• Title, Summary, Keyword: berry decay

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Influence of $SO^2$ generating pad treatment on storage of grape berries ($SO^2$ 발생 패드처리가 포도 과실의 저장성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Byung-Seon;Lee, Shin-Hee;Hwang, Yong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.607-612
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    • 2011
  • The occurrence of grape berry shattering and decay is influenced by the pre- and/or postharvest infection of decay organisms and pest. Postharvest infection is associated with physical damage due to rough handling. To control quality loss during storage of table grapes, the effects of slow releasing $SO^2$ pad on storability of 'Rosario Bianco' (Vitis vinifera) and 'Campbell Early' (Vitis labruscana) grapes were examined, respectively. The $SO^2$ concentration in package of tables grapes reached to at about 40 $ug{\cdot}L^{-1}$ after 40 days of treatment and remained more than 80 days above 15 $ug{\cdot}L^{-1}$. Decay was found in untreated 'Rosario Bianco' and 'Campbell Early' grapes at each for 44 and 85 days after storage, but not in $SO^2$ pad treated grapes. The storage potential of grape berries at $0^{\circ}C$ increased 2~3 times depending on cultivar by $SO^2$ pad treatment. The application of $SO^2$ pad is confirmed to be effective on the increase of market potential with minimizing quality loss such as berry shattering and decay.

Comparison of the change in quality indices during distribution period by import season in three grape cultivars

  • Kim, Sung-Joo;Noh, Soo-In;Lim, Byung-Sun;Chun, Jong-Pil
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.45-56
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    • 2019
  • As a result of analyzing the quality of imported grapes during the 2018 season, the hardness of the grape berry was found to be 10 N or less in total. In the case of Chilean grapes, the soluble solids tended to be lower as imports and distribution periods were delayed. The berry weight was the largest at 14.4 - 14.8 g for the 'Red Globe', 7.1 - 7.4 g for the 'Thompson Seedless' and 6.0 - 7.0 g for the 'Crimson Seedless'. The 'Crimson Seedless' grapes imported from Chile, which had a high berry shatter rate, had a shorter pedicel length, pad width and brush length than that of the other 2 varieties. Regardless of the grape varieties, the weight loss during the distribution at room temperature ($25^{\circ}C$) increased rapidly as the import season was delayed. Additionally, it was found that the later the distribution seasons, a higher stem browning index was observed regardless of the variety. The 'Thompson Seedless' was revealed to be more susceptible to browning than that of the other varieties. The shrinkage of the stem and the pedicel browning progressed within a short time during shelf-life as the distribution time was delayed. The incidence of berry decay of the imported grapes tended to increase with the progression of the distribution period. In the fruits distributed on April, except for the 'Crimson Seedless', the grapes were rapidly corrupted in the second half of the distribution. The 'Red Globe' grapes completely lost marketability due to a berry decay of 26.1% and 69.9% at 9 and 12 days after shelf-life, respectively.

Physiological properties of grape cluster portions between cultivars and the effect of postharvest cooling on the marketability (포도 품종간 송이 부위별 생리적 특성과 수확 후 냉각과 유통성 관계)

  • Min, Jeong-Ho;Lim, Byung-Seon;Choi, Yeon-Soo;Lee, Kyung-Min;Kim, Dal-Woo;Hwang, Yong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2012
  • Rapid loss of grape berry quality after harvest occurs due to poor postharvest management. Understanding physiological properties between cultivars is required to develop practical technologies to control fast quality deterioration of tables grapes. Physiological characteristics of whole cluster, rachis and berries were examined to find their effects on postharvest behaviour of table grapes. 'Tamnara' showed high respiration rate and browning of rachis compared to 'Campbell Early'. Weight loss of rachis of 'Cheongsoo' was highest of three cultivars. Berry decay in 'Cheongsoo' begins at the connection portion between peduncle and berry, and berry decay of 'Cheongsoo' was the most severe among three cultivars. Precooling at $0^{\circ}C$ showed better results than cooling at $10^{\circ}C$ regardless of cultivars but cooling effect decreased when simulated marketing period increased up to 10 days. Plastic film wrapping was effective on reducing decay in general but not at higher marketing temperature. For successful commercialization of newly developed grapes, the inhibition technology of rachis browning in 'Tamnara' is required and decay control in 'Cheongsoo' through establishment of cold chain system is recommended.

Effects of film liners, ethylene scrubber, alcohol releaser and chlorine dioxide on the berry quality during simulated marketing in 'Campbell Early' grapes

  • Kim, Sung-Joo;Choi, Cheol;Ahn, Young-Jik;Lim, Byung-Sun;Chun, Jong-Pil
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.415-424
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    • 2020
  • This study investigated the effects of an ethylene scrubber (ES) with a micro-perforated polypropylene (MP-PP, 30 ㎛) or a high density polyethylene (MP-HDPE, 30 ㎛) film liner for the export carton packaging box in 'Campbell Early' grapes. Rachis browning was highest in the untreated group, followed by MP-PP and MP-HDPE for 14 days of simulated marketing at 20℃. The combination treatment of ES with the film liners showed a partial inhibition of the rachis browning regardless of the film liners. The effects of an alcohol releaser (AR) sachet or chlorine dioxide (CD) diffuser co-packaging were also investigated in the 'Campbell Early' grapes packed with the MP-HDPE (40 × 99 pin hole·m-2) film liner. The CD 1 g treatment showed a very limited weight loss of 1.1%, which was significantly lower than the 4.7% of the untreated control after 14 days of simulation marketing at 20℃. The berry shatter was 0.7% for the MP-HDPE + CD 1 g treatment and 1.8% for the MP-HDPE + CD 5 g treatment on the 10th day of the simulated marketing, which was significantly lower than the 8.9% of the control. The stem browning was significant suppressed until the 10th day of the simulated marketing. In particular, the CD 1 g treatment in combination with the MP-HDPE showed a low rachis and pedicel browning index of 2.0, which is 50% and 40% lower than that of the untreated control and the MP-HDPE single treatment, respectively. In addition, the CD 1 g treatment group showed a higher decay reduction effect than the CD 5 g treatment group, which caused high concentration damage.

Effects of Salicylic Acid and 1-Methylcyclopropene on Physiological Disorders and Berry Quality in 'Campbell Early' Table Grapes (Salicylic acid 및 1-MCP 처리가 '캠벨얼리' 포도의 생리장해 및 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sung-Joo;Noh, Soo-In;Choi, Cheol;Lim, Byung-Sun;Ahn, Young-Jik;Chun, Jong-Pil
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.218-224
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to compare the effect of salicylic acid (SA), an ethylene biosynthesis inhibitor, and the 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) fumigation, to prevent fruit quality deterioration and physiological disorders during the shelf-life of Korea's leading export grape variety 'Campbell Early'. The berries treated with SA after 1-MCP fumigation (1-MCP+SA) showed a higher firmness value and titratable acidity than single treatment of SA or 1-MCP. The rate of shattered berry was high as 41.7% for 100ppm ethephon spray, 40.8% for $25{\mu}M$ SA, and 38.2% for 1,000ppb 1-MCP, but showing only 18.7% when the SA was applied after 1-MCP fumigation. The ratio of short brushes less than 1mm was largest at 74.3% for ethephon treatment, while 1-MCP+SA treatment was found to have the longest brush length among all treatments, with a 2-4mm ratio of 22.8% and a 4-6mm ratio of 27.9%. The weight of rachis was found to be the lowest at 2.3g in the ethephon treatment, and the reduction of rachis weight loss per cluster by 1-MCP+SA treatment was evident. In addition, 1-MCP+SA treatment were effective in mitigating stem browning and berry decay during the 16-day storage period at $19^{\circ}C$ in this cultivar, so it is believed that they can be used as a practical post-harvest treatment in grape exportation.

Effect of Acetic Acid Fumigation to Prevent Postharvest Decay of Grapes (초산훈증에 의한 포도저장병의 발생억제 효과)

  • Park, Seok-Hee;Roh Young-Kyun;Cho, Doo-Hyun;Choo, Yeun-Dae
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.241-244
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    • 2000
  • Grapes(Vitis labruscana B) were fumigated with acetic acid at 20mg/liter to reduce storage decay and packaged with polyethylene film(0.03mm), then stored for 90 days at 2$^{\circ}C$. Modified atmosphere packaging reduced slightly weight loss and soluble solids content during storage. Acetic acid fumigation decreased effectively berry shattering and achieved remarkable control of rotting for storage. Two grape cultivars, 'Campbell Early' and 'Sheridan', fumigated with acetic acid had only 0.7~2.9 berries rot compared with 8.3~27.6 berries rot of cluster for grapes that were not fumigated.

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