• Title, Summary, Keyword: biosorption

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Characteristics of Lead Biosorption by Biosorbents of Marine Brown Algae (해양 갈조류를 생물흡착제로 이용한 납흡착 특성 연구)

  • 이민규;서정대
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.531-539
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    • 1997
  • Lead sorption performances by biomass of nonliving, dried marine brown algae Undaria phnaunda, Hlzikia hsyormls. and Sugassum fulvellum used as biosorbent materials were investigated. As the amount of biosorbent materials added was increased, the lead removal by biosorbent materials Increased but the lead biosorption capacities decreased. However, with increasing Initial lead concentration the lead biosorption capacities by the biosorbent materials Increased but lead removal efficiencies decreased. In the range of Initial lead concentration(Co) 10-500 mg/L the lead biosorption capacities and removal efficiencies by the biosorbent materials Increased with increasing pH. Among the biosorbent materials used in this study, the lead biosorption capacities decreased in the following sequence: U. plilnaunda > H. fusiformis > S. fulvellum. The lead biosorption by biosorbent materials were expressed by the Langmuir Isotherm better than the Freundlich Isotherm. The biosorption rate could be expressed by the first order reaction rate equation for initial lead concentration like that rad : 0.288Co for U. phanda, rad = 0.255Co for H. fusiformis, and rad : 0.161Co for S. fulvellum. Key words : Lead, biosorption, biosorbent, Undaria pinnatinda, Hiztkia fusiformis, Sargassum fulvellum, Langmuir isotherm, Freundlich isotherm, biosorption rate.

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Characteristics of Carbon Source Biosorption (유기물 생흡착 현상에 관한 기초연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Hoon;Lee, Doo-Jin;Kim, Seung-Jin;Chung, Jonwook;Bae, Wookeun
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 2006
  • Biosorption technology was used to remove hazardous materials from wastewater, herbicide, heavy metals, and radioactive compounds, based on binding capacities of various biological materials. Biosorption process can be explained by two steps; the first step is that target contaminants is in contact with microorganisms and the second is that the adsorbed target contaminants is infiltrated with inner cell through metabolically mediated or physico-chemical pathways of uptake. Until recently, no information is available to explain the definitive mechanism of biosorption. The purpose of this study is to evaluate biosorption capabilities of organic matters using activated sludge and to investigate affecting factors upon biosorption. Over 49% of organic matter could be removed by positive biosorption reaction under anoxic condition within 10 minutes. The biosorption capacities were constant at around 50 mg-COD/mg-MLSS for all batch experiments. As starvation time increased under aerobic or anaerobic conditions, biosorption capacity increased since higher stressed microorganisms by starvation was more brisk. Starvation stress of microorganisms was higher at aerobic condition than anaerobic one. As temperature increased or easily biodegradable carbon sources were used, biosorption capacities increased. Consequently, biosorption can be estimated by biological -adsorbed capability of the bacterial cell-wall and we can achieve the cost-effective and non -residual denitrification with applying biosorption to the bio-reduction of nitrate.

Evaluation of Metal Biosorption Efficiency of Laboratory-grown Microcystis under Various Environmental Conditions

  • Pradhan, Subhashree;Singh, Sarita;Rai, Lal Chand;Parker, Dorothy L.
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 1998
  • This study examines the effect of pH, temperature, metal ion concentration and culture density on metal biosorption by the nuisance cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Ni biosorption was higher at pH 9.2 than at neutral and acidic pH. In contrast the biosorption of Cu and Zn was maximum at pH 7.0. However, biosorption of Zn was difficult to measure at pH values 9.2 and 10.5, owing to the formation of insoluble complexes. All the test metals (Cu, Zn, and Ni) showed maximum biosorption rate at low culture densities of 40 mg dry wt $1^{-1}$. The biosorption of Cu, Zn, and Ni was maximum at $40^{\circ}C$. However, no worthwhile difference in Zn and Ni sorption was noticed at 4 and $29^{\circ}C$ as compared to $40^{\circ}C$. Of these three metals used Microcystis showed a greater binding capacity ($K_{f}$ value=0.84, Freundlich adsorbent capacity) and accelerated biosorption rate for Cu under various environmental conditions. Fitness of mathematical models on metal biosorption by Microcystis confirmed that the biological materials behave in the same way as physical materials. These results suggest that before using a biosorbent for metal recovery, the environmental requirements of the biosorbent must be ascertained.

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Removal of Pb(II) from wastewater by biosorption using powdered waste sludge

  • Jang, Hana;Park, Nohback;Bae, Hyokwan
    • Membrane Water Treatment
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2020
  • Lead is a highly toxic heavy metal that causes serious health problems. Nonetheless, it is increasingly being used for industrial applications and is often discharged into the environment without adequate purification. In this study, Pb(II) was removed by powdered waste sludge (PWS) based on the biosorption mechanism. Different PWSs were collected from a submerged moving media intermittent aeration reactor (SMMIAR) and modified Ludzack-Ettinger (MLE) processes. The contents of extracellular polymeric substances were similar, but the surface area of MLE-PWS (2.07 ㎡/g) was higher than that of SMMIAR-PWS (0.82 ㎡/g); this is expected to be the main parameter determining Pb(II) biosorption capacity. The Bacillaceae family was dominant in both PWSs and may serve as the major responsible bacterial group for Pb(II) biosorption. Pb(II) biosorption using PWS was evaluated for reaction time, salinity effect, and isotherm equilibrium. For all experiments, MLE-PWS showed higher removal efficiency. At a fixed initial Pb(II) concentration of 20 mg/L and a reaction time of 180 minutes, the biosorption capacities (qe) for SMMIAR- and MLE-PWSs were 2.86 and 3.07 mg/g, respectively. Pb(II) biosorption using PWS was rapid; over 80% of the maximum biosorption capacity was achieved within 10 minutes. Interestingly, MLE-PWS showed enhanced Pb(II) biosorption with salinity values of up to 30 g NaCl/L. Linear regression of the Freundlich isotherm revealed high regression coefficients (R2 > 0.968). The fundamental Pb(II) biosorption capacity, represented by the KF value, was consistently higher for MLE-PWS than SMMIAR-PWS.

Lead Biosorption by Biosorbent Materials of Marine Brown Algae U. pinnatifida, H. fusiformis, and S. fulvellum

  • LEE Mingyu;KAM Sangkyu;LEE Donghwan
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.936-943
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    • 1997
  • Biosorbents of nonliving, dried marine brown algae Undaria pinnatifida, Hizikia fusiformis, and Sargassum fulvellum were investigated for their lead biosorption performances. As the amount of biosorbent added was increased, the lead removal by biosorbent materials increased but the lead biosorption capacities decreased. However the lead biosorption capacity by the biosorbent materials increased with increasing initial lead concentration and pH in the range of $C_o\;10\~500\;mg/L$. Among the biosorbent materials used in this study, the lead biosorption capacity in the solutions with no pH adjustment decreased in the following sequence: U. pinnatifida > H. fusiformis > S. fulvellum. Equilibrium parameters based on Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm were determined. It was found that the lead biosorption by biosorbent materials were expressed by the Langmuir isotherm better than the Freundlich isotherm.

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Biosorption of Rhodamine B onto Waste Activated Sludge: Equilibrium and Kinetic Modelling (폐 활성슬러지를 이용한 Rhodamine B의 생체흡착:흡착평혀여 및 흡착속도 모델링)

  • Lee Chang-Han;Ahn Kab-Hwan
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.881-888
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    • 2005
  • The biosorption of dye, Rhodamine B(Rh-B), onto waste activated sludge was investigated. The biosorption capacity and contact time were shown as a simulation of dye adsorption equilibrium and kinetics models. We observed that biosorption of Rh-B occurred rapidly less than 4 hr. These experimental data could be better fitted by a pseudo-second-order rate equation than a pseudo-first-order rate equation. The equilibrium dependence between biosorption capacity and initial concentration of Rh-B was estimated and it was found that the equilibrium data of biosorption were fitted by four kinds of model such as Langmuir, Freundlich, Redlich-Peterson, and Koble-Corrigan model. The average percentage errors, $\varepsilon(\%)$, observed between experimental and predicted values by above each model were $21.19\%,\;9.97\%,\;10.10\%\;and\;11.76\%$, respectively, indicating that Freundlich and Redlich-Peterson model could be fitted more accrately than other models.

Equilibrium and Kinetic Studies of the Biosorption of Dissolved Metals on Bacillus drentensis Immobilized in Biocarrier Beads

  • Seo, Hanna;Lee, Minhee;Wang, Sookyun
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 2013
  • Biocarrier beads with dead biomass, Bacillus drentensis, immobilized in polymer polysulfone were synthesized to remove heavy metals from wastewater. To identify the sorption mechanisms and theoretical nature of underlying processes, a series of batch experiments were carried out to quantify the biosorption of Pb(II) and Cu(II) by the biocarrier beads. The parameters obtained from the thermodynamic analysis revealed that the biosorption of Pb(II) and Cu(II) by biomass immobilized in biocarrier beads was a spontaneous, irreversible, and physically-occurring adsorption phenomenon. Comparing batch experimental data to various adsorption isotherms confirmed that Koble-Corrigan and Langmuir isotherms well represented the biosorption equilibrium and the system likely occurred through monolayer sorption onto a homogeneous surface. The maximum adsorption capacities of the biocarrier beads for Pb(II) and Cu(II) were calculated as 0.3332 and 0.5598 mg/g, respectively. For the entire biosorption process, pseudo-second-order and Ritchie second-order kinetic models were observed to provide better descriptions for the biosorption kinetic data. Application of the intra-particle diffusion model showed that the intraparticle diffusion was not the rate-limiting step for the biosorption phenomena. Overall, the dead biomass immobilized in polysulfone biocarrier beads effectively removed metal ions and could be applied as a biosorbent in wastewater treatment.

Biosorption of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution Using Xanthoceras sorbifolia Seed Coat Pretreated by Steam Explosion

  • Yao, Zeng-Yu;Qi, Jian-Hua
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.253-261
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    • 2016
  • Xanthoceras sorbifolia seed coat (XSSC) is a processing residue of the bioenergy crop. This work aimed to evaluate the applicability of using the steam explosion to modify the residue for dye biosorption from aqueous solutions by using methylene blue as a model cationic dye. Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the biosorption of methylene blue on the steam-exploded XSSC (SE-XSSC) were evaluated. The kinetic data followed the pseudo-second-order model, and the rate-limiting step was the chemical adsorption. Intraparticle diffusion was one of the rate-controlling factors. The equilibrium data agreed well with the Langmuir isotherm, and the biosorption was favorable. The steam-explosion pretreatment strongly affected the biosorption in some respects. It reduced the adsorption rate constant and the initial sorption rate of the pseudo-second-order model. It enhanced the adsorption capacity of methylene blue at higher temperatures while reduced the capacity at lower ones. It changed the biosorption from an exothermic process driven by both the enthalpy and the entropy to an endothermic one driven by entropy only. It increased the surface area and decreased the pH point of zero charge of the biomass. Compared with the native XSSC, SE-XSSC is preferable to MB biosorption from warmer dye effluents.

Biosorption of Lead ions onto Laminaria japonica and Kjellmaniella crassifolia : Equilibrium and Kinetic Modelling (Laminaria japonica와 Kjellmaniella crassifolia를 이용한 Pb의 생체흡착 : 흡착속도 및 흡착평형 모델링)

  • Lee, Chang-Han;Ahn, Kab-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.27 no.11
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    • pp.1238-1243
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    • 2005
  • The batch experiments of biosorption were carried out for the removal of lead ion from metal solution using Laminaria japonica and Kjellmaniella crassifolia, two species of marine algaes as biosorbent. We have investigated biosorption kinetics and equilibrium of lead by using marine algaes. We observed that biosorption of lead occurred very rapidly by marine algaes ; the biosorption reached equilibrium less than 2 hr. These experimental data could be accurately described by a pseudo-second-order rate equation, obtaining values between $0.883{\times}10^{-3}$ and $0.628{\times}10^{-3}\;g/mg/min$ for the biosorption rate constant $k_{2,ad}$. It could be described with Langmuir, Redlich-Peterson, and Koble-Corrigan(Langmuir-Freundlich) equation. The biosorption capacity by L. japonica and K. crassifolia were in the sequence of Pb>Cd>Cr>Cu and Pb>Cu>Cd>Cr, respectively. The biosorption capacity of L. japonica were increased with pH increasing.

Biosorption of Copper by Immobilized Biomass of Pseudomonas stutzeri

  • Cho, Ju-Sik;Hur, Jae-Seoun;Kang, Byung-Hwa;Kim, Pil-Joo;Sohn, Bo-Kyoon;Lee, Hong-Jae;Jung, Yeun-Kyu;Heo, Jong-Soo
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.964-972
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    • 2001
  • The kinetics of copper ion biosorption by Pseudomonas stutzeri cells immobilized in alginate was investigated. During the first few minutes of the metal uptake, the copper biosorption was rapid and then became progressively slower until an equilibium was rapid, and then became progressively slower until an equilibrium was reached. At a biomass concentration of 100g/l, the copper biosorption reaction reached approximately 90% of the equilibrium position within 30 min. A Freundich-type adsorption isotherm model was constructed based on kinetics with different amounts of biomass. When using this model, the experimental values only agreed well with the predicted values in a solution containing less than 200 mg/l Cu(II). Desorption of the bound copper ions was achieved using electrolytic solutions of HCl, $H_2SO_4$, EDTA, and NTA (0.1 or 0.5 M). Metal desorption with 0.1 M NTA allowed the reuse of the biosorbent for at least ten consecutive biosorption/desorption cycles, without an apparent decrease in its metal biosorption capability. A packed-bed column reactor of the immobilized biomass removed approximately 95% of the metal in the first 30 liter of wastewater [containing 100 mg/l Cu(II)] delivered at a rate of 20 L/day, and, thereafter, the rate gradually decreased.

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