• Title, Summary, Keyword: binder

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Investigation of Aging Effect on Rheological Properties of Asphalt Binder in RAP Contained Mixture Design Process

  • Park, Kyung-Won;Rhee, Suk-Keun;Yoo, Ju-Yeol
    • 한국도로학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.105-114
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    • 2006
  • There are several methods determining an appropriate performance grade of virgin binder, which is re(erred as design binder, in RAP contained bituminous mixture design process. However, difficulties have been experienced in utilizing the methods in the field application in Korea, because SHRP binder test, the key tests to determine a design binder, requires well-trained personnel, high price equipment, and time consuming process. Thus, the study investigated the relationship among the binder aging level, RAP contents, and rheologica1 properties of binder. The study results provide mix designer with a simple method in selecting an appropriate grade of virgin binder.

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Relative Property Evaluation of Pro-Environmental Warm Polymer-Modified Asphalt Binder (친환경형 중온 폴리머 개질 아스팔트 바인더의 상대적 물성 비교평가)

  • Kim, Nakseok;Lee, Jingoo
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.10-24
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, warm asphalt binder was proposed as a substitute for the polymer-modified asphalt binder to get higher viscosity than that of the polymer-modified at the same temperature. Performance grade test and rotational viscosity of warm asphalt binder were conducted to evaluate the property variations due to the addition of admixture. Research results showed that the viscosity of warm asphalt binder at $100^{\circ}C$ was similar to that of the conventional asphalt binder. The performance and durability of warm asphalt binder were also comparable to those of the polymer-modified. It is considered that the active applications of warm asphalt binder can reduce environmental damages due to less diffusions of carbon dioxide compared to the conventional.

Development of Eco-friendly Pavement Material using Polyurethane Binder (폴리우레탄 바인더를 활용한 친환경 도로포장용 혼합물 개발)

  • Choi, Ji Young;An, Young Jun;Park, Hee Mun;Kim, Tae Woo
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.113-119
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    • 2013
  • PURPOSES : The objectives of this study are to develop the eco-friendly pavement material using polyurethane binder and evaluate mechanical properties of the developed binder and concrete. METHODS : The bending beam test was conducted to select the sample candidates of polyurethane binder based on the bending strength. The characteristics of viscosity, curing time, and temperature change of sample binder was examined on different temperature conditions. The mechanical properties of polyurethane binder was estimated using the dynamic modulus testing. The indirect tensile strength test was conducted on polyurethane binder concrete with different gradation and binder content for evaluating the mechanical properties of concretes. RESULTS : Based on the beading beam test, four different binder samples were prepared for estimate the mechanical properties. The viscosity of polyurethane binder tends to increase with increase of liquid temperature and the hardening phenomenon begins 10 to 15 minutes at room temperature after mixing the resin and hardener. It is observed that the dynamic modulus of binder increases as loading frequency increases and change of modulus is found to be the highest in the PU-2I binder type. The PU-2I binder concretes shows the largest value of indirect tensile strength and indirect tensile energy. CONCLUSIONS : The use of polyurethane binder as pavement materials is capable of increasing the pavement performance and reducing the detrimental environmental effect during the highway construction.

Stabilizing Capability of Oyster Shell Binder for Soft Ground Treatment (표층/심층혼합처리용 굴패각 고화재의 고화성능 평가)

  • Yoon, Gil-Lim;Kim, Byung-Tak
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.22 no.11
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    • pp.143-149
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    • 2006
  • An experimental study was carried out to investigate the stabilizing capability of oyster shell binder, which was developed using waste oyster shell inducing environmental pollutions by piling up out at the open or the temporary reclamation. The purpose of this paper is to compare stabilinzing capability of oyster shell binder and cement binder with treated soils. For this, a series of compressive laboratory tests were peformed to evaluate strength characteristics of treated soils by both oyster shell binder and cement binder with varing water content of dredged soils, different mixing rates of binder and curing days. Based on test results, eco-friendly binder manufactured by oyster shells showed more stabilizing capacity than cement binder and is estimated as good resource materials for soft soil improvements.

Manufacturing of Multi-Layer Coated Paper with Eco-Friendly Bio-Binder for Cost Saving (1) - Application for Pre-Coating Layer - (친환경 원가 절감형 바이오바인더를 이용한 다층 도공지 제조(제1보) - Pre-coating층에 대한 적용 -)

  • An, Guk Heon;Choi, Ki Soon;Won, Jong Myoung;Lee, Yong Kyu
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.63-70
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    • 2014
  • Part of SB latex in pre-coating color was substituted with newly developed starch-based bio-binder in order to investigate the effect of starch-based bio-binder in pre-coating color on the properties of coating color and coated paper. Smoothness and gloss of coated paper were decreased with the increase of bio-binder substitution ratio. Brightness and whiteness did not show the significant changes, but stiffness was improved with bio-binder. Ink set-off, dry-pick and wet pick were decreased with the increase of bio-binder substitution ratio. In general, when all SB latex is substituted with bio-binder, ink set-off, dry- and wet-pick were deteriorated. However, it was found that if the bio-binder substitution ratio is controlled below 50%, similar qualities with coated paper manufactured by the use of SB latex binder can be obtained.

Rheological Properties of Binder Pastes for Self-Compacting Concrete

  • Park, Yon-Dong
    • KCI Concrete Journal
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2001
  • This paper investigated rheological properties of binder pastes for self-compacting high performance concrete. Six mixtures of self-compacting concrete were initially prepared and tested to estimate self-compacting property. Then, the binder pastes used in self-compacting concrete were tested for rheological properties using a rotary type rheometer. Binder pastes with different water-binder ratios arid flow values were also examined to evaluate their rheological characteristics. The binders were composed of ordinary Portland cement, fly ash, two types of pulverized blast-furnace slag, and limestone powder. The flow curves of binder pastes were obtained by a rotary type rheometer with shear rate control. Slump flow, O-funnel time, box, and L-flow teats were carried out to estimate self-compacting property of concrete. The flow curves of binder pastes for self-compacting concrete had negligible yield stresses and showed an approximately linear behavior at higher shear rates beyond a certain limit. Test results also indicated that the binders incorporating fly ash are more appropriate than the other types of binders in quality control of self-compacting concrete.

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Lamination of LTCC Sheet Using Binder Film (Binder Film을 이용한 LTCC Sheet 적층)

  • Shin, Hyo-Soon;Choi, Yong-Seok;Park, Eun-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.253-258
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    • 2006
  • In the lamination process of multi-layer ceramic modules, the occurrence of delamination comes into repeatedly. To completely improve the lamination process of LTCC sheets, a binder film was introduced between the layers. The binder film did not originate the delamination until the thickness under $40{\mu}m$. After lamination, the thickness of the binder film was determined by the infilteraion of binder by the pressure, and after the bake-out, was dependent on the decomposition of binder resin. Any detectable defect was not observed in the multilayer structure with Ag inner electrodes.

Effect of Binder Content on Physical Properties of LTCC Green Tapes (바인더 함량 변화가 LTCC 그린 테이프의 물리적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • You, Jung-Hoon;Yeo, Dong-Hun;Lee, Joo-Sung;Shin, Hyo-Soon;Yoon, Ho-Gyu;Kim, Jong-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.1112-1117
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    • 2006
  • The properties of LTCC green tape with addition of binder were investigated in order to understand an effects of binder on multilayer processing. A green sheet form was fabricated through tape casting method with the MLS-22 powder. The lamination density increased with increasing amount of binder and lamination pressure. With increasing amount of binder, the elongation of ceramic sheets increased but the tensile stress and air-permeability decreased. The addition of excessive binder is caused defects in the green sheet during via hole punching. The optimum condition of the via hole without defects was observed from amount of the binder 10 wt%.

Manufacture of Multi-Layer Coated Paper with Eco-Friendly Starch Based Bio-Binder(1) - Application Possibility of Bio-Binder - (친환경 전분계 바이오 바인더를 이용한 다층 도공지 제조(제1보) - 바이오 바인더의 적용 가능성 -)

  • An, Guk Heon;Choi, Ki Soon;Won, Jong Myoung;Lee, Yong Kyu
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.32-38
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    • 2012
  • This study was carried out to elucidate the potential in substitution of SB latex with eco-friendly starch based bio-binder as a coating binder. The part of SB latex in coating color of pre- and top layer was substituted with starch based bio-binder in order to evaluate the characteristics of coating color and coated paper, and printability. The viscosity and water retention of coating color were increased by substitution of SB latex with starch based bio-binder. Roughness of coated paper was increased by substitution with starch based bio-binder, although there was not significant changes in roughness when SB latex is used as a binder in pre-coating color. Brightness and whiteness of coated paper were not affected, but opacity and print mottle were improved by substitution with starch based bio-binder. The interesting result observed was that dry-pick did not affected significantly, and ink set-off was improved by starch based bio-binder. It is expected that starch based bio-binder can be commercialized if the systematic further research works are carried out.

Laboratory Performance Evaluation of Recycled Asphalt Binders with Differing Rejuvenators (재생 첨가제를 활용한 재활용 아스팔트 바인더의 실내 공용성 평가)

  • Kim, Yeong Min;Im, Jeong Hyuk;Hwang, Sung Do;Jeong, Kyu Dong;Rhee, Suk Keun
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.55-63
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    • 2015
  • PURPOSES : The objective of this study is to investigate the properties of recycled asphalt binders with five different rejuvenators, in order to evaluate the applicability of the recycled asphalt binders compared with the original asphalt binder. METHODS : In order to simulate recycled asphalt binders, fresh asphalt binders are aged by various Superpave aging procedures, such as the rolling thin-film oven (RTFO) and the pressure aging vessel (PAV). Then, selected rejuvenators are added to the aged asphalt binders in the amount of 5%, 10%, and 15%. The asphalt binder properties are evaluated by the dynamic shear rheometer (DSR), the rotational viscometer (RV), and the bending beam rheometer (BBR). In this study, AP-5 (penetration grade 60-80, PG 64-16) asphalt binder is used. A total of five types of rejuvenators are employed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS : When considering aged asphalt without a new asphalt binder, it seems that the percentage of rejuvenator used in Korea is a bit too low, and that it fails to possess the characteristics of the original binder. From the current practice of evaluating the properties of recycled binder based on penetration ratio only, the amount of rejuvenator required is similar for the long-term-aged binder, but is excessive for the longest-term aged binder, causing deterioration of workability and stiffness of the recycled binder.