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Bone Marrow Immunoscintigraphy for the Detection of Skeletal Metastasis in Malignant Tumors: A Comparison with $^{99m}Tc$-MDP Bone Scan (악성종양에서 골수면역신티그라피를 이용한 골수전이의 평가 : $^{99m}Tc$-MDP 뼈스캔과의 비교)

  • Lee, Kyung-Han;Choi, Chang-Woon;Bang, Yung-Jue;Chung, Jun-Key;Chung, Hong-Keun;Lee, Myoung-Chul;Kim, Byoung-Kook;Kim, Noe-Kyeong;Koh, Chang-Soon
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 1994
  • Although bone scan is a highly sensitive test for detecting bone metastasis, its findings are often limited in specificity and cannot be used for assessing the bone marrow. Bone marrow scintigraphy may provide useful information but previous experience with radiolabelled colloid has been disappointing. Recently, $^{99m}Tc$ labeled anti-granulocyte monoclonal antibody (anti-NCA-95 MAb) has been introduced as a new bone marrow imaging agent. To evaluate the usefulness of $^{99m}Tc$ anti-NCA MAb bone marrow scans for detecting skeletal metastasis, bone marrow scans of 44 malignant tumor patients were evaluated and compared with bone scan findings. Bone scan showed abnormal lesions in 26(59%) cases, and 18 of these patients also had an abnormal bone marrow scan. Seven of the 8 patients who had normal bone marrow scan despite bone scan lesions were confirmed to be free from metastasis. There was one case with a marrow defect despite normal bone scan but the presence of metastasis was not determined due to loss of follow up. Bone scan demonstrated a total of 64 lesions while bone marrow scan showed 38 lesions. Fifty percent (32/64) of the bone scan lesions had matching marrow defects while the remaining 50% did not. Most of these non matched lesions were suggested to be nonspecific lesions such as rib fractures or degenerative change. Meanwhile bone marrow scan was able to detect 6 new lesions not detected by bone scan, bit metastasis in each lesion was not confirmed. Bone marrow scan was also helpful in assessing equivocal bone scan lesions to be of metastatic nature in 10 patients by demonstrating a matched marrow defect. Thus $^{99m}Tc$ anti-NCA MAb bone marrow scan can help exclude metastasis in patients with nonspecific bone scan lesions and may be able to detect metastatic lesions not seen with bone scan. It appears useful as a complementary study to bone scan in evaluating malignant tumor patients.

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Comparison of Human Bone Marrow Stromal Cells with Fibroblasts in Cell Proliferation and Collagen Synthesis (골수기질세포와 섬유아세포의 세포 증식과 교원질 합성능 비교)

  • Han, Seung-Kyu;Yoon, Tae-Hwan;Kim, Woo-Kyung
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.343-346
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    • 2005
  • It has been established that a graft of fibroblasts is able to improve wound healing. However, there has been no research on the effect of a graft of bone marrow stromal cells on wound healing. The wound healing process requires cell proliferation and production of extracellular matrix and various growth factors. The purpose of this study was to compare the abilities of human fibroblasts and bone marrow stromal cells, which contains mesenchymal stem cells, to proliferate and to produce collagen. Human bone marrow stromal cells and fibroblasts were isolated from bone marrow and dermis of the same patients and grown in culture respectively. Cell proliferation and production of type I collagen by human bone marrow stromal cells and dermal fibroblasts were examined by MTT method and by ELISA of cell culture media on day 1, 3, and 5 days post-incubating. The human bone marrow stromal cells showed 11-17% higher cell proliferation than fibroblasts at each time interval. The levels of type I collagen in the human bone marrow stromal cell group was also significantly higher than those in the fibroblast group. The results indicate that the grafts of human bone marrow stromal cells can show more promising effect than that of fibroblasts for healing of chronic wounds.

Prognostic Values of Various Clinical Factors and Genetic Subtypes for Diffuse Large B-cell lymphoma Patients: A Retrospective Analysis of 227 Cases

  • Zhou, De;Xie, Wan-Zhuo;Hu, Ke-Yue;Huang, Wei-Jia;Wei, Guo-Qing;He, Jing-Song;Shi, Ji-Min;Luo, Yi;Li, Li;Zhu, Jing-Jing;Zhang, Jie;Lin, Mao-Fang;Ye, Xiu-Jin;Cai, Zhen;Huang, He
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.929-934
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    • 2013
  • Aim: To analyze the significance of different clinical factors for prognostic prediction in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Methods: Two hundred and twenty-seven DLBCL patients were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were managed with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) regimen or rituximab plus the CHOP (RCHOP) regimen. Results: Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), ${\beta}2$-microglobulin (${\beta}2$-M), B symptoms, Ann Arbor stage and genetic subtypes were statistically relevant in predicting the prognosis of the overall survival (OS). In the CHOP group, the OS in patients with germinal center B-cell-like (GCB)(76.2%) was significantly higher than that of the non-GCB group (51.9%, P=0.032). With RCHOP management, there was no statistical difference in OS between the GCB (88.4%) and non-GCB groups (81.9%, P=0.288). Conclusion: Elevated LDH and ${\beta}2$-M levels, positive B symptoms, Ann Arbor stage III/IV, and primary nodal lymphoma indicate an unfavorable prognosis of DLBCL patients. Patients with GCB-like DLBCL have a better prognosis than those with non-GCB when treated with the CHOP regimen. The RCHOP treatment with the addition of rituximab can improve the prognosis of patients with DLBCL.

Role of neuropeptide Y in the bone marrow hematopoietic stem cell microenvironment

  • Park, Min Hee;Min, Woo-Kie;Jin, Hee Kyung;Bae, Jae-sung
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.48 no.12
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    • pp.645-646
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    • 2015
  • The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) or neurotransmitters in the bone marrow microenvironment has been known to regulate hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) functions such as self-renewal, proliferation and differentiation. However, the specific role of neuropeptide Y (NPY) in this process remains relatively unexplored. In this study, we demonstrated that NPY deficient mice have significantly reduced HSC numbers and impaired bone marrow regeneration due to apoptotic destruction of SNS fibers and/or endothelial cells. Moreover, NPY treatment prevented bone marrow impairments in a mouse model of chemotherapy-induced SNS injury, while conditional knockout mice lacking the Y1 receptor in macrophages did not restore bone marrow dysfunction in spite of NPY injection. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) secreted by NPY-mediated Y1 receptor stimulation in macrophages plays a key role in neuroprotection and HSC survival in the bone marrow. Therefore, this study reveals a new role of NPY in bone marrow HSC microenvironment, and provides an insight into the therapeutic application of this neuropeptide.

Gelatinous Transformation of Bone Marrow Mimicking Malignant Marrow-Replacing Lesion on Magnetic Resonance Imaging in a Patient without Underlying Devastating Disease

  • Lee, Joohee;Yoo, Yeon Hwa;Lee, Sarah;Kim, Hak Sun;Kim, Sungjun
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.50-55
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    • 2018
  • Gelatinous transformation of bone marrow is characterized by hypoplasia of fat cells with focal loss of hematopoietic cells and deposition of extracellular gelatinous substances. It is known to be associated with devastating underlying diseases that starve bone marrow. Here, we present a case of a patient whose magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of vertebral column were interpreted as metastasis or hematologic malignancy, however, the final diagnosis revealed a gelatinous transformation of bone marrow. This is the first report of gelatinous transformation of bone marrow without evidence of underlying devastating disease.

The Usefulness of Measurement of Whole Body Count in Assessing Bone Marrow Metastasis in Cancer Patients with Increased Periarticular Bone Uptake on Follow-up Bone Scan: A Comparison with Bone Marrow Scan (암환자의 추적 골스캔에서 관절주위 섭취증가시 전신골섭취계수 측정이 골수전이 평가에 도움이 되는가-골수스캔과의 비교)

  • Jin, Seong-Chan;Choi, Yun-Young;Cho, Suk-Shin
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.428-436
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: Increased periarticular uptake could be associated with peripheral bone marrow expansion in cancer patients with axial bone marrow metastasis. We compared bone scan and bone marrow scan to investigate whether the increased whole body count in patients with increased periarticular uptake on bone scan is useful in the diagnosis of axial marrow metastasis, and evaluate the role of additional bone marrow scan in these cases. Materials and methods: Twelve patients with malignant diseases who showed increased periarticular uptake on bone scan were included. Whole body count was measured on bone scan and it is considered to be increased when the count is more than twice of other patients. Bone marrow scan was taken within 3-7 days. Results: Five hematologic malignancy, 3 stomach cancer, 2 breast cancer, 1 prostate cancer and 1 lung cacner were included. All three patients with increased whole body count on bone scan showed axial marrow suppression and peripheral marrow expansion. Eight of 9 patients without increased whole body count showed axial marrow suppression and peripheral marrow expansion. One turned out to be blastic crisis of chronic myelogeneous leukemia, and seven showed normal axial marrow with peripheral marrow expansion in chronic anemia of malignancy. The last one without increased whole body count showed normal bone marrow scan finding. Conclusion: Increased whole body count on bone scan could be a clue to axial bone marrow metastasis in cancer patients with increased periarticular uptake, and bone marrow scan is a valuable method for differential diagnosis in these cases.

The Effects of Saenghyuldan(shengxiedan) on Bone Marrow Failure (생혈단의 골수부전 치료효과에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • 이연월;손창규;조종관
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.33-45
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    • 2001
  • Objectives: This experimental study was carried out to prove the effect of Saenghyuldan(SHD; shengxiedan) on bone marrow failure induced by cyclophosphamide(CY) and irradiation in mice. Methods: The following were performed; immunopathology, histopathlogical findings of bone marrow and in the smear of myelocyte. hematopoietic cytokine(IL-3, GM-CSF, TPO), hematopoietic stem cell colony assay, humoral immunity(LPS mitogen response), cell-mediated immunity (Con A mitogen response) and nonspecific immunity(macrophage adherence & phagocytosis) in vitro or vivo. Results: SHD showed a protective effect on bone marrow failure induced by cyclophosphamide(CY) and irradiation in mice. SHD increased lymphoproliferative responses to LPS and Con A, and activated macrophage adherence and phagocytosis to SRBC. Conclusions: We expect that SHD can be used to treat bone marrow failure and immune suppression induced by the chemotherapy or radiation.

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Comparison of Bone Marrow Stromal Cells with Fibroblasts in Wound Healing Accelerating Growth Factor Secretion (골수기질세포 및 섬유아세포의 창상치유 촉진 성장인자 분비능 비교)

  • Kim, Se-Hyun;Han, Seung-Kyu;Yoon, Tae-Hwan;Kim, Woo-Kyung
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2006
  • Cryopreserved fibroblast implants represent a major advancement for healing of chronic wounds. Bone marrow stromal cells, which include the mesenchymal stem cells, have a low immunity-assisted rejection and are capable of expanding profoundly in a culture media. Therefore, they have several advantages over fibroblasts in clinical use. The ultimate goal of this study was to compare the wound healing accelerating growth factor secretion of the bone marrow stromal cells with that of the fibroblasts and this pilot study particularly focuses on the growth factor secretion to accelerate wound healing. Bone marrow stromal cells and fibroblasts were isolated from the same patients and grown in culture. At 1, 3, and 5 days post-incubating, secretion of basic fibroblast growth factor(bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and transforming growth factor beta(TGF-${\beta}$) were compared. In TGF-${\beta}$ secretion fibroblasts showed 12~21% superior results than bone marrow stromal cells. In contrast, bFGF levels in the bone marrow stromal cells were 47~89% greater than that in fibroblasts. The VEGF levels of the bone marrow stromal cells was 7~12 fold greater than that of the fibroblasts. Our results suggest that the bone marrow stromal cells have great potential for wound healing accelerating growth factor secretion.

Neuropeptide Y improves cisplatin-induced bone marrow dysfunction without blocking chemotherapeutic efficacy in a cancer mouse model

  • Park, Min Hee;Jung, In Kyung;Min, Woo-Kie;Choi, Jin Ho;Kim, Gyu Man;Jin, Hee Kyung;Bae, Jae-sung
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.50 no.8
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    • pp.417-422
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    • 2017
  • Cisplatin is the most effective and widely used chemotherapeutic agent for many types of cancer. Unfortunately, its clinical use is limited by its adverse effects, notably bone marrow suppression leading to abnormal hematopoiesis. We previously revealed that neuropeptide Y (NPY) is responsible for the maintenance of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) function by protecting the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) fibers survival from chemotherapy-induced bone marrow impairment. Here, we show the NPY-mediated protective effect against bone marrow dysfunction due to cisplatin in an ovarian cancer mouse model. During chemotherapy, NPY mitigates reduction in HSC abundance and destruction of SNS fibers in the bone marrow without blocking the anticancer efficacy of cisplatin, and it results in the restoration of blood cells and amelioration of sensory neuropathy. Therefore, these results suggest that NPY can be used as a potentially effective agent to improve bone marrow dysfunction during cisplatin-based cancer therapy.

Stimulatory effects of Bordetella bronchiseptica antigen on bone marrow cells and immune memory responses (골수세포에 대한 Bordetella bronchiseptica 항원의 자극 효과 및 면역기억반응)

  • Yim, Seol-Hwa;Joo, Hong-Gu
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.203-208
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    • 2014
  • Bone marrow is a hematological and immunological organ that provides multiple immune cells, including B lymphocytes, and thus plays a critical role in the efficacy of vaccine. We previously demonstrated that Bordetella (B.) bronchiseptica antigen has high immunogenicity in spleen cells, a peripheral immune organ. In this study, we investigated the immunogenicity of B. bronchiseptica antigen in bone marrow cells, a central immune organ. B. bronchiseptica antigen increased the cellular activity of bone marrow cells and significantly enhanced the production of nitric oxide, IL-6, and TNF-${\alpha}$. Bone marrow cells primed with B. bronchiseptica antigen in vivo were harvested and stimulated with the same antigen in vitro. The stimulation of B. bronchiseptica antigen significantly increased the cellular activity and proliferation rate of the primed cells. B. bronchiseptica antigen also greatly induced the production of antigen-specific antibody in the primed cells. Taken together, the present study demonstrated that B. bronchiseptica antigen can stimulate bone marrow cells, a central immune organ, and recall the immune response of the primed bone marrow cells.