• Title, Summary, Keyword: berry quality

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A Study on Quality Characteristics and Optimized recipe of Muffin with added Acai Berry powder (아사이베리 분말을 첨가한 머핀의 품질특성 및 레시피 최적화 연구)

  • Kim, Hyo Sun;Yoo, Seung-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.226-234
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    • 2016
  • In this study Muffins adding each 0, 1, 3, 5 7% of Acai Berry powder, which has very high anti-oxidant constituent, have been made, and its quality characteristics have been surveyed. From the volume and specific volume measurement, it has been decreased for MA1, 1% of Acai Berry powder added muffin, but the tendency thereafter has shown increasing (p<0.001). From texture characteristics gumminess and chewiness of MA0, reference group, was the highest by 885.86 g/ cm and 6645.71 g, and has shown decreasing tendency as per the adding rate of Acai Berry powder increased (0.001). The electronics scavenging activity of MA7, 7% added muffin, was the highest by 68.91%, and the ascending order was MA1 < Reference Group < MA3 < MA5 < MA7. From the preference test of Acai Berry powder added muffin, MA3, 3% added muffin, was the most preferable one from color, taste as well as total preference. As the added volume of Acai Berry powder is 5% or more, the typical taste and flavor of Acai Berry gives influence to the taste and flavor of muffin, so the preference level has been decreased. Thus the added volume of Acai Berry powder 5% or more is not recommendable.

Quality Characteristics of Jeungpyun Added with Goji berry Powder for the Elderly (어르신 간식으로 이용 가능한 구기자 증편의 품질 특성)

  • Jang, Hyun Jung;Kim, Na Young;Kim, Up Sik;Han, Myung Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.473-480
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    • 2016
  • The objectives of this study were to investigate the quality characteristics of Jeungpyun added with goji berry powder (0, 2, 4, 6%) and to develop functional Jeungpyun as snack for the elderly. The volume of batter without goji berry powder increased 2.9 times after 4 hrs of fermentation, whereas those with 2, 4, and 6% goji berry powder increased 1.8~1.9 times. The pH and brix of the batter increased by increasing the concentration of goji berry powder. The expansion volume of Jeungpyun decreased by increasing the concentration of goji berry powder. The pH of Jeungpyun was higher than that of Jeungpyun batter in all groups. However, the brix of Jeungpyun was lower than that of Jeungpyun batter in all groups. The L value of Jeungpyun decreased, whereas a and b values increased by increasing the concentration of goji berry powder. The consumer acceptability score was higher in the elderly than in university students. Jeungpyun with 4% goji berry powder had best ratings in taste and overall preference. The DPPH free radical scavenging antioxidant activity of Jeungpyun significantly increased with increasing concentration of goji berry powder. Therefore, goji berry Jeungpyun is available as a snack for the elderly and can be added to goji berry powder up to 4%.

Effects of Gibberellin Application and Bagging on Ripening and Quality in 'Delaware' Grape Berries (Delaware 포도에서 Gibberellin 처리와 봉지씌우기가 과립의 성숙과 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • 최주수;박영도
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.342-346
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    • 1997
  • This experiment was carried out to clarify the effects of gibberellin(GA) aplication and bagging on repeening and quality in 'Delaware' grape berries. Treatments are 4 plots(2X2 factorial experiment); GA, GA+bagging, bagging and control. The clusters were dipped twice in 100 ppm GA with GA treatment : 10 days before and after the full bloom. The results obtained as follows: 1. GA treatment made the seedless grape berry reduced in the fresh weight but it hastened the ripening period about 2 weeks. 2. Total soluble solid(TSS), viscosity and pH value of berry juice increased with maturation. The concentration of TSS and viscosity were higher in GA treatment plot than GA non-treatment. 3. Berry-hardness, titratable acidity and alcohol inslouble solid(AIS) decreased with maturation. Expically berry-hardness and AIS decreased more greatly in GA non-treatment than GA treatment. 4. The concentration of anthocyanin increased with ripening but pectic substance didn't fluctuate nearly. These of anthocyanin and pectin were higher in GA non-treatment plot than GA treatment. 5. By analysis of factorial experiment GA treatment was highly significant with the $^{o}$Brix/Acidity ratio, juice viscosity and AIS, but high negatively, significant with berry-hardness and berry fresh weight. And it was significant with T S S and negatively, titratable acidity. Bagging was significant with $^{o}$Brix/Acidity ratio and AIS content, but negatively, titratable acidity. 6. Qualitative characters were high correlated with the $^{o}$Brix/Acidity ratio in simple correlation but direct effect by the path-coefficient analysis didn't coincide with simple correlation. The direct effect of pH was large and juice viscosity, the next. And that of berry-hardness was negligible but, AIS, small negatively.

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Comparison of the change in quality indices during distribution period by import season in three grape cultivars

  • Kim, Sung-Joo;Noh, Soo-In;Lim, Byung-Sun;Chun, Jong-Pil
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.45-56
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    • 2019
  • As a result of analyzing the quality of imported grapes during the 2018 season, the hardness of the grape berry was found to be 10 N or less in total. In the case of Chilean grapes, the soluble solids tended to be lower as imports and distribution periods were delayed. The berry weight was the largest at 14.4 - 14.8 g for the 'Red Globe', 7.1 - 7.4 g for the 'Thompson Seedless' and 6.0 - 7.0 g for the 'Crimson Seedless'. The 'Crimson Seedless' grapes imported from Chile, which had a high berry shatter rate, had a shorter pedicel length, pad width and brush length than that of the other 2 varieties. Regardless of the grape varieties, the weight loss during the distribution at room temperature ($25^{\circ}C$) increased rapidly as the import season was delayed. Additionally, it was found that the later the distribution seasons, a higher stem browning index was observed regardless of the variety. The 'Thompson Seedless' was revealed to be more susceptible to browning than that of the other varieties. The shrinkage of the stem and the pedicel browning progressed within a short time during shelf-life as the distribution time was delayed. The incidence of berry decay of the imported grapes tended to increase with the progression of the distribution period. In the fruits distributed on April, except for the 'Crimson Seedless', the grapes were rapidly corrupted in the second half of the distribution. The 'Red Globe' grapes completely lost marketability due to a berry decay of 26.1% and 69.9% at 9 and 12 days after shelf-life, respectively.

Effects of Synthetic Cytokinin, Thidiazuron, on Berry Size and Quality of 'Kyoho'(Vitis labruscana) Grapes (시토키닌 활성물질 Thidiazuron 처리가 포도 '거봉'(Vitis labruscana)의 과립비대(果粒肥大) 및 품질(品質)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Jae Chang;Piao, Yi-Long;Lee, Keum Sun;Kim, Jin Kuk;Hwang, Yong Soo
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2003
  • This experiment was conducted to find the effect of a non-purine cytokinin, thidiazuron(TDZ), on the increase of berry size and fruit quality in 'Kyoho' grapes. For the comparison, the effect of forchlorfenuron(CPPU) was also examined The number of shot berries per cluster was significantly increased by the application of TDZ at 5 days after calyptra fall, resulting in the increase of cluster weight but no increase of each berry weight. The increase of berry weight was found when TDZ was applied at 10 to 15 days after calyptra fall. Gibberellin(GA $25mg{\cdot}L^{-1}$) was also effective on the increase of berry weight and the combined application of GA and TDZ further increased the berry weight. TDZ showed stronger effect on the increase of berry weight than CPPU at the same concentration. Berry ripening was more delayed at higher concentration of TDZ but no chemical injury was observed even at $20mg{\cdot}L^{-1}$. Results indicated that TDZ was effective on the quality improvement through berry weight increase and the recommended concentration TDZ for 'Kyoho' grapes was 5 to $10mg{\cdot}L^{-1}$.

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Yield and Quality Characteristics of Ginseng's First Byproducts (인삼 1차 부산물의 생산량 및 기능성 성분 특성)

  • Kim, Gwan-Hou;Seong, Bong-Jae;Kim, Sun-Ick;Han, Seung-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Ho;Lee, Ka-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.313-318
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to utilize the byproducts (flower, immature and mature berry, leaf and stem) of ginseng. Yield of byproducts were $32.7{\pm}9.8g$ in flower, $68.2{\pm}2.2g$ in immature berry, $48.5{\pm}4.3g$ in mature berry, $316.2{\pm}20.5g$ in leaf, and $296.6{\pm}15.4g$ in stem per $3.3m^2$ ($180{\times}90cm$, ginseng root $675.5{\pm}35.7g$/drybasis. The total saponin contents of ginseng byproducts and root are $52.36{\pm}1.24$, $68.71{\pm}1.98$, $168.89{\pm}0.57$, $68.26{\pm}1.32$, $7.85{\pm}0.61$ and $35.08{\pm}0.96$ mg/g, respectively. The main ginsenoside of all byproducts was Re and the highest content was $132.23{\pm}1.56$ mg/g in mature berry. But flower and berry was not detected Rf and Rh1, respectively. Total polyphenolic compound content on mature berry was the highest, $2.242{\pm}0.140%$, after, immature berry > leaf > flower > root > stem order. The DPPH radical scavenging activity on mature berry was the highest, $0.115{\pm}0.004$ mg/mL($IC_{50}$), and the others were the same order of polyphenolic compound and ginsenoside content on byproducts.

Berry thinning effects on the fruit and wine quality of grape 'Muscat Bailey A' (송이다듬기가 포도 'Muscat Bailey A'의 품질과 양조적성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Sung-Min;Chang, Eun-Ha;Park, Seo-Jun;Jeong, Seok-Tae;Roh, Jeong-Ho;Hur, Youn-Young;Lee, Han-Chan
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.625-630
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    • 2010
  • The berry thinning was a useful practice to reduce bunch size and to alter bunch shape for improving fruit quality. The grape cv. 'Muscat Bailey A' bunches were removed to find berry thinning effect on the bunch, in the apical end of the main stem about 4~6 laterals or conventional treatment and then compared a quality of fruit and wine between the treatments. Bunch weights on the different berry thinning treatment were in the range of 300 to 650g and conventional treatment was 550 to 750g. As a result, according to decreased lateral number of bunch in the treatments, total soluble sugar was increased but total acid was decreased. Our results was shown that wine color and taste components such as total anthocyanin, polyphenol and tannin were depended mainly by berry thinning. Also Berry thinning treatments of bunches was ranked higher sensory score than conventional ones.

Effects of pruning intensity and diameter of bearing mother branches on the growth and berry quality in 'Kyoho' grapevines ('거봉' 포도의 전정강도와 결과모지 굵기가 생육 및 과실품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Gi-Cheol
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.167-173
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to investigate suitable pruning methods to avoid poor berry setting of 'Kyoho' grapevine in Suwon and Anseong areas. Light pruning increased percentage of bud bursts and number of shoots per bearing mother branches(BMB), cluster weight and percentage of berry sating but it decreased shoot length, number of leaves and, leaf area and leaf weight. There was little difference in soluble solids, titratable acidity, and anthocyanin contents of berries by the treatment of either light or heavy pruning. Shoot length became longer as diameter of BMB thickened, leaf area and chlorophyll content also became larger and diameter of BMB. Total carbohydrate and N, P, K, Ca, and Mg contents showed significantly little difference, but total carbohydrate and Ca contents showed a tendency of continuous increase as diameter of BMB thinned. Number of seeded berries per cluster became fewer as BMB thinned but percentage of berry setting showed an increasing tendency. Cluster weight, berry weight, berry number per cluster, soluble solids, anthocyanin content were higher in case of around 1cm of diameters of BMB.

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Study on the Sensory Quality Characterization of Strawberry Jam by Cooking Method (제조방법에 따른 딸기잼의 관능적 품질 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김복자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 1989
  • As the level of life improves, the eating habit is changing from rice meal to bread meal and at the time, eat more strawberry jam than before. We tried to study to select the good cooking method and the proper strawberry variety for the jam through the sensory evaluation We made four kinds jam of Bogyo-Joseoung and Ai-berry by different cooking methods, the result6s of the sensory evaluation are as follow: The jam of Ai-berry is better than that of Bogyo-Joseoung by the paired comparison test but the difference between those, if we add some lemon to the jam of Bogyo-Joseoung and Ai-berry, is very little. The multiple comparison test proves the sourness, if added some lemon and citric acid, become better and the color and viscosity, if added pectin, became better. The overall preference about jam, if pectin and citric acid were added together, was best. In addition, we evaluated the quality of jammed bread by multiple comparison test. The result is like this: The jam with lemon is very good in color, flavor, sourness and texture, but the jam with pectin and citric acid was the best in overall preference.

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Influence of $SO^2$ generating pad treatment on storage of grape berries ($SO^2$ 발생 패드처리가 포도 과실의 저장성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Byung-Seon;Lee, Shin-Hee;Hwang, Yong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.607-612
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    • 2011
  • The occurrence of grape berry shattering and decay is influenced by the pre- and/or postharvest infection of decay organisms and pest. Postharvest infection is associated with physical damage due to rough handling. To control quality loss during storage of table grapes, the effects of slow releasing $SO^2$ pad on storability of 'Rosario Bianco' (Vitis vinifera) and 'Campbell Early' (Vitis labruscana) grapes were examined, respectively. The $SO^2$ concentration in package of tables grapes reached to at about 40 $ug{\cdot}L^{-1}$ after 40 days of treatment and remained more than 80 days above 15 $ug{\cdot}L^{-1}$. Decay was found in untreated 'Rosario Bianco' and 'Campbell Early' grapes at each for 44 and 85 days after storage, but not in $SO^2$ pad treated grapes. The storage potential of grape berries at $0^{\circ}C$ increased 2~3 times depending on cultivar by $SO^2$ pad treatment. The application of $SO^2$ pad is confirmed to be effective on the increase of market potential with minimizing quality loss such as berry shattering and decay.