• Title, Summary, Keyword: c-fos

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Expression of c-fos Protein in Fibrous Dysplasia and Osteofibrous Dysplasia (섬유성 이형성증 및 골섬유성 이형성증에서의 c-fos 단백 발현)

  • Park, Hye-Rim;Park, Yong-Koo;Kim, Duck-Whan
    • The Journal of the Korean bone and joint tumor society
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.216-220
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of c-fos oncogenes in the development of fibrous dysplasia and osteofibrous dysplasia. The immunohistochemical expression of c-fos protein was evaluated in 15 cases of fibrous dysplasia and 8 cases of osteofibrous dysplasia. Ten cases of fibrous dysplasia were weakly positive with c-fos. Six cases of osteofibrous dysplasia were weakly positive and the remaining two cases were strongly positive. The overall expression of c-fos protein is weaker than high-grade osteosarcoma, thus the implication of c-fos protein is little in the development of these tumors. Fibrous dysplasia and osteofibrous dysplasia share some features of characteristic histology and c-fos expression.

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Spinal c-fos Expression in a Rat Model of Incisional Pain (흰쥐의 발바닥 절개 통증모형에서 척수 후각의 c-fos 발현)

  • Kim, Hak-Song;Yoon, Myung-Ha;Choi, Jeong-Il;Bae, Choon-Sang
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.142-149
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    • 2001
  • Background: The expression of the proto-oncogene c-fos in spinal cord neurons following various noxious stimuli has been demonstrated in numerous studies. However, the pattern of expression of c-fos after incisional stimulus has not been evaluated. This study was designed to examine c-fos expression in an incisional pain model of rats. Methods: A 1 cm longitudinal incision was made through the skin, fascia and muscle of the plantar aspect of the hindpaw in enflurane-anesthetized rats. Withdrawal responses were measured using von Frey filaments at areas around the wound before surgery and for the next 48 hours. The expression of c-fos protein in the lumbar spinal cord was examined by immunohistochemistry. Results: After incision, c-fos was strongly expressed within laminae I, II, III, IV, V and VI ipsilateral to the incision. C-fos positive neurons were detected in the controlateral site, as well. Conclusions: These studies suggest that spinal c-fos protein may not be used as a specific marker for spinal nociceptive processing in an incisional pain model.

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Effect of P. ginseng on the expression of c-Fos in the brain of Wistar rats with testosterone induced benign prostatic hyperplasia

  • Jang, Hyang Mi
    • Journal of Biomedical and Translational Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.108-112
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    • 2017
  • The lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) show in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The three major micturition centers in brain are pontine micturition center (PMC), ventrolateral periaqueductal gray (vlPAG), and medial preopticnucleus (MPA) regions. Previous study showed that c-Fos expression change was associated with LUTS. In present study, the effect of P. ginseng on c-Fos expression in PMC, vlPAG, and MPA regions in rat brain was tested. P. ginseng is the four year-old Korean ginseng. It was collected at the department of medicinal crop research (Eumsung-gun, Chungbuk, Korea) in September 2010. The four groups (n = 6) are control group, BPH-induced group, BPHinduced and P. ginseng-treated group, and BPH-induced and finasteride-treated group. BPH in rats was induced by testosterone. After 4 weeks, all animals were sacrificed to evaluate c-Fos expression in PMC, vlPAG, and MPA regions in rat brain. The c-Fos expression was evaluated in the regions of rat brain by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Present results showed that c-Fos expressions in PMC, vlPAG, and MPA regions in brain of rats in the BPH-induced group were higher compared to c-fos expression of the control group. The increased c-Fos expression in three regions (PMC, vlPAG, and MPA) were decreased by treatment with P. ginseng (200 mg/kg). These results suggest that P. ginseng has an inhibitory effect on the symptoms of BPH and is associated with regulation of c-Fos expression in the brain in a testosterone induced BPH rat model.

A Study on the Effects of Needle Electrode Electrical Stimulation on the Number of c-Fos Response Cells and c-Fos Expression in the Global Ischemic Rats

  • Kim, Sung Won;Song, Young Wha;Lee, Jung Sook
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.1031-1036
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    • 2016
  • c-Fos is known to related to synaptic plasticity and apoptosis in damage from ischemia or external injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether needle electrode electrical stimulation(NEES) is effective in increasing the number of c-Fos response cells and c-Fos expression in striatum after global ischemia in rats. There were no treatment and occlusion in the control group, global ischemia(GI) group were no treatment after carotid artery occlusion, and needle electrode electrical stimulation(NEES) group were treated with NEES after GI induced. The number of striatum c-Fos response cells and c-Fos protein expression significantly decreased in the NEES group compared to the GI group after 12, 24, 48 hours. The results of the present study suggest that NEES is ineffective in improving global ischemia in rats and may also be ineffective in the globally ischemic human brain.

Immunohistochemical c-fos Expression in Osteosarcoma (골육종의 c-fos 발현에 관한 면역조직화학적 검색)

  • Park, Yong-Koo;Park, Hye-Rim
    • The Journal of the Korean bone and joint tumor society
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.162-168
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    • 1999
  • The products of c-fos and c-jun proto-oncogenes form the heterodimeric complex activator protein 1 (AP-1), which plays an important part in the control of bone cell proliferation and differentiation, as well as in the development of bone tumors. The expression of c-fos protein was examined in 35 cases of human osteosarcomas as formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections using a monoclonal antibody. The expression of c-fos was restricted to bone-forming lesions, while low grade cartilaginous tumors were devoid of immunoreactivity. The highest levels of c-fos expression were detected in osteoblastic osteosarcoma (13 of 17 cases with grade one on two) while two chondroblastic osteosarcomas, one fibroblastic osteosarcoma, and two parosteal osteosarcomas were negative. Two cases of telangiectatic osteosarcomas were positive for c-fos protein. However, since there is a tendency of high c-fos protein expression at the higher histological grade, significant differences were not present in the expression of c-fos protein. Thus c-fos expression may be implicated in the development of osteosarcomas, but they appear to have little or no relevance in the development of low grade cartilaginous neoplasms.

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Regulation of c-Fos and c-Jun Gene Expression by Lipopolysaccharide and Cytokines in Primary Cultured Astrocytes: Effect of PKA and PKC Pathways

  • Suh Hong-Won;Choi Seong-Soo;Lee Jin-Koo;Lee Han-Kyu;Han Eun-Jung;Lee Jongho
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.396-401
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    • 2004
  • The effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and several cytokines or the c-fos and c-jun mRNA expression were examined in primary cultured astrocytes. Either LPS (500 ng/mL) or inter-feron-$\gamma$ (IFN-$\gamma$ 5 ng/mL) alone increased the level of c-fos mRNA (1 h). However, tumor necro-sis factor-$\alpha$ (TNF-$\alpha$; 10 ng/mL) or interleukin-4 (IL-1$\beta$: 5 ng/mL) alone showed no significant induction of the level of c-fos mRNA. TNF-$\alpha$ showed a potentiating effect in the regulation of LPS-induced c-fos mRNA expression, whereas LPS showed an inhibitory action against IFN-Y-induced c-fos mRNA expression. LPS, but not TNF-$\alpha$, IL-1$\beta$ and IFN-$\gamma$, increased the level of c-jun mRNA (1 h). TNF-$\alpha$ and IFN-$\gamma$ showed an inhibitory action against LPS-induced c-jun mRNA expression. Both phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA; 2.5 mM) and forskolin (FSK, 5 mM) increased the c-fos and c-jun mRNA expressions. In addition, the level of c-fos mRNA was expressed in an antagonistic manner when LPS was combined with PMA. When LPS was co-treated with either PMA or FSK, it showed an additive interaction for the induction of c-jun mRNA expression. Our results suggest that LPS and cytokines may be actively involved in the regulation of c-fos and c-jun mRNA expressions in primary cultured astrocytes. Moreover, both the PKA and PKC pathways may regulate the LPS-induced c-fos and c-jun mRNA expressions in different ways.

Effects of Panax ginseng Radix herb-acupuncture on c-fos expression in the hippocampus of ethanol-intoxicated Sprague-Dawley rats (인삼(人蔘) 약침(藥鍼)이 에탄올 중독 흰쥐의 해마에서 c-fos 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Min-soo;Lee, Eun-yong
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.131-140
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    • 2003
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Panax ginseng Radix herb-acupuncture on c-fos expression in each area of the hippocampus of acutely ethanol-intoxicated rats. Methods : Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley tats were divided into untreated(normal), ethanol-treated(control), Panax ginseng Radix-treated(sample A), ethanol-and Panax gingseng Radix-treated(sample B) groups. Each group was evaluated by the changes of c-fos-positive neurons in each area of the hippocampus by using and image analyzer and microscope. Results : 1. In the CA1 area, the number of c-fos-positive neurons in the control group was diminished compared with the normal group. The number of c-fos-positive neurons in the sample B group had no marked difference from the control group. 2. In the CA2-3 area, the number of c-fos-positive neurons in the control group was diminished compared with the normal group, The number of c-fos-positive neurons in the sample B group was increased compared with the control group. 3. In the Dentate gyrus area, the number of c-fos-positive neurons in the control group was diminished compared with the normal group. The number of c-fos-positive neurons in the sample B group was increased compared with the control group. Conclusions : These results indicate that, c-fos expression in each area of the hippocampus was reduced in ethanol-intoxicated group. Treatment of Panax ginseng Radix herb-acupuncture increased this diminution. Panax ginseng Radix could be able to effect on the prevention of the amnesia and learning disability in alcoholism.

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Temporal Changes of c-fos, c-jun, and Heat Shock Protein 25 mRNA in Rat Uterus following Estradiol Treatment (Estrogen 처리에 따른 흰쥐 자궁조직내 c-fos, c-jun, hsp25 mRNA 발현 변화)

  • Lee, Young-Ki;Kim, Sung-Rye
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.149-156
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    • 1999
  • Steroid hormone is known to cause the dynamic changes of mammalian uterus during reproductive cycle, which are modulated via hypothalamus-pituitary -gonad reproductive endocrine axis. Although there were so many studies about estrogenic regulation of uterine growth and differentiation. There is little information about the effect of estrogen on the expression of various transcription factors involved in gene expression. Thus the present study was designed to demonstrate E induced expression of c-fos, c-jun, hsp25 mRNA in rat uterus. Employing Northern blot analysis, we studied the temporal expressions of c-fos, c-jun, and hsp25 messenger RNAs (mRNAs) elicited by a single 17beta-estradiol (E) treatment in the uteri of bilaterally ovariectomized adult rats. c-fos, c-jun, and hsp25 mRNA levels were increased and peaked at 3h after E administration, and then c-fos and c-jun mRNA levels were rapidly decreased to basal control level while, increased hsp25 mRNA levels were sustained till 12h post E treatment. To test the estrogenic effect on the increase of c-fos, c-jun, and hsp25 mRNA levels, we also examined the effects of antiestrogen (tamoxifen). Pretreatment with tamoxifen effectively blocked the E-induced increase of c-fos, c-jun, and hsp25 mRNA levels at 3h post E treatment. Present results suggest that transient increase of c-fos and c-jun protooncogene mRNA at the early time and simultaneous expression of hsp25 mRNA contribute to the response of uterine tissues to E in adult female rats.

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Effect of Protein Kinase C Inhibitor (PKCI) on Radiation Sensitivity and c-fos Transcription Activity (Protein Kinase C Inhibitor (PKCI)에 의한 방사선 민감도 변화와 c-fos Proto-oncogene의 전사 조절)

  • Choi Eun Kyung;Chang Hyesook;Rhee Yun-Hee;Park Kun-Koo
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.299-306
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    • 1999
  • Purpose : The human genetic disorder ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is a multisystem disease characterized by extreme radiosensitivity. The recent identification of the gene mutated in AT, ATM, and the demonstration that it encodes a homologous domain of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K), the catalytic subunit of an enzyme involved in transmitting signals from the cell surface to the nucleus, provide support for a role of this gene in signal transduction. Although ionizing radiation was known to induce c-fos transcription, nothing is known about how ATM or PKCI mediated signal transduction pathway modulates the c-fos gene transcription and gene expression. Here we have studied the effect of PKCI on radiation sensitivity and c-fos transcription in normal and AT cells. Materials and Methods: Normal (LM217) and AT (AT5BIVA) cells were transfected with PKCI expression plasmid and the overexpression and integration of PKCI was evaluated by northern blotting and polymerase chain reaction, respectively. 5 Gy of radiation was exposed to LM and AT cells transfected with PKCI expression plasmid and cells were harvested 48 hours after radiation and investigated apoptosis with TUNEL method. The c-fos transcription activity was studied by performing CAT assay of reporter gene after transfection of c-fos CAT plasmid into AT and LM cells. Results: Our results demonstrate for the first time a role of PKCI on the radiation sensitivity and c-fos expression in LM and AT cells. PKCI increased radiation induced apoptosis in LM cells but reduced apoptosis in AT cells. The basal c-fos transcription activity is 70 times lower in AT cells than that in LM cells. The c-fos transcription activity was repressed by overexpression of PKCI in LM cells but not in AT cells. After induction of c-fos by Ras protein, overexpression of PKCI repressed c-fos transcription in LM cells but not in AT cells Conclusion: Overexpression of PKCI increased radiation sensitivity and repressed c-fos transcription in LM cells but not in AT cells. The results may be a. reason of increased radiation sensitivity of AT cells. PKCI may be involved in an ionizing radiation induced signal transduction pathway responsible for radiation sensitivity and c-fos transcription. The data also provided evidence for novel transcriptional difference between LM and AT cells.

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Sequence and Expression Analysis of c-fos Proto-oncogene in Korean Cattle (HANWOO) (한우 c-fos 유전자의 염기서열 및 발현분석)

  • Yu, S.L.;Chung, H.J.;Jung, K.C.;Lee, J.H.;Cho, K.W.;Choi, J.G.;Na, K.J.;Sang, B.C.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.891-900
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    • 2003
  • Cellular FOS(c-fos) protein is a transcription factor that forms heterodimers mostly with c-jun family and stimulates the transcription of genes containing AP-1 regulatory elements. This c-fos expression can control growth and differentiation of various precursor cells including myoblasts. The controls by c-fos gene have been identified for affecting skeletal muscle fiber traits which are the key determinants of meat quality in pigs. As a first step for identifying the relationship between c-fos gene and meat quality traits in cattle, we fully sequenced 1,443 bp of Hanwoo c-fos mRNA and analyzed expression patterns from various organs and muscle tissues. The sequence identities of Hanwoo c-fos with that of human, pig and mouse showed 89.8%, 93.3% and 87%, respectively. Analyses of the northern blot showed high c-fos expressions were obtained in spleen and rib muscle from 7 organs and 9 different parts of muscles investigated. These results presented here can be used as a valuable marker for meat quality related traits in cattle with further verification.