• Title, Summary, Keyword: bokbunja

Search Result 67, Processing Time 0.032 seconds

Consumption and Preference for Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miquel) Products (복분자 제품에 대한 기호도 및 이용실태 조사)

  • Lee, Jeong-Ae;Park, Geum-Soon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.27 no.3
    • /
    • pp.11-20
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the use and perception of adults concerning bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miquel) products. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 502 residents in the Daegu and Gyeongbuk area. According to the survey more females in their 20s responded than males (45.2 and 54.8%, respectively). In total, 82.6% of respondents had an income of under 4,000,000 won per month and most were living in the city. The results regarding knowledge about bokbunja products showed that the bokbunja wine score was highest (3.66), and intake frequency showed that over half of the respondents had never eaten bokbunja products. The preference for bokbunja wine by males was higher than that for females, whereas the others products showed higher scores for females than for males. When asked about how they knew about bokbunja products, 37.0% of males and 46.9% of females responded a family member or neighbor. When purchasing bokbunja products, males and females answered that they considered taste, country of origin, and manufacturer, and price. Approximately 48% of the respondents answered that they purchased bokbunja products in the grocery and department store. As a result, popularization of bokbunja products was based on product development and sales promotion, and the product development factor significantly influenced preference for bokbunja products.

Alcoholic Fermentation of Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miq.) Wine (복분자 발효주의 양조특성)

  • Choi, Han-Seok;Kim, Myung-Kon;Park, Hyo-Suk;Kim, Yong-Suk;Shin, Dong-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.38 no.4
    • /
    • pp.543-547
    • /
    • 2006
  • In order to improve wine quality, the selection of yeast strain and of additives in the manufacture of Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miq.) wine was investigated. The chemical composition of the edible portions of Bokbunja fruits was 86.5% moisture, 0.2% crude protein, 0.9% crude fat, 6.6% crude fiber, 0.5% ash and $10^{\circ}Brix$ sugar, and was 2.99% fructose, 2.53% glucose and 0.07% sucrose in fruit extract. The predominant organic acids in the fruit were citric acid (14.57 mg/mL) and malic acid (2.24 mg/mL) with smaller amounts of shikimic, pyroglutamic and oxalic acid. During fermentation, citric and malic acid levels decreased, while formic and acetic acid were released. Saccharomyces cerevisiae KCCM 12224 (Sc-24) was more favorable for alcoholic fermentation of Bokbunja and the addition of 200 ppm of potassium metabisulphite to must was more efficient than other $SO_2$ sources with a higher overall acceptability score. Sc-24 increased alcohol production from 9.8 to 14.8% in a sugar concentration dependent manner $(18-28^{\circ}Brix)$. The color value of early stage Bokbunja must was improved by supplementing with Japanese apricot extract, but this did not influence the color value of Bokbunja wine after primary fermentation. The astringent taste of Bokbunja wine was reduced by removing the seed from the fruit. Sugar solution (50%, w/v) was used instead of sugar power to prevent the possibility of undissolved sugar due to insufficient mixing. This substitution did not influence sensory evaluation.

Evaluation of Antioxidant Activity in Pork Patties Containing Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus) Extract (복분자 추출물을 첨가한 돈육패티의 항산화 활성평가)

  • Park, Sun-Young;Chin, Koo-Bok
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.27 no.4
    • /
    • pp.432-439
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study was performed to investigate the physicochemical properties and antioxidative activities of water or methanol extracts of Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus), and pork patties containing bokbunja extract at various levels. The total phenolic content of methanol extract (6.76 g/100 g, dry base) was higher than that of water extract (3.38 g/100 g, dry base). In addition, methanol extract had higher 1,1'-diphenyl-2-picrylhdrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity than water extract at low concentrations (0.025-0.1%). However, no significant differences were found at high concentrations (0.2% or higher) (p>0.05). The DPPH radical scavenging activities of methanol and water extracts were 76.97% and 74.87% at 0.2% level, respectively. The lightness and yellowness values of pork patties containing Bokbunja extract decreased with increasing concentrations. The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in pork patties with Bokbunja extract were lower than that of the control (p<0.05). The antioxidative activities increased with increasing concentrations of Bokbunja extract. In conclusion, Bokbunja extract might be used as a natural antioxidant in meat products, however levels lower than 3% will be required to prevent quality defects in pork patties.

Changes in Physicochemical Characteristics of Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miq.) Wine during Fermentation (복분자주 발효과정 중 이화학적 특성의 변화)

  • Choi, Han-Seok;Kim, Myung-Kon;Park, Hyo-Suk;Shin, Dong-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.37 no.4
    • /
    • pp.574-578
    • /
    • 2005
  • Effects of different yeast strains on physicochemical characteristics of Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miq.) fruits alcohol fermentation were investigated. Bokbusnja fruit must was inoculated with Saccharomyces cerevisiae KCCM 12224 (Sc-24), wild-type Bokbunja yeast (Bok-3), Saccharomyces coreanus (Yak-7), and Sc-24+Yak-7. Ethanol contents of Sc-24, Bok-3, Yak-7, and Sc-24+Yak-7 were 11.08, 10.62, 10.18, and 10.26%, respectively after 10 days fermentation. Addition of pectinase (500 ppm) increased ethanol content by 0.1-1.5%. Organic acids of Bokbunja wine were citric, malic, shikimic, formic, and oxalic acids. Citric and malic acid contents remarkably decreased, whereas that of acid increased by fermentation. Total acidity of Bokbunja wine was dependent on citric acid content. Sc-24, Yak-7, and Bok-3+ pectinase were more efficient for improvement of wine-color, although color values of Bokbunja wine significantly decreased during early stage of fermentation. Sc-24 and Bok-3+500 ppm of pectinase, and 8-10 days of fermentation could enhance quality of Bokbunja wine.

A Study on the Pharmaceutical & Chemical Characteristics and Analysis of Natural Bokbunja Extract (천연 복분자 추출물의 약리, 화학적 특성 및 분석)

  • Sung, Ki-Chun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.29 no.3
    • /
    • pp.402-411
    • /
    • 2012
  • Natural Bokbunja is used as a material of oriental medicine which it obtains from Rubus or Raspberry. Natural Bokbunja Rubus has natural odor and taste, natural color, and pharmaceutical & chemical characteristics. This experiment tested antimicrobial experiment against microbe and dye experiment against fiber using natural Bokbunja extract. Some conclusions from this characteristics experiment were obtained as follow. The result of antimicrobial experiment could know that ATCC-001(staphylococcus aureus) does not show nearly from 72hrs after cultivation test and ATCC-002(aspergillus niger) shows to propagate continuously according to passage of time. Also, the result of dye experiment could know that cotton and silk using alum mordant($Al_2(SO_4)_3{\cdot}13-14H_2O$) against fiber shows in direction of light beige color. The result of instrument analysis ascertained inorganic components of K(221.100ppm), Mg(17.920ppm), Ca(5.129ppm), Na(2.940ppm), Si(0.638ppm) etc from Bokbunja with ICP/OES, and ascertained organic components of boric acic(1.711), silane(2.142), pyrazole(3.481), propyl isothiocyanate(2.565), furfurole(11.521) etc from Bokbunja with GC/MSD.

Anti-Thrombosis Activity of Sinapic Acid Isolated from the Lees of Bokbunja Wine

  • Kim, Mi-Sun;Shin, Woo-Chang;Kang, Dong-Kyoon;Sohn, Ho-Yong
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.26 no.1
    • /
    • pp.61-65
    • /
    • 2016
  • From the lees of bokbunja wine (LBW) made from Rubus coreanus Miquel, we have identified six compounds (1: trans-4-hydroxycinnamic acid; 2: trans-4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid; 3: 3,4-dihydroxycinnamic acid; 4: 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acid; 5: 3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxybenzoic acid; and 6: 3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (sinapic acid)) through silica gel chromatography and UHPLC-MS. The compounds 1-6 showed strong anticoagulation and platelet aggregation inhibitory activities without hemolytic effect against human red blood cells. To date, this is the first report of the in vitro anti-thrombosis activity of sinapic acid. Our results suggest that different cinnamic and benzoic acid derivatives are closely linked to the anti-thrombosis activity of LBW, and sinapic acid could be developed as a promising anti-thrombosis agent.

Effects of Gamma Irradiation on Color Changes and Biological Activities of Ethanol Extract of a Mechanically Pressed Juice of Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miq.) (감마선 조사에 의한 복분자 착즙액 에탄올 추출물의 색상 및 생리활성 변화)

  • Kim, Hee-Jung;Jo, Cheor-Un;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Shin, Dong-Hwa;Son, Jun-Ho;Byun, Myung-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.35 no.3
    • /
    • pp.271-277
    • /
    • 2006
  • A mechanically pressed juice of Bokbunja (Rubus coreanus Miq.) extract was prepared using 70% ethanol solution. The extract was subjected to gamma-irradiation treatment (20 kGy) and investigated for its change of color and biological activities. Hunter $L^*$ values of the irradiated Bokbunja extract were increased in comparison with the non-irradiated extracts, and the $a^*\;and\;b^*$values decreased by the irradiation treatment. The content of the total phenolic compounds in the non-irradiated and irradiated extracts were 58.4 and 56.5 mg/g, respectively. The 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) radical scavenging activities of non-irradiated and irradiated extracts at a 250 ppm level were 80% and 79%, respectively. Lipid oxidation was retarded by addition of Bokbunja powder. Nitrite scavenging activity was the highest in the Bokbunja powder at pH 1.2 and the effect was not changed by irradiation. The Bokbunja powder showed antimicrobial activity against Salmonella Typhimurium and Bacillus cereus. However, irradiation of Bokbunja did not affect any physiological functions (p>0.05). A Salmonella mutagenicity assay indicated that the irradiated Bokbunja extract did not show any mutagenicity. Therefore, Bokbunja extract could be used in various applications as a functional material, such as ingredients of food and cosmetic, compositions with functions.

Effect of Composts Fermented with Korean Medicinal Herb Wastes on Physiological Activity of Rubus coreanus Miquel (Bokbunja) (한약탕제찌꺼기 발효퇴비 처리에 따른 복분자과실의 생리활성)

  • Kim, Seong-Jo;Kim, Jae-Young;Baek, Seung-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.243-252
    • /
    • 2011
  • Fermented compost made from medicinal herb wastes (MHWC) as an environment-friendly manure resource was applied to determine physiological activities of Rubus coreanus Miquel (Bokbunja). MHWC, poultry manure compost (PMC), and MHWC+PMC (1:1, w/w) were applied to 2 year-old Bokbunja plant at levels of 0, 20, 40 Mg/ha, respectively. Physiological activities of Bokbunja were investigated at 15, 20 and 25 days after flowering (DAF). Content of total phenolics in fruit was high in order of 25 > 20 > 15 DAF, showing highest value in fruit treated with MHWC at 40 Mg/ha. The flavonoid level showed same pattern to total phenolics. Electron donation abilities at fruits at 15 and 20 DAF were higher than at 25 DAF. Nitrite scavenging ability (NSA) was increased on in order of pH 1.2 > 4.2 > 6.0. NSA in fruit at 15 and 20 DAF was higher than at 25 DAF. Tyrosinase inhibition ability at fruits treated with MHWC showed the highest value among all composts. Xanthine oxidase inhibition ability in fruit treated with MHWC at 25 DAF was the highest. In conclusion, physiological activities of Rubus coreanus Miquel (Bokbunja) were improved in MHWC group.

Effect of Compost Fermented with Korean Medicinal Herb Waste on Physicochemical Characteristics of Rubus coreanus Miquel (Bokbunja) (한약탕제찌꺼기발효퇴비가 복분자과실의 이화학적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jae-Young;Baek, Seung-Hwa;Kim, Seong-Jo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.40 no.6
    • /
    • pp.839-847
    • /
    • 2011
  • Fermented compost made from medicinal herb waste (MHWC) as an environment-friendly manure was applied to determine the physicochemical characteristics of Rubus coreanus Miquel (Bokbunja). MHWC, poultry manure compost (PMC), and MHWC+PMC (1:1, w/w) were applied to 2 year-old Bokbunja plants at levels of 0 (UC: untreated control), 20, and 40 Mg/ha, respectively. The physicochemical characteristics of Bokbunja were investigated 15, 20, and 25 days after flowering (DAF). There were no differences between the chemical compositions of the group. However, the total sugar contents of the fruit harvested 15, 20, and 25 DAF from MHWC were increased 0.54~0.56, 0.46~0.53, and 1.80~2.52%, respectively, as compared with UC. The free sugar content in fruit from the MHWC group was higher compared to the other groups. The fructose and glucose contents were increased 0.08~0.31% and 0.08~0.18%, respectively. The organic acid content of the fruit was increased in the MHWC and PMC groups, and citric acid constituted 92.67~93.59% of the total organic acid content. In conclusion, MHWC treatment is a compost source for quality improvement of total sugar, free sugar, and organic acid contents of Bokbunja.

Quality Improvement of Campbell Early Wine by Mixing with Different Fruits (타 과실 혼합에 따른 국내산 캠벨 포도주의 품질개선)

  • Seo, Myeong-Hyeon;Yook, Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.39 no.4
    • /
    • pp.390-399
    • /
    • 2007
  • Moru (wild grape), blueberry, bokbunja (blackberry), and blackcurrant were mixed with domestic Campbell Early grapes to improve the quality of domestic wines made from the grape. The color of the Campbell wine was greatly darkened by mixing it with the fruits. The L-value of the wine color during fermentation was lowered from 34 to $6{\sim}13$ by mixing it with 20% bokbunja or blackcurrant. In addition, the a-value of the wine color during fermentation was lowered from 54 to $36{\sim}46$ by mixing it with 20% bokbunja or blackcurrant. The mixing of moru or blueberry also lowered the L- and a-values, but this darkening effect was not higher than that of the Campbell wine that was mixed with bokbunja and black currant. The polyphenol concentration of the wine was greatly increased by mixing it with black currant and bokbunja. The blackcurrant mixed wine had a polyphenol concentration as high as 1.87 mg/mL, whereas the wine made from the Campbell Early grapes alone contained only 1.02 mg/mL of polyphenols after 15 days of fermentation. A sensory evaluation showed that the quality of Campbell wine was the least favorable among different grapes, but its quality was greatly improved by mixing it with bokbunja, black currant, and moru.