• Title, Summary, Keyword: bamboo (Sasa borealis)

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Changes in Kimchi Quality as Affected by the Addition of Sasa borealis Makino Extract (조릿대(Sasa borealis Makino) 추출물 첨가가 배추김치의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Yook, Hong-Sun;Jo, Ji-Eun;Kim, Kyung-Hee;Hwang, Yong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.405-412
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    • 2010
  • This study was focused on finding the potential of hot water extract of bamboo shoot (Sasa borealis Makino) on the fermentation of Kimchi made with Chinese cabbage. The properties of Kimchi were examined up to 28 days of storage. The pH and acidity decreased regardless of treatments and showed no significant difference between treatments. There was a decreasing tendency of both total and reducing sugars in kimchi but the addition of bamboo extract did not affect the soluble sugar levels. Interestingly, bamboo extracts affected the lactic acid fermentation and ripening, resulting in the increase of lactic acid in bamboo extract treatment. Number of total bacterial cell of additive group is higher than control one, probably due to the stimulative effect of bamboo extract on bacterial growth. Level of lactic acid bacteria was also higher in the additive group, thus, it is considered that bamboo extract appeared to enhance the proliferation of lactic acid bacteria. The acceptability of treated Kimchi was higher in general. And results of intensity evaluation in color and texture were higher as well by addition of bamboo extract.

Vegetational Structure of Dwarf Bamboo and Its Effects on the Developmental Stages of Deciduous Forests in Clearcutting Sites (벌채적지에서 조릿대 임분의 식생 구조 및 산림식생 발달에 미치는 조릿대의 영향)

  • 차윤정;전승훈
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.149-159
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    • 2002
  • Dwarf bamboo(Sasa borealis) is a dominant understory species in the various forest types in Korea. The objective of this study was to investigate vegetation structure of Sasa borealis and effects of Sasa on the growth of overstory tree species along the forest development after clearcutting. Three representative stand types with and without S. borealis in Baekwoonsan, Chonnam province were selected in 1998 for this study: uncutting stands(natural deciduous forests with overstory vegetation), 1987-cutting stands (11 years after clearcutting), and 1993-cutting stands(5 years after clearcuting). Vegetation type was largely classified into Sasa borealis dominant type and Sasa borealis recessive or absent type. The former composed of four associations including Quercus serrata-Carpinus laxiflora / Sasa borealis community, Cornus controversa-Morus bombysis / Sasa borealis community, Styrax japonica-Styrax obassia / Sasa borealis association, Zelkova serrata / Sasa borealis community. The latter divided into six associations including Quercus serrata / Lindera erythrocarpa community, Cornus controversa / Lindera erythrocarpa community, Quercus serrata / Acer pseudosieboldianum / Deutzia glabrata community, Fraxinus rhynchophylla-Quercus serrata / Lindera erythrocarpa / Euonymus alataus community, Rubus crataegifolius-Hydrangea macrophylla community, Rubus crataegifolius-Lespedeza bicolor community. Distribution of Sasa, borealis by developmental stages of forests showed that in natural stands was dominant understory, but was various pattern in two cutting stands. Mean annual ring growth of Quercus serrata and Carpinus laxiflora during the last 35 years had not been affected by presence of Sasa, based on comparisons in annual ring growth between Sasa-present and Sasa-absent stands. In conclusion, dense crown of Sasa borealis suppressed the invasion of other shrubs or annuals and facilitated later stages of plant succession by promoting growth of shade-tolerant tree species after clear cutting.

The flavone glycosides of Sasa borealis (조릿대잎의 flavone 배당체 성분)

  • Yoon, Ki-Dong;Kim, Chul-Young;Huh, Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.224-227
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    • 2000
  • As part of study of the constituents of bamboo grasses, the leaves of Sasa borealis (Hackel) Makino (Gramineae) were examined. Friedelin, glutinol, isoorientin and isovitexin have been reported as constituents of bamboo grasses. In this study, tricin and two flavone glycosides, tricin $7-O-{\beta}-D-glucopyranoside$ and luteolin $6-C-{\alpha}-L-arabinopyranoside$ have been isolated from EtOAc extract of S. borealis, by consecutive silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and a repetitive HPLC. The structures of these compounds were determined by IR, $^1H-NMR,\;^{13}C-NMR,\;^{13}C-^1H\;COSY,\;^1H-^1H\;COSY,\;HMBC$ and Mass spectral data.

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Phylogenetic characteristics of actinobacterial population in bamboo (Sasa borealis) soil (조릿대 대나무림 토양 내 방선균군집의 계통학적 특성)

  • Lee, Hyo-Jin;Han, Song-Ih;Whang, Kyung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.59-64
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    • 2016
  • In this study, a pyrosequencing was performed and analyzed to verify the phylogenetic diversity of actinomycetes in the bamboo (Sasa borealis) soil as a base study to obtain the genetic resources of actinomycetes. It was found that the rhizosphere soil had much various distribution in bacterial communities showing a diversity of 8.15 with 2,868 OTUs, while the litter layer showed a diversity of 7.55 with 2,588 OTUs. The bacterial community in the bamboo soil was composed of 35 phyla and the predominant phyla were Proteobacteria (51-60%), Bacteroidetes (16-20%), Acidobacteria (4-16%) and Actinobacteria (4-14%). In particular, Actinobacteria including Micromonosporaceae and Streptomycetaceae had a diverse distribution of actinomycetes within the six orders, 35 families and 121 genera, and it was characterized that about 83% of actinomycetes within Actinomycetales belonged to the 28 families. Among the dominant actinobacterial populations, Micromonosporaceae, Pseudonocardiaceae and Streptomycetaceae were representative family groups in the bamboo soils.

Effects of the Extract of Bamboo (Sasa borealis) Leaves on the Physical and Sensory Characteristics of Cooked Rice (조릿대잎 추출물이 흰밥의 물리적 및 관능적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Yeon-Ok;Lim, Hyeon-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.7
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    • pp.908-914
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    • 2007
  • Sasa borealis (bamboo) is a perennial medicinal plant and its leaves are utilized widely in Korea. In this study, effects of bamboo leaves (Sasa borealis) extract on the physical, textural, and sensory characteristics of cooked rice were examined. Four kinds of cooked rice were prepared with 0.0% (control), 0.2%, 0.3% or 0.4% of the extract (w/w). Moisture content of the cooked rice decreased with increasing amounts of extract. Color of the cooked rice was darkened gradually with increasing amounts of extract and appeared yellowish-brown. Among the four textural properties, only hardness increased significantly by the addition of the extract. Sensory evaluation was significantly different in terms of unique rice flavor, bamboo flavor, color, unique rice taste, bamboo taste, viscosity, hardness, adhesiveness, and coarseness among the control group and the group with 0.2%, 0.3%, and 0.4% of the extract; however, overall acceptancy was not significantly different among the four groups. In conclusion, concerning overall sensory evaluation, cooked rice with 0.2% bamboo leaves (Sasa borealis) extract showed the best result.

Sasa borealis extract exerts an antidiabetic effect via activation of the AMP-activated protein kinase

  • Nam, Jung Soo;Chung, Hee Jin;Jang, Min Kyung;Jung, In Ah;Park, Seong Ha;Cho, Su In;Jung, Myeong Ho
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2013
  • Leaf of Sasa borealis, a species of bamboo, has been reported to exhibit anti-hyperglycemic effect. However, its antidiabetic mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we examined whether an extract of S. borealis activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and exerts anti-hyperglycemic effects. Treatment with the S. borealis extract increased insulin signaling and phosphorylation of AMPK and stimulated the expression of its downstream targets, including $PPAR{\alpha}$, ACO, and CPT-1 in C2C12 cells and $PPAR{\alpha}$ in HepG2 cells. However, inhibition of AMPK activation attenuated insulin signaling and prevented the stimulation of AMPK target genes. The S. borealis extract increased glucose uptake in C2C12 cells and suppressed expression of the gluconeogenic gene, PEPCK in HepG2 cells. The extract significantly reduced blood glucose and triglyceride levels in STZ-induced diabetic mice. The extract enhanced AMPK phosphorylation and increased Glut-4 expression in the skeletal muscle of the mice. These findings demonstrated that the S. borealis extract exerts its anti-hyperglycemic effect through activation of AMPK and enhancement of insulin signaling.

Distribution, abundance, and effect on plant species diversity of Sasa borealis in Korean forests

  • Cho, Soyeon;Lee, Kyungeun;Choung, Yeonsook
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.70-76
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    • 2018
  • Background: Sasa borealis (Hack.) Makino, a clonal dwarf bamboo, is widespread in Korean forests. Although S. borealis is native to that country, its growth habit can cause considerable harm when occupying particular areas where it dominates and influences those forested communities. However, few reports have described the extent of its inhibitory effects on the vigor of co-existing plant species. Therefore, we investigated the distribution, abundance, and diversity of other plant species in the communities where this plant occurs in the east-central forests on the Korean Peninsula. Results: S. borealis was most commonly found at an elevational range of 800 to 1,200 m, on gentle, usually lower, and near valley northern slopes. Out of the 13 forest communities based on 447 forest stands that we surveyed, S. borealis was detected in eight communities, mostly where Quercus mongolica dominates. In particular, it was more common in late-successional mixed stands of Q. mongolica, other deciduous species, and the coniferous Abies holophylla. Because of their ability to expand rapidly in the forest, this plant covered more than 50% of the surface in most of our research plots. Species diversity declined significantly (F = 78.7, p = 0.000) as the abundance of S. borealis increased in the herb stratum. The same trend was noted for the total number of species (F = 18.1, p = 0.000) and species evenness (F = 91.5, p = 0.000). Conclusions: These findings clearly demonstrate that S. borealis is a weed pest and severely hinders species diversity. Authorities should be implementing various measures for ecological control to take advantage of declining chance after the recent synchronized massive flowering of S. borealis.

Inhibitory Effects of Sasa borealis on Mechanisms of Adipogenesis (조릿대 에틸아세테이트 분획물의 지방세포에서 분화전사인자 조절을 통한 지방형성 저해 효능)

  • Park, Hee Sook;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.837-843
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    • 2013
  • Sasa borealis is a major source of bamboo leaves used for traditional medicine in Korea. Obesity is a serious health problem in industrialized countries that has been implicated in various diseases, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cancer, and coronary heart disease. Recent reports have proposed mechanisms to reduce obesity by decreasing preadipocyte differentiation, and proliferation in 3T3-L1 preadipocyte. The preadipocytes play a key role by differentiation into mature adipocytes and increasing fat mass. In this study, we investigated whether ethanol-soluble extracts and ethyl acetate-soluble fractions from Sasa borealis inhibits intracellular accumulation of lipid droplets in a dose-dependent manner in 3T3-L1 cells (an important model system for studying adipogenesis). The down-regulation of PPAR${\gamma}$ and C/EBP${\alpha}$ (key adipogenic transcription factors) were confirmed by the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Ethyl acetate-soluble fractions from Sasa borealis attenuated the expression of PPAR${\gamma}$ and C/EBP${\alpha}$. These results suggest that Sasa borealis inhibits adipogenic differentiation by regulating adipogenic transcription factors in 3T3-L1 cells. Therefore, Sasa borealis extracts may be a good candidate for the management of obesity.

Development of Fine Bamboo Leaf Powder and Its Color Stability (미세 댓잎분말의 개발 및 색의 안정화)

  • Kim, Ji Myoung;No, Junhee;Shin, Malshick
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.405-412
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    • 2015
  • To develop a color stable and fine bamboo leaf powder (BLP) as a functional green biomaterial, bamboo leaf (BL) purchased from Sasa borealis and cultivated in Damyang, Jeonnam was treated with different conditions and BLP was evaluated. The four treatments comprised of boiling in water, in zinc chloride, sodium bicarbonate, and vinegar solutions, BLP4 was treated with 2% $ZnCl_2$ for 1 h, BLP5 was treated with 1% $ZnCl_2$ for 2 h, and BLP6 was treated with 1% $ZnCl_2+10%$ NaCl for 1 h. The particle size distribution, ash content, water binding capacity, and color change after heating in acidic solution were compared to commercial fine green tea (GTP) and bamboo leaf powders (CBLP). The particle size (cumulative 90%) of BLP was finest in BLP4 followed by BLP6 < BLP5 < GTP < CBLP. The water binding capacity of GTP was the highest and that of BLP was negatively correlated with particle size. After heating in acidic solution, the color of commercial GTP and CBLP changed from bright green to olive green, but the treated BLPs remained bright green. Especially, the -a (greenness) values for the commercial powders decreased from 11.2-13.6 to 3.1-3.8, while those of the treated BLPs did not change.

Antioxidant Activities of Bamboo (Sasa Borealis) Leaf Extract according to Extraction Solvent (추출용매에 따른 조릿대 잎 추출물의 항산화활성)

  • Park, Yeon-Ok;Lim, Hyeon-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.38 no.12
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    • pp.1640-1648
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to investigate the antioxidant activity of bamboo (Sasa borealis) leaf extract by measuring electron donating ability, superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity, reducing power, and lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity. Two crude extracts by water or 70% EtOH and five fractions of n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and aqueous from the crude extract of 70% EtOH were prepared for this study. The crude extracts of water and 70% EtOH yielded 8.5% and 11.4%, respectively and the yields of n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and aqueous fractions were 5.1% to 0.6%. Total polyphenol contents of the water and the 70% EtOH crude extracts were not significantly different; however, their total flavonoid contents were significantly greater in the 70% EtOH than in the water crude extract. Total polyphenol contents were the highest in chloroform fraction followed by ethyl acetate and n-butanol fractions and total flavonoid contents were the highest in ethyl acetate fraction followed by chloroform and n-hexane fractions. The two crude extracts as well as the five fractions showed election donating ability, SOD-like ability, reducing power, and lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity. Most of the antioxidant activities of each crude extract or fractions increased proportionally with the concentration. These results indicate that bamboo (Sasa borealis) leaf extracts show antioxidant activities due to its substantial content of polyphenol including flavonoid. Thus, it could be concluded that crude extracts by water or 70% EtOH and the fractions from the 70% EtOH extract, especially chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol, would be useful as natural antioxidant substances.