• 제목, 요약, 키워드: catechins

검색결과 180건 처리시간 0.039초

Bioavailability and Efficiency of Ten Catechins as an Antioxidant

  • Shi, John
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.327-331
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    • 2002
  • Tea is a pleasant, popular and safe beverage in the world. During the past decade, epidemiological studies have shown that tea catechins intake is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Tea provides a dietary source of health-promoting components to help humans reduce a wide variety of cancer risks and chronic diseases. The antioxidative activity of tea-derived catchins has been extensively studied. The antioxidant effect is a synergistic action between catechins e.g. EGCG, EGC, ECG, EC, pheophytins a and b, and other components in tea leaves, which aye more bioavailable for human body. Green tea has a Higher content of catechins than other kinds of tea. Green tea extract with hot water has high potential and more efficiency to reduce cancer risk than any other tea products or pure EGCG. Protein, iyon, and other food components may interfere with the bioavailability of ten catechins. Interaction of catechins with drug affects the cancer-preventive activity of some cancer-fighting medication. Further studies are required to determine the bioavailability of tea catechins and cancer-preventive functionality.

차엽카테킨의 김치발효 지연 및 관련 미생물의 증식억제 (Retardation of Kimchi Fermentation and Growth Inhibition of Related Microorganisms by Tea Catechins)

  • 위지향;박근형
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.1275-1280
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    • 1997
  • 차엽카테킨을 김치 천연보존제로서의 이용가능성을 검토하기 위하여 차엽에서 분말형태로 차엽카테킨을 조제하였다. 이 차엽카테킨을 김치산패에 관여하는 미생물인 St. feacalis, Leuc. mesenteroides, L. plantarum, L. brevis, P. cerevisiae와 Sachh. cerevisiae를 대상으로 항미생물 활성을 검정한 결과, Leuc. mesenteroides, L. plantarum, P. cerevisiae에 대해서는 2 mg/mL 첨가수준, St. faecalis는 4 mg/mL 첨가수준, L. brevis는 5 mg/mL 첨가수준에서부터 균의 생육이 억제되기 시작하였으나 Sacch. cerevisiae에 대한 생육억제효과는 낮았다. 차엽카테킨을 배추김치와 물김치에 첨가시기와 첨가수준을 달리하여 첨가하여 숙성중의 pH 및 산도의 변화를 측정한 결과, 두종의 김치 모두 2 mg/g 첨가수준 이상에서 pH저하와 산도증가가 억제되어, 김치의 천연보존제 및 산패억제제로서 차엽카테킨의 이용가능성이 시사되었다.

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Effects of Temperature, Illumination, and Sodium Ascorbate on Browning of Green Tea Infusion

  • Ye, Qian;Chen, Hao;Zhang, Lin Bin;Ye, Jian Hui;Lu, Jian Liang;Liang, Yue Rong
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.932-938
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    • 2009
  • Browning of tea infusion is an obstructive factor influencing shelf life of ready-to-drink green tea. Effects of temperature and illumination on the browning of green tea infusion were investigated. It was shown that both elevated temperature and illumination led to the browning of green tea infusion, but temperature had greater effect on infusion color and level of catechins than illumination. The levels of unoxidized catechins such as (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC), (-)-epicatechin gallate (ECg), (-)-epicatechin (EC), and total catechins remaining in the tea infusion were significantly correlated to color parameters of the tea infusion. Sodium ascorbate inhibited the infusion browning by suppressing the oxidation of tea catechins and it is considered to be a more suitable preservative for prolonging shelf life of ready-to-drink green tea than ascorbic acid because it has less effect on tea taste. The effects of temperature and illumination on the epimerization of catechins were also discussed.

Role of tea catechins in prevention of aging and age-related disorders

  • Khanna, Arjun;Maurya, Pawan Kumar
    • 셀메드
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.2.1-2.11
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    • 2012
  • Tea polyphenols especially catechins have long been studied for their antioxidant and radical scavenging properties. Scientists throughout the world have investigated the usefulness of the regular green tea consumption in several disease conditions. In-vitro and in-vivo experiments on catechins especially epigallocatechingallate have revealed a significant role in many ways. Reactive oxygen species have been increasingly implicated in the pathogenesis of many diseases and important biological processes. Toxic effects of these oxidants, commonly referred to as oxidative stress, can cause cellular damage by oxidizing nucleic acids, proteins, and membrane lipids. Oxidative stress has been related to aging and age related disorders. It is found that in a wide variety of pathological processes, including cancer, atherosclerosis, neurological degeneration, Alzheimer's disease, ageing and autoimmune disorders, oxidative stress has its implications. Catechins have been reported to be useful in combating aging and age related disorders like cancer, cardiovascular disorders and neurodegenerative diseases. In this mini review we will discuss such studies done across the globe.

Scavenging Effects of Tea Catechins on Superoxide and Hydroxy Radical

  • Park, Jaeil;Chen, Liuji;Yang, Xianqiang;Shen, Shengrong;Wang, Yuefei;Ho, Ryu-Beung
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.75-79
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    • 2002
  • Tea catechins, the most important compounds in tea polyphenols, can efficiently scavenge superoxide anion free-radical ($O_2$.), hydroxyl radical. (.OH) The mechanism of scavenging active oxygen free radicals was investigated by ESR spin trapping technique and Chemiluminescence. Results showed that various tea catechins constitute an antioxidant cycle in accordance with the decreasing order of the first reductive potential, and produce the effect of cooperative strength each other. Esterificated catechins could scavenge active oxygen free radicals more effectively than the non-esterificated ones. When.OH and $O_2$.- were scavenged by (-)-epigallocatechin gallate [(-)- EGCG], the stoichiometric factors were 6, and the rate constants of scavenging reaction reached $7.71{\times}10^6$ and $3.52{\times}10^{11}$ L $mmol^{-1}s^{-1}$, respectively. In the mean time, tea catechins could scavenge superoxide anion fiee radical ($O_2$-.) and hydroxyl radical (.OH) in a dose dependent manner. But at higher concentration or pH value, tea catechins can induce the prooxidant.

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Effect of Catechins, Green tea Extract and Methylxanthines in Combination with Gentamicin Against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa - Combination therapy against resistant bacteria -

  • Bazzaz, Bibi Sedigheh Fazly;Sarabandi, Sahar;Khameneh, Bahman;Hosseinzadeh, Hossein
    • 대한약침학회지
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.312-318
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: Bacterial resistant infections have become a global health challenge and threaten the society's health. Thus, an urgent need exists to find ways to combat resistant pathogens. One promising approach to overcoming bacterial resistance is the use of herbal products. Green tea catechins, the major green tea polyphenols, show antimicrobial activity against resistant pathogens. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of catechins, green tea extract, and methylxanthines in combination with gentamicin against standard and clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and the standard strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa). Methods: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) values of different agents against bacterial strains were determined. The interactions of green tea extract, epigallate catechin, epigallocatechin gallate, two types of methylxanthine, caffeine, and theophylline with gentamicin were studied in vitro by using a checkerboard method and calculating the fraction inhibitory concentration index (FICI). Results: The MICs of gentamicin against bacterial strains were in the range of $0.312-320{\mu}g/mL$. The MIC values of both types of catechins were $62.5-250{\mu}g/mL$. Green tea extract showed insufficient antibacterial activity when used alone. Methylxanthines had no intrinsic inhibitory activity against any of the bacterial strains tested. When green tea extract and catechins were combined with gentamicin, the MIC values of gentamicin against the standard strains and a clinical isolate were reduced, and synergistic activities were observed (FICI < 1). A combination of caffeine with gentamicin did not alter the MIC values of gentamicin. Conclusion: The results of the present study revealed that green tea extract and catechins potentiated the antimicrobial action of gentamicin against some clinical isolates of S. aureus and standard P. aeruginosa strains. Therefore, combinations of gentamicin with these natural compounds might be a promising approach to combat microbial resistance.

녹차 염색 견포의 카테킨 함량 및 색상변화 (Catechins Content and Color Values of Silk Fabrics Dyed with Korean Green Tea Extracts)

  • 손지현;이명선;천태일
    • 한국염색가공학회지
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.10-19
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    • 2006
  • Despite several recent attempts to measure the concentration of individual catechins by HPLC, it has not been so easy to separate catechins accurately. The aim of the present work is to provide a proper condition for separating each component of catechins by HPLC analysis, and also to evaluate the experimental variables including color differences, and metal ion contents after dyeing and mordanting. Four kinds of Catechins, (-)-epicatechin(EC), (-)-epicatechin gallate(ECG), (-)-epigallocatechin(EgC), (-)-epigallocatechin gllate(EgCG) were isolated from the residues after dyeing. Catechins in Korean green tea leaves are richer when e tea leaves are younger. Higher concentration of catechins owes it to e way it is processed. The contents of catechins adsorbed in silk fabrics after dyeing were in order of EGCG>ECG>EGC>EC. We have found $68\%$ uptake of EGCG, and 116.8mg of EGCG in the silk fabrics after it was dyed with $1\%$ Korean green tea extracts. The absorbance intensity and K/S values of dyed silk fabrics were increased with dyeing temperature and time. Only the surface color of the silk fabric dyed with green tea extracts was yellowish red, but it changed from yellowish red to red with an increase in the mordant concentration. Post-mordanted silk fabrics with ferrous sulfate changed from yellowish red to red and purple color shade. In a practical evaluation, there is no significant change in color after twenty times of the continuous dry cleaning process. However, post-mordanted fabrics with ferrous sulfate faded the brightness of color after dry cleaning. Dyeing silk fabrics with a Korean tea extract reduced the metal ion contents in the silk fabrics when compared to the untreated silk fabrics. Metal contents in silk fabrics dyed and post-mordanted with $1\%$ each metal solution were 0.194 ppm for Aluminum, 1.601ppm for Copper, and 0.334 ppm for Iron. After the post-mordanting process, the heavy metal ion absorption increased, which was mainly attributed to the catechins and polyphenols in dyed silk fabrics.

사람 섬유아세포에서 녹차 카테킨이 노화 인자인 MMP와 type 1 Procollagen 발현에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Green Tea Catechins on the Expression and Activity of MMPs and Type I Procollagen Synthesis in Human Dermal Fibroblasts)

  • 신현정;김수남;김정기;이병곤;장이섭
    • 대한화장품학회지
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 2006
  • collagen을 분해하여 광노화 과정에 매우 중요한 역할을 하는 것으로 알려져 있는 Matrix metallo proteinases (MMP)의 활성 및 저해 인자에 대해서는 지금까지 많은 연구가 진행되어 왔지만, 녹차 카테킨의 영향에 대한 연구는 epigallocatechin-3 gallate (EGCG) 이외에는 별로 알려진 것이 없다. 본 연구에서는 카테킨이 사람 섬유아세포에서의 MMP-1의 발현과 MMP-2의 활성 및 type I procollagen 생성에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 또한, 녹차의 대표적인 카테킨인 EGCG를 포함하여 자연적으로 존재하는 여덟개의 카테킨을 모두 사용하여 각각의 활성을 비교하였다. 그 결과, UVA에 의해서 사람 섬유아세포에서 발현되는 MMP-1에 대해 단백질의 양적인 변화는 EGCG 및 gallocatechin-3-gallate (GCG)에서 최대 57.4, 62.8% 감소되었으며, MMP-2의 활성 역시 감소되었다. 반면에, type I procollagen에 대해서는 생성 촉진능을 보였는데, 흥미롭게도 $1{\mu}M$ 이하의 저농도에서만 효능을 나타내었다. 또한 EGCG, GCG, epicatechin-gallate (ECG) 세가지 카테킨이 0.5:1.5:1.3의 비율로 조합된 경우, procollagen 합성에 가장 높은 효과를 나타내었다. 이러한 실험 결과를 통해 녹차 카테킨은 항산화능 뿐만이 아니라 자외선에 의한 MMP의 발현과 활성을 조절함으로써 콜라겐 분해를 억제함과 동시에 콜라겐 생합성을 촉진하는 것이 가능함을 확인하였다. 따라서 녹차 카테킨은 광노화의 억제 및 피부 노화 개선에 훌륭한 천연 소재로서 응용 가능할 것으로 보인다.

Effect of Purified Green Tea Catechins on Cytosolic Phospholipase $A_2$ and Arachidonic Acid Release in Human Gastrointestinal Cancer Cell Lines

  • Hong, Jung-Il;Yang, Chung-S.
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.799-804
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    • 2006
  • Ingestion of green tea has been shown to decrease prostaglandin $E_2$ levels in human colorectum, suggesting that tea constituents modulate arachidonic acid metabolism. In the present study, we investigated the effects of four purified green tea catechins, (-)-epicatechin (EC), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC), (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), and (-)-epicatechin-3-gallate (ECG), on the catalytic activity of cytosolic phospholipase $A_2$ ($cPLA_2$) and release of arachidonic acid and its metabolites from intact cells. At $50\;{\mu}M$, EGCG and ECG inhibited $cPLA_2$ activity by 19 and 37%, respectively, whereas EC and EGC were less effective. The inhibitory effects of these catechins on arachidonic acid metabolism in intact cells were much more pronounced. At $10\;{\mu}M$, EGCG and ECG inhibited the release of arachidonic acid and its metabolites by 50-70% in human colon adenocarcinoma cells (HT-29) and human esophageal squamous carcinoma cells (KYSE-190 and 450). EGCG and ECG also inhibited arachidonic acid release induced by A23187, a calcium ionophore, in both HT-29 and KYSE-450 cell lines by 30-50%. The inhibitory effects of green tea catechins on $cPLA_2$ and arachidonic acid release may provide a possible mechanism for the prevention of human gastrointestinal inflammation and cancers.

한국산 야부끼다종 차엽으로 만든 홍차 제조과정 중의 catechins, theaflavins, alkaloids 함량 변화에 관한 연구 (Changes in the Composition of Catechins, Theaflavins and Alkaloids in Leaves from Korean Yabukida Tea Plant During Processing to Fermented Black Tea)

  • 최석현
    • 한국식생활문화학회지
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.308-314
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    • 2009
  • In this study, we examined the composition of catechins, theaflavins and alkaloids in leaves during processing to fermented black tea, which is produced by withering, roll breaking, and fermentation of Korean Yabukida tea plant. In addition, we determined the optimal conditions for the production of fermented black tea. The average moisture content in fresh leaves was 70.85%, which dropped to 3.07% in fermented black tea at the last stage of production. When the leaves were analyzed by HPLC, seven types of catechins, four types of theaflavins and three types of alkaloids were identified. The levels of catechins, theaflavins, and alkaloids were then evaluated after being processed into fermented tea. From these experiments, we found that the level of theaflavins, which determines the property of the tea, increased during fermentation. This effect resulted from the change in EGCG, ECG, EGC, EC during the process of fermentation. We also found that the maximal amount of theaflavins was created after 1-2 hours of fermentation. Thus, our results imply that the best condition for producing fermented black tea would be to ferment for 1-2 hours.