• Title, Summary, Keyword: barium sulfate

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The Effect of Barium Sulfate on the Structural Transformations in Tricalcium Silicate (3CaO.$SiO_2$의 구조전이에 미치는 $BaSO_4$의 영향)

  • 서일영;최상흘
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.17-21
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    • 1974
  • Miscibility of barium sulfate in tricalcium silicate was investigated by firing 3CaCO3·SiO2 mixture containing barium sulfate at 1530℃. Added amount of barium sulfate to the mixture was zero to 5 mole % with intervals of 1 mole %. Lattice parametres were also calculated. Results were as follow; 1) Dissolution of barium sulfate in tricalcium silicate does not alter the symmetry in room temperature, but influences it's polymorphic transition forms, temperatures and thermal effects; modification triclinic Ⅱ is stabilized in room temperature. 2) Barium sulfate dissolves about up to 2 mole % in tricalcium silicate and more than this amount, tricalcium silicate formation is inhibited. 3) Unit cell volume of tricalcium silicate is slightly decreased with dissolution of barium sulfate, mainly because of contraction in c axis.

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Influence on PET Exam Caused by Density Differences of Barium-sulfate Contrast Media (Barium 조영제의 농도 차이가 PET 검사에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Woo-Joon;Shin, Sang-Ki;Nam, Ki-Pyo;Park, Soon-Ki
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The evaluation of SUV (Standardized Uptake Values) for quantitative analysis in PET exam is the most significant. In PET exam, we make attenuation correction images by using $^{68}Ge$, $^{137}Cs$ or CT data. At this time, a distorted attenuation map affects quantitative analysis. After the exam using barium-sulfate and high density of barium contrast make attenuation map distorted. And then it brings bed influences on SUV. The aim of this study is to verify the relationship between high density barium-sulfate and SUV in PET exam. Materials and Methods By using $^{18}F$-FDG, we made barium-sulfate powder, density of 0, 1.5, 3, 5, 10 and 15% respectively and acquired PET and PET/CT images per each density. And we examined SUV variations from PET and PET/CT images according to differences of barium's density. Moreover, we finally calculated SUV causing variations in HU (Hounsfield Units) values to justify whether the differences of barium density bring any changes in PET/CT exam. Results: From PET images acquired from transmission scan with $^{68}Ge$, we got SUV figures from 6.46 to 6.8 in barium density between 0 to 15 percent. On the other hand, In PET images acquired from Tx scan that using CT, SUV was 6.77 to 23.73, derived from the same barium density. And CT HU values range from 29 to 2004. Conclusion: PET images from Tx data using $^{68}Ge$ weren't affected by barium density and had no differences in SUV. But in the PET/CT images using CT Tx data, there's considerable variations in HU and SUV values according to a difference of barium density in HU values. To perform a precise examination, barium sulfate should be removed from a human body before performing a PET exam.

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Optimal Synthesis Conditions of Barium Sulfate (황산바륨의 최적합성조건)

  • 신화우;최광식
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.364-368
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    • 2002
  • Optimal synthetic conditions of barium sulfate were investigated from the viewpoint of yield and bulkiness according to a randomized complete block design proposed by Box and Wilson. Barium chloride and Sodium sulfate were utilized as reactants in order to prepare barium sulfate in this study. The optimum Synthesis conditions of barium sulfate obtained from this study are as follows; Reactant temperature; 60~75$^{\circ}C$ (viewpoint of yield) and 60~71$^{\circ}C$ (viewpoint of bulkiness). Concentration of two reactants; 12.7~14.4% (viewpoint of yield) and 5~10.5% (viewpoint of bulkiness). Mole ratio of two reactants, [BaCl$_2$]/[Na$_2$SO$_4$]; 1.62~1.96 (viewpoint of yield) and 2.0 (viewpoint of bulkiness). Reacting time; 13~15 minutes (viewpoint of yield) and 12~14 minutes (viewpoint of bulkiness). Drying temperature of product; 86~10$0^{\circ}C$ (viewpoint of yield) and 6$0^{\circ}C$ (viewpoint of bulkiness).

Effects of Electroacupuncture on Motility of the Castro-intestinal Tract of Dogs (전침자극이 개의 위장관운동에 미치는 영향)

  • Sung Jai-Ki;Nam Tchi-Chou
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.9-21
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    • 1988
  • Gastro-intestinal mortility and transit time of barium sulfate after electroacupuncture were investigated in normal dogs and administration of xylatine in dogs. Electroacupuncture was performed with a current of 1.5 volt and 20 Hz at the acupoints of Tsu San Li(right(+) left(-) in dogs for 30 minutes. The results were as follows: 1. After electroacupuncture stimnlation in normal dogs, rates of stomach contractions was not changed, but amplitudes of stomach motility was markadly increased. The electroacupuncture stimulation tasted about 60 minutes after the end of electroacupuncture. 2. The stomach contractions was markedly increased, while the amplitudes of stomach motility was sligltly decreased by the administration of xylazine in dogs. 3. The rates of stomach contractions and amplitudes of motility were markedly increased after administration of xylazine in the electroacupuncture stimulated dogs. 4. Gastric emptying time o barium sulfate after electroacupuncture stimulation in dogs was highly significantly decreased compared with that of normal dogs(p < 0.01). 5. Small bowel transit time of barium sulfate after electroacupuncture stimulation in dogs was highly significantly decreased compared with that of normal dogs (p < 0.01). 6. Gastroduodenal transit time of barium sulfate after administration of xylazine following electroacupuncture stimulation dogs was blighty significantly decreased compared to that of dogs dosed with xylazine (p< 0.01). 7. Small bowel transit time of barium sulfate after administration of xylazine following electroacupuncture stimulation dogs markedly decreased compared to that of dogs dosed with xylazine (p < 0.05).

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Removal of heavy metal by coprecipitation with barium sulfate (황산바륨의 공침현상을 이용한 중금속 이온의 제거)

  • Lim, Heon-Sung;Lee, Sueg-Geun
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.280-284
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the removal of heavy metal by using the coprecipitation of barium sulfate. Several parameters governing the efficiency of the coprecipitation method were evaluated by the pH of sample solution, amount of coprecipitant, and addition of sulfide for the removal of As(V), Cd(II), Cr(III), Cr(VI), Cu(II), Hg(II) and Pb(II) metal ions ($10{\mu}g/ml$ each). The coprecipitation was about 80% - 95% only for lead at low pH but under 10% for other ions. The amount of removal was about 95% - 100% for Cd, Hg, Pb, Cu in the all pH range by the addition of sulfide with barium sulfate but As(V) and Cr(III, VI) ions were not affected by the same conditions.

Effect of $CaSO_4$ and $BaSO_4$ on the Formation of Portland Cement Clinker (Portland Cement Clinker 생성반응에 미치는 $CaSO_4$$BaSO_4$의 영향)

  • 서일영;최상흘
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 1974
  • Effect of calcium sulfate and barium sulfate on the formation of portland cement clinker was studied by means of chemical analysis. DTA and X-ray diffraction analysis. In the presence of liquid phase, effect of the additives on the formation of tricalcium silicate was examined according to the reaction, 2CaO.$SiO_3$+CaO$\longrightarrow$3CaO.$SiO_3$, which is the principal reaction in portland cement clinkerization, and optimum conditions in firing clinker concerning amount of additive, firing time and temperature were determined, and its kinetics was referred to. The experimental results are summerized as follow: (1) Appropriate burning temperature range of cement clinker is more limited as the content of calcium sulfate in clinker is increased. Amount of calcium sulfate, firing time and temperature in proper condition of clinkerization is related to each others. Being added suitable quantity of calcium sulfate, firing temperature of clinker can be lowered about $100^{\circ}C$. (2) When 3-5 mole% of calcium sulfate is added, firing time of 15-30 minutes at about $1380^{\circ}C$ is reasonable, and if the content is over7 mole %, firing for 1 hr. or more at $1350^{\circ}C$ is anticipated to be optimum condition. (3) In the reaction of tricalcium silicate formation, the role of barium sulfate as a mineralizer is similar to that of calcium sulfate, but the optimum firing temperature of cement clinker containing barium sulfate tends to be 20-$30^{\circ}C$ higher than that of clinker containing calcium sulfate. (4) When barium sulfate is used as mineralizer, 2-3 mole % of it to tricalcium silicate is recommended and if it is added more than this amount, free CaO is increased rapidly in clinker and alite formation is inhibited.

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Massive barium sulfate aspiration during upper gastrointestinal contrast material study in an elderly patient with dysphagia

  • Yun, Hae Ryong;Kim, Chang-gon;Park, Jihye;Park, Yong eun;lee, Yong-il;Yoo, Byung-Woo;Chung, Kyung Soo;Kim, Young Sam;Song, Joo Han
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.162-165
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    • 2016
  • Barium sulfate is an inert material used as a radiographic contrast medium during upper gastrointestinal contrast studies for evaluation of patients with dysphagia. Oral barium aspiration is an uncommon but well-reported complication of this procedure. While barium aspiration of small amounts may not cause any symptoms, massive barium aspiration can be life-threatening, particularly in elderly patients with multiple comorbidities. In this case report, we describe an elderly patient with multiple comorbidities who presented with thyrotoxicosis and dysphagia, and then died after massive barium aspiration. Despite administration of intensive medical care with ventilator support and therapeutic bronchoalveolar lavage to remove the aspirated barium, the patient died of multiple organ failure 9 days after barium aspiration. Clinicians should pay attention to elderly patients with predisposing factors for aspiration in whom upper gastrointestinal barium contrast studies are indicated, and should consider other diagnostic tools for evaluation of dysphagia in this population.

A Study on the Surface-Modification of Barium Sulfate/TiO$_2$/Dimethicone Composite Powder and its Application in Color Cosmetics (바륨설페이트/티타늄디옥사이드/디메치콘의 복합화 및 메이크업에서의 응용)

  • Kyung-Ho, Choi;Seung-Yong, Ko;Hak-Hee, Kang;Ok-Sub, Lee
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.197-200
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    • 2004
  • Sensor and optical properties have become critical features in powder foundation. The flaky barium sulfate powder shows good smooth texture, adhesion and natural looking characteristics. However, it has limitations abilities in UV shielding, hiding and blooming effect. Thus we adopt TiO$_2$ that has excellent hiding power and blooming effect as well as UV shielding ability, but TiO$_2$ has still intrinsic problems in dispersion and texture. To overcome this disadvantages, the barium sulfate/TiO$_2$/dimethicone composite powder was prepared. The flaky barium sulfate powder was coated with TiO$_2$ in nanoscale and followed by coated with dimethicone. When this surface-modified powder was applied for make-up cosmetics, especially in powder foundation, the powder gave powder foundation more good characteristics than the original flaky barium sulfate, Ti02 powder, dimethicone in abovementioned optical and sensory properties. To characterize the distinctive features of this surface-modified powder, we measured its characteristics with UV in vitro tester, hiding powder test method, goniophotometer, consumer panel test and so on.

Synthetic Conditions and Rheological Characteristics of Barium Sulfate (황산바륨의 합성조건과 유동학적 특성)

  • Shin, Wha-Woo;Kim, Jun-Hea;Choi, Kwang-Sik;Chang, Young-Soo;Lee, Kwang-Pyo
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.538-547
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    • 1992
  • Optimal synthetic condition of barium sulfate were investigated from the viewpoint of yield and bulkiness according to a randomized complete block design proposed by G.E.P. Box and K.B. Wilson. Barium chloride and magnesium sulfate were utilized as reactants in order to prepare barium sulfate in this study. It was found that optimum temperature range of reactant solutions was $60{\sim}100^{\circ}C$ and the optimum concentration range of the reactant solutions was $10{\sim}17.3%$ and $10{\sim}20%$ respectively, on the viewpoint of yield and bulkiness. The optimum mole ratio of $BaCI_2$ to $BaSO_4$ was in the range of $1.50{\sim}2.0$ and the optimum mole ratio of $BaCI_2$ to $BaSO_4$ was in the range of $1.50{\sim}2.0$ and the optimum reacting time range was $15{\sim}20$ minutes. The optimum drying temperature range was $110{\sim}130^{\circ}C$ from the viewpoint of yield, but it was $90{\sim}110^{\circ}C$ on the basis of bulkiness. Apparent viscosity of barium sulfate suspensions dispersed in various concentrations of Na. CMC was measured by using Brookfield synchrolectric viscometer model LVT, the relative equation, log ${\eta}_{sp}=A+B.{\phi}$ was examined and the equation was found to agree fairly well. 1 w/v% Na. CMC aqueous solution and 0.1 volume fraction of $BaSO_4$ powder were optimum in the preparation of $BaSO_4$ suspension showing highest viscosity at infinite shearing.

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Effect of Chemical Restraint Drugs on Gastroduodenal Transit Time of Barium Sulfate in Cats (고양이에서 진정제 및 마취제가 Barium Sulfate의 위 십이지장 통과시간에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun Jeong-Hee;Sung Jai-Ki
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.173-184
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    • 1989
  • The effect of propionylpromazine, acepromazine maleate, ketamine HCI, xylazine HCI, and pentobarbital sodium as chemical restraint drugs on the transit time of barium sulfate through the stomach and duodenum in 24 healthy cats was investigated. In the present study, propionylpromazine, acepromazine maleate, and ketamine HCI did not reveal significant effect on the gastroduodenal transit time, but xylazine HCI and pentobarbital sodium pro-longed the gastroduodenal transit time markedly compared with control group. Therefore it is concluded that propionylpromazine, acepromazine maleate, and ketamine HCI could be selected for upper gastrointestinal radiographs. but xylazine HCI and pentobarbital sodium should be avoided.

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