• Title, Summary, Keyword: carrot juice

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Effect of Carrot Juice on Enzymatic Browning of Potato Juice (당근 쥬스가 감자 쥬스의 효소적 갈변 반응에 미치는 영향)

  • 김미정;이창용
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.181-186
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    • 1993
  • Potato and carrot are the main sourses of vitamin C and vitamin A each. As a folk ramedy, potato-carrot mixtures have been used to cure a stomach ulcer in Korea. To investigate the effects of carrot juice on the browning of potato juice, we examined the brewing in various ratio of two juices. We also investigated the role of potato juice in the carotene oxidation of carrot juice. Delta "L" values of potato juice were abruptly decreased after 5 min. reaction and they were very different from the juice mixture of potato and carrot. Those containing higher ratio of potato were decreased greatly. In blanching treatment to eliminate the effect of the enzymes in potato and carrot, delta "L" values of cooked potato were decreased a little but those of cooked carrot were decreased greatly. To investigate the fact that the inhibitory effect of carrot juice in potato browning was due to the dilution of polyphenolics of potato juices by carrot juice mixing, we added H20 equivalent to carrot water content to potato juice. The diluted sample showed less decreasing pattern than nondiluted sample. We also added appropriate amount of ${\beta}$-carotene to the same samples. Delta "L" values of with added B-carotene were more slowly decreased than those of without added B-carotene.

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Quality Characteristics of Miljeonbyeong Added with Carrot and Spinach Juice (채소 즙을 첨가한 밀전병의 품질 특성)

  • Baek, Eun-Sook;Cho, Mee-Hee;Lee, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.254-262
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    • 2010
  • Quality characteristics of griddled miljeonbyeong containing vegetable juice were assessed by conducting sensory tests and measuring texture and color. When varying amounts of carrot/or spinach juice was added to miljeonbyeong, the sensory preferences of appearance and texture were higher in miljeonbyeong containing a small amount of carrot and spinach vegetable juice, and the preferences of smell and taste were higher in miljeonbyeong containing a large amount of carrot and spinach juice. Overall, preference was highest in miljeonbyeong supplemented with 30 g carrot juice and 10 g spinach juice. Overall preference correlated significantly with appearance (r=0.44) and texture (r=0.47). In miljeonbyeong containing vegetable juice, tensile strength decreased significantly with increasing amounts of carrot juice (34.98~30.82) or spinach juice (40.84~37.07). In all miljeonbyeong samples, tensile strength increased slightly in 1 hour but rapidly increased after 2 hours. Lightness progressively decreased. A-value increased (3.46~9.63) and b-value increased with increasing amounts of vegetable juice added. No difference in the b-value increase was evident between carrot juice (15.19~26.43) and spinach juice(18.19~24.40). Tensile strength was markedly lower in miljeonbyeong amended with carrot juice (34.98~30.82g) or spinach juice (39.05~32.67 g), which contained fat-soluble pigment, as compared with vegetable-free miljeonbyeong (44.81 g), but the addition of beet juice (45.30~44.78 g) containing water-soluble pigment did not lower the tensile strength of miljeonbyeong compared to vegetable juice. In order to improve the texture of miljeonbyeong containing vegetable juice, tensile strength was measured in miljeonbyeong prepared with 30 g carrot juice or 10 g of spinach juice, which produced the highest sensory test scores, and additionally amended with potato starch, corn starch, glutinous rice flour, strong flour or yam powder with a consequent reduction in the content of wheat flour. Improvement was noted in carrot juice-containing samples prepared with 6 g corn starch, 15 g potato starch and 15 g hard wheat flour, and in spinach juice-containing samples prepared with 6 g corn starch, 6 g potato starch, 6 g hard wheat flour and 15 g dried yam powder.

The effect of carrot juice, ${\beta}$-carotene supplementation on lymphocyte DNA damage, erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes and plasma lipid profiles in Korean smoker

  • Lee, Hye-Jin;Park, Yoo-Kyoung;Kang, Myung-Hee
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.5 no.6
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    • pp.540-547
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    • 2011
  • High consumption of fruits and vegetables has been suggested to provide some protection to smokers who are exposed to an increased risk of numerous cancers and other degenerative diseases. Carrot is the most important source of dietary ${\beta}$-carotene. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate whether carrot juice supplementation to smokers can protect against lymphocyte DNA damage and to compare the effect of supplementationof capsules containing purified ${\beta}$-carotene or a placebo (simple lactose). The study was conducted in a randomized and placebo-controlled design. After a depletion period of 14 days, 48 smokers were supplemented with either carrot juice (n = 18), purified ${\beta}$-carotene (n = 16) or placebo (n = 14). Each group was supplemented for 8 weeks with approximately 20.49 mg of ${\beta}$-carotene/day and 1.2 mg of vitamin C/day, as carrot juice (300 ml/day) or purified ${\beta}$-carotene (20.49 mg of ${\beta}$-carotene, 1 capsule/day). Lymphocyte DNA damage was determined using the COMET assay under alkaline conditions and damage was quantified by measuring tail moment (TM), tail length (TL), and% DNA in the tail. Lymphocyte DNA damage was significantly decreased in the carrot juice group in all three measurements. The group that received purified ${\beta}$-carotene also showed a significant decrease in lymphocyte DNA damage in all three measurements. However, no significant changes in DNA damage was observed for the placebo group except TM (P = 0.016). Erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme was not significantly changed after supplementation. Similarly plasma lipid profiles were not different after carrot juice, ${\beta}$-carotene and placebo supplementation. These results suggest that while the placebo group failed to show any protective effect, carrot juice containing beta-carotene or purified ${\beta}$-carotene itself had great antioxidative potential in preventing damage to lymphocyte DNA in smokers.

Fermentation of Carrot Juice by Bifidobacterium (Bifidobacterium에 의한 당근발효)

  • Park, So-Young;Ko, Young-Tae;Lee, Joo-Yeon;Mok, Chul-Kyoon;Park, Jong-Hyun;Ji, Geun-Eog
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.571-575
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    • 1997
  • In the present study, characterization of fermented carrot juice by Bifidobacterium was performed. When inoculated at the level of $10^6\;CFU/mL$ with various Bifidobacterium strains, cell growth of B. longum, B. adolescentis and B. infantis reached more than $10^8\;CFU/mL$. On the other hand, B. bifidum strains reached less than $10^8\;CFU/mL$. Compared with carrot, grape juice did not allow the growth of Bifidobacterium, while peach juice and orange juice were as good as carrot for the growth of Bifidobacterium. On mixed culture with Lactobacillus, growth of Bifidobacterium decreased and cell death rate increased considerably. On panel test, Bifidobacterium cultured-carrot juice showed high score on sensory test than non-fermented carrot. Therefore, fermentation may lead to the quality improvement of carrot juice by combining health-promoting effect of Bifidobacterium and high nutrition value of carrot.

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Quality Characteristics of Care Food (Jelly) Prepared with Wild Carrot (Daucus carota L.) Juice (야생당근(Daucus carota L.) 주스를 첨가한 개호식품(젤리) 제조 및 품질 특성)

  • Kang, Hee-Sun;Kim, Min-Ju;Rho, Jeong-Ok;Choi, Hyong-Il;Han, Myung-Ryun;Myung, Jeung-Ho;Kim, Ae-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.337-349
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    • 2017
  • This study evaluated the quality characteristics of jelly prepared with different levels (0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25%) of wild carrot (WC, Daucus carota L.) juice as a care food for the elderly. The lightness, redness, yellowness, and delta (${\Delta}$) values of the jelly (Control, WCJ5, WCJ10, WCJ15, WCJ20, and WCJ25) decreased with increasing amounts of wild carrot juice added. The mechanical properties, such as hardness, springiness, chewiness, and gumminess, of the jelly were decreased with increasing amounts of wild carrot juice added. The total polyphenol and total flavonoid contents of the jelly increased with increasing amounts of wild carrot juice added. The DPPH radical scavenging activity ($IC_{50}$) also increased with increasing amounts of wild carrot juice added. The ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory effects of wild carrot (WC) and WCJ25 were 71% and 54.4%, respectively, compared to the positive control (acarbose). The lipase inhibitory effects of WC and WCJ25 were 44.2% and 14.4%, respectively, compared to the positive control group (orlistat). On the other hand, the sensory evaluation score was the best at WCJ20, which contained 20% wild carrot juice. In conclusion, WCJ20 or WCJ25 is expected to be a care food for the elderly with respect to texture as well as the antioxidant and enzymatic activity (${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory and lipase inhibitory activities).

Effects of Carrot on the Stability of Vitamin C in (Green-Yellow) Vegetable Juices (당근 첨가가 채소즙(녹즙)에서 비타민 C의 안정성에 미치는 영향)

  • 이선미;유리나;이숙희;박건영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.582-587
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    • 1997
  • The changes of ascorbic acid(AsA) and dehydroascorbic acid(DHAA) contents in distilled water, carrot juice, and carrot+vegetable juices under different incubation time and temperature were determined by using high performance liquid chromatography. AsA in carrot juice was more stable than that in distilled water. AsA contents in distilled water and carrot juice were gradually reduced in a time and temperature dependent manner. AsA contents in carrot juice and carrot+ vegetable juices stored in refrigerator(4$^{\circ}C$) for 2 and 24 hours appeared to decrease, but the DHAA contents in all samples increased. Total vitamin C(AsA+DHAA) contents in carrot juice and carrot +vegetable juices remained with the high residue values of 90~97% after incubating at 4$^{\circ}C$ for 2 and 24 hours.

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Effect of $\beta$-Carotene on Enzymatic Browning of Chlorogenic Acid and Tyrosine (베타-카로틴이 클로로젠산과 타이로신의 효소적 갈변화에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Kim, Mee-Jeong
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.70-73
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    • 2004
  • The browning rate of potato juice alone and potato juice with added carrot juice or water(1:1 by volume) were studied. As the amount of carrot juice added was increased, the browning rate proportionally decreased: from 1.86 of potato juice alone to 0.36 for the potato juice and carrot juice mixture(l:1). This inhibitory effect of carrot juice on browning led us to assume that $\beta$-carotene, the major constituent of carrot carotenoids, may be involved in impeding the browning reaction of potato juice. Therefore, model system of enzymatic browning, consisting of chi orogenic acid/tyrosine and $\beta$-carotene/carrot carotenoids, were studied. The results shows the browning rates of chlorogenic acid alone and chlorogenic acid with added $\beta$-carotene. The initial browning rate of chlorogenic acid was faster($\delta$L= 1.1/min.)than that of chlorogenic acid with added $\beta$-carotene($\delta$L=0.6/min.).

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The Change of Nitrites and Nitrates in Carrot Juice (당근즙(汁)중의 질산염(窒酸鹽) 및 아질산염(亞窒酸鹽)의 소장(消長)에 관한 연구)

  • Suh, Hong-Kyl
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 1979
  • The nitrite and nitrate levels of carrot juice at various temperature and periods were studied. The nitrite level of carrot juice at high temperature increased rapidly as the bacterial level increased. When carrot juice was held at $30^{\circ}C$, nitrite concentration began to decline after 14 hours, although there was no decrease in bacterial population, The nitrate level of carrot juice at high temperature decreased rapidly. The bacteria in carrot juice were supposed to reduce nitrates to nitrites, No increase in nitrite and no decrease in nitrate occured when bacterial growth was prevented by holding the juice at $5^{\circ}C$ or by adding potassium dehydroacetate.

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A Study on Physicochemical Properties and Digestive Ratio Measurement of Carrot Juice Adding Cooked Rice (당근즙 첨가 효반미의 성분 및 소화율 측정)

  • 오미향;김경자
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.547-553
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    • 2002
  • This study was attempted to enhance the contents of dietary fiber and minerals of cooked rice by adding four different levels of carrot juice in cooking water (0%:A. 10%:B. 20%:C. 30%:D). The degree of gelatinization and retrogradation, sensory evaluation. and in vitro digestion ratio were tested. These results concluded that the rice cooked with 10~20 % of carrot juice in cooking water was quite acceptable. the optimum cooking conditions fur the rice were one hour presoaking time, 160% cooking water to rice ratio. 20 minutes heating time and 10 minutes steamed cooking.

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Carrot Juice Administration Decreases Liver Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase 1 and Improves Docosahexaenoic Acid Levels, but Not Steatosis in High Fructose Diet-Fed Weanling Wistar Rats

  • Mahesh, Malleswarapu;Bharathi, Munugala;Reddy, Mooli Raja Gopal;Kumar, Manchiryala Sravan;Putcha, Uday Kumar;Vajreswari, Ayyalasomayajula;Jeyakumar, Shanmugam M.
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.171-180
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    • 2016
  • Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most prevalent liver diseases associated with an altered lifestyle, besides genetic factors. The control and management of NAFLD mostly depend on lifestyle modifications, due to the lack of a specific therapeutic approach. In this context, we assessed the effect of carrot juice on the development of high fructose-induced hepatic steatosis. For this purpose, male weanling Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups, fed either a control (Con) or high fructose (HFr) diet of AIN93G composition, with or without carrot juice (CJ) for 8 weeks. At the end of the experimental period, plasma biochemical markers, such as triglycerides, alanine aminotransferase, and ${\beta}$-hydroxy butyrate levels were comparable among the 4 groups. Although, the liver injury marker, aspartate aminotransferase, levels in plasma showed a reduction, hepatic triglycerides levels were not significantly reduced by carrot juice ingestion in the HFr diet-fed rats (HFr-CJ). On the other hand, the key triglyceride synthesis pathway enzyme, hepatic stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1), expression at mRNA level was augmented by carrot juice ingestion, while their protein levels showed a significant reduction, which corroborated with decreased monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), particularly palmitoleic (C16:1) and oleic (C18:1) acids. Notably, it also improved the long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; C22:6) content of the liver in HFr-CJ. In conclusion, carrot juice ingestion decreased the SCD1-mediated production of MUFA and improved DHA levels in liver, under high fructose diet-fed conditions. However, these changes did not significantly lower the hepatic triglyceride levels.