• Title, Summary, Keyword: bisphenol A

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Effects of bisphenol A on development stage in zebvafish (Bisphenol A 가 zebrafish의 발달단계에 미치는 영향)

  • 여민경
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.593-598
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    • 2003
  • The effects of bisphenol A on the catalase activities in the development stage of zebrafish were investigated. In this study, the catalase activities for zebrafish fries exposed to bisphenol A of 1${\times}$10$\^$-10 g/$\ell$ during 1 week, 2 week, and 4 week post-hatching were examined. Also, the changes of organs weight and the catalase activities for adult zebrafishes exposed to bisphenol A during 3 weeks were investigated. Catalase activities for zebrafish fries exposed to bisphenol A of 1${\times}$10$\^$-10/ g/$\ell$ during 1 week post-hatching were significantly lower, compared to the control. Somewhat, for zebrafish fries exposed to bisphenol A during 4 week post-hatching, catalase activities were significantly increased. For adult zebrafishes, the effects of bisphenol A were higher for female than male. Specially, catalase activities were significantly increased in the ovary of zebrafishes exposed to bisphenol A during 3 weeks. The ovary weight were increased for zebrafishes exposed to bisphenol A during 3 weeks. Catalase activities were increased in the intestine of female exposed to bisphenol A during 3 weeks. Catalase activities were increased in testis exposed to bisphenol A during 3 weeks but there was no significance. In conclusion, the damages of an endocrine disrupter were higher in the earlier development stage compared with adult. The damages were higher for female exposed to an endocrine disrupter compared with male.

Cytotoxicity of Environmental Estrogenic Compound, Bisphenol A, via Generation of Free Radicals (내분비계 장애물질인 Bisphenol A의 free radical 생성을 통한 독성발현)

  • 안광현;김봉희
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.175-182
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    • 2003
  • Bisphenol A shares similarities in structure, metabolism and action with DES, a known human teratogen and carcinogen. Bisphenol A, a monomer of polycarbonate and epoxy resins, has been detected in canned food and human saliva. The purpose of the this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity, cell proliferation of bisphenol A In the presence of a rat liver S9 mix, contaning cytochrome P450 enzymes, and Cu (II). In the present study, Bisphenol A in combination with Cu (II) exhibited a enhancement in cytotoxicity which were inhibited by free radical scavengers. The content of malondialdehyde, an end product of lipid peroxidation, was also found to increase with concentration of bisphenol A. Also, we examined the change of CuZn-SOD, Mn-SOD, catalase and GPx activities in the MCF-7 cells exposed to bisphenol A. The activities of CuZn-SOD, CPx, catalase were found to decrease with bisphenol A concentration. Meanwhile, the activity of Mn-SOD was unchanged. This indicated that elevated oxidative stress caused by imbalance between the production and removal of free radicals occurred in cells.

Voltammetric Determination of Bisphenol A Using a Carbon Paste Electrode Based on the Enhancement Effect of Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide (CTAB)

  • Huang, Wensheng
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.26 no.10
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    • pp.1560-1564
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    • 2005
  • The influence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) on the electrochemical behavior of bisphenol A at the carbon paste electrode (CPE) was investigated. CTAB, with a hydrophobic C-H chain, can adsorb at the CPE surface via hydrophobic interaction and then change the electrode/solution interface, and finally affects the electrochemical response of bisphenol A, confirming from the remarkable oxidation peak current enhancement. The electrode process of bisphenol A was examined, and then all the experimental parameters which affects the electrochemical response of bisphenol A, such as pH value of the supporting electrolyte, accumulation potential and time, potential scan rate and the concentration of CTAB, were examined. Finally, a sensitive and simple voltammetric method was developed for the determination of bisphenol A. Under the optimum conditions, the oxidation peak current of bisphenol A varied linearly with its concentration over the range from $2.5\;{\times}\;10^{-8}\;to\;1\;{\times}\;10^{-6}$ mol/L, and the detection limit was found to be $7.5\;{\times}\;10^{-9}$ mol/L. This method was successfully employed to determine bisphenol A in some waste plastic samples.

Effects of Bisphenol A on Dams during Lactation Period in Rats (흰쥐 수유기에 경구투여된 Bisphenol A의 영향)

  • 김판기;유재홍
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.208-215
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    • 2003
  • Bisphenol A (4,4'-isopropylidenediphenol, $C^{15}H_{16}O_{2}$) is the monomer used in the manufacture of polycarbonate. Polycarbonate, in turn, is used in a wide array of plastic products, with new applications continuously being developed. Also it has been used to produce epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics for food container. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of bisphenol A on lactation period to dams and F1. Sprague-Dawley females were mated with on 2 : 1 ratio basis. Various doses of bisphenol A (0, 2, 20, 200, and 2,000 ${\mu}g kg^{-1}$) were daily administered to females for 21 days after parturition. Dams and offsprings were sacrificed at the time of weaning. The results were as fellows, 2000 ${\mu}g \; kg^{-1}$ / of bisphenol A decreased the dams' body weight at post-partum 18 days and also 200 and 2,000 ${\mu}g \;kg^{-1}$ of bisphenol A decreased the body weight of neonates at the days of post-partum 21 days. Bisphenol A increased the relative weights of liver and spleen in male offsprings, depending on the doses. But female offsprings showed high relative organ weights of ovaries, and low relative organ weights of uterine in a some dose-response manners. High dose of bisphenol A induced low viability of neonates exposed during lactation period. The dams treated with bisphenol A showed prematured estrous stage. Bisphenol A was recovered about 21.2% average in serum of dams, and also in offsprings'. The results indicate that the bisphenol A induces estrous cycle during lactation period in dams, also reaches to the offspring through breast milk. Thus bisphenol A exopsed to dams and neonates via lactation induces some estrogenic and tonic effects.

The Influence of Bisphenol A on Selenoprotein N Expression Genes during Zebrafish Embryogenesis (Bisphenol A가 Zebrafish 발생과정 중 Selenoprotein N 발현 유전자에 미치는 영향)

  • Gwak, Young-Gook;Yeo, Min-Kyeong
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.179-186
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    • 2008
  • 내분비계 장애물질 중 에스트로겐성 특성을 지닌 것으로 알려진 bisphenol A에 폭로되었을 때에 나타나는 이상 증상과 selenoprotein N 결핍 증상은 유사성이 있는 것으로 관찰되었다. 이에 본 연구에서는 bisphenol A에 폭로된 생물체의 selenoprotein N 유전자 발현에 영향을 미치는지에 관해 연구하였다. 실험동물은 zebrafish (Danio rerio, wild type)의 수정란을 사용하였다. Zebrafish의 수정란은 서로 다른 농도의 bisphenol A (0.1, 1, 10 ppm)에 노출하였다. 각각의 폭로 환경에서 부화된 치어를 시료로 selenoprotein N 유전자 발현을 RT-PCR방법에 의해 알아보았다. 그 결과, bisphenol A는 척추이상과 심장이상이 나타나 selenoprotein N 이상시 나타나는 현상과 유사성을 보였다. Selenoprotein N 유전자 발현은 bisphenol A 폭로 농도가 높아짐에 따라 유전자 발현 농도가 낮아지는 것으로 관찰되었다. 특히 1 ppm 농도에서는 대조군이나 0.1 ppm 농도보다 catalase의 활성이 높게 나타나 특정 농도에서 bisphenol A에 의한 영향이 나타나는 것을 알 수 있었다.

Detailed Analysis on the Toxic Effect of Bisphenol A to the Liver and Testis in the Rat

  • Choi Ju-Yun;Yoo Min
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.333-336
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    • 2005
  • Environmental endocrine disruptors are very toxic to the animals including humans. They are hormone-like acting chemicals which can be found in our normal daily life. We have examined the toxic effect of bisphenol A and if lactic acid bacteria could suppress this toxic effect. Thirty rats were divided into three groups (control, bisphenol A treated, bisphenol A and lactic acid bacteria treated). Treatments were carried out at an interval of 12 hours for each group. Control group showed normal and clear morphology of tissues. Cells were fine in their shape and color, and density was high enough for the normal function. However, bisphenol A treated group was abnormally destructed in cell morphology. In the testis, sperms were totally destructed. When treated with lactic acid bacteria together, the toxic effect of bisphenol A was clearly decreased. This study indicated that bisphenol A was toxic in any concentration especially for the liver and testis, however, lactic acid bacteria could suppress the toxic effects of bisphenol A.

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Mammary Excretion and Placental Transfer of Bisphenol A in Rats

  • Yoo, Sun-Dong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Developmental Biology Conference
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 2001
  • This study examined the extent of mammary excretion and placental transfer of bisphenol A in rats. Bisphenol A was given by simultaneous i.v. bolus injection plus infusion to steady-state at low, medium and high doses. The steady-state serum levels of bisphenol A were linearly increased with increasing the dosing rate. The systemic clearance (mean range, 119.2-154.1 ml/min/kg) remained unaltered over the dosing rate studied. The levels of bisphenol A in milk exceeded those in serum, with the steady-state milk to serum concentration ratio being 2.4-2.7. The steady-state milk levels of bisphenol A were also increased linearly with increasing the infusion rate. In a separate study, the kinetic disposition of bisphenol A in the rat maternal-fetal unit was studied in pregnant rats. After i.v. injection, bisphenol A concentration in the maternal serum declined biexponentially. Bisphenol A was rapidly distributed into placenta, fetus and amniotic fluid, with maximum concentrations in these tissues achieved within 1 hr of injection. The decline of bisphenol A in placenta, fetus and amniotic fluid paralleled that of maternal serum. A simultaneous computer simulation showed that the observed concentrations were well represented by a 5-compartmental model consisting of the maternal central, placenta, fetus, amniotic fluid, and maternal tissue compartments.

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Optimazation of the Assement and Apotosis of Endocrine-Bisphenol A Disruptors (내분비계장애물질 평가방법의 최적화 및 Apoptosis에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn Kwang-Hyun;Lee Kyung-A;Kim Bong-Hee
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.251-259
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    • 2004
  • Xenoestrogens are chemicals with diverse structure that mimic estrogen. Bisphenol A, a monomer of polycarbonate and epoxy resins, has been detected in canned food and human saliva. Bisphenol A stimulate cell proliferation and induce expression of estrogen -response genes in vitro. The purpose of the this study was to evaluate cell proliferation of bisphenol A in the presence of a rat liver 59 mix contaning cytochrome P450 enzymes and Cu (II). The fragmentation of intact DNA, a parameter of apoptotic cell death, was evaluated quantitatively by diphenylamine reaction method. Bisphenol A induced apoptotic cell death in a dose-dependent manner The effect of radical scavenger on the apoptotic cell death induced bisphenol A was investigated. The DNA fragmentation induced by bisphenol A was significantly inhibited by addition of radical scavenger to the culture medium. This indicated that elevated oxidative stress caused by imbalance between the production and removal of free radicals occurred in cells. Taken together, these results suggest that free radical reacts with Cu (II) leading oxidative stress.

Effects of Bisphenol A on Dams during Lactation Period in Rats

  • Kim, Pan-Gyi;Leu, Jae-Hong;Kang, Hee-Joo;Kim, Jeong-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Health Society Conference
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    • pp.171-173
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    • 2003
  • Bisphenol A (4,4'-isopropylidenediphenol, C$\_$15/H$\_$16/O$_2$) is the monomer used in the manufacture of polycarbonate. Polycarbonate, in turn, is used in a wide array of plastic products, with new applications continuously being developed. Also it has been used to produce epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics for food container. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of bisphenol A on lactation period to dams and F1, Sprague-Dawley females were mated with on 2:1 ratio basis. Various doses of bisphenol A (0, 2, 20, 200, and 2,000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg) were daily administered to females for 21 days after parturition. Dams and offsprings were sacrificed at the time of weaning. The results were as follows, 2000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg of bisphenol A decreased the dams' body weight at post-partum 18 days and also 200 and 2000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg of bisphenol A decreased the body weight of neonates at the days of post-partum 21 days. Bisphenol A increased the relative weights of liver and spleen in male offsprings, depending on the doses. But female offsprings showed high relative organ weights of ovaries, and low relative organ weights of uterine in a some dose-response manners. High dose of bisphenol A induced low viability of neonates exposed during lactation period. The dams treated with bisphenol A showed prematured estrous stage. Bisphenol A was recovered about 21.2% average in serum of dams, and also in offsprings'. The results indicate that the bisphenol A induces estrous cycle during lactation period in dams, also reaches to the of offspring through breast milk. Thus bisphenol A exopsed to dams and neonates via lactation induces some estrogenic and toxic effects.

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Effects of Ginseng Radix Against Osteoblasts Damaged by Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (환경호르몬에 의해 손상된 골모세포에 대한 인삼의 영향)

  • Hong Gi Youn;Park Seung Taeck;Jeon Byung Hun;Seo Eun A
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.338-342
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    • 2002
  • In order to evaluate the effect of Ginseng Radix(GR) against endocrine disrupting chemicals(EDC), cultured mouse osteoblasts were preincubated with various concentrations of GR extract before the exposure of Bisphenol A for 12 hours. Cytotoxic effect of Bisphenol A was measured by the XTT assay. In addition, the protective effect of GR over Bisphenol A-induced cytotoxicity on osteoblasts was assessed by the DNA and protein synthesis in these cultures. The results were as follows : Osteoblastic cell viability was decreased in dose and time dependent manner after exposed to various concentrations of Bisphenol A. Midcytotoxicity value(MCV50) of Bisphenol A was determined at 6μM Bisphenol A after osteoblasts were grown for 12 hours in the media containing various concentrations of Bisphenol A. Amount of DNA synthesis was increased in dose-dependent manner after cultured osteblasts were pretreated with GR for 2hrs before exposure to Bisphenol A for 12 hours. Amount of protein synthesis was increased in dose-dependent manner after cultured osteoblasts were pretreated with GR for 2 hours before exposure of Bisphenol A for 12 hours. From these results, it is suggested that Bisphenol A was highly toxic by the decrease of the cell viability, and GR is effective in the prevention of Bisphenol A-induced cytotoxicity by the increase of DNA and protein syntheses in cultured mouse osteoblasts.