty because of classifying the anatomical structure in the neck CT scan by the beam hardening artifact no more than disease and it including the 6, 7 number cervical spine and intervertebral disk. In case of enforcing the neck CT scan cause of the inner diameter of beam artifact tried to be inquired by the image evaluation according to the change of the image evaluation according to the direction of the shoulder joint applying the variation method of a posture and location and Kernel value and it was most appropriate, the lion tax and Kernel value try to be searched for through an experiment. Somatom Sensation 16 (Siemens, Enlarge, Germany) equipment was used in a patient 30 people coming to the hospital for the neck CT scan. A workstation used the AW 4.4 version (GE, USA). According to a direction and location of the shoulder joint, the patient posture gave a change to the direction of the shoulder joint as the group S it gave a change as three postures and placed the both arms comfortably and helps a group N and augmented unipolar left in the wealthy merchant and group P it memorized the both hands and ordered the eversion and drops below to the utmost and enforced a scan. By using a reconstructing method as the second opinion, it gave and reconstructed the Kernel value a change based on scan data with B 10 (very smooth), B 20 (smooth), B 30 (medium smooth), B 40 (medium), B 50 (medium sharp), B 60 (sharp), and B 70 (very sharp). By using image data which gave the change of the examination posture and change of the Kernel value and are obtained, we analyzed through the noise value measurement and image evaluation of. The outside wire eversion orders the both hands and the examination posture is cost in the neck CT scan with the group P it drops below to the utmost. And in case of when reconstructing with B 40 (medium) or B 50 (medium sharp) being most analyzed into the inappropriate posture and Kernel value and applying the Kernel value to a clinical, it is considered to be very useful.

Measurement and evaluation of speech privacy in university office rooms (대학 내 사무실의 스피치 프라이버시 측정 및 평가)

  • Lim, Jae-Seop;Choi, Young-Ji
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
    • /
    • v.38 no.4
    • /
    • pp.396-405
    • /
    • 2019
  • The speech privacy of closed office rooms located in a university campus was measured and assessed in terms of SPC (Speech Privacy Class) values. The measurements of two quantities, the LD (Level Difference) between a source and a receiving room, and the background noise level ($L_b$) at the receiving room were carried out in 5 rooms located in 3 different buildings in the university campus. Each of the 5 rooms was adjacent to both offices and corridors through walls. The TL (Transmission Loss) between the source and the receiver room was also measured to compare the difference of two standard methods, ASTM E2836-10 and KS F 2809. The present results show that the speech privacy of the 5 office rooms is not met the requirement for a minimum SPC values of 70. A minimum LD value of 41 dB between the source and the receiver room should be achieved for having a SPC value of 70 when the mean measured value of $L_b$ at the receiving room is 29.2 dB. That is, the TL(avg) value averaged over the octave bands from 160 Hz to 5000 Hz between the source and the receiver room should be or greater than 40 dB. The most important architectural factor influencing the LD value is the presence of openings, such as doors, and windows, on the adjacent walls between the source and receiving room. Therefore, if the opening of the adjacent wall is replaced by an opening with high sound insulation, the appropriate SPC value of the research and office rooms can be achieved.

Climate Change Impacts on Paddy Irrigation Requirement in the Nakdong River Basin (기후변화가 낙동강 권역의 논 관개용수 수요량에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Sang-Ok
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
    • /
    • v.51 no.2
    • /
    • pp.35-41
    • /
    • 2009
  • The impacts of climate change on paddy irrigation requirements for Nakdong river basin in Korea have been analyzed. The HadCM3 model outputs for SRES A2 and B2 scenarios and International Water Management Institute $10'{\times}10'$ pixels observed data were used with kriging method. Maps showing the predicted spatial variations of changes in climate parameters and paddy irrigation requirements have been produced using the GIS. The results showed that the average growing season temperature was projected to increase by $2.2^{\circ}C$ (2050s A2), $0.0^{\circ}C$ (2050s B2), $3.7^{\circ}C$ (2080s A2) and $2.9^{\circ}C$ (2080s B2) from the baseline (1961-1990) value of $21{\circ}C$. The average growing season rainfall was projected to increase by 15.2% (2050s A2), 24.2% (2050s B2), 41.4% (2080s A2) and 16.7% (2080s B2) from the baseline value of 900 mm. Average volumetric irrigation demands were projected to decrease by 3.7% (2050s A2), 7.0% (2050s B2), 10.2% (2080s A2) and 1.4% (2080s B2) from the baseline value of $1.25{\times}10^9\;m^3$. These results can be used for the agricultural water resources development planning in the Nakdong river basin for the future.

Quality Characteristics of Sulgiddeok with Different Commercial Rice Flours (시판 쌀가루를 이용한 설기떡의 품질 특성)

  • Han, Sook-Kyoung;Rho, Jeong-Ok
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.402-408
    • /
    • 2009
  • The study assessed the quality characteristics of Sulgiddeok with self-made and commercially-available rice flours during a 1-day storage at ambient temperature($20\sim22^{\circ}C$). The nutritional components, color value, physical tests, internal structure as revealed by scanning electron microscopy SEM, and sensory evaluation of Sulgiddeok were determined. Sulgiddeok prepared with self-made rice flour and two commercial rice flour were designated as sample A, B, and C, respectively. Moisture content, crude protein, crude lipid, and pH did not differ significantly among the preparations. Sweetness was highest in sample B(p<0.01) and crude ash was highest in sample A(p<0.001). L color, a value, and b value was highest in sample B, C, and C, respectively. Texture property analysis showed that hardness, gumminess, and chewiness tended to decrease during the 1-day storage, while adhesiveness, springiness, and cohesiveness tended to increase. Sensory characteristics of color, flavor, chewiness, gumminess, externals, and overall quality of sample A were superior to samples B and C. However, softness was highest in sample B. The internal structure of Sulgiddeok was preserved in sample A. It is concluded that rice flour B can make Sulgiddeok comparable to that prepared using self-made rice flour.

Varietal Difference in Relationship between SPAD Value and Chlorophyll and Nitrogen Concentration in Rice Leaf (벼 잎의 엽록소 및 질소함량과 엽록도 관계의 품종적 차이)

  • 김덕수;윤영환;신진철;김제규;김석동
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
    • /
    • v.47 no.3
    • /
    • pp.263-267
    • /
    • 2002
  • This experiment was conducted to find out the varietal differences in the relationships of chlorophyll and nitrogen concentration with leaf greenness value (SPAD value). We used two rice varieties with different leaf color type: Hwaseongbyeo has pale green leaves, and Gwanganbyeo has dark green leaves. SPAD value was correlated with chlorophyll a concentration significantly in both varieties, but not with chlorophyll b in Hwaseongbyeo. The correlation coefficients between SPAD value and nitrogen concentration of rice flag leaves were highly significant. However, the regression analysis between SPAD value and nitrogen concentration of rice flag leaves showed different relation among varieties. The slope of the regression line in Gwanganbyeo was steeper than that in Hwaseongbyeo. In conclusion, SPAD value can be applied to estimate the chlorophyll a concentration without consideration of varietal differences. Chlorophyll b and nitrogen concentration in the leaf were regressed to the SPAD values differently with varieties. This implies that the SPAD value can not be used directly to estimate chlorophyll b and nitrogen concentration without consideration of varietal differences.

Quantitative Analysis of Renogram (Renogram의 정량분석(定量分析)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Choi, Keun-Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.19-32
    • /
    • 1969
  • Radioisotope renography was carried out in 564 cases consisting of 150 normal controls, 140 hypertensives, 102 hypertensive nephropathys, 62 chronic renal diseases, non-functioning kidneys. It was aimed to study which parameter of the renogram is most applicable to any definite disease of the kidney. The analytical methods adopted were; Tobe, Spencer, Krueger, Matchida and Takeuchi. In the non-functioning kidney groups, the hemograms and serum nitrogen series were also studied to evaluate the relationships between the renograms and renal anemia. The parameters were; time of maximum amplitude (Tmax), half-time of maximum amplitude ($T\frac{1}{2}$), Kac value calculated from these two parameters in Tobe's method, slopes of Band C phase, B/A and B/C values in Spencer's method, total concentration (T.C.), minute concentration (M.C.) and minute excretion (M.E.) in Krueger's method, Matchida's K value and Takeuchi's renal function Index (R.F.I.). Following were the results: 1. In general, marked differences in the patterns of the renogram were observed between the normal controls and nephropathys. In Tobe's method, each parameter showed statistically significant delay or decrease in patients with hypertensive nephropathys and chronic renal diseases. In Spencer's method, slopes of B and C phase and B/C, also showed the statistically significant decrease in patients with hypertension, hypertensive nephropathys and chronic renal diseases. In Krueger's method, M.C. and ME showed the statistically significant differences between the control and patients with hypertension, hypertensive nephropathys and chronic renal diseases, In Matchida's method, K value showed the statistically significant differences between the control and patients with hypertensive nephropathys and chronic renal diseases. 2. It appeared, therefore, that Tobe's $T\frac{1}{2}$, Kac value, Spencer's slopes of Band C phase, B/A, B/C values, Krueger's T.C., M.C., and M.E. values, Matchida's K value are useful for the differentiation of various renal diseases, however, qualitative analysis of the renogram with one or two parameters is not accurate. 3. In bilateral non-functioning kidney groups, a positive correlation between anemia and nitrogen retention was observed, although the quantitative assessment of the degree of non-functioning was impossible.

  • PDF

Business Model for B2E Promotion (B2E촉진을 위한 비즈니스 모델)

  • 장덕성
    • KSCI Review
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.9-18
    • /
    • 2002
  • To establish and operate adequate business model is core procedure to survive from severe competitive environment and can create payoff through BM. Whether company have or maintain competitive advantage. It depends on how to position company in the value system. In this study. like to achieve integration and rebuilding of value chain through B2E relationship and affiliation which could not achieved because of limit of manpower, cost, time. After analysis of B2E model. affiliated program, propose Affiliated B2E model. Proposed model has mutual supplemented function module which compensate mutual profit between parent company and employee company.

  • PDF

Superexchange Interactions in Spinel Ferrites (Spinel Ferrite에서의 초교환 상호작용)

  • 이충섭;이찬영
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
    • /
    • v.3 no.3
    • /
    • pp.173-178
    • /
    • 1993
  • We have calculated the reduced spontaneous magnetization in different environments and average value as func¬tion of reduced temperature of the magnetic ions(Fe) for A(tetrahedral) and B(octahedral) sites in spinel ferrites $AB_{2}O_{4}$ using A-O-B superexchange interaction. The reduced spontaneous magnetization and average value by A-O-B superexchange interaction are compared with that by A-B direct interaction. To contrast A-O-B superexchange interaction with A-B direct interaction, $M\"{o}ssbauer$ spectra from previous two interactions are obtained.

  • PDF

Evaluation of Inhibitory Effects of Thiobarbituric Acid Derivatives Targeting HCV NS5B Polymerase

  • Lee, Jong-Ho;Lee, Sang-Yoon;Park, Mi-Young;Ha, Hyun-Joon;Myung, Hee-Joon
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.510-512
    • /
    • 2010
  • A series of thiobarbituric acid derivatives were constructed and evaluated for inhibitory activity on hepatitis C virus NS5B polymerase. In biochemical assays using purified viral polymerase and RNA template, the $IC_{50}$ value was improved to 0.41 ${\mu}M$ from the original compound's 1.7 ${\mu}M$ value. In HCV sub genomic replicon assay, the $EC_{50}$ value was improved to 3.7 ${\mu}M$ from the original compound's 12.3 ${\mu}M$ value. $CC_{50}$ was higher than 77 ${\mu}M$ for all compounds tested, suggesting that they are useful candidates for anti-HCV therapy.