• Title, Summary, Keyword: bovine respiratory syncytial virus

Search Result 10, Processing Time 0.032 seconds

Prevelance of neutralizing antibody related with viral respiratory disease in cattle (송아지 바이러스성 호흡기 질병 중화항체 조사)

  • Youn, Choong-Keun;Lim, Yeon-Soo;Lyoo, Young S.
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.50 no.3
    • /
    • pp.205-211
    • /
    • 2010
  • Fifty young calves, about five to six months old purchased from nation-wide were investigated with the prevelance of neutralizing antibody (Ab) of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus (IBRV), parainfluenza 3 virus ($PI_{3}V$), bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV). The positive detection ratio of neutralizing Ab against IBRV was only 3% and two of positive samples showed low antibody titer (below 2). Ab against BRSV showed 48% of positive ratio and among 24 positive samples, antibody titer of 23 samples were below 3. But in the case of BVDV, 68% of samples were positive and 23 samples appeared to possess high antibody titer, above 4 and the antibody titer of five samples were above 8. The highest positive result came from $PI_{3}V$. The positive ratio in the samples investigated in this study was 72%, but the antibody titer of positive samples were generally below 3 (77.8% in positive samples).

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection in a Jeju native black calf (제주흑우 송아지에서 소 합포체성 폐렴의 발생)

  • Kim, Hyun-Tae;Jung, Ji-Youl;Jo, Suk-Hee;Lee, Kyoung-Kap;Kim, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Jae-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
    • /
    • v.50 no.2
    • /
    • pp.139-143
    • /
    • 2010
  • A 2-month-old male Jeju native black calf with respiratory distress was died and requested to the Veterinary Pathology Laboratory of Jeju National University for diagnosis. Grossly, lungs were focally attached to the pleura and heart with fibrin. Purple red sublobar consolidations were distributed in both apical and cardiac lobes of lungs. Histopathologically, diffuse severe bronchointerstitial pneumonia characterized by multifocal necrotizing bronchiolitis, formation of numerous multinucleated syncytial cells in bronchiolar and alveolar lumens, and diffuse alveolar wall thickening were observed in lungs. Eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions were observed in bronchiolar epithelial cells and syncytial cells. According to reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) was detected in the lung of calf. Based on the histopathologic findings and RT-PCR, this calf was diagnosed as BRSV infection. In our best knowledge, this is the first case of BRSV infection in Jeju native black calf.

Seroepidemiological Studies on Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus of Cattle in Chonnam Province (전남지방의 소 합포체성 폐렴바이러스(Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus) 감염에 관한 혈청학적 연구)

  • 이채용;이강복;이정길;이정치;김상기;조재진
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.45-51
    • /
    • 2000
  • Sera from 425 Korean native and 203 Holstein cattle were collected from October 1994 to September 1995 from dairy farms and slaughterhouses in Chonnam province to study the exposure rate to bovine respiratory syncytial virus(BRSV). Serum antibody titers against BRSV were measured by neutralization test, and results were as follows: Overall prevalence of seropositive cattle to BRSV were 74.5%, and the exposure rate to BRSV was higher among the Holstein (77.3%) than among the Korean native cattle(73.2%). The serum antibody titers against BRSV ranged from 1:2~$\geq$1:256 in both species. Among Korean native cattle, the most frequent serum antibody titer was 1:4 against BRSV(19.3%), while only 1.4% of seropositive cattle had serum titer of $\geq$1: 256. Among Holstein cattle, 22.7% of examined cattle contained serum titer of 1:8, while 1.5% of seropositive cattle showed $\geq$ 1:256. Antibody titers against BRSV were higher among males than females in both Holstein (82.1% vs. 73.1%) and Korean native (74.5% vs. 69.2%) cattle. Prevalence of seropositive cattle by age in both species were evenly distributed, although the highest number (76.9%) of seropositive were at the age of 3 in Korean native cattle, while 83.5% of seropositive Holstein cattle were of 2 years old. The lowest seropositive rate was observed in cattle of less than 1 year old(25.0%). Seasonal occurrunce of BRSV was the highest in spring season in both Holstein (86.6%) and Korean native (81.0%) cattle (P<0.05).

  • PDF

Detection of Respiratory Viral Pathogens and Mycoplasma spp from Calves with Summer Pneumonia in Korea

  • Park, Jung-hoon;Kim, Doo
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.36 no.4
    • /
    • pp.185-189
    • /
    • 2019
  • Respiratory pathogens of calves including bovine parainfluenza type 3 virus (BPI3V), bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV), infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus (IBRV) and Mycoplasma spp is well-known for winter pathogens. However, there are no studies about summer pneumonia pathogens of calves in Korea. The aim of this study was to detect respiratory pathogens from calves with summer pneumonia. Eighty calves from 5 regions were chosen and their nasal swabs were used to detect respiratory pathogens with real-time PCR. Mycoplasma spp was major primary respiratory pathogens in calves with summer pneumonia. Although, the detection rates of respiratory viruses were very low, serological assays showed that respiratory viruses exist widely in farms.

The Detection of Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus Using Immunohistochemistry and pathologic Findings (면역조직화학염색법을 이용한 소 합포체성 폐렴바이러스의 검출 및 병리학적 소견)

  • Yoon, Soon-Seek;Hwang, Eui-Kyung;Moon, Oun-Kyong;Bae, You-Chan;Kim, Jae-Hoon;Eom, Hyun-Jong;Cho, Jae-Jin;Jean, Young-Hwa;Choi, Sang-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Pathology
    • /
    • v.1 no.2
    • /
    • pp.157-160
    • /
    • 1997
  • Two 2 and 7 months-old holstin and one 3 months-old native Korean calf suffering from respiratory illness were submitted to the National Veterinary Research Institute for euthanasia and pathologic examination. At necropsy diffuse lobar pneumonia was present in apical cardiac and diaphragmatic lobes in all calves. Microscopically acute multifocal bronchiolitis and interstitial syncytial cell formation were frequently observed. in addition occlusion of bronchiolar lumen due to cellular proliferation and fibrosis accompanied by interlobular septal emphysema were also present. Immunohistochemically bovine respiratory syncytial virus antigen were positively identified in lung lesions including bronchial and bronchiolar epithelium alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes.

  • PDF

Effect of Vaccination and Mass Medication for the Prevention of Shipping Fever in Korean Native Cow (한우에서 수송열의 예방을 위한 백신접종과 예방치료의 효과)

  • 최창용;이명식;나승환;정영훈;윤순식;최상용;나기준
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.52-56
    • /
    • 2000
  • The objective of this study was to compare occurrence of the shipping fever associated with vaccination and mass medication in Korean Native Cow. Lack of vaccination (Pasteurella haemolytica, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, bovine viral diarrhea, parainfluenza 3, and bovine respiratory syncytial virus) and mass medication before and after transportation, 67% of gram-negative cocci were detected. However, with vaccination and mass medication, only 33% of Gram-negative cocci were detected. When antimicrobial susceptibility for the detected bacterium was tested, apramycin, ampicillin, amilacin, clindamycin, gentamycin, kanamycin, penicillin, and streptomycin were resistant, whereas tylocin, amoxicillin, linocospetin, nalidixic acid, norfloxacin, oxalinic acid, and cefotaxime were susceptible. Morbidity and average therapeutic effect were 33% and 1.0time with vaccination and mass medication and were 78% and 5.3 times without vaccination and mass medication, respectively. Therefore, the results suggest that shipping fever would be considerably decreased with vaccination including mass medication before and after transportation.

  • PDF

Genome-wide association study on immune-response for improving healthiness in Holstein dairy cattle (Holstein 젖소의 호흡기 질병 백신에 대한 면역반응성과 전장 유전체 연관 분석 연구)

  • Ha, Seungmin;Lee, Donghui;Lee, Sangmyeong;Chae, Jungil;Seo, Kangseok
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.42 no.4
    • /
    • pp.217-225
    • /
    • 2019
  • To detect Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) markers associated with Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) S/P ratio in Korean Holstein dairy cattle, Genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed using Illumina BovineSNP50 Beadchip. The number of phenotype data and genotype data were 107, and 294. respectively. Phenotype data were collected for four periods (0 week, 1 week, 4 week, 24 week) after having vaccinated (0 week no vaccinated period). A total of 36,257 SNPs was remained after quality control had been done by PLINK. The result of GWAS showed 6 SNP markers (BTB-01704243, BTB-01594395, ARS-BFGL-NGS-118070, ARS-BFGL-NGS-111365, BTA-65410-no-rs, Hapmap38331-BTA-61256) under BVDV and 4 SNP markers (ARS-BFGL-NGS-109861, Hapmap53701-rs29017064, ARS-BFGL-NGS-71055, BTA-11232-no-rs) under BRSV. And also, 10 candidate genes found through 10 SNP markers (TBX18, CEP162, PAFAH1B1, METTL16, BRCA1, RND2, POLK, ENSBTAG00000051724, ADAM18, NRG3).

Study on disease prevalence to Holstein calves reared in Chonnam area (전남 지방의 홀스타인 송아지의 질병 발생율 조사)

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon;Kang, Ju-Won;Chung, Yong-Un;Lee, Chai-Yong;Han, Dong-Un;Wee, Sung-Hwan;Yoon, So-Rah;Cho, Jae-Jin;Kang, Mun-Il
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.31 no.4
    • /
    • pp.521-532
    • /
    • 2008
  • The prevalence of major calf disease was investigated in 117 Holstein dairy calves in Chonnam area. All of them were moved in the College experimental farm which is operated in intensive units. clinical signs were daily examined throughout two months after the introduction of the College farm. Among calves, 92 cases(78.6%) died in the two months after the introduction in it. Outbreaks of respiratory and alimentary diseases were their main causes of their fatality. The incidence of respiratory disorders during the full period of the experiment was up to 42.8%, and the alimentary diseases were occurred 35.9% of the herd. Most of the mortality was related with respiratory(59.9%) and alimentary(52.1%) pathogens. Also calf mortality by combined infection claimed 6.6% among 100 morbidity cases. Principle pathogens to cause mortality were Pasteurella spp(44.4%), E coli(29.9%), bovine viral diarrhea virus(16.2%), IBRV(12.0%), respectively. Viruses also played as an important role in increasing calf morbidity to secondary respiratory bacterial pathogens. Pasteurella infection combined with infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus(11 cases), parainfluenza virus type-3(9 cases), or bovine respiratory syncytial virus(7 cases) was appeared as major pattern to mortality. colibacillosis in causing enteritis was concurrently infected with BVD(19 cases), bovine coronavirus infection(14 cases), salmonellosis(5 cases), coccidiosis(5 cases) and clostridial infection(4 cases). Ninty-two cases to death were appeared to have 100% neutralizing antibodies to BCV; Among them, 73.8% had the neutralizing antibody level higher than 64. Calves with neutralizing antibodies higher than 16 to BVDV were 50%. The cases with neutralizing antibody level lower than 8 to BEFV were 89.4% that means the necessity of appropriate vaccination.

Survey on Korean-native Calves Diseases and Mortality (한우 송아지의 질병발생과 폐사율 조사)

  • 강문일;한동운;정용운;정도영;이채용;이정길;위성환;조재진
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.223-241
    • /
    • 2001
  • From September 1996 to September 1999, 419 Korean-native calves with diseases under 6-month old collected from Kyonggi, Chungcheong, Chonlla and Kyongsang were examined by clinical, microbiological, parasitic, hematologic and histopathological mean. Among them, 124 cases were tested about the neutralization antibodies against infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus(IBRV), Parainfluenza-3 virus(PI-3V), bovine uiral diarrhea virus(BVDV), bovine ephemeral fever virus(BEFV). In calf diseases in the survey, enteric diseases(72.8%) were most frequently involved and the following orders were taken by respiratory(17.4%) and reproductive (5.0%) disorders. In the causative pathogens associated with calf diseases and motality, 48.4% was induced by bacteria origin and also 35.6% by viral agents. Calf mortality was up to 76.3% in the cae of bacterial diseases and 55.7% in viral diseases. In bacterial diseases, frequent disorders were composed of colibacillosis(52.7%), salmonellosis(13.8%), pasteurellosis(12.8%) and campylobacteriosis(3.9%) and their mortalities showed 73.8% in colibacillosis, 73.0% in pasteurellosis, 67.9% in salmonellosis and 50.0% in campylobacteriosis (50.0%). Among the outbreaks of viral diseases, there were BVD(22.8%), bovine rotavirus infection(20.8%), bovine coronavirus infection(16.8%), bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection(15.4%), IBR(15.4%). Akabane disease(4.7%) and Chuzan diseases(3.4%). Interesting results through this studies were obtained the first isolate to Chuzan virus and Ainovirus in Korea which could be promised the development for diagnostic method and vaccines soon. Calf mortality to Akabane and Chuzan diseases was 100%. Main parasitic diseases were occupied by coccidiosis and babesiosis and their mortality of babesiosis was 20.0%. Other diseases were abomasal impaction(6.7%) and toxicosis(4.5%). The mortality of abomasal impaction was 89.3%. In some causes with malformations(1.9%) were confirmed as anasarca, derodidymus, polymelia, humerus hypoplasia, and tracheal collapse. Calf diseases had mostly been occurred in one month old grout (52.5%) and its prevalence was 25.1% in two to three month old group and 22.4% in four to six month old group. In calf mortality by age, there were 37.9% in one month old group, 18.1% in two and three month old group, and 13.8% in four to six month old group, respectively. The older the age of calf, the less the prevalence of calf enteric diseases. Respiratory diseases in calves to be tested frequently occurred in one to two month old group (41.4%). In one month old calves, the prevalence of enteric disease was 80.0%(p<0.05) and that of reproductive and respiratory disease was 9.5% and 8.2%, respectively. In two month old and four to six month old, enteric disease was 65.7% and 63.8% and respiratory disease was 28.6% and 26.6%. Seasonal prevalence and mortality of Korean-native calf diseases were not a significant difference. Prevalence of calf diseases in summer(31.5%) frequently occurred to compare that in winter(20.3%). Abortion and malformation in calves frequently occurred in spring. Hematological values in 84 calves with clinical signs showed mild to marked leukocytosis. Also, there was slight increase in hematocrit, platelet, mean corpuscular volume and mean plasma volume, but all of those were included the higher level to normal ranges. Calves with respiratory signs showed slightly erythrocytosis. One hundred seventy three calves without clinical signs were not significant different to ill cases in hematological values, but number of platelets was in higher normal range. In 125 calves, 84.8% was taken the antibody to IBRV, but 72% with the antibody had recorded the titer level lower than log$_2$5. The neutralizing antibody levels of higher than $log_{2}5$ to PI-3V and BVD virus were 60.8% and 67.2% cases, respectively. There were the cases of 57.6% had the neutralizing antibody level lower than log$_2$5 to BEFV.

  • PDF