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Effect of Black Rice Powder Levels on Quality Properties of Emulsion-type Sausage

  • Park, Sin-Young;Kim, Hack-Youn
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.737-743
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    • 2016
  • The effects of black rice powder on the quality of sausage were investigated. Samples were prepared with 0% (control), 1%, 3%, and 5% black rice powder. With increasing black rice powder content, the moisture and ash content of sausage increased, while protein con-tent was significantly less than that observed for the control (p<0.05). The fat content in samples containing 5% black rice powder was significantly less than that observed for other samples (p<0.05). With increasing black rice powder content, the pH of uncooked and cooked samples increased. In addition, lightness, redness, and yellowness decreased. With increasing content of black rice powder, emulsion stability decreased. On the other hand, with increasing black rice powder content, cooking yield increased. As compared to the other samples, those containing high content of black rice powder exhibited higher viscosity. With increasing black rice powder content, the hardness of samples decreased, while the gumminess and chewiness of samples containing black rice powder were less than those observed for the control (p<0.05). Moreover, with increasing black rice powder content, the flavor, juiciness, and overall acceptability of samples increased. In addition, the tenderness of samples containing 3% and 5% black rice powder was significantly greater than that observed for the control and sample containing 1% black rice powder (p<0.05). In addition to the economic benefits, black rice powder can be used to improve quality characteristics.

Quality Properties of Injulmi made with Black Rice (흑미를 첨가한 인절미의 품질 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 조진아;조후종
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.226-231
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    • 2000
  • Injulmi, a kind of traditional Korean sticky rice cakes, was prepared with the mixed flours of waxy and black rices in different ratio(0% to 25% black rice flour), and their quality properties were studied. In the sensory evaluation, the best acceptance was shown in the samples with 15% black rice flour. The scores for hardness, coarseness. chewiness, and flavor were increased as the added amount of black rice flour increased. The moisture content of the samples ranged from 43 to 45%, and it was increased as the added amount of black rice flour increased. In color value, lightness(L value) was 27.43∼65.63. The redness(a value) was -2.01∼4.74, and the yellowness(b value) was -1.40∼4.59. The redness and blueness were increased by the increase of black rice flour. In the texture properties, the increase of added black rice flour increased the hardness, chewiness, and gumminess of Injulml, but decreased the adhesiveness. Based on the results, the optimal recipe for Injulmi added black rice flour was to make with 85% waxy rice flour ant 15% black rice flour.

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Effect of Black Rice Powder on the Quality Properties of Pork Patties

  • Park, Sin-Young;Lee, Jong-Wan;Kim, Gye-Woong;Kim, Hack-Youn
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2017
  • Physicochemical properties of pork patties formulated with black rice powder were investigated. Moisture contents of samples containing black rice powder were significantly higher than that of the control (p<0.05). Protein, fat, and ash contents increased with increasing black rice powder content. Uncooked and cooked pH values of samples increased with increasing black rice powder content. Lightness and yellowness of samples decreased with increasing concentration of black rice powder. Redness of cooked samples containing black rice powder was significantly lower than that of the control (p<0.05). Water holding capacity and cooking yield of samples increased with increasing black rice powder concentration. Diameter and thickness reduction ratio of samples decreased with increasing black rice powder content. Sensory evaluation of samples showed no significant difference between samples. Thus, black rice powder improved the quality of pork patties.

Proximate Composition and Quality Characteristics of Bread with Black Rice Flour (흑미가루를 첨가하여 제조한 식빵의 일반성분 및 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Young-Mo
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.94-103
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    • 2018
  • The quality characteristics of bread with black rice flour were investigated to find the most preferred ratio of black rice flour. Its moisture, ash content, crude protein, crude fat, amino acids, and texture were analyzed. A sensory evaluation was also performed. The moisture and crude fat of bread with black rice flour were decreased in proportion to the added amount of black rice flour, but the crude protein and ash content were increased. The volume of bread decreased as the added amount of black rice flour increased. The pH value of bread increased in proportion to the added amount of black rice flour. The value of brightness and yellowness of the dough were the highest in the control. The added amount of black rice flour was negatively correlated with the brightness and the yellowness of the dough, but was positively correlated with the redness. Total free amino acids were found, and the dough with 5% black rice flour contained the highest amount, followed by 3%, 2%, and 1%. When evaluating the storage days, the springiness and cohesiveness of bread with black rice flour they decreased with time, but the chewiness and brittleness increased. Regarding the taste, preference was given to the bread with 2% black rice flour, which had the lowest rejection rate and was not affected by time in any meaningful sense. The bread with 2% black rice flour won the highest scores in the overall preference measurement.

Quality Characteristics of Rice Bread Substituted with Black Rice Flour (흑미가루를 첨가한 쌀 식빵의 품질 특성)

  • Im, Ji-Soon;Lee, Young-Tack
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.903-908
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    • 2010
  • Yeast-leavened rice bread with added vital wheat gluten was formulated by substituting normal rice flour with 0~30% black rice flour, and the effects of black rice flour substitution on rice bread quality were investigated. Black rice flour contained more protein, lipid, and ash contents than normal rice flour. Increasing levels of black rice flour substitution decreased the specific loaf volume of rice bread. Black rice flour decreased lightness and yellowness, and imparted a reddish color in the bread crumbs. Only a slight difference in crumb firmness was observed between control rice bread (100% normal rice flour) and rice bread containing up to 20% black rice flour. However, crumb firmness of rice bread containing 30% black rice flour was considerably higher than that of the control rice bread and increased rapidly at 2~3 days during a 3-day storage period at $25^{\circ}C$. Antioxidant activity of rice breads was estimated by determining electron-donating ability (EDA) to DPPH radical. The electron-donating ability slightly increased with increasing levels of black rice flour in rice bread.

Effect of Pan-frying on Anthocyanin Content in Hwajeon with Varying Proportion of Glutinous Black Rice Flour (팬 프라잉(Pan-frying)이 찰흑미 첨가 화전의 안토시아닌 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Surh, Jeonghee;Koh, Eunmi
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.378-384
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    • 2014
  • Hwajeon, pan-fried rice cake, containing glutinous black rice flour at different proportions (0, 5, 10, 20, 30, or 50% of glutinous rice flour) was cooked to investigate the cooking effect on anthocyanins, color, and texture. Two anthocyanins, cyanidin-3-glucoside and peonidin-3-glucoside, were detected in both hwajeon dough and pan-fried hwajeon. The hwajeon retained up to 60% of anthocyanins in the dough after pan-frying. The lightness (L) of dough and hwajeon decreased with an increase in the amount of black rice flour rice flour. Interestingly, the lightness (L) of hwajeon was significantly lower than the counterpart dough, indicating that the color of hwajeon resulted not only from anthocyanins, but also from the browning reaction occurring during pan-frying. The redness (a) of hwajeon initially increased by adding glutinous black rice flour, and decreased at higher than 10% of black rice flour. In comparison with the control hwajeon (0% black rice flour), the black rice-added hwajeon showed lower hardness, whereas it had higher springiness and cohesiveness, resulting in no significant differences in gumminess and chewiness among the hwajeon. These results indicate that hwajeon enriched with glutinous black rice flour can be developed as a functional food containing health-promoting anthocyanins.

Antioxidant activity of black rice and grains (흑미 및 곡류 추출물의 항산화 효과)

  • Cho, Eun Ju;Choi, Mi Jin;Shin, Seon Hwa;Kim, Hyun Young
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.511-514
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    • 2012
  • In this study, the comparison of antioxidative effect of the methanol (MeOH) extracts from grains were investigated in vitro radical scavenging system. Ten grains (black rice, rice, barley, wheat, millet, sorghum, glutinous millet, buckwheat, phellines linteus rice and brown rice) were extracted with MeOH. Among the MeOH extracts of grains, sorghum and black rice showed effective scavenging activities of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical. The $IC_{50}$ values of sorghum and black rice were $47.4{\mu}g/mL$ and $50.6{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. In addition, black rice also exerted the strongest activities on hydroxyl radical (${\cdot}OH$) scavenging activity. Furthermore, the MeOH extracts of black rice showed effective and dose dependant scavenging activities of DPPH radical and ${\cdot}OH$. These results indicated that black rice showed strong free radical scavenging activity. It suggested that black rice could be a promising natural antioxidant against free radical-induced oxidative damage.

Quality Characteristics of Cookies with Black Rice Flour (흑미가루 첨가 쿠키의 품질 특성 연구)

  • Lee Jung-Shin;Oh Myung-Suk
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.193-203
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    • 2006
  • The quality characteristics of cookies containing black rice flour, which has a greater variety of functional components than wheat flour, were studied. The results of the pasting properties shows that the inclusion of black rice flour to the wheat flour-mixture did not affect the pasting temperature but increased the enthalpy, indicating that more energy is needed for the starch gelatinization. The total dietary fiber and total polyphenol content increased and the cookies color became darker and deeper with increasing black rice flour content. According to the results from TA on texture, the hardness decreased and the crispness increased significantly (both, p<0.001) with increasing black rice flour content. From the acceptance test, the appearance, aroma and texture of the cookies with added black rice flour were significantly (p<0.001) lower than those of the wheat flour cookies. However, the taste and overall acceptance of the cookies with added black rice (lour did not differ significantly from those of the wheat flour cookies. According to the results from the sensory evaluation, the aroma, black rice flavor, crispness, graininess and color(gray-violet) of the cookies increased significantly(p<0.001) with increasing black rice flour content and those of the cookies with 30% black rice flour had the highest values among the cookies which weren't significantly different from those of the cookies with 20% black rice flour. From the above results, the optimal ratio for the addition of black rice flour to the cookies was 10% from the viewpoint of the sensory evaluation and functional components.

Study on the Quality Characteristics of Polished Rice, Brown Rice and Black Rice Jeolpyeon by the Addition of Astringent Persimmon Concentrate (떫은 감 농축액을 첨가한 백미${\cdot}$현미${\cdot}$흑미 감절편의 품질특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Yang-Sun;Chae, Kyung-Yeon;Hong, Jin-Sook
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.50-61
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    • 2007
  • The aim of this study was to determine the optimum amount of astringent persimmon concentrate to add to rice(polished rice, brown rice, and black rice) flour in the preparation of GamJeopyeon (persimmon rice cake). The moisture contents of polished rice, brown rice, and black rice persimmon Jeolpyeon were 50.37${\sim}$51.65%, 49.52${\sim}$52.44%, and 48.82${\sim}$51.87%, respectively. With increasing astringent persimmon content, the L value of all of the Jeolpyeon decreased, whereas the values of polished rice and brown rice persimmon Jeolpyeon increased. The b values of polished rice, brown rice, and black rice persimmon Jeolpyeon were the highest at addition levels of 8%, 4%, and 12%, respectively. In the mechanical textural evaluation, the hardness of polished rice and brown rice, persimmon Jeolpyeon decreased with increasing astringent persimmon concentrate content during storage time, and was the highest at the 0% addition level in black rice Jeolpyeon after 2 days storage. In the sensory evaluation, the overall acceptability of polished rice, brown rice, and black rice persimmon Jeolpyeon was higher at 4, 8, 12, and 16% compared to the 0% addition level. According to the above study. Jelopyeon made with the addition of up to 16% astringent persimmon concentrate to polished rice, brown rice, and black rice flour was found to be the best recipe in terms of overall acceptability and textural qualities.

Effect of Feeding Cyanidin 3-glucoside (C3G) High Black Rice Bran on Nutrient Digestibility, Blood Measurements, Growth Performance and Pork Quality of Pigs

  • Kil, D.Y.;Ryu, S.N.;Piao, L.G.;Kong, C.S.;Han, S.J.;Kim, Y.Y
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.1790-1798
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    • 2006
  • Two experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of feeding cyanidin 3-glucoside (C3G) high black rice bran on nutrient digestibility, blood measurements, growth performance and pork quality of pigs. In Exp. I, a total of fifteen pigs (19.91${\pm}$1.80 kg, average initial body weight) were used in assay of nutrient digestibility and blood measurements. All pigs were allotted to 5 treatments with 3 replicates according to a completely randomized design (CRD) in an individual metabolic crate. Treatments included 1) CON: basal diet, 2) BRB-2: basal+brown rice bran 2%, 3) BRB-4: basal+brown rice bran 4%, 4) CRB-2: basal+C3G high black rice bran 2% and 5) CRB-4: basal+C3G high black rice bran 4%. The digestibility of dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), crude fat (CF), crude ash (CA) and crude fiber (CF) was not affected by dietary treatments. Serum triglyceride (TG) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentrations were not affected by addition of C3G high black rice bran. However, at the end of experiment, pigs fed rice bran showed decreased tendency in total cholesterol concentration. Especially pigs fed C3G high black rice bran showed significantly lower total cholesterol concentration compared to pigs fed brown rice bran (p<0.03). There was numerically lower total cholesterol concentration with increasing levels of black rice bran in the diet. In terms of serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT) and glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT), there were no significant differences among treatments, even though pigs fed CRB-4 showed the lowest GOT concentration compared to other pigs. In Exp. II, sixteen finishing pigs (average initial body weight 89.96${\pm}$0.35 kg) were divided into 4 treatments to investigate the effect of feeding C3G high black rice bran on growth performance and pork quality. There were no significant differences in average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) among the treatments. Pigs fed C3G high black rice bran showed numerical decrease in ADG and increase in FCR while not effecting feed intake. There was no significant difference in live weight, carcass weight, carcass rate, backfat thickness and carcass grade. However, pigs fed C3G high black rice bran tended to show lower backfat thickness than pigs fed basal diet. Pigs fed C3G high black rice bran showed a tendency of decreased TBA value than pigs fed basal diet, although there was no overall significant difference among treatments. In conclusion, nutrient digestibility, blood measurements, growth performance and pork quality were not significantly affected by feeding C3G high black rice bran to pigs. However, C3G high black rice bran might have an effect on lowering serum total cholesterol and decrease the TBA value in pork compared to control group and these effects might be due to high concentration of antioxidative compounds in C3G high black rice bran.