• Title, Summary, Keyword: biopsy

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Usefulness of X-ray Guided Biopsy and Ultrasound Guided Biopsy in Breast Microcalcification Biopsy (유방 미세석회화 조직검사에서 X선 유도 하 조직검사와 초음파 유도 하 조직검사의 유용성)

  • Choi, Miseon;Song, Jongnam
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.201-206
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    • 2016
  • Social interest in breast cancer has increased. The most basic exams for diagnosis include breast X-ray and breast ultrasound. In particular, breast microcalcification requires histological diagnosis, and breast microcalcification biopsy is commonly performed. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze and assess X-ray guided biopsy (needle localized open biopsy) and ultrasound guided biopsy (sono guided core needle biopsy), which are basics in diagnosis of microcalcification. Targeting 241 cases in which magnification mammography was performed for patients who visited the hospital due to breast microcalcification, age distribution and the location of lesions were analyzed in X-ray guided biopsy and ultrasound guided biopsy. By classifying exams performed after magnification mammography, the frequencies of X-ray guided biopsy and ultrasound guided biopsy were analyzed, and malignant and benign results were confirmed. The results showed that 64 cases(26.6%) were X-ray guided biopsy, which was 5.4 times higher than 12 cases(4.9%) of ultrasound guided biopsy. Due to development of ultrasound equipments, stereotactic vacuum-assisted biopsy, etc. the methods of histological diagnosis of microcalcification have become diverse, but when considering characteristics and limitations of each exam, X-ray guided biopsy is thought to be most accurate and useful.

clinical evaluation of pleural biopsy by cope needle (Cope씨 침을 이용한 늑막 생검에 관한 임상적 고찰)

  • 황윤호
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.374-380
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    • 1986
  • From June 1983 to September 1984, the pleural biopsies with Cope needle were performed at department of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery, Pusan Paik Hospital, Inje college, on 78 patients for exudative pleural effusion caused by various conditions. These results were analyzed clinically and summarized as follows: 2. The accuracy of pleural biopsy was 69.2% [54 of 78 patients]. The accuracy represented by ratio for the number of biopsy was 63.5% [54 of 85 biopsies]. 3. Among 61 patients of tuberculosis or malignancy, 37 [60.7%] were confirmed by pleural biopsy. 4. Tuberculosis was diagnosed in 48 patients, in 26[54.2%] out of these by pleural biopsy alone, in 3[6.2%] by pleural biopsy and isolation of AFB, in 2[4.2%] by pleural biopsy and operation, in 4[8.3%] by isolation of AFB, in 2[4.2%] by operation, and in 11[22.9%] clinically. 5. Among 13 patients of malignancy, 4[30.8%] were diagnosed by cytology alone, 4[30.8%] by pleural biopsy and cytology alone, 4[30.8%] by pleural biopsy and cytology, 1[7.7%] by pleural biopsy alone, 1[7.7%] by pleural biopsy and operation, and remained 3 by operation, lymph node biopsy, or bronchoscopy respectively. 6. False positive of clinical diagnosis was 12.5% for tuberculosis and 28.6% for malignancy. In pathological diagnosis there was no false positive. So specificity of pleural biopsy was very high. But false negative of pleural biopsy was 29.2% for tuberculosis and 46.2% for malignancy. 7. 4 cases[5.1%] of minimal pneumothorax were in the early series.

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Open Lung Biopsy for Diffuse Infiltrative Lung Disease (미만성 폐질환에 대한 폐생검의 의의)

  • 김해균
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.24 no.9
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    • pp.903-906
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    • 1991
  • Retrospective review of 26 patients undergoing open lung biopsy at the Yonsei University during 10 years period was conducted to evaluate open lung biopsy for DILD. From January 1980 to August 1990, open lung biopsy was performed in 26 patients through a limited thoracotomy incision[a limited anterior or a posterolateral thoracotomy]. Open lung biopsy was indicated for diffuse interstitial pulmonary diseases undiagnosed by indirect clinical and radiological diagnostic methods. The types of incision were limited anterior[11] and limited posterolateral[15]. Preoperative evaluation of the lung disease included sputum culture[26], sputum cytology [19], bronchoscopy[9] and TBLB[7]. In 23 patients the histologic appearances after open lung biopsy were sufficiently specific histologic pictures to confirm diagnosis. The results of the biopsies changed usual therapeutic plan in 17 patients among them. The complications were resp. insufficiency[3], pulmonary ed6ma[3], sepsis[2], and others[3] in 6 patients. Diagnosis from the open lung biopsy was included respiratory pneumonia[7], fibrosis[7], infection[5], malignancy[2], others[5]. 4 patients died of respiratory insufficiency. The causes of the other three death were not due to direct result of the biopsy itself. Open lung biopsy in the patient with a diffuse infiltrative lung disease is an one of the accurate diagnostic method and frequently leads to change of the therapeutic plans. So we conclude that open lung biopsy remains our diagnostic method of choice in diffuse infiltrative lung disease undetermined etiology.

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Robotized Percutaneous Biopsy (로봇을 이용한 경피 생체 검사)

  • Son, Jaebum;Kim, Kwang Gi
    • Journal of Biomedical Engineering Research
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 2012
  • Biopsy is a type of histopathological examinations, in which a physician samples cells or tissues from a patient's suspicious lesion. Such a lesion frequently resides deep inside human body, and then a percutaneous biopsy is therefore performed using a thick needle with the assistance of medical imaging such as computed tomography(CT) and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI). Recently modern robotic technology is being introduced to percutaneous biopsy in order to reduce any possible human error and hazard on physicians caused by medical imaging. After medical imaging locates the exact location of lesion, an optimization algorithm plans the path for a biopsy needle. Subsequently, a robot system moves the biopsy needle to the lesion in accurate and safe way with the control of a practitioner or automatically. In this article, we try to look into the state-of-art of percutaneous biopsy using such robotic technology. We classified percutaneous biopsy robots by mechanical characteristics and by imaging technology. Then, advantage and disadvantage of each class type are described as well as the basic description, and a few representative designs for each type are introduced. Current research issues of robotized percutaneous biopsy are subjectively selected for the readers' convenience. We emphasize the basic technology of actuator and sensors compatible with imaging technology to conclude this review.

A Robot End-effector for Biopsy Procedure Automation with Spring-Triggered Biopsy Gun Mechanism (스프링 격발형 생검총 구조를 가진 생검 시술 자동화 로봇 말단장치)

  • Won, Jong-Seok;Moon, Youngjin;Park, Sang Hoon;Choi, Jaesoon
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.22 no.8
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    • pp.590-596
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    • 2016
  • Biopsy is a typical needle type intervention procedure performed under radiographic image equipment such as computed tomography (CT) and cone-beam CT. This minimal invasive procedure is a simple and effective way for identifying cancerous condition of a suspicious tissue but radiation exposure for the patients and interventional radiologists is a critical problem. In order to overcome such trouble and improve accuracy in targeting of the needle, there have been various attempts using robot technology. Those devices and systems, however, are not for full procedure automation in biopsy without consideration for tissue sampling task. A robotic end-effector of a master-slave tele-operated needle type intervention robot system has been proposed to perform entire biopsy procedure by the authors. However, motorized sampling adopted in the device has different cutting speed from that of biopsy guns used in the conventional way. This paper presents the design of a novel robotic mechanism and protocol for the automation of biopsy procedure using spring-triggered biopsy gun mechanism. An experimental prototype has been successfully fabricated and shown its feasibility of the automated biopsy sequence.

Transthoracic Needle Biopsy of Thoracic Lesions (흉부 병터에 대한 경흉부 바늘생검)

  • Song, Jae-Woo
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.56 no.3
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    • pp.241-247
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    • 2004
  • In the diagnostic evaluation of thoracic lesions, the image-guided transthoracic needle biopsy was developed, and its role was expanded with the development of cross-sectional detection and characterization of thoracic lesions and advances in biopsy needle design and techniques. Particularly for diagnostic evaluation of solitary pulmonary nodules, transthoracic needle biopsy has emerged as the invasive procedure of choice. This article covers the indication, the pre-procedure preparation, various guidance-modalities and techniques, and complications.

Open Lung Biopsy for Diffuse Infiltrative Disease of the Lung (미만성 침윤성 폐질환에 대한 폐 생검의 의의)

  • 김병호
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.162-165
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    • 1995
  • To evaluate the impact of open lung biopsy on diagnosis and treatment of diffuse infiltrative lung disease, we conducted a retrospective review of 28 patients who underwent this procedure at the Kyoungpook National University Hospital from 1986 to 1993. There were 19 men and 9 women; average age was 50.9 years. During open lung biopsy, The region of the lobe was radiographically and grossly identified and was examined by a biopsy. The biopsy yielded a specific diagnosis in 27 [96.4 % patients and changes in therapy in 24[85.7% patients. Complications developed in three[10.8% patients, directly related to the biopsy procedure in 2. One patient died[3.6% due to underlying disease. We conclude that open lung biopsy can be accomplished safely in the patient with diffuse infiltrative lung disease and it is an important tool in decision-making process and therapy.

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Comparison between Transthoracic Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and Gun Biopsy of Pulmonary Mass (폐종괴에 대한 경피적 세침흡인세포검사와 자동총부착 침생검의 비교)

  • Nam, Eun-Sook;Kim, Duck-Hwan;Shin, Hyung-Sik
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 1998
  • To compare the diagnostic yields and complication rates of transthoracic fine needle aspiration cytology(FNAC) and gun biopsy in the diagnosis of pulmonary mass, a retrospective review was performed in 125 cases. Under the fluoroscopic guide, FNAC was performed by 20G Chiba needle in 91 cases, core biopsy was done by 18.5 G vaccum needle attached with automated biopsy gun in 74 cases and both procedures were done together in 37 cases. Overall sensitivity was 88.4% in FNAC and 87.5% in gun biopsy. For malignant pulmonary tumors, correct type correlation with final diagnosis was obtained in 33(76.7%) out of 43 cases by FNAC and 30(75.0%) out of 40 cases by gun biopsy. For benign pulmonary lesions, there were correct type correlation in 14(35.0%) out of 40 cases by FNAC and 14(53.8%) out of 26 cases by gun biopsy. The complication was pneumothorax and hemoptysis. Pneumothorax occured in 11.1% of FNAC, 10.9% of gun biopsy and 10.9% of both technique, among which chest tube drainages were necessary in one patient by gun biopsy and in three patients by both technique. Although no significant difference of diagnositc accuracy and complication rate was found between FNAC and gun biopsy, gun biopsy was more helpful in the diagnosis of pulmonary benign lesions than FNAC.

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Clinical significance of the De Ritis ratio for detecting prostate cancer in a repeat prostate biopsy

  • Ha, Heon;Chung, Jae-Wook;Ha, Yun-Sok;Choi, Seock Hwan;Lee, Jun Nyung;Kim, Bum Soo;Kim, Hyun Tae;Kim, Tae-Hwan;Yoon, Ghil Suk;Kwon, Tae Gyun;Chung, Sung Kwang;Yoo, Eun Sang
    • Investigative and Clinical Urology
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    • v.60 no.6
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    • pp.447-453
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: We evaluated factors predicting a positive repeat biopsy result in patients with an initial negative prostate biopsy result. Materials and Methods: This study included 124 patients in whom prostate cancer (PCa) was not detected in the initial transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy and who underwent repeat biopsy from January 2011 to December 2017. Patients without PCa in both initial and repeat prostate biopsies were designated as group 1 (n=82), and those in whom PCa was detected on a repeat prostate biopsy were designated as group 2 (n=42). Among group 2 patients, 6 had insignificant PCa according to the Epstein criteria and were combined with group 1 patients to make up group A (n=88). Patients with significant PCa were categorized as group B (n=36). We compared clinicopathologic characteristics between the groups. Results: Multivariate analysis showed that age (p=0.018) and detection of atypical small acinar proliferation (ASAP) or ≥3 cores of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN) (p=0.011) on the initial biopsy were predictive factors for a positive result on a repeat biopsy. When we compared group A and group B, age (p=0.004) and the De Ritis ratio (p=0.024) were significantly higher in group B in the multivariate analysis. Conclusions: Age and the detection of ASAP or ≥3 cores of HGPIN on the initial biopsy were associated with detection of PCa on a repeat biopsy. Age and the De Ritis ratio were found to be predictive factors for the detection of clinically significant PCa on a repeat biopsy.

Multiparametric MRI of Prostate Cancer after Biopsy: Little Impact of Hemorrhage on Tumor Staging

  • Choi, Moon Hyung;Jung, Seung Eun;Park, Yong Hyun;Lee, Ji Youl;Choi, Yeong-Jin
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.139-147
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: To evaluate differences in staging accuracy of prostate cancer according to the extent of hemorrhage on multiparametric MRI performed after biopsy. Materials and Methods: We enrolled 71 consecutive patients with biopsy-proven prostate cancer. Patients underwent MRI followed by a prostatectomy at our institution in 2014. Two radiologists reviewed the MRI to determine the tumor stage. Correlation between biopsy-MRI interval and extent of hemorrhage was evaluated. Regression analyses were used to determine factors associated with accuracy of tumor staging. Results: The mean interval between biopsy and MRI was $17.4{\pm}10.2days$ (range, 0-73 days). The interval between prostate biopsy and MRI and the extent of hemorrhage were not significantly correlated (P = 0.880). There was no significant difference in the accuracy rate of staging between the small and large hemorrhage groups. Conclusion: Biopsy-induced hemorrhage in the prostate gland is not sufficiently absorbed over time. The extent of hemorrhage and the short interval between biopsy and MRI may not impair tumor detection or staging on multiparametric MRI.