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Study on the Application of Five Phases Theory to the Joints of the Limbs from the Viewpoint of Ha-Do Based on I-Ching (하도(河圖) 원리로 본 사지관절(四肢關節)의 오행(五行)배속 연구)

  • Kim, Byoung-Soo
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.1374-1377
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    • 2008
  • The aim of this study is to explore the principle that the joints of the limbs belong to Five Phases in Korean medicine. According to the principle of I-Ching, Ha-Do provides the logic which could attach everything to Five Phases. Ha-Do is composed of the numbers from one through ten, and in order to explain the logic of Universe formation, it furnishes the method of transforming 'immateriality' into 'materiality'. If we apply formation theory of Ha-Do to the joints of the limbs, however, it could be understood that the trunk of body develops the appendages, which means Ha-Do suggests a logic that 'materiality' generates 'materiality' in this case. Therefore, it is not the Water but the Earth that occurs first in the appendages development in this theory, and the shoulder joints belong to the Earth. Following development should occur in order of Five Phases formation of Ha-Do ; that is to say, the elbow joints belong to the Water, the wrist joints belong to the Fire, the finger joints belong to the Wood, and the ends of fingers belong to the Metal.

The impacts of social exclusion and the need to belong on the affective forecasting of social events (사회적 배척과 소속 욕구가 사회적 사건의 정서 예측에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ae-Ri;Son, Yeong-U;Im, Hye-Bin
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.83-94
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    • 2014
  • The present study examined the intensity of affective forecasting and the size of affective forecasting errors of people who experienced social exclusion or those high in need to belong. In Particular, a series of studies was designed to explore the moderating role of the types of future events (i.e. social vs. non-social events) in the relationship between social exclusion, the need to belong and affective forecasting. Results indicated that participants who experienced social exclusion or be high in need to belong showed significantly extreme affective ratings on the future social events compared to the future non-social events. Additional results suggested that more social exclusion experiences or higher needs to belong did not affect to the affective ratings on the experienced social events, indicating greater affective forecasting errors of socially excluded people or people with higher need to belong. The implications and limitations of the results were also discussed.

Relationship Between The Sasang Constitution and Ace Polymophism (사상체질유형과 ACE(angiotensin converting enzyme) 유전자 Type(polymorphism)과의 상관관계)

  • Choi, S.H.;Yim, Y.B.;Rhee, J.W.;Kim, H.Y.;Kang, C.H.
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.283-290
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    • 1998
  • Sasang Constitutional Medicine focuses on the different constitutional manifestations of the individual's nature and emotions. The nature and emotions drive the ascending and descending of Qi in the body. And this dynamics of the Qi's ascent and descent shapes the different types of structures, functions and temperaments. Although Sasang Constitutional Medicine has many advantages, its diagnosis of the constitution still depends on the doctors' own idea and has no objective identification. So many doctors in Korea have been trying to solve this problem. Recently, there are several efforts to find out the relationship between genetic information and constitution. By the way, May, 1998 there is a astonishing report about the gene which determines the human performance, that is ACE(angiotensin converting enzyme). And it suggests that the I allele was associated with improved endurance performance. ACE has three genotype including II, ID and DD. "I" means insertion and "D" means deletion. We determined the type of the Sasang constitution with QSCCII questionaire and the one's ACE genotype with PCR of the 127 people and we discovered the relationship between the constitution and the ACE genotype. The result is as follow. Among 39 people who have the II genotype, 7(18%) belong to Taeum(Taiyin), 9(23.1%) belong to Soyang(Shaoyang) and 23(59%) belong to Soeum(Shaoyin). Among 62 people who have the ID genotype, 18(29%) belong to Taeum(Taiyin), 21(33.9%) belong to Soyang(Shaoyang) and 23(37.1%) belong to Soeum(Shaoyin). Among 26 people who have DD genotype, 11(42.3%) belong to Taeum(Taiyin), 4(15.4%) belong to Soyang(Shaoyang) and 11(42.3%) belong to Soeum(Shaoyin). This data indicates that there are implicable relationship between the Sasang constitution and ACE genotype. Especially people who have II genotype have much possibility to be a Soeum(Shaoyin) person (59%) and Soyang(Shaoyang) person have less possibility to have DD genotype (15.4%). With this conclusion, we suggest further study of relationship between the Sasang constitution and ACE genotype and we think that other polymorphism can be a candidate of the partner of Sasang constitution.

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The proposal of urban regeneration methods for deteriorated downtown residential area, considering the development condition of urban blocks - A case study of Kwangju City (쇠퇴한 구도심 주거지의 개발여건별 재활성화 방법 제안 - 광주광역시 구도심을 사례로)

  • Yoon, Yong-Suk;Yang, Woo-Hyun;Kim, Lee-Won
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.132-137
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to suggest urban regeneration methods for deteriorated downtown residential area, considering the development condition of urban blocks. Through the research that are based on literature, field survey, urban planning map and local experts consulting, it found out suitable sites for development such as a deteriorated residential zone or a unused site and it was deduced eight development types from analyzing the characters of developable sites. And then it is suggested various housing forms which were applied to eight development types of developable sites. The consequences of this research are summarized as follows. There are various housing forms by eight development types; block housing, low rise-high density court housing, medium low rise-high density housing, urban housing for low-income groups belong to T1-development of urban strategic position; block housing, housing on hilly site, semi-detached house, lodging house, urban housing for low-income groups, elderly housing belong to T2-development for living benefit; block housing, low rise-high density court housing, housing on hilly site, low rise housing, lodging housing, urban housing for low-income groups, elderly housing belong to T3-development of a small-scale rental housing; block housing, low rise-high density court housing, medium low rise-high density housing, terrace-house, housing on hilly site, low rise housing, block-typed detached house, semi-detached house, cluster-typed low rise housing, town house, urban housing for low-income groups belong to T4-residential environment renewal development; terrace-house, housing on hilly site, low rise housing, block housing, semi-detached house belong to T5-development of a small-scale housing; terrace-house, housing on hilly site, low rise housing, cluster-typed low rise housing belong to T6-development to adapt natural environment; block housing, low rise-high density court housing, low rise housing, block-typed detached house, town house belong to T7-development for community; block housing, low rise-high density court housing block housing, medium low rise-high density housing, terrace-house, housing on hilly site, low rise housing, elderly housing belong to T8-development of environment-friendly.

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A Study on Shamanism from a standpoint of Nursing (샤머니즘에 대한 간호학적 탐색)

  • 심형화
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.498-513
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to construct the nursing-policy and nursing-theory of Korean style by understanding the type of recognition and attitude immanent in Korean people through of Korean people to the Shamanism(巫敎). And this paper is using Q methodology by operant definition. Because individual recognition and attitude to Shammanism is very subjective and individualistic and many-sided. Q statements in this paper are ultimately 38 statements divided into 5 regions, which are abstracted from 285 Q samples. 38 persons in all are objects of P-population. The results of analyses on the characters of each type are as follows. The men who belong to type I is positive to the Shamanism in recognition and attitude at the same time. The men who belong to type II are negative the analysis of the recognition and attitude to Shamanism in recognition, but positive to Shamanism in practical attitude. The men who belong to type III are evidently negative to Shamanism in recognition and attitude at the same time. The men who belong to type IV are positive to Shamanism, but negative or reservative to it in attitude. In conclusion, we could affirm that shamanic care-act which modern medicine discard as only superstition is very deeply rooted in the Korean people'need. In short, Korean people is already and always related to Shamnism, whether positively or negatively. I dare to think this paper might contribute the other disciplines of sciences as basic data.

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Interpretation of Eum-Yang' Deficiency, Excess and Exuberance which was described in "Somun.Jogyeongron(素問.調經論)" ("소문(素問).조경론(調經論)"의 음양허성(陰陽虛盛)에 대(對)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Sun-Hyung;Bang, Jung-Kyun
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 2009
  • It was described in "Somun Jogyeongron" that Eum(Yin)-Yang' deficiency, excess and exuberance. According to "Somun Jogyeongron", It was known that the syndrome of Yang deficiency and exuberance is belong to external contraction, Eum deficiency and exuberance is belong to internal damage. The syndrome of Yang deficiency is belong to Gyejitang[contraction of wind] which constitutional weakness as the main etiological factor of deficiency conditions. The syndrome of Yang exuberance is belong to Mahwangtang[cold damage] which constitutional strong as the main etiological factor of exuberance conditions. Eum deficiency is so dysfunction of the spleen and stomach that Eum fluid and essence is not engender, distributed. So the dysfunction of spleen and stomach makes dampness-heat obstruction and then makes Internal heat at last. The syndrome of Eum deficiency is applicable to bojungikgitang. As contrasted with Eum deficiency, Eum exuberance is occurred cold-dampness obstruction, which we call 'Eum exuberance'. The syndrome of Yang exuberance is applicable to Ijungtang. In the light of "Somun Jogyongron", We explain that the syndrome of Yin deficiency and Yin exuberance, which was caused by dampness-heat, cold-dampness obstruction and internal damage based on disorder of the spleen and stomach.

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Factors Affecting the Behavior of Sharing Online Video : Focusing on Need to Belong, Personal Growth Initiative, and Theory of Planned Behavior (온라인 비디오 공유 행위에 영향을 미치는 요인: 소속 욕구, 자기성장주도성, 계획된 행동이론 모델을 중심으로)

  • Yu, Su-Min;Noh, Ghee-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.213-223
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to prove the relationship between a TPB(theory of planned behavior) variables (subjective norms, attitudes, and self-efficacy), need to belong and personal growth initiatives to explain the reasons for users' shared behavior. 959 participants who had shared online video were collected as a sample through an online survey and the collected data were analyzed through structural equation modeling. The study found that need to belong affected attitudes to online video sharing and subjective norms, and that personal growth initiative also affected attitudes to online video sharing and self-efficacy. In addition, all three variables of TPB were affect the intend of online video sharing, and attitudes to online video sharing were affecting subjective norms and self-efficacy. This study is meaningful in that it demonstrated the user's intention to share online video through variables of TPB along with their need to belong and personal growth initiatives.

The Study of Throat Disease's Concept, Pathology and Medical treatment in Sasang Constitutional Medicine (사상의학(四象醫學)에서 인후질환(咽喉疾患)의 의미(意味)와 병리(病理) 및 치료(治療)에 대한 고찰(考察))

  • Ban, Duk-Jin;Park, Seong-Sik
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.40-50
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    • 2008
  • 1. Objectives We analyze throat disease focused on Sasang constitutional medicine and find out throat disease's concept, pathology and medical treatment. 2. Methods We consider term, conceuption, symptoms, mechanism and medical treatment of throat disease in "Dongyisusebowon", "Dongyisusebowon Gabogubon", "Dongyisusebowon sasangchobongwon", "Dongyisasangshinpyun" and "Dongmuyoogo" 3. Results and conclusions 1) We find out throat disease's some concept that are refered variety in sasang constitutional medicine. 2) Throat disease's pathology are different according to sasang constitution. In Soeumin throat disease belong to taeeum syndrome and soeum syndrome, in Soyangin throat disease belong to chest heat syndrome, in Taeumin throat disease belong to dry heat syndrome, in Taeyangin throat disease belong to Yul gyuk syndrome 3) In sasang constitutional medicine, medical treatment of throat disease focus on not throat disease but human being and medical treatment of throat disease are almost internal treatment but in Soyangin and Taeumin, medical treatment of throat disease are external treatment.

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Anthropometric and Nutrition Status of Institutional Children (사회복지시설 아동의 신체발육 및 영양상태)

  • 정혜경;장영은
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 1999
  • This study was designed to investigate the malnutrition rate with anthropometric indices for the nutrient intake of 74 children aged 4-12 years old in three child welfare institutions in Cheonan city. The average heights and weights of the children are much lower than the Korean average height and weight. The mean BMI is $17.0{\pm}1.53$. In terms of height-for-age, 16.0% of the samples belong to below -2 standard deviation from the mean of the reference group. In terms of weight-for-age, 16.0% of the children belong to below -2 standard deviation. In terms of weight-for-height, 4.0% of the children belong to below -2 standard deviation. The standard deviation scores(Wt/Age, Ht/Age) indicate negative signs for seventy to eighty percent of the children. This is due to the lower consumption of the important nutrients that children consumed and almost all nutrients much less than the recommended daily allowances. Special nutrition welfare policies and programs targcting child welfare institutions should be developed to provide adequate nutrition for children in residential care.

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