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Fermentation properties of beer produced from Korean two-row barley or malt (Gwangmaek) supplemented with Korean red ginseng extracts and Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miquel) juice

  • Park, Ji-Won;Kim, Ji Hyeon;Kwon, Young-An;Kim, Wang June
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.596-603
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    • 2019
  • This study involved the production of specialty lager beers supplemented with Korean red ginseng extracts or Bokbunja (Korean black raspberry, Rubus coreanus Miquel) juice. The effects of the Korean red ginseng extracts or Bokbunja juice on the specific gravity, pH, yeast viability, free amino nitrogen content, reducing sugar content, color, alcohol content, turbidity, and sensory evaluation were evaluated. The alcohol content of the beers containing the extracts or juice were within the standard alcohol amounts (3.63-4.0%, v/v). The pH values of the three samples containing Bokbunja juice were lower than that of the control values. The sensory evaluation showed that the addition of Bokbunja juice was superior to the ginseng extracts, and the optimal addition time was before or after the secondary fermentation. These data indicate that the flavor and odor of the Bokbunja juice are more persistent than that of the ginseng extracts.

Quality Characteristics of Sulgidduk added with Rubus coreanum Miquel during Storage (복분자 첨가 설기떡의 저장 중 품질 특성)

  • Cho Eun-Ja;Yang Mi-Ok;Hwang Chi-Hui;Kim Woon-Jin;Kim Min-Jeong;Lee Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.458-467
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    • 2006
  • In order to develop a Bokbunja(Rubus coreanum Miquel) with natural & food applications, the effects of Bokbunja juice and wine on the physical, textural anti bacterial and sensory properties of sulgiduck were examined. Aw of Bokbunja sulgiduck(BS) decreased as storage time prolonged. Bokbunja juice sulgiduck(BJS) was higher than Bokbunja wine sulgiduck(BWS) in water activity. BJS and BWS showed low tendency in pH as additional level was high and storage time was prolonged. Hardness of the samples increased as the storage period increased, the samples exhibited a rapid increase after 24 hours of storage. BJS was lower significantly than those of none bokbunja after 6 hours of storage. Chewiness increased slowly to 12 hours. it appeared sudden decrease after 12 hours. Adhesiveness increase of the storage 24 hours it appeared. Springiness slowly reduced with the storage period, especially J4 was slowly reduced gumminess of the samples increased as the storage period. Cohesiveness increase of the slowly width for during the storage 12 hours, increase of the largest width was after save 12 hours. Color a and b values increased significantly, as storage time was prolonged. Total colony of all the BS increased. total colony of BWS decreased as additional level of Bokbunja wine. All the sensory characteristics indicated rapid decrease tendency after 12hr storage. BWS showed higher score than BJS in overall acceptability. BWS and BJS increased in color and flavor as additional level of juice and wine increased, while softness decreased as storage time was prolonged. BWS 3% showed highest score among all the BS through all storage time. BWS 3% was most excellent in sensory evaluation.

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Manufacturing Characteristics and Physicochemical Component Analysis of Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miquel) Jelly (복분자 젤리의 제조특성 및 이화학적 성분분석)

  • Jin, Tie-Yan;Quan, Wu-Rong;Wang, Myeong-Hyoen
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.554-559
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    • 2010
  • The manufacturing characteristics and physicochemical components analysis of Bokbunja jelly made with the addition of different amounts of materials (Bokbunja extract, sugar, gelatin, and pectin) were investigated. There were no significant changes in the pH, total acidity and sugar content of all Bokbunja jelly prepared with different amount of materials. L-value of color in the Bokbunja jelly increased in proportion to additive amount of gelatin. a-value and b-value of color in the Bokbunja jelly increased in proportion to additive amount of pectin. The value of hardness, adhesiveness, and chewiness in the Bokbunja jelly increased in proportion to the additive amount of gelatin. The value of springiness, cohesiveness, and gumminess were increased in proportion to additive amount of petin. The highest of overall acceptability values in the sensory test for color, sweetness, springiness, chewiness, and overall favorite were 5.80, 5.32, 5.27, 5.83, and 6.02, respectively, with the addition of 10% gelatin and 10% pectin.

Antioxidant Activities and Quality Characteristics of Gravy Sauce Added with Bokbunja (Rub coreanus Miquel), Mulberry and Blueberry (복분자, 오디 및 블루베리 첨가 그레이비소스의 품질특성 및 항산화 활성)

  • Ra, Ha Na;Kim, Nam-Geun
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.458-465
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: Bokbunja (Rub coreanus Miquel), mulberry and blueberry have been reported to have powerful anti-antioxidant and anti-aging activities. The purpose of this study was to compare the quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of gravy sauce added with Bokbunja, mulberry and blueberry. Methods: Quality characteristics pH, brix, color and sensory characteristics of samples were evaluated. Antioxidant activities of samples were compared using total phenol, 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) cation radical scavenging and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activities. Results: Mulberry juice showed significantly (p<0.05) higher values of pH and $^{\circ}Bx$ compared to Bokbunja and blueberry juice. Bokbunja juice also had significantly (p<0.05) higher value of Color-L value than mulberry and blueberry juice. The total phenol contents and ABTS cation radical scavenging activity of Bokbunja juice were 236.50 mgGAE/100 g and 61.66%, respectively, which were significantly (p<0.05) higher than those of blueberry and mulberry juice. pH value of gravy sauce added with mulberry (MBS) was 4.67, which was significantly higher than that of the control gravy sauce (GS) and gravy sauce added with Bokbunja (BJS) which had the lowest (p<0.05) pH value 4.33. $^{\circ}Bx$ of GS (13.50) was not significantly different from that of MBS and BBS. However, BJS showed the lowest (p<0.05) value $12.33^{\circ}Bx$. Total phenol contents and ABTS cation radical scavenging activity of BJS were 78.09 mgGAE/100 g and 14.47%, respectively, which were significantly (p<0.05) higher than those of MBS or BBS. Values of sensory characteristics color, sour aroma and sour flavor of BJS were significantly (p<0.05) higher value than those of other samples. Conclusion: Bokbunja juice and gravy sauce showed higher antioxidant activities and higher acceptance test compared to blueberry and mulberry. Thus, Bokbunja has the potential to be added to as high value products in the food industry.

A Study on Quality Characteristics of Bokbunja-Pyun Added with Rubi Fruit Juice (복분자 착즙액을 첨가한 복분자편의 품질 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Han Sook-Kyoung;Yang Hyang-Sook;Rho Jeong-Ok
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.371-376
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality characteristics of Bokbunja-Pyun, using various levels of Rubi fruit juice (0%, 4%, 6% and 8%). The chemical composition and physical characteristics of Bokbunja and Bokbunja-Pyun were analyzed and sensory evaluation was conducted. The statistical data analyses were completed using the SPSS program. The chemical components of Bokbunja were moisture 89.2%, sweetness 9.8 Brix%, pH 3.77, citric acid 8.98%, and vitamin C 26mg. The L-value of Bokbunja-Pyun was significantly decreased (p<0.001), but a- and b-values were increased with increasing Rubi fruit juice content (p<0.001). Among the mechanical characteristic, the hardness was the highest on R2 ($470{\pm}82.67$), the adhesiveness on R3 ($-5.00{\pm}1.0$), the cohesiveness on R4 ($99.22{\pm}6.95$) and the gumminess on R1 ($167.9{\pm}49.8$). The springiness was notsignificantly different between these groups. From the sensory evaluation, appearance, hardness, and flavor showed no significant variation, but transparency, elasticity, and overall quality were significantly different between the test groups. It was concluded that the optimum content of added of Rubi fruit juice was 6%, in proportion to the total weight.

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Manufacturing Characteristics and Physicochemical Component Analysis of Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miquel) Jam (복분자잼의 제조특성 및 이화학적 성분분석)

  • Jin, Tie-Yan;Heo, Seong-Il;Lee, Wan-Gyu;Lee, In-Sook;Wang, Myeong-Hyoen
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.48-52
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    • 2008
  • The manufacturing characteristics and physicochemical component analysis of Bokbunja jam made with different additions of materials (Bokbunja, Bokbunja extract, sugar, and pectin) were investigated. There were no changes in the pH, total acidity, and sugar content of all Bokbunja jams that were prepared with different amounts of materials. L-value of color in the jam from the Bokbunja extract was the highest. a-value increased, but b-value decreased with the addition of pectin in jam. Spreadmeter value decreased while hardness increased in the jam added by pectin. The highest overall acceptability values in the sensory test for color, sweetness, adhesiveness, and overall favorite were 4.07, 5.33, 4.33, and 6.00, respectively, with the addition of 0.5% pectin.

The Quality Characteristics of Jelly Added with Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miquel) (복분자를 첨가한 젤리의 품질특성)

  • Yu, Ok-Kyeong;Kim, Ji-Eun;Cha, Youn-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.792-797
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of adding various amounts of ingredients on the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of Bokbunja-jelly. The proximate composition of Bokbunja-jelly was 19.0% for the moisture and 0.8% for the crude protein. The Hunter L-values of Bokbunja-jelly prepared by adding 10 g RME or 120 g sucrose were higher than that of Bokbunja-jelly prepared by adding 20 g RME or 100 g sucrose. The Hunter b-values of Bokbunja-jelly prepared by adding 20 g RME or 120 g sucrose was higher than that of Bokbunja-jelly prepared by adding 10 g RME or 120 g sucrose. The hardness and chewiness were increased with decreasing Rubus coreanus Miquel extracts. According to the results of the sensory evaluation, no significant differences in flavor, sweetness, hardness, elasticity and overall qualities were found. According to the results of physicochemical properties and sensory evaluation, the optimal recipe for preparation of Bokbunja-jelly was determined to be 240 g water, 120 g sugar, 110 g glucose syrup, 4 g agar, 20 g Rubus coreanus Miquel extracts and 0.3 g Rubus coreanus Miquel flavor.

Quality Characteristics of Yogurt Dressing Added with Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miquel) Juice (복분자즙을 첨가한 요구르트 드레싱의 품질특성)

  • Park, Ji-Yang;Lee, Se-Hee;Park, Ki-Bong
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.23-35
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    • 2013
  • This study aimed to determine the physicochemical and sensory qualities of yogurt dressing prepared with Bokbunja juice(0, 10, 20, 30 and 40%). As the amount of added Bokbunja juice increased, contents of organic acids(citric acid, tartaric acid, malic acid, succinic acid and acetic acid) increased. The viscosity of the control group(8306.67 cP) was higher than those of the others(1633.33~6913.33 cP). The pH of the control group(3.96) was higher than those of the others(3.90~3.85). The sweetness of the control group(14.43) was lower than 10% Bokbunja juice added group(14.93). Color L decreased significantly, whereas a value and b value increased significantly with more Bokbunja juice added. DPPH radical scavenging activity of the control group was 5.84%, whereas those of yogurt dressing samples with Bokbunja juice ranged from 39.72~88.17%. The sensory property results showed that yogurt dressing with 30% Bokbunja juice added group had the highest value in terms of color, flavor, taste, mouth feel, and overall acceptability. Overall, the result of this study indicates that the yogurt dressing containing 30% of Bokbunja juice was most preferred among the groups.

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A Research and Application of Active Ingredients in Bokbunja (Rubus coresnus Miuuel) (복분자 유용 성분의 연구과 그 응용)

  • Kwon, K.H.;Cha, W.S.;Kim, D.C.;Shin, H.J.
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.405-409
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    • 2006
  • Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miquel) is a wild berry belonging to Rosaceae genus of which application areas have been expanded due to many health effects. Bokbunja berry contains carbohydrates, protein, fats and dietary fibers as major components and various flavonoids such as tannins, volatile components including organic acids, alcohols and hydrocarbons as minor ones. Those active compounds attribute to the following health effects: increase in immune function and antioxidant activity, rise in hormone secretion, suppression of the growth of type B hepatitis virus, and control of weight gain. To utilize the above activities, many products have been developed by using Bokbunja berry extracts in the area of foods, liquors, and cosmetics. Recently, pure compounds have been isolated from the extracts for the development of medicines. In this mini review, the state-of-the-art of Bokbunja researches and applications including papers and patents is summarized.

Comparison of Volatile Flavor Compounds in Bokbunja [Rubus coreanus Miquel] Wines With and Without Mushroom Extracts (일반 복분자주와 버섯 추줄물을 함유한 복분자주의 향기성분 비교)

  • Shin, H.J.;Nam, H.G.;Lim, I.J.;Cha, W.S.
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.410-413
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    • 2006
  • The composition of two Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miquel) wines (one without mushroom extracts (wine A) and the other is with the extracts (wine B)) has been investigated to improve the quality of Bokbunja wine. The content of solid particle, acidity, crude ash, crude protein of the wine A were 10.5%, 1.36%, 0.45% and 0.05% and those of wine B were 7.4%, 0.54%, 0.31%, and 0.22%, respectively. Crude fat and crude fiber were not detected in both samples. To verify the flavor quality of Bokbunja wine, the volatile components from ethylether extracts of two wines were analyzed using GC/FID and GC/MS. A total number of 12 volatile flavor compounds (6 alcohols, 3 ketones, 1 acid, 1 ester and 1 anhydride) were identified in the two Rubus wines. The major volatile compounds of the wines were 2,3-butanediol, 2,5-furanedione, phenylethyl alcohol, and butanedioic acid and they might affect the major role in the unique flavor of Bokbunja wines.