• Title, Summary, Keyword: bovine amniotic membrane

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Evaluation of Bovine Amniotic Membrane for the Treatment of Superficial Canine Corneal Ulcer (개의 표재성 각막 궤양에서 소의 양막을 이용한 치료에 대한 평가)

  • Choi, Young-Min;Kim, Joon-Young;Park, Jong-Im;Jeong, Soon-Wuk
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.358-366
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    • 2007
  • This study was performed to investigate the application of bovine amniotic membrane for canine corneal ulcer and to compare bovine amniotic membrane flap to nictitating membrane flap. Corneas were treated with 8.0mm trephine and 100% ethanol was applied and corneal epithelium was removed. This experiment was divided into three groups; control group, nictitating membrane flap group and amniotic membrane + nictitating membrane flap group. To compare corneal healing, fluorescein dye test, histopathological examination and TUNEL assay were performed. The healing size of the corneal epithelium in was largest among groups and it was significantly different with the other groups (P<0.05). Also, inflammatory cell deposits and keratocyte apoptosis in amniotic membrane flap group were smallest, but the width of the corneal epithelium was thickest among groups. Therefore, we tentatively predicted that the amniotic membrane flap would be an alternative effective method for the treatment of superficial canine corneal ulcer.

Bovine Amniotic Membrane Transplantation for the Treatment of Descemetocele in a Dog (개에서 데스메막류 치료를 위한 양막이식의 적용)

  • Kang, Myung-Gon;Choi, Yong-Hoon;Kim, Jun-Young;Jeong, Soon-Wuk
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.334-336
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    • 2006
  • An 1.6-year-old female Shih Tzu was presented with corneal perforation, descemetocele, and deep corneal ulcer in the left eye. A bovine amniotic membrane graft which preserved in lyophylized dry form and a third eyelid flap were applied. After 14 days, the cornea was fluorescein-negative. At day 42 postoperatively, only a moderate scar at the corneal center was showed. At the 10-month follow-up, there was clear cornea with a mild scar.

Effects of bovine amniotic membrane graft on healing of full-thickness skin wound in dogs (소양막이식편이 개의 전층 피부 창상치유에 미치는 효과)

  • Hwang, Kyeong-teak;Kweon, Oh-kyeong;Woo, Heung-myung;Kim, Dae-young;Nam, Tchi-chou
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.645-652
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of bovine amniotic membrane grafts on healing of full-thickness skin wound in dogs. Two $3cm{\times}3cm$ area-matched full-thickness skin wounds were induced bilaterally on the dorsolateral aspect of the trunk of 15 dogs. Chlorhexidine-treated amnion, dried amnion, silver sulfadiazine and 0.9% sterile saline solution were applied on the wound area and examined grossly and histopathologically. Begining 14 days after wounding, amnion applied group had appreciably less amount of inflammatory exudate and hemorrhage than sulfadiazine and saline treated groups. From 14 days after wounding, the degree of wound contraction in amnion groups, especially in the dried amnion group was greater than that of the sulfadiazine and saline treated groups. The percentages of wounds completely healed on 28 days after wounding in saline treated group, chlorhexidine-treated amnion group, dried amnion group and sulfadiazine treated group were 33%, 50%, 83% and 50%, respectively. Microscopically neovascularization and fibrosis were first noticed on 5 days after wounding in the dried amnion group and sulfadiazine treated group, on 7 days in the chlorhexidine-treated amnion group and on 14 days in the saline treated group. Epithelialization in the dried amnion and sulfadiazine treated groups was first noticed on 9 days after wounding, which was faster than that in the other groups. The present study suggests that bovine amniotic membrane, especially dried bovine amnion is effective on healing of full-thickness skin wound in dogs through both wound contraction and epithelialization.

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Comparison of Treatment Effect of the Dried Bovine Amniotic Membrane and the Cultured Allogenic Keratinocytes in the Partial Thickness Burn Management (부분층 화상에 적용한 건조소양막과 동종배양표피세포의 치료효과 비교)

  • Yeo, Hyeon Jung;Kim, Jun Hyung;Jung, Yung Jin;Son, Dae Gu;Han, Ki Hwan
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.385-392
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: In the partial thickness burn management, despite of several advantages, the use of human amniotic membrane has been limited. The authors applied dried bovine amniotic membrane(DBAM) to overcome disadvantages of amniotic membrane for partial thickness burn and compared the effectiveness with cultured allogenic keratinocytes(CAK) that have been recently used for the management of burn. Methods: 16 patients with partial thickness burn, the mean age of 38 ranging 12 to 59 years, between August 2007 and May 2008 were assigned to this study. Either DBAM or CAK was applied, and the secondary dressing was removed on the following day. To compare treatment effect, time for epithelization, Vancouver scar scale and chromameteric results were evaluated. Results: The time for epithelization of DBAM was 10.1 days, that of CAK was 9.1 days, and they were shorter than the previous 2 - 3 weeks. At the follow up Vancouver scar scale was 2.8 for DBAM and 3.0 points for CAK and showed good results. The result of chromameter showed that the $L^*$, $a^*$, and $b^*$ values of the area applied DBAM were 60.1, 13.6, and 13.3, respectively, and the values of the area applied CAK were 60.1, 12.4, and 12.4, respectively. It was found that the skin color of the healed area after burn was darker, the redness was higher, and the yellowness was lower. After dressing, significant side effects were not observed, and in the cases of applying CAK, it was inconvenient as the moving area had to be fixed. Conclusion: With CAK, DBAM has several advantages such as the shortening of the epithelization period, reduction of scar and pigmentation, and convenient application, etc. Thus it is an effective method for the partial thickness burn management.

Inactivation of Infectious Microorganisms by Disinfection and Sterilization Processes for Human Amniotic Membrane Grafts (이식을 위한 사람 양막의 소독 및 멸균공정에 의한 감염성 위해인자 불활화 효과)

  • Bae, Jung-Eun;Kim, Chan-Kyung;Kim, In-Seop
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.346-353
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    • 2009
  • Viral, bacterial, and fungal infection can be transmitted from donor to recipient via transplantation of human amniotic membrane. Therefore human amniotic membrane for transplantation should be disinfected and sterilized before use. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of the disinfection process and sterilization processes used at human tissue bank in the inactivation of viruses, bacteria, and fungi. A variety of experimental model viruses, bacteria, and fungus for human pathogens, including the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), bovine herpes virus (BHV), bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), hepatitis A virus (HAV), porcine parvovirus (PPV), Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, and Candida albicans were all selected for this study. Enveloped viruses such as HIV-1, BHV, and BVDV were effectively inactivated to undetectable levels by 70% ethanol treatment, gamma irradiation process, and ethylene oxide (EO) gas sterilization process. Also non-enveloped viruses such as HAV and PPV were effectively inactivated to undetectable levels by gamma irradiation and EO gas treatment. However HAV and PPV showed high resistance to 70% ethanol treatment. E. coli and C. albicans were effectively inactivated to undetectable levels by 70% ethanol treatment, gamma irradiation process, and EO gas treatment. Also B. subtilis was effectively inactivated to undetectable levels by gamma irradiation process and EO gas treatment. However it showed high resistance to 70% ethanol treatment.

Process Development of a Virally-Safe Acellular Bovine Amniotic Membrane for Biological Dressing (바이러스 안전성이 보증된 무세포 소 양막 생물창상피복재 제조 공정 개발)

  • Bae, Jung-Eun;Kim, Chang-Kyong;Kim, Sung-Po;Yang, Eun-Kyung;Kim, In-Seop
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.420-427
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    • 2010
  • A process for manufacturing virally-safe bovine amniotic membrane(BAM) has been developed for biological dressing. BAM was harvested from a healthy bovine placenta, and then the epithelium was removed. The remaining stromal layer was consecutively disinfected with 70% ethanol and 0.05% sodium hypochlorite. The stromal layer was incubated in a decellularization solution containing 0.25%(w/v) trypsin to remove the cellular components. The resulting acelluar BAM was lyophilized to preserve its biochemical and structural integrity. The BAM was packed and exposed to 25 kGy of gamma irradiation for sterilization purpose. Histological, electron microscopical, and biochemical observations showed that the acellualr BAM had intact structural integrity of three dimensional collagen fibers and contained several growth factors, accelerating wound healing, such as EGF (Epidermal growth factor), KGF (Keratinocyte growth factor), and FGF (Fibroblast growth factor). Bovine herpes virus (BHV), bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), bovine parainfluenza virus type 3 (BPIV-3), and bovine parvovirus (BPV) were chosen as the biological indicators for validation of viral safety of the acellular BAM. Samples from relevant stages of the production process were spiked with each virus and subjected to viral inactivation processes. Viruses were recovered from the samples and then titrated immediately. All the viruses tested were completely inactivated to undetectable levels within 1 h of 70% ethanol treatment. Enveloped viruses such as BHV, BVDV, and BPIV-3 were more effectively inactivated than BPV by 0.05% sodium hypochlorite treatment. BHV, BVDV, and BPIV-3 were completely inactivated to undetectable levels by 25 kGy of gamma irradiation. Also BPV was effectively inactivated by 25 kGy of gamma irradiation. The cumulative log reduction factors of BHV, BVDV, BPIV-3, and BPV were ${\geq}$13.30, ${\geq}$14.32, ${\geq}$15.22, and ${\geq}$7.57, respectively. These results indicate that the production process for acelluar BAM has a sufficient virus-reducing capacity to achieve a high margin of the virus safety.

Evaluation of an Amniotic Membrane-Collagen Dermal Substitute in the Management of Full-Thickness Skin Defects in a Pig

  • Kim, Hyunji;Son, Daegu;Choi, Tae Hyun;Jung, Samhyun;Kwon, Sunyoung;Kim, Junhyung;Han, Kihwan
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 2013
  • Background To minimize the inflammatory reaction and improve healing, a new modified dermal substitute composed of an atelocollagen, chondroitin-6-sulfate, and amniotic membrane (AM) was applied to full-thickness skin defects in a pig. Atelocollagen was extracted from bovine skin, and two modified dermal substitutes were generated according to the cross-linking type. Methods The AM-collagen dermal substitutes were characterized and compared with currently used dermal substitutes in a pig skin defect model. There were five experimental groups: dehydrothermal (DHT) cross-linking atelocollagen with the AM on the top (AM-DHT), DHT and chemical cross-linking atelocollagen with the AM on the top (AM-DHT/chemical), Terudermis, Integra, and AlloDerm. After $3{\times}3cm$ full-thickness skin defects on the back of a pig were created, each dermal substitutes dermal substitutes was randomly grafted on the defects. Two weeks after grafting, autologous partial-thickness skin was over-grafted on the neodermis. The take rate of the dermal substitutes, skin, and histological sections were all assessed at 1, 2, and 4 weeks postoperatively. Results More rapid healing and a higher take rate were evident in the AM-DHT and Terudermis groups. Histological examination revealed fewer inflammatory cells and more fibroblast hyperplasia in these two groups. Four weeks after surgery, the amount of newly formed collagen was significantly more appropriate in the AM-DHT group. Conclusions These observations provide supporting evidence that a newly developed amniotic-collagen dermal substitute may inhibit inflammatory reactions and promote wound healing.