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Quality and Antioxidant Activity Characteristics of Blueberry-pyun with Different Amounts of Blueberry Juice (블루베리즙 첨가량을 달리한 블루베리편의 품질 및 항산화특성)

  • Lee, Dong Su;Park, Jin Hee;Yoo, Seung Seok
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.718-724
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    • 2015
  • In this study, we investigated the quality and antioxidant activity of blueberry-pyun (traditional Korean jelly using blueberry) according to different ratios of blueberry juice (100%, 80%, 60%, 40%, and 20%). Moisture and pH significantly decreased as the content of blueberry juice increased (p<0.05). As the amount of blueberry juice decreased, the lightness (L) decreased. At the same time, the redness (a) and yellowness (b) were significantly higher (p<0.05). DPPH radical scavenging activity and anthocyanin contents increased significantly when the amount of blueberry juice increased (p<0.05). In the texture profile analysis, hardness decreased as the content of blueberry juice increased. There were no significant differences in springiness. 20% blueberry juice showed the highest gumminess and chewiness. During sensory evaluation, 60% blueberry juice showed the highest in the appearance, color, sweetness and overall-acceptability. From these results, we conclude that blueberry-pyun made of 60% blueberry juice is the most desirable.

Study on Quality Characteristics of Pan Bread containing Blueberry Fruit Powder (블루베리 분말을 첨가한 식빵의 품질 특성 연구)

  • Lee, Eui-Seok;Jeong, Yong-Nam;Moon, Young-Ja;Hong, Soon-Taek
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.621-630
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    • 2014
  • This study presents the quality characteristics of blueberry bread. Blueberry fruit powder was added to bread dough at various concentrations ranging from 3~9%, after which physicochemical properties of dough and bread containing blueberry fruit powder were determined. The pH, loaf volume, specific loaf volume, dough volume and baking loss decreased with increasing amount of blueberry fruit powder in bread, whereas loaf weight and hardness were reduced. In particular, hardness appeared to be 1.98 times higher in the control without blueberry powder compared to the bread containing 9% blueberry powder. For color, increasing the amount of blueberry fruit powder reduced L and b values, whereas a value was increased. In the sensory evaluation, the highest overall preference score was observed in bread containing 6% blueberry powder, whereas the lowest score was observed in bread with 9% blueberry powder. From these results, blueberry bread with good acceptability has an optimum blueberry powder concentration of 6%.

Comparative Anti-oxidant Activity of Korean and Canadian High Bush Blueberry Fructus (한국산 및 Canada산 High Bush Blueberry 열매의 항산화 활성 비교)

  • Youn, Ju-Hee;Kim, Ji-Min;Whang, Wan-Kyunn
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.59 no.3
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2015
  • Blueberries (Ericaceae) are cultivated worldwide, and are used not only as foodstuff but also for relievement of eyestrain. Bluberry species representatively includes highbush blueberry (V. corymbosum L.), lowbush blueberry (V. angustifolium $A_{IT}$.), rabbiteye blueberry (V. ashei $R_{EADE}$), and bilberry blueberry (V. myrtillus L.). All of these species contain large amounts of phenolics and anthocyanins. In this regard, we isolated six compounds from Korea cultivated blueberry and identified as 3-O-caffeoylquinic acid (1), 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid (2), myricetin-3-O-${\beta}$-D-galactoside (3), quercetin-3-O-rutinoside (4), ethyl-3-O-caffeoylquinic acid ester (5), ethyl-5-O-caffeoyl quinic acid ester (6) by $^1H$-NMR, $^{13}C$-NMR and MS. Anti-oxidative activities of six compounds were verified by anti-oxidant assay such as DPPH, ABTS and Hypoxanthine/xanthine oxidase system. And then, anti-oxidant activities of Korea blueberry and Canadian were compared with each other. These results support that Korean blueberry has also the possibility to be potential supplementary material as healthy food like Canadian blueberry. Therefore, Korean blueberry can be used as a substitute of Canadian blueberry.

Quality Characteristics of Korean Wheat Bread prepared with Substitutions of Naturally Fermented Blueberry Starters (블루베리 천연 발효액종을 첨가한 우리밀 식빵의 품질 특성)

  • Choi, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.546-560
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    • 2013
  • In this study, a natural fermentation starter formulation was developed for manufacturing Korean bread products by substituting baker's yeast with naturally fermented blueberry starters. As the incubation time of the blueberry extracts increased, the pH and total titratable acidity increased. The sweetness (brix%) of blueberry extracts containing various amounts of sugar were higher than the other sample. The result of alcoholicity for naturally fermented blueberry extracts, the fermented blueberry extract containing 20% sugar was highest. Lactic acid bacteria counts increased until the 4th day; however, it decreased from the 5th day, and viable yeast counts increased consistently until the 5th day. The volume for naturally fermented blueberry extracts increased as the incubation time increased. As the fermentation time of blueberry starters increased, the pH of bread dough decreased. The RVA analysis conveyed that wheat flour retrogradation was retarded by increasing the blueberry starter content. The weight of pan breads containing blueberry starters were higher than that of the control, while the volume, specific volume and baking loss rate were lower than those of the control. The moisture content of pan breads containing blueberry starter decreased as storage time increased. In analyzing the visible mold colony during 7 days of storage at $28^{\circ}C$, mold growth in pan breads containing the blueberry starter was retarded. The hardness of breads containing blueberry starters were significantly increased as storage time increased. The breads containing 50% naturally fermented blueberry starter have acceptable sensory properties. In conclusion, these results indicated that 50% of natural fermentation blueberry starter could be very useful as a substitute for yeast when making naturally fermented bread.

Quality Characteristics of Jeungpyun added with Blueberry Powder (블루베리 분말을 첨가한 증편의 품질특성)

  • Lee, Keum-Ok;Kim, Ki-bbeum
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.96-104
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to promote consumption of rice through production of jeungpyun added with blueberry attracting attention as a functional food material and to develop a functional blueberry supplement suited to the preference of Westernized consumers. For that pupose, we performed physicochemical quality test and sensory test after preparing the jeungpyun added with blueberry powder based on a ratio of 1%, 2%, 3%, and 4% of rice flour. The results of this experiment can be summarized as follows. When the addition of blueberry powder increased, the moisture content in jeungpyun decreased, but there was no significant difference between the samples. The lightness and the yellowness related to chromaticity decreased and redness increased when the addition of blueberry powder increased. The pH of the dough in jeungpyun increased significantly (p<0.001) when addition of blueberry powder increased. As the fermentation progressed, the pH tended to decline. The volume of dough decreased when addition of blueberry powder increased. The volume was the highest after the first fermentation, and decreased after the second fermentation. Viscosity decreased significantly as the addition of blueberry powder increased, and increased as fermentation time increased, and decreased after the third fermentation. A test was conducted to determine difference in characteristics, and the results showed that the color intensity, cell uniformity, blueberry flavor and sweetness were strong when the addition of blueberry powder increased. The results of preference test showed that JB3 containing 3% blueberry powder had the best appearance, flavor and overall acceptance.

Quality Characteristics of Yanggaeng Prepared with Fermented Blueberry by Lactic Acid Bacteria (블루베리 유산균 발효물을 첨가한 양갱의 제조 및 품질특성)

  • Yang, Su-Jin;Hong, Joo-Heon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.128-135
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    • 2015
  • Blueberry juice extraction (JE), hot water extract (HE), and 50% ethanol extract (EE) were fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum CGKW3. We investigated the quality characteristics and antioxidative activities of yanggaeng prepared with different amounts of fermented blueberry extract (JE, HE, EE). The viable cells in fermented HE was higher (7.49 log CFU/mL) than JE (7.28 log CFU/mL) and EE (6.99 log CFU/mL), during the fermentation period. The viable cells and acidity in yanggaeng increased significantly with increasing levels of fermented blueberry extract (p<0.05). In terms of color, the lightness and yellowness decreased significantly, but redness increased with increasing levels of fermented blueberry extract. In the texture profile analysis, control showed the highest result in hardness. Cohesiveness did not show significant differences, according to amount of fermented blueberry extract. The springiness decreased with the increasing levels of fermented blueberry extract. Antioxidant activity, which was measured by DPPH and reducing power, was significantly higher than those of control; and it increased proportionally according to the amount of fermented blueberry extract. Anthocyanin contents were increased proportionally with the increasing levels of fermented blueberry extract. Sensory evaluation showed that the color, taste, flavor, texture, and overall acceptability of yanggaeng containing the JE, HE, and EE were higher than those of the control.

Quality Characteristics of Rice Pound Cake prepared with Blueberry Powder (블루베리 가루를 첨가한 쌀 파운드케이크의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Won-Gab;Lee, Jeong-Ae
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.577-585
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of rice pound cake prepared with various amounts of blueberry powder. The weight of rice pound cakes with additions of 2~8% blueberry powder increased from 418.58 to 420.50 g. The volume and specific loaf volume of rice pound cakes prepared by adding blueberry powder were lower than those of the control. The baking loss rate for the control was 7.72% and that of rice pound cakes prepared by adding blueberry powder decreased by 6.98~6.56%. The moisture contents of rice pound cakes added with blueberry powder were higher than the control. The pH levels for rice pound cakes prepared with blueberry powder ranged between 6.47 and 7.58 and that of the control was 8.11. The microstructural observation by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed well developed air cells of control. DPPH radical scavenging activity of the control group was 13.6%, whereas pound cakes prepared by adding blueberry powder ranged from 35.2~78.8%. The "a" value of redness was increased, but L and b value were decreased significantly by additions of blueberry powder. The full textural properties of rice pound cakes were being significantly increased by additions of blueberry powder. Sensory evaluation scores in terms of appearance, flavor, taste, texture and overall preference for pound cakes showed that 4~6% of substituted sample groups were higher than those of others. The results of this study suggest that additions of 4~6% blueberry powder was the best substitution ratio for rice pound cakes.

Quality Characteristics of Muffins Containing Domestic Blueberry (V. corymbosum) (국내산 블루베리 첨가 머핀의 품질 특성)

  • Hwang, Seung-Hwan;Ko, Seong-Hye
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.727-734
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    • 2010
  • As the blueberry content in batter increased, the pH of batter decreased According to the measured results about specific gravity of muffin batter, there was no significant difference among each batter including 0% 10% and 15% blueberry, while each 15% 20% and 30% dough showed significant difference (p<0.001). According to the results about general quality characteristics of muffins such as volume, weight and specific gravity, as the content of blueberry juice increased, the volume decreased. In terms of measuring specific volume, it decreased as the added amount increased According to measuring the chromaticity of muffins, as the blueberry content increased in the muffins, brightness and yellowness decreased while redness increased In terms of the measurement of texture, the hardness showed significant difference among all sample muffins (p<0.001). Significant difference was not shown in the springiness (p<0.05). As the amount of blueberry juice increased, the chewiness of the muffins was grown. The result showed a significant difference between samples in the adhesiveness (p<0.001). As the amount of blueberry juice increased, the adhesiveness of muffins also increased In the organoleptic test, a significant difference was shown in the color among all sample (p<0.001). The blueberry juice content of 20% showed highest figures with $7.12{\pm}0.67$. In terms of flavor, the content of 20% also showed highest figures among all samples with $7.16{\pm}0.62$ (p<0.001). Concerning the taste all samples showed a significant difference while 20% content did the highest figure. In the overall acceptability the content of 10% showed the lowest figure while 20% displayed the highest figure with 7.16. According to the quality characteristics of blueberry muffins, the best blueberry juice content would be 20% content group.

Protective effects of blueberry drink on cognitive impairment induced by chronic mild stress in adult rats

  • Guo, Qian;Kim, Young-Nam;Lee, Bog-Hieu
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2017
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Stress-induced cognitive impairment is related to the suppression of hippocampal neurogenesis that results from an increase of oxidative stress. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of administration of a blueberry drink, having a high antioxidant power, on the cognitive performance of adult rats exposed to chronic mild stress. MATERIALS/METHODS: Twelve-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 48) were randomly divided into four groups: control (CO), stress (ST), control + 5% blueberry drink (CO + B), and stress + 5% blueberry drink (ST + B). After eight weeks, the cognitive performance was assessed using a multiple T-maze water test. Levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and ascorbic acid were measured in the brain, and catecholamine concentrations were measured in plasma. RESULTS: The brain weights of the rats from the ST and ST + B groups were significantly lower than those of the rats from the CO and CO + B groups. The cognitive performance of the ST group was impaired when compared to that of the CO group. This impairment was significantly improved by the blueberry drink supplementation (P < 0.05). The brain SOD and CAT concentrations were not influenced by the stress or by the blueberry drink. However, the brain levels of GPx and ascorbic acid were significantly lower in the ST group than those in the CO group and were increased by the blueberry drink supplementation. The plasma catecholamine concentrations were affected by chronic mild stress and by the blueberry drink. The plasma norepinephrine and dopamine concentrations were decreased by the chronic stress and improved by the blueberry drink supplementation. The plasma epinephrine level was only influenced by the stress. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the blueberry drink may protect against the cognitive impairment induced by chronic mild stress.

Investigation of the effect of Blueberry hydrothermal extracts on myoblast differentiation (블루베리 열수 추출물의 근아세포의 근분화에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Youngsoo;Kim, Eunmi;Choi, Sunkyung;Lee, Woonghee;Han, Hyosang;Kim, Keekwang
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2020
  • Objectives : At present, aging-related degenerative muscle diseases are considered a serious problem. However, the effects on muscles regarding the efficacy of blueberry have not been studied. In this study, we tried to find out the correlation between blueberry and muscle. Methods : 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) assay was performed to confirm the antioxidant efficacy of blueberry hydrothermal extract. To determine the effect of blueberry hydrothermal extracts (BHE) on myoblast activity, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium (MTS) assay was performed. To confirm the effect of blueberry hydrothermal extracts on the differentiation of myoblast into myotubes, protein expression levels of myosin heavy chain 3 (Myh3) and paired box 3/7 (pax3/7) were confirmed by immunoblot analysis. In addition, immunofluorescence microscopy was performed to confirm the effect on myotube formation of blueberry hydrothermal extracts. Results : Antioxidative efficacy and low toxicity were confirmed through ABTS assay and MTS assay of blueberry extract for myoblasts. As a result of immunoblot analysis and immunofluorescence analysis, the decrease in myogenic marker Pax3/7 was not confirmed, but myotubes The specific expression inhibitory activity of the forming protein Myh3 was confirmed. Through this, it was confirmed that the blueberry extract has a negative activity against myoblast differentiation. Conclusion : This experiment confirmed that blueberry hydrothermal extract has excellent antioxidant efficacy and negative results in inhibiting the differentiation and proliferation of myoblast. This requires deep study of certain ingredients and requires reassessment of the dietary intake of blueberries.