• Title, Summary, Keyword: cable stiffness

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Theoretical and experimental research of external prestressed timber beams in variable moisture conditions

  • Miljanovic, Sladana;Zlatar, Muhamed
    • Coupled systems mechanics
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.191-209
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    • 2015
  • Hybrid girders can be constructed in different geometrical forms and from different materials. Selection of beam's effective constellation represents a complex process considering the variations of geometrical parameters, changes of built in material characteristics and their mutual relations, which has important effect on the behavior of the girder. This paper presents the theoretical and experimental research on behavior of the timber-steel hybrid girders' different geometrical constellation with external prestressing and in different conditions of timber moisture. These researches are based on linear elastic analysis, and further refine by using the plasticity and damage models.

Guidelines of Designing LRB for a Seismically Excited Cable-Stayed Bridge (지진 하중을 받는 사장교를 위한 납고무 받침의 설계 기준 제안)

  • 이성진;박규식;김운학;이인원
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.326-333
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    • 2003
  • Most long-span bridges such as a cable-stayed bridges have a number of long-period modes due to the flexibility, thus the design concept extending the natural period of structures using base isolation system may be difficult to use directly to these structures. But, the effectiveness of LRB for cable-stayed bridges is indicated in several papers. In this study, the guidelines of designing LRB for a seismically excited cable-stayed bridge using benchmark cable-stayed bridge are presented. The design properties of LRB are chosen that the design index(DI) is minimized or little changed for variation of properties. And the seismic performance of designed LRB is also investigated. The consequences show that the perforamnce of designed LRB is better than that of simply designed LRB for several history earthquakes. Moreover, the design properties of LRB are researched to several diffrent dominant frequency of earthquake. The results present that the plastic and elastic stiffness of LRB are affected by the dominant frequency of earthquake.

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Guidelines of Designing Lead Rubber Bearing for a Cable-Stayed Bridge In Control Seismic Response (사장교의 지진 응답 제어를 위한 납고무 받침의 설계 기준 제안)

  • 이성진;박규식;김춘호;이인원
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.509-516
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    • 2003
  • In tile design of base isolation system for building and short-span bridge, shift of the natural period of the structure is main objective. But, most long-span bridges such as a cable-stayed bridges have a number of long-period modes due to their flexibility and small structural damping. thus the design concept of base isolation system for building and short-span brigde may be difficult to use directly to these structures. However, the effectiveness of LRB for cable-stayed bridges is indicated by Ali and Abdel-Ghaffar. In this study, the design procedure and guidelines of LRB for a seismically excited cable-stayed bridge are investigated. The design properties of LRB are chosen that the design index(DI) is minimized or little changed for variation of properties. This result show that the stiffer rubber and bigger lead core size are need to cable-stayed bridges. And the seismic performance of designed LRB is also investigated. The consequences show that the perforamnce of designed LRB is better than that of Naeim-Kelly mettled designning LRB for general building structures. Moreover, the design properties of LRB are researched to several diffrent dominant frequency of earthquake. The results present that the plastic and elastic stiffness of LRB are affected by the dominant frequency of earthquake.

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Free Vibrations of Ocean Cables under Currents (조류력을 받는 해양케이블의 자유진동해석)

  • 김문영;김남일;윤종윤
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.231-237
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    • 1999
  • A geometric non-linear finite element formulation of spatial ocean cable under currents is presented using multiple noded curved cable elements. Tangent stiffness and mass matrices for the isoparametric cable ele¬ment are derived and the initial equilibrium state of ocean cable subjected to self-weights, buoyancy, and current as well as support motions is determined using the load incremental method. Free vibration analysis of ocean cables is performed based on the initial equilibrium configuration. Numerical examples are presented and discussed in order to demonstrate the feasibility of the present finite element method and investigate dynamic characteristics of ocean cables.

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Study of structural parameters on the aerodynamic stability of three-tower suspension bridge

  • Zhang, Xin-Jun
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.471-485
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    • 2010
  • In comparison with the common two-tower suspension bridge, due to the lack of effective longitudinal restraint of the center tower, the three-tower suspension bridge becomes a structural system with greater flexibility, and more susceptible to the wind action. By taking a three-tower suspension bridge-the Taizhou Bridge over the Yangtze River with two main spans of 1080 m as example, effects of structural parameters including the cable sag to span ratio, the side to main span ratio, the deck's dead load, the deck's bearing system, longitudinal structural form of the center tower and the cable system on the aerodynamic stability of the bridge are investigated numerically by 3D nonlinear aerodynamic stability analysis, the favorable structural system of three-tower suspension bridge with good wind stability is discussed. The results show that good aerodynamic stability can be obtained for three-tower suspension bridge as the cable sag to span ratio is assumed ranging from 1/10 to 1/11, the central buckle are provided between main cables and the deck at midpoint of main spans, the longitudinal bending stiffness of the center tower is strengthened, and the spatial cable system or double cable system is employed.

System identification of the suspension tower of Runyang Bridge based on ambient vibration tests

  • Li, Zhijun;Feng, Dongming;Feng, Maria Q.;Xu, Xiuli
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.523-538
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    • 2017
  • A series of field vibration tests are conducted on the Runyang Suspension Bridge during both the construction and operational stages. The purpose of this study is devoted to the analysis of the dynamic characteristics of the suspension tower. After the tower was erected, an array of accelerometers was deployed to study the evolution of its modal parameters during the construction process. Dynamic tests were first performed under the freestanding tower condition and then under the tower-cable condition after the superstructure was installed. Based on the identified modal parameters, the effect of the pile-soil-structure interaction on dynamic characteristics of the suspension tower is investigated. Moreover, the stiffness of the pile foundation is successfully identified using a probabilistic finite model updating method. Furthermore, challenges of identifying the dynamic properties of the tower from the coupled responses of the tower-cable system are discussed in detail. It's found that compared with the identified results from the freestanding tower, the longitudinal and torsional natural frequencies of the tower in the tower-cable system have changed significantly, while the lateral mode frequencies change slightly. The identified modal results from measurements by the structural health monitoring system further confirmed that the vibrations of the bridge subsystems (i.e., the tower, the suspended deck and the main cable) are strongly coupled with one another.

A Nonlinear Analysis of Cable Stayed Bridge including Sway Vibrational Effects using Multiple Cable Elements (다수 케이블요소를 사용한 사장교의 횡방향진동을 포함한 비선형 해석)

  • Seong, Ik-Hyun;Yoon, Ki-Yong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.661-670
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    • 2000
  • To investigate the characteristics of the dynamic response of long-span cable-stayed bridges due to various dynamic loadings likes moving traffic loads, two different 3-D cable-stayed bridge models are considered in this study. Two models are exactly the same in structural configurations but different in finite element discretization. Modal analysis is conducted using the deformed dead-load tangent stiffness matrix. A new concept was presented by using divided a cable into several elements in order to study the effect of the cable vibration (both in-plane and swinging) on the overall bridge dynamics. Futhermore case of asymmetric traffic loading clustered in one direction are also considered to study the torsional response of the bridge. The result of this study demonstrates the importance of cable vibration on the overall bridge dynamics.

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Stochastic stability control analysis of an inclined stay cable under random and periodic support motion excitations

  • Ying, Z.G.;Ni, Y.Q.;Duan, Y.F.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.641-651
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    • 2019
  • The stochastic stability control of the parameter-excited vibration of an inclined stay cable with multiple modes coupling under random and periodic combined support disturbances is studied by using the direct eigenvalue analysis approach based on the response moment stability, Floquet theorem, Fourier series and matrix eigenvalue analysis. The differential equation with time-varying parameters for the transverse vibration of the inclined cable with control under random and deterministic support disturbances is derived and converted into the randomly and deterministically parameter-excited multi-degree-of-freedom vibration equations. As the stochastic stability of the parameter-excited vibration is mainly determined by the characteristics of perturbation moment, the differential equation with only deterministic parameters for the perturbation second moment is derived based on the $It{\hat{o}}$ stochastic differential rule. The stochastically and deterministically parameter-excited vibration stability is then determined by the deterministic parameter-varying response moment stability. Based on the Floquet theorem, expanding the periodic parameters of the perturbation moment equation and the periodic component of the characteristic perturbation moment expression into the Fourier series yields the eigenvalue equation which determines the perturbation moment behavior. Thus the stochastic stability of the parameter-excited cable vibration under the random and periodic combined support disturbances is determined directly by the matrix eigenvalues. The direct eigenvalue analysis approach is applicable to the stochastic stability of the control cable with multiple modes coupling under various periodic and/or random support disturbances. Numerical results illustrate that the multiple cable modes need to be considered for the stochastic stability of the parameter-excited cable vibration under the random and periodic support disturbances, and the increase of the control damping rather than control stiffness can greatly enhance the stochastic stability of the parameter-excited cable vibration including the frequency width increase of the periodic disturbance and the critical value increase of the random disturbance amplitude.

A Study on the Axial Stiffness Prediction of Stand Using Analysis of Variance (분산분석을 이용한 스트랜드의 축강성 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Yong-Dae;Yang, Won-Ho;Heo, Seong-Pil;Seong, Gi-Deuk
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.127-134
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    • 2001
  • Wire ropes are widely used in cable car, suspension bridge and elevator, etc. and composed of single or multi-layer strands. It is difficult to find out the characteristics of a strand or wire rope because of complicated geometry and contact condition. In this study, the axial stiffness is evaluated using finite element method and reliable finite element analysis model is presented, taking into consideration the convergence on the length. The axial stiffness predictive equation of a strand is developed using analysis of variance, which can be applicable for characterizing the relationship between load and displacement when the strand configuration is determined.

Distribution of Natural Frequency of 2-DOF Approximate Model of Stay Cable to Reduction of Area (단면감소에 따른 사장케이블의 2-자유도 근사모델의 고유진동수 분포)

  • Joe, Yang-Hee;Lee, Hyun-Chol
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.147-154
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    • 2014
  • The cable damages of the bridge structures induce very important impact on the structural safety, which implies the close monitoring of the cable damage is required to secure sustained safety of the bridges. Most usual available maintenance techniques are based on the monitoring the change of the natural frequency of the structures by damages. However, existing method are based on vibration method to calculate lateral vibration and system identification can calculate the axial stiffness using sensitivity equation by trial error method. But the frequency study by the longitudinal movement need because of the sag effect in system identification. This study proposes a new method to investigate the damage magnitudes and status. The method improves the accuracies in the magnitudes and status of damages by adopting the natural frequency of longitudinal movement. The study results have been validated by comparing them with the approximate solution of FEM. Thus, the relationship of cable damage and frequency appear with relation that the severe damage has the little frequency. If we know the real frequency we can estimate the cable damage severity using this relationship. This method can be possible the efficient management of the cable damage.