• Title, Summary, Keyword: biotype

Search Result 142, Processing Time 0.031 seconds

Characterization of a salicylate-degrading strain of pseudomonas putida (Salicylate를 생분해하는 pseudomonas putida의 특성)

  • 홍순우;하영칠;이계준;배경숙
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.51-56
    • /
    • 1986
  • Eight strains of the bacteria capable of growing on salicylate as the sole carbon source were isolated form soil and river water. Three of these isolates were identified as Acinetobacter calcoaceticus (AcBl), Pseuomonas putida biotype B (PpB2), and P. putida biotype A (PpB3). Effects of temperature, pH and C source concentration on biodegradation of salicylate by PpB3 were wxamined. The optimum conditions were as follows; $30^{\circ}C$ for temperature, 7.0 for pH, and 10mM for C source concentration. Ultraviolet scanning spectrum of the salicylate was measured. The spectrum has two peaks at 225nm and 292nm. The spectra of the culture filtrates indicate that ring degradation of salicylate is accomplished.

  • PDF

Isolation of Staphylococcus Aureus from the Tonsils of Healthy Pigs (돼지편도로부터 STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS균의 분리)

  • 이재봉;고주영;조영보;정승기
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.143-147
    • /
    • 1991
  • Between June and August 1990, the tonsils of 86 healthy pigs were examined for the presence of staphylococci. All of the pigs examined harboured Staphylococci in the tonsils, the most predominant Staphylococcus species was Staphylococcus aureus(45.3%) followed by Staph hyicus subsp chromogenes (20.9%), Staph hyicus subsp hyicus (16.3%), Staph hominis(4.7%), Staph simulans(2.3%) and Staph xylosus(1.2%), Unidentifiable species were isolated from 3(3.5%) of the 86 tonsils examined. Thirty-nine strains of Staph aureus were subjected to the biotyping scheme of Hajek & Marsalek all the strains were classified as biotype B.

  • PDF

Isolation and identification of Agrobacterium spp. using carrot disc and transformation of Nicotiana gluca by selected strains (당근 절편을 이용한 Agrobacterium spp. 분리, 동정과 선발균주에 의한 연초의 형질전환)

  • Yang, Deok-Chun;Yang, D.C.;Choi, K.T.
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.43-52
    • /
    • 1991
  • These studies were carred out to obtain the transformant from tobacco cells by Agrobacterium spp. from crown gall and soil at the natural field in Korea, and identified their virulence. Kodo's and Clark's selective media were used for isolation of Agrobacterium spp. In these media, total of 99 strains were characterized based on the morphological characteristics of colonies. Among them 34 strains were able to induce on carrot discs. And hypervirulent strains C23-1 and K29-1 were identified as Agrobacterium tumefaciens biotype 1 and biotype 2, respectively. These strains formed fast growing, larger gall as compared to those induced by other strains on the carrot discs. Transformed tobacco callus was initiated on the phytohormone free MS medium with 250$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml carbenicillin after co-cultivation of tobacco stem explants and Agrobacteria. On the phytohormone free media, shoot was rarely formed from transformed callus. However, these shoot were teratoma shoots which were not grown as normal shoot, and teratoma shoot from transformant by C23-1 was smaller than that of K29-1.

  • PDF

Variation in Demography of Taraxacum officinale Seeds Harvested from Different Seasons

  • Yang, Hyo-Sik;Oh, Man-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
    • /
    • v.26 no.2
    • /
    • pp.82-86
    • /
    • 2003
  • We investigated the variation in adaptation to growth for four ecotypically-differentiated population of Taraxacum officinale found naturally in temporal environmental heterogeneity. Seeds collected from the four seasons were germinated in incubators and were grown for four months in greenhouse to test genetic variation among biotypes. Biotypes, segregated by seeds collected seasonally, were the part of natural population in Mokpo, South Korea. Each biotype was different in total dry weight of seeds, biomass, and leaf area, confirming previous finding. Differences between biotypes grown under a common environment indicated a genetic basis to their distinct demographic rates. Therefore, biotypes with similar annual rates of growth and contrasting seasonal rates should persist in the population. This differential response suggests that temporal variation in environment may be responsible, in part, for the maintenance of genetic variation within populations.

Isolation of pathogenic Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae from olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus (넙치, Paralichthys olivaceus에서 병원성 Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae의 분리)

  • Kwon, Mun-Gyeong;Park, Saung-Un;Bang, Jong-Deuk;Park, Soo-Il
    • Journal of fish pathology
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.205-214
    • /
    • 2005
  • The isolates, which has caused considerable damage to the olive flounder farm located in the eastern coast of Korea showed 99% sequence homology in the comparison of 16s rRNA gene of P. damselae subsp. damselae ATCC 33539. The present P. damselae was identical to the biotype No.8 in Pedersen et al. (1997) and the same LPS protein pattern as P. damselac subsp. damselae ATCC 33539. The comparison of infection rates among present P. damselae and Vibrio spp. showed that isolated P. damselae was the highest, followed by V. anguillarium, V. harveyi. and V. ordalii.

Effectiveness of Rhizobacteria Containing ACC Deaminase for Growth Promotion of Peas (Pisum sativum) Under Drought Conditions

  • Zahir, Z.A.;Munir, A.;Asghar, H.N.;Shaharoona, B.;Arshad, M.
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.18 no.5
    • /
    • pp.958-963
    • /
    • 2008
  • A series of experiments were conducted to assess the effectiveness of rhizobacteria containing 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase for growth promotion of peas under drought conditions. Ten rhizobacteria isolated from the rhizosphere of different crops (peas, wheat, and maize) were screened for their growth promoting ability in peas under axenic condition. Three rhizobacterial isolates, Pseudomonas fluorescens biotype G (ACC-5), P. fluorescens (ACC-14), and P. putida biotype A (Q-7), were selected for pot trial on the basis of their source, ACC deaminase activity, root colonization, and growth promoting activity under axenic conditions. Inoculated and uninoculated (control) seeds of pea cultivar 2000 were sown in pots (4 seeds/pot) at different soil moisture levels (25, 50, 75, and 100% of field capacity). Results revealed that decreasing the soil moisture levels from 100 to 25% of field capacity significantly decreased the growth of peas. However, inoculation of peas with rhizobacteria containing ACC deaminase significantly decreased the "drought stress imposed effects" on growth of peas, although with variable efficacy at different moisture levels. At the lowest soil moisture level (25% field capacity), rhizobacterial isolate Pseudomonas fluorescens biotype G (ACC-5) was found to be more promising compared with the other isolates, as it caused maximum increases in fresh weight, dry weight, root length, shoot length, number of leaves per plant, and water use efficiency on fresh and dry weight basis (45, 150, 92, 45, 140, 46, and 147%, respectively) compared with respective uninoculated controls. It is highly likely that rhizobacteria containing ACC deaminase might have decreased the drought-stress induced ethylene in inoculated plants, which resulted in better growth of plants even at low moisture levels. Therefore, inoculation with rhizobacteria containing ACC deaminase could be helpful in eliminating the inhibitory effects of drought stress on the growth of peas.

Studies on the Pathogenic Test of Yersinia enterocolitica (Yersinia enterocolitica 의 병원성 검정에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Soon-Young;Yoon, Suk-Kwon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.33 no.4
    • /
    • pp.486-491
    • /
    • 2001
  • The pathogenicity for one hundred strains of domestic and foreign Y. enterocolitica was tested with HEp-2 cell invasion method as a reference. The serotyping, biotyping, PCR and esculin hydrolyis, salicin fermentation, pyrazinamidase activity, indole production, xylose fermentation, CRMOX and autoagglutination were compared to determine the possibility of pathogenic detection method. According to the test results, serotyping was limited to verify pathogenicity, however, biotyping was quite related to pathogenicity up to 99%. The biotype 1A strains were non-pathogenic, while all strains of biotype $1B{\sim}4$ showed pathogenicity with the exception of one strain belonged to type 1B. The esculin and salicin test results were completely close and correlated to pathogenicity up to 99%. The HEp-2 cell invasion and pyrazinamidase test were related to pathogenicity by 95%. Biochemical tests such as D-xylose fermentation, CRMOX agar test and autoagglutination in broth were effective as a support test. It is strongly recommended that sequencial esculin test and PCR test could be done to verify pathogenicity of Y. enterocolitica as the easiest and accurate procedure.

  • PDF

Relationship between the Caries Experience of Korean School Children and the Distribution of Streptococcus mutans in Dental Plaque (한국아동(韓國兒童)의 치아우식경험과 치면상(齒面上) Streptococcus mutans 분포(分布)에 대(對)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Kack-Kyun;Choe, Son-Jin;Lim, Chang-Yoon;Chang, Woo-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.11-21
    • /
    • 1983
  • Various investigations have been carried out to elucidate the causative relationship between specific oral bacterial species and dental caries since it was first demonstrated that selected streptococoal species produced dental caries in germfree rats when fed a high-sucrose diet. Now, S. mutans is considered to play an important role in the development of dental caries in animals and humans, and only a limited number of species of bacteria other than S. mutans are occasionally found to be cariogenic in experimental animals. In this regard, association of the number of S. mutans in approximal plaque with caries experience (DMFT) was studied from 137 Korean school children($10{\sim}11$ year old). Biotypes of the collected strains of S. mutans were determined, and their relationship with caries status was also examined. The following results were emerged from the study. 1. S. mutans was detected in the plaques of all children. 2. Statistically significant positive correlation(r=0.445, p<0.001) was found between the caries experience(DMFT) and the number of S. mutans in approximal plaques. 3. The number of S. mutans were significantly higher(p<0.001) in plaques removed from carious surface than from sound surface. 4. The most frequent biotype was biotype I(78.8%), followed by IV(33.1%) and V(09.5%). Biotype II was isolated in the plaque of two children(1.7%) only. 5. There was no apparent relation of specific biotypes to carious status.

  • PDF

Studies on the brucellosis in Kyongbuk area (경북지역의 부루셀라병에 관한 연구)

  • 박노찬;김상윤;조광현;도재철;김영환;신상희;조민희;오강희;김우현
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.451-465
    • /
    • 1998
  • The present study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of brucellosis in Kyungbuk area for the 3 years from 1966 to 1998. Collective milk samples were routinely screened to detect positive farms by using the milk ring test(MRT), and serum agglutination test was performed to detect sero-positive individuals in the MRT positive farms. Attempt were made to isolate the causative organismas from slaughtered sero-positive reactors and some biochemical and polymerase chain reation characters of the isolates were also made to identify the organisms. Seroprevalence to brucellosis in peoples who are close contact with infected dairy herds was also investigated. Brucellosis of dairy cattle was rare before 1997, but has been broken more frequently since early 1998. By the MRT for dairy herds, positive rate was gradually increased every year : 0.6% in 1996, 1.5% in 1997, 3.9% in 1998. Among 262 MRT-positive herds, only 21 herds(8.0%) showed positive brucellosis in serological test. The isolation rates of Brucella sp from tested materials were 51.2% in supramammary glands, 39.5% in milks, and 50.0% in pulmonary Iymphnode, respectively. Isolated strain and biotype were Brucella(B) arbortus biotype 1 in 26 heads, and were B suis biotype 1 in 2 heads. Isolated strain and vaccine strain were very similar in their colony morphology and staining. In drug susceptibility, isolated stains(B abortus) and vaccine strain(B abortus RB-51) were sensitive to ampicillin, gentamycin, kanamycin, neomycin, penicillin, streptomycin, and to tetracycline, but resistant to erythromycin. In the PCR, field strains reacted to BA and IS711 primers, and vaccine strain reacted to BA, IS711, and RB5l primers. In the plate agglutination test of 96 sera of human contacted with animals, serum antibody titer detected 1 : 100 in one person, 1 : 200 in one, and below 1 : 25 in the others.

  • PDF

Periodontal biotype modification using a volume-stable collagen matrix and autogenous subepithelial connective tissue graft for the treatment of gingival recession: a case series

  • Kim, Hyun Ju;Chang, Hyeyoon;Kim, Sungtae;Seol, Yang-Jo;Kim, Hyeong-Il
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.48 no.6
    • /
    • pp.395-404
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to propose a technique for periodontal biotype modification through thickening of the entire facial aspect using a volume-stable collagen matrix and autogenous subepithelial connective tissue graft (CTG) for the treatment of gingival recession. Methods: Four systemically healthy patients showing Miller class I or class II gingival recession in the mandibular incisor area were included in this study. Full-mouth scaling and root planing procedures were performed at least 4 weeks prior to periodontal plastic surgery. A split-thickness flap with a horizontal intrasulcular incision and 2 vertical incisions was used in cases 1-3, and the modified tunnel technique was used in case 4 for coronal advancement of the mucogingival complex. After the exposed root surfaces were debrided thoroughly, double-layered volume-stable collagen matrix was placed on the apical part of the recession and a subepithelial CTG harvested from the palatal area was placed on the coronal part. The amount of root coverage at 3 months postoperatively was evaluated in cases 1-3, and facio-lingual volumetric changes were analyzed in cases 1 and 2. Results: Healing was uneventful in all 4 cases and complete root coverage was shown in cases 1-3. In case 4, reduction of gingival recession was observed at 3 months after surgery. In cases 1 and 2, a comparison of stereolithographic files from the preoperative and postoperative time points demonstrated that the entire facio-lingual volume had increased. Conclusions: The surgical technique suggested herein, using a volume-stable collagen matrix and autogenous subepithelial CTG, may be an effective method for periodontal biotype modification through thickening of the entire facial aspect for the treatment of gingival recession.