• 제목, 요약, 키워드: biotype

검색결과 141건 처리시간 0.033초

당근 절편을 이용한 Agrobacterium spp. 분리, 동정과 선발균주에 의한 연초의 형질전환 (Isolation and identification of Agrobacterium spp. using carrot disc and transformation of Nicotiana gluca by selected strains)

  • 양덕춘;양덕조;최광태
    • 한국연초학회지
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 1991
  • These studies were carred out to obtain the transformant from tobacco cells by Agrobacterium spp. from crown gall and soil at the natural field in Korea, and identified their virulence. Kodo's and Clark's selective media were used for isolation of Agrobacterium spp. In these media, total of 99 strains were characterized based on the morphological characteristics of colonies. Among them 34 strains were able to induce on carrot discs. And hypervirulent strains C23-1 and K29-1 were identified as Agrobacterium tumefaciens biotype 1 and biotype 2, respectively. These strains formed fast growing, larger gall as compared to those induced by other strains on the carrot discs. Transformed tobacco callus was initiated on the phytohormone free MS medium with 250$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml carbenicillin after co-cultivation of tobacco stem explants and Agrobacteria. On the phytohormone free media, shoot was rarely formed from transformed callus. However, these shoot were teratoma shoots which were not grown as normal shoot, and teratoma shoot from transformant by C23-1 was smaller than that of K29-1.

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Expressed Sequence Tags of the Wheat-rye Translocation Line Possessing 2BS/2RL

  • Jang, Cheol-Seong;Hong, Byung-Hee;Seo, Yong-Weon
    • 한국작물학회지
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.302-307
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    • 1999
  • Hamlet (PI549276) possessing 2RL was obtained by cross between a wheat cultivar ND7532 (Froid/Centurk) and a rye cultivar Chaupon. Chaupon was known to have resistant gene to biotype L of Hessian fly [Mayetiola destructor (Say)] larvae. The wheat-rye translocation line (Coker797*4/Hamlet) was also known to be resistant to biotype L of Hessian fly larvae. We analysed a set of 96 ESTs from the wheat-rye translocation line (2BS/2RL). ESTs were classified by various physiological processings, such as primary metabolism, secondary metabolism, transcription, translation, transport, signal transduction, defense, transposable element, and others. Three sequences encoding thioredoxin peroxidase, 26S rRNA, and rubisco small subunits were homologous to registered genes in rye. Although limited number of clones were used to develop ESTs, these clones and their sequence information may be useful for researchers studying general physiology and molecular biology on the translocation line.

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보철 건강유지를 위한 연조직의 중요성 (The significance of soft tissue for maintenance of prosthesis)

  • 김옥수
    • 대한치과의사협회지
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    • v.48 no.9
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    • pp.664-669
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    • 2010
  • All prosthetic and restorative therapies require a healthy periodontium as a prerequisite for success. Understanding of the concepts of periodontal-restrorative interaction, especially with regard to interactions at the gingival margin is important. The aim of this article gives the information about the essential considering factor for successful prosthesis; biologic width, periodontal biotype, width of attached gingiva, margin of restoration. If a restorative margin must be extended below the gingival margin, it is critical that adequate band of attached gingiva is present, the margin does not violate the biologic width, the margin is closed and properly finished.

Yersinia enterocolitica 의 병원성 검정에 관한 연구 (Studies on the Pathogenic Test of Yersinia enterocolitica)

  • 임순영;윤석권
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.486-491
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    • 2001
  • 국내외에서 분양 받고 국내식육에서 분리된 총 100균주의 Y. enterocolitica에 대한 병원성여부를 HEp-2세포 침투성 시험법을 기준으로 하고 여러 가지 병원성 확인 방법을 비교하였다. 혈청형만으로 병원성을 판단하기에는 충분하지 않았고 이외의 방법 즉, esculin과 salicin시험, pyrazinamidase 시험, biotype 등의 생화학적 특성에 바탕을 둔 실험 단독으로 병원성을 판단하기에는 완전하지 않았다. D-xylose 발효실험, CRMOX agar 시험과 자동응고반응(Autoagglutination)들은 병원성확인에 보조적인 역할만을 할 수 있었다. HEp-2 세포 침투성 시험법은 시간과 노력이 많이 소요되므로 이 방법을 대치할 수 있는 간단하고 신속, 정확하게 Y. enterocolitica 병원성을 확인할 수 있는 방법은 esculin시험에서 음성반응을 보이는 것만 PCR시험을 행하여 판별하는 것이라고 사려된다.

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한국아동(韓國兒童)의 치아우식경험과 치면상(齒面上) Streptococcus mutans 분포(分布)에 대(對)한 연구(硏究) (Relationship between the Caries Experience of Korean School Children and the Distribution of Streptococcus mutans in Dental Plaque)

  • 김각균;최선진;임창윤;장우현
    • 대한미생물학회지
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 1983
  • Various investigations have been carried out to elucidate the causative relationship between specific oral bacterial species and dental caries since it was first demonstrated that selected streptococoal species produced dental caries in germfree rats when fed a high-sucrose diet. Now, S. mutans is considered to play an important role in the development of dental caries in animals and humans, and only a limited number of species of bacteria other than S. mutans are occasionally found to be cariogenic in experimental animals. In this regard, association of the number of S. mutans in approximal plaque with caries experience (DMFT) was studied from 137 Korean school children($10{\sim}11$ year old). Biotypes of the collected strains of S. mutans were determined, and their relationship with caries status was also examined. The following results were emerged from the study. 1. S. mutans was detected in the plaques of all children. 2. Statistically significant positive correlation(r=0.445, p<0.001) was found between the caries experience(DMFT) and the number of S. mutans in approximal plaques. 3. The number of S. mutans were significantly higher(p<0.001) in plaques removed from carious surface than from sound surface. 4. The most frequent biotype was biotype I(78.8%), followed by IV(33.1%) and V(09.5%). Biotype II was isolated in the plaque of two children(1.7%) only. 5. There was no apparent relation of specific biotypes to carious status.

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Periodontal biotype modification using a volume-stable collagen matrix and autogenous subepithelial connective tissue graft for the treatment of gingival recession: a case series

  • Kim, Hyun Ju;Chang, Hyeyoon;Kim, Sungtae;Seol, Yang-Jo;Kim, Hyeong-Il
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.395-404
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to propose a technique for periodontal biotype modification through thickening of the entire facial aspect using a volume-stable collagen matrix and autogenous subepithelial connective tissue graft (CTG) for the treatment of gingival recession. Methods: Four systemically healthy patients showing Miller class I or class II gingival recession in the mandibular incisor area were included in this study. Full-mouth scaling and root planing procedures were performed at least 4 weeks prior to periodontal plastic surgery. A split-thickness flap with a horizontal intrasulcular incision and 2 vertical incisions was used in cases 1-3, and the modified tunnel technique was used in case 4 for coronal advancement of the mucogingival complex. After the exposed root surfaces were debrided thoroughly, double-layered volume-stable collagen matrix was placed on the apical part of the recession and a subepithelial CTG harvested from the palatal area was placed on the coronal part. The amount of root coverage at 3 months postoperatively was evaluated in cases 1-3, and facio-lingual volumetric changes were analyzed in cases 1 and 2. Results: Healing was uneventful in all 4 cases and complete root coverage was shown in cases 1-3. In case 4, reduction of gingival recession was observed at 3 months after surgery. In cases 1 and 2, a comparison of stereolithographic files from the preoperative and postoperative time points demonstrated that the entire facio-lingual volume had increased. Conclusions: The surgical technique suggested herein, using a volume-stable collagen matrix and autogenous subepithelial CTG, may be an effective method for periodontal biotype modification through thickening of the entire facial aspect for the treatment of gingival recession.

경북지역의 부루셀라병에 관한 연구 (Studies on the brucellosis in Kyongbuk area)

  • 박노찬;김상윤;조광현;도재철;김영환;신상희;조민희;오강희;김우현
    • 한국가축위생학회지
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.451-465
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    • 1998
  • The present study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of brucellosis in Kyungbuk area for the 3 years from 1966 to 1998. Collective milk samples were routinely screened to detect positive farms by using the milk ring test(MRT), and serum agglutination test was performed to detect sero-positive individuals in the MRT positive farms. Attempt were made to isolate the causative organismas from slaughtered sero-positive reactors and some biochemical and polymerase chain reation characters of the isolates were also made to identify the organisms. Seroprevalence to brucellosis in peoples who are close contact with infected dairy herds was also investigated. Brucellosis of dairy cattle was rare before 1997, but has been broken more frequently since early 1998. By the MRT for dairy herds, positive rate was gradually increased every year : 0.6% in 1996, 1.5% in 1997, 3.9% in 1998. Among 262 MRT-positive herds, only 21 herds(8.0%) showed positive brucellosis in serological test. The isolation rates of Brucella sp from tested materials were 51.2% in supramammary glands, 39.5% in milks, and 50.0% in pulmonary Iymphnode, respectively. Isolated strain and biotype were Brucella(B) arbortus biotype 1 in 26 heads, and were B suis biotype 1 in 2 heads. Isolated strain and vaccine strain were very similar in their colony morphology and staining. In drug susceptibility, isolated stains(B abortus) and vaccine strain(B abortus RB-51) were sensitive to ampicillin, gentamycin, kanamycin, neomycin, penicillin, streptomycin, and to tetracycline, but resistant to erythromycin. In the PCR, field strains reacted to BA and IS711 primers, and vaccine strain reacted to BA, IS711, and RB5l primers. In the plate agglutination test of 96 sera of human contacted with animals, serum antibody titer detected 1 : 100 in one person, 1 : 200 in one, and below 1 : 25 in the others.

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Effectiveness of Rhizobacteria Containing ACC Deaminase for Growth Promotion of Peas (Pisum sativum) Under Drought Conditions

  • Zahir, Z.A.;Munir, A.;Asghar, H.N.;Shaharoona, B.;Arshad, M.
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.958-963
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    • 2008
  • A series of experiments were conducted to assess the effectiveness of rhizobacteria containing 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase for growth promotion of peas under drought conditions. Ten rhizobacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of different crops (peas, wheat, and maize) were screened for their growth promoting ability in peas under axenic condition. Three rhizobacterial isolates, Pseudomonas fluorescens biotype G (ACC-5), P. fluorescens (ACC-14), and P. putida biotype A (Q-7), were selected for pot trial on the basis of their source, ACC deaminase activity, root colonization, and growth promoting activity under axenic conditions. Inoculated and uninoculated (control) seeds of pea cultivar 2000 were sown in pots (4 seeds/pot) at different soil moisture levels (25, 50, 75, and 100% of field capacity). Results revealed that decreasing the soil moisture levels from 100 to 25% of field capacity significantly decreased the growth of peas. However, inoculation of peas with rhizobacteria containing ACC deaminase significantly decreased the "drought stress imposed effects" on growth of peas, although with variable efficacy at different moisture levels. At the lowest soil moisture level (25% field capacity), rhizobacterial isolate Pseudomonas fluorescens biotype G (ACC-5) was found to be more promising compared with the other isolates, as it caused maximum increases in fresh weight, dry weight, root length, shoot length, number of leaves per plant, and water use efficiency on fresh and dry weight basis (45, 150, 92, 45, 140, 46, and 147%, respectively) compared with respective uninoculated controls. It is highly likely that rhizobacteria containing ACC deaminase might have decreased the drought-stress induced ethylene in inoculated plants, which resulted in better growth of plants even at low moisture levels. Therefore, inoculation with rhizobacteria containing ACC deaminase could be helpful in eliminating the inhibitory effects of drought stress on the growth of peas.

넙치, Paralichthys olivaceus에서 병원성 Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae의 분리 (Isolation of pathogenic Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae from olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus)

  • 권문경;박상언;방종득;박수일
    • 한국어병학회지
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.205-214
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    • 2005
  • 최근 2년간 동해안 지역 넙치 양식장의 양식 넙치에 피해를 일으키는 P. damselae 균을 분리하였으며, 분리된 P. damselae의 16s rRNA 염기 서열은 P. damselae subsp. damselae ATCC 33539와 99%의 상동성을 나타내었다. 분리 균주는 Pedersen et al.(1997)의 biotype과 비교한 결과, biotype No 8과 동일하게 나타났으며, P. damselae subsp. damselae ATCC 33539의 LPS와 동일한 단백질 패턴을 나타내었다. 넙치의 병어로부터 P. damselae와 Vibrio 속 세균의 감염 상태를 조사한 결과, P. damselae가 가장 높은 감염율을 나타내었고, 그 다음으로 V. anguillarum, V. splendidus, V. harveyi와 V. ordalii순으로 감염율이 나타났다.

담배가루이 생태형 B와 Q가 같이 발생하는 경북 참외재배 지역 보고 (A Report on Mixed Occurrence of Tobacco Whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) Biotypes B and Q in Oriental Melon Farms in Kyungpook Province, Korea)

  • 김은성;김용균
    • 한국응용곤충학회지
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.465-472
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    • 2014
  • 담배가루이(Bemisia tabaci)는 바이러스 매개 역할과 함께 참외에 심각한 경제적 피해를 주고 있다. 담배가루이는 기주 작물과 농약 감수성 정도에 따라 다양한 생태형으로 분류되고 있다. 본 연구는 안동시 풍천면에 소재한 참외밭에서 성충을 채집하여 PCR 분자진단기법으로 동정하였다. 전체 11 곳의 채집 장소에서 Q 생태형 담배가루이를 진단하였고, 이 가운데 4 곳의 채집 장소에서 B 생태형도 검출되었다. 이러한 결과는 경북지역 참외 재배지에서 담배가루이가 발생한다는 최초의 보고이며, 특히 두 생태형이 동일한 재배지에 혼재한다는 것을 나타낸다.