• Title, Summary, Keyword: body weight reduction

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The Effect of Very low calorie diet and Chegameuiintang on Body Composition in Obese Patients (초저열량 식이요법과 체감의이인탕의 병행치료가 비만 환자의 신체조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Gil-Su;Kim, Dong-Yeol
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2001
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to the effect of very low calorie diet with Chegameuiintang to treat obese patients . Methods: We have evaluated 54 obese patients during very low calorie diet with Chegameuiintang weight-reducing regime by determining the body composition before and 1 month, 2 months after treatment by Bioelectrical impedence analysis . Results: In the change of body composition by the treatment, mean weight reduction was 11.59kg(15.57% of initial weight), mean weight reduction after 1month was 7.68kg( 10.31% of initial weight), mean weight reduction after 2 months was 3.91 kg(5.86% of weight after 1 month). Mean reduction in total fat mass was 8.03kg(2914% of the initial fat mass) which constitutes 69.28%. Mean reduction in lean body mass was 3.56kg(7.59%) Conclusions: This study has demonstrated that the compound therapy of very low calorie diet and Chegameuiintang (Tiganyiyiren-tang) is the good way of weight reduction, which reduces total fat mass and preserves lean body mass.

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A Study on The Structure and Safety of Aluminum Intensive Vehicle (알루미늄 초경량 차체의 구조강성 및 안전도향상에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Kook;Kim, Sang-Bum;Kim, Heon-Young;Heo, Seung-Jin
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.363-369
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    • 2000
  • Due to environmental problem for reduction in fuel consumption, vehicle emission and etc., many automotive makers are trying to reduce the weight of the vehicle. The most effective way to reduce the weight of vehicle is to use lighter materials, aluminum, plastics. Aluminum Space Frame has many advantages in weight reduction, body stiffness, ease of model change and so on. So, most of automotive manufacturers are attempting to develope Aluminum Space Frame body. For these reasons, we have developed Aluminum Intensive Vehicle based on steel monocoque body with Hyundai Motor Company. We achieved about 30% weight reduction, the stiffness of our model was higher than that of conventional steel monocoque body. In this paper, with optimization using FEM analysis, we could get more weight reduction and body stiffness increase. In the long run, we analyzed by means of simulation using PAM-CRASH to evaluate crush and crash characteristic of Aluminum Intensive Vehicle in comparison to steel monocoque automotive.

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Caloric Restriction vs Testosterone Treatment ; The Effect on Body Fat Distribution and Serum Lipid Levels in Overweight Male Patients with Coronary Artery Disease (관상동맥경화증인 과체중 남성에서 열량제한과 Testosterone 투여가 체지방 분포 및 혈청 지질 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • 이종호;채지숙;고수정;강석민;최동훈;장양수
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.9
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    • pp.924-932
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    • 2003
  • In middle-aged men, abdominal obesity has been an important risk factor of coronary artery disease (CAD) as well as a predictor of hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and glucose intolerance. Particularly, risks from abdominal obesity increase when adipose tissue accumulates in visceral compartment. Many studies showed that weight reduction by caloric restriction improves abdominal obesity and reduces lots of cardiovascular risk factors. Testosterone treatment also results in a significant decrease in visceral fat area and normalizes endocrine metabolism. However there is no study that compare the effect of caloric restriction with that of testosterone treatment. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of caloric restriction and that of testosterone treatment on body fat distribution, serum lipids and glucose metabolism in male patients with CAD. Forty five middle-aged overweight-obese men with CAD participated in 12 weeks' program. They were matched with age, body weight, body mass index (BMI) and divided into three groups : control group (n = 15) , caloric restriction group (-300 kcal/day, n = 15) and testosterone treatment group (testosterone undecanoate tablets, n = 15) . After 12 weeks, control group did not have any changes in anthropometries, lipid profile, body fat distribution, glucose metabolism and hormonal status. Expectedly, caloric restriction group showed decreases in body weight, BMI, waist to hip ratio, % body fat. Ten percentage of total cholesterol and 23% of triglyceride in serum were also decreased. In body fat distribution, total fat areas at both L1 and L4 levels were significantly reduced in this group without reduction in muscle of thigh and calf. However, testosterone treatment group did not have any significant changes in body weight, % body fat, serum lipid profile and abdominal fat distribution. In conclusion, weight reduction by caloric restriction is more beneficial in body fat distribution and serum lipid level than testosterone treatment in overweight male patients with CAD. This result suggests that modest weight reduction is possible to help decrease risk factors of CAD.

Eating Habits, Trend of disordered Eating, Weight Reduction Practice and Body Size Evaluation of College Students in Seoul (서울지역 일부 대학생의 식습관, 섭식장애 발생경향, 체중조절행태 및 비만도)

  • Sohng, Kyeong-Yae;Park, Chai-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.457-466
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: To provide the epidemiological information for developing preventive programs encourage appropriate eating and weight control behaviors. Method: 349 college students in Seoul were administered self-report question- naires to examine eating habits, trend of disordered eating, weight reduction practice and body size evaluation from September to October 2002. Data were analyzed by SAS program for frequency, t-test, ANOVA with Scheff test. Result: The mean eating score was moderate and it differed by subjects' characteristics. The mean score of EAT-26 was relatively lowered, and 3.4% of the subjects score showed disordered eating behavior. It differed significantly by subjects' general characteristics. 30.4% of total sample were currently trying to lose weight and had interested in trying to lose weight. EAT-26 was significantly different by weight reduction practices and interest. Perceived body size differed by the score of eating habit and EAT-26. Conclusion: It can be suggested weight preoccupation have a relation to eating habits, weight control practice and disordered eating. Further study is recommended educational interventions targeting at-risk subjects.

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The Clinical Study on the Effect of Reduction in Body Weight and the Change of Body Composition after Fasting Therapy (절식요법의 체중감량효과와 체성분 변화에 대한 관찰)

  • Kim, Sung-Soo;Shin, Hyun-Dae;Shin, Seung-Uoo
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.25-35
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    • 2003
  • Objectives : This study was aimed to investigate the change of the reduction in body weight and the change of body composition after fasting therapy, Chulsikyopub, which was put into practice in Dept. of oriental rehabilitation medicine at Kyung Hee oriental hospital. Method : We measured body weight, body composition, and the degree of obesity 2 weeks after fasting therapy and 10 weeks after fasting therapy with body composition analyzer(Inbody 2.0). Statistical comparisons between pre-therapy group and post-therpay group were done by paired t-test and Wilcoxon's signed rank test. Results : 2 weeks after fasting therapy, body weight was decreased 7.33kg(9.18%), body fat was decreased 2.47Kg(7.24%), muscle weight was decreased 4.66kg(11.37%), body fat ratio was increased 1.08%, and body metabolic rate(BMR) was decreased 118.23kcal(8.22%). 10 weeks after fasting therapy, each of body weight and fat was decreased 10.4Kg, muscle weight was increased 0.3Kg(0.7%), body fat ratio was decreased 7.9%, and BMR was increased 6.8Kcal(0.47%). But muscle weight and BMR did not satisfy statistical significance. Conclusions : fasting therapy for 10 weeks reduced body weight and body fat statistically significant without loss of muscle weight and BMR.

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Effects of Caloric Restriction on Endocrine Functions and Body Fat Distribution in Overweight Premenopausal Women, Related to their UCP3 (Uncoupling Protein 3) Genotypes

  • Lee, Jong-Ho;Kim, Oh-Yoen;Kim, Ji-Young;Park, Kyoung;Yangsoo Jang
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 2002
  • A mutation in the promoter region of uncoupling protein 3 (UCF3), specifically the -55C longrightarrow T transition, may influence an individual's energy metabolism and body weight. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a weight reduction program on endocrine functions and body fat distribution, related to UCP3 promoter genotype. Ninety overweight pre-menopausal female subjects participated in the weight reduction program at Yonsei University Hospital, and were placed on a calorie-restricted diet (300 kcal less than their daily requirements) for 12 weeks. After 12 weeks, all subjects on the program lost approximately 5% of their initial body weights and had lower Body Mass Index (BMI) values. Among the 90 women, 56 had a normal (without mutation) UCP3 genotype, while 34 women had mutations in the promoter region of UCP3. Despite similar weight reductions in both groups, a significantly higher decrease in abdominal adipose tissue was observed in the normal UCP3 genotype group, compared to the group with mutations. In particular, there was a significant reduction of fat at the lumbar 1 (Ll) level in the without-mutation group. Serum levels of total cholesterol, apolipoprotein Al were significantly decreased in the without-mutation group, by 4.4% and 5.7% respectively. Serum levels of hormones were not significantly changed in both groups artier the intervention. However, in the group without the mutations, the leptin level significantly reduced by 23.4% (p<0.001). Serum free fatty acid (FFA) concentration was significantly increased in the group with mutation following the weight reduction program. On the other hand, FFA responses were shown similar increases in both groups. In conclusion, although no difference was found in the magnitude of weight reduction in both groups, there were significant differences in body fat distribution and in endocrine function between the groups.

Preparation of Black Soybean Peptide and Its Effect on Weight Reduction in Rats

  • Rho Shin-Joung;Lee Hyeon-Gyu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition Conference
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2004
  • The large-scale preparation method for black soybean peptide (BSP; about 70% less than 10,000 Da; highly enriched with glutamic acid, aspartic acid, and arginine) was developed, and its effect on weight reduction and lipid profiles in rats was investigated. Sprague-Dawleymale rats were assigned to four dietary groups (high-fat diets containing 0, 2, 6, and 10% BSP) and fed four weeks to examine the effects of BSP. During the experiment, food intake was measured every two days and body weight was monitored two times a week. After the supplementation of BSP, liver and adipose tissues (epididymal, retroperitoneal and perirenal adipose tissue) in the rats were weighted and the lipid profiles in serum, liver, and feces were analyzed. At the results of body weight gain, liver and epididymal adipose tissue weight, BSP groups were more decreased than HF group (0% BSP), with greater decreases at higher BSP levels. The same patterns were shown in lipid profiles of serum, as BSP was increased, triglyceride and total cholesterol concentration decreased. The serum HDL-cholesterol level was increased with increasing at BSP levels. Total cholesterol concentration of liver and feces were decreased and increased, respectively, as BSP increased. The results confirm that BSP is involved in reducing the body weight and the improvement of lipid composition in serum and liver of rats and that BSP can be applied in weight reduction in the food products industry.

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Effect of Treadmill Exercise Training and Dietary Intake of Garcinia Cambogia Extract, Soypeptide and L-Carnitine Mixture on Body Weight Reduction in Rats Fed High-Fat Diet (고지방식이를 섭취하는 흰쥐에서 가르시니아캄보지아 껍질추출물, 대두펩타이드 및 L-카르니틴 조성물 섭취와 규칙적인 트레드밀운동이 체중감량에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Yun Jung;Jun Hye-Seung;Park In-Sun;Kim Minsun;Lee Jinhee;Lee Kangpyo;Park Taesun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.38 no.8
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    • pp.626-636
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    • 2005
  • This study was undertaken to examine effects of dietary intake of garcinia cambogia extract, soy peptide and L-carnitine mixture on body weight gain and obesity-related bio-markers in rats fed high-fat diet for 9 weeks with or without regular treadmill exercise. Forty 5-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups; sedentary control group (SC), exercised control group (EC), sedentary formula-fed group (SF), and exercised formula-fed group (EF). The SC and EC rats were fed high-fat control diet (fat comprises$40\%$ of total caloris), and SF and EF rats were fed high-fat formula (composed of garcinia cambogia, soy peptide and L-carnitine) supplemented diet. Statistical analyses by two-way ANOVA indicated that the regular treadmill exercise significantly lowered cumulative body weight gain, total visceral fat mass, and epididymal, perirenal and retroperitoneal fat pad weights, and serum concentrations of total cholesterol and LDL + VLDL cholesterol, insulin, c-peptide and leptin. Feeding the formula also resulted in significant reductions in cumulative body weight gain and visceral fat pad weights, along with other related parameters including serum total and LDL + VLDL cholesterol levels, and hepatic enzyme activities involved in fatty acid synthesis. Statistical analyses by one-way ANOVA revealed that the formula consumption significantly improved body weight gain ($18\%$ reduction), total visceral fat weight ($20\%$ reductions), and serum total ($43\%$ reduction) and LDL + VLDL cholesterol ($54\%$ reduction) levels, as well as serum levels of insulin ($49\%$ reduction), and c-peptide ($41\%$ reduction) in sedentary rats, but failed to exhibit significant reductions in these indices in animals under treadmill exercise program. Taken together, these results suggest that the treadmill exercise per n exhibited significant improvements in body fat reduction and other related bio-markers, and so the formula consumption did not achieve a further significant reductions in these bio-markers in exercised rats. Nevertheless, animals fed the formula with regular exercise showed the most efficient weight reduction compared to other groups either fed formula without exercise or received regular exercise without dietary supplementation.

Optimization of Frontal Crashworthiness for the Weight Reduction Design of an Auto-body Member with the Advanced High Strength Steels (초고강도강 적용 차체 부재의 경량 설계를 위한 정면 충돌성능 최적화)

  • Kim, Kee-Poong;Kim, Se-Ho
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.104-111
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    • 2009
  • In this paper, optimization for frontal crashworthiness is carried out for the weight reduction design of an auto-body member with the advanced high strength steels(AHSS) such as 780TRIP and 780DP. The frontal crashworthiness is evaluated in order to optimize thicknesses for the front rail member of the ULSAB-AVC, Thicknesses of the front rail member with AHSS are optimized by comparison of crushing distance, absorbed energy and the deceleration for the auto-body with the response surface methodology. The results demonstrate that the crashworhiness of the front rail member with the optimum thicknesses of the AHSS is similar to analysis results obtained from the ULSAB-AVC project. The results also show that the weight reduction design is performed by substituting the AHSS for conventional structural steels such as 440E in the auto-body members.

The Trend of Materials Technology in New Generation Vehicles (차세대 자동차 개발과 재료기술)

  • 임종대
    • Proceedings of the Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Conference
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    • pp.7-7
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    • 2002
  • Recently social demand to achieve low fuel consumption and clean emission requires the development of new generation vehicle beyond the conventional vehicle concept. In this point, new generation vehicle is newly designed as electric vehicle, hybrid electric vehicle, fuel cell electric vehicle or 3 liter car etc. In order to develop new generation vehicle, it is very important to develop new materials and process technologies now. In this paper these new technologies are presented focusing on weight reduction specially. Steel body can be achieved 20-25% weight reduction by adoption of high strength steel and new process technologies, i.e tailored blank and hydroforming. Aluminium body can be achieved 40-50% weigt down by use of all aluminium monocoque body or aluminium space frame with aluminium panel. Plasitic composite body can be achieved 30% weight reduction comparing with conventional steel body.

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