• Title, Summary, Keyword: catechins

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Transfected HepG2 Cells for Evaluation of Catechin Effects on Alcohol-Induced CYP2E1 Cytotoxicity

  • LEE YOO-HYUN;HO JIN-NYOUNG;DONG MI-SOOK;PARK CHANG-HWAN;KIM HYE-KYUNG;HONG BUMSHIK;SHIN DONG-HOON;CHO HONG-YON
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.1310-1316
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    • 2005
  • To evaluate the toxicological properties of human cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) induced by ethanol and possible protective effects of various green tea catechins on alcohol-induced toxicity, transfected HepG2 cells that stably and constitutively express human CYP2E1 were established using the recombinant retroviral expression vector. Exposure of the CYP2E1-expressing HepG2 cells to high concentration of ethanol (200 mM) for 5 days resulted in a more than $50\%$ increase of cytotoxicity, assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) reduction, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and loss of normal morphology, in comparison with HepG2 cells containing control vector. Treatment of the cells with various catechins increased cell viability by more than 2-fold. (-)-Epicatechin gallate and(-)-catechin gallate at the lowest concentration ($5\;{\mu}M$) attenuated cell death induced CYP2E1 by $60-65\%$. Therefore, the results showed that the catechins, including epimerized catechins, have strong protective effects against alcohol-induced CYP2E1 toxicity, and it is correlated with antioxidant effect.

The Antithrombotic Effects of Green Tea Catechins (녹차 카테킨류의 항혈전 효과)

  • 윤여표;강원식;이미애
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 1996
  • Green tea catechins(GTC) were studied for its inhibitory effect on human platelet aggregation in vitro, for its antithrombotic effect in mice in viro, and bleeding and clotting time in rats. The catechins were isolated and purified from green tea, which were composed of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate, (-)-epigallocatechin, (-)epicatechin gallate and (-)-epicatechin, GTC produced a potent inhibition of human platelet aggregation in a dose-dependent manner against the stimulants such as ADP, collagen, epinephrine and ristocetin n vitro. GTC also prevented death due to the formation of pulmonary thrombosis by platelet aggregates in mice in a dose-de-pendent manner in viro. GTC increased the bleeding time, whole blood clotting time and plasma clotting time in rats, too. These results suggest that GTC is a promising antithrombotic agent.

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Effects of Catechins and Wheat Bran on the Beef Color in the Late Fattening Period of Hanwoo Steers

  • Kim, Do-Hyung;Oh, Young-Kyoon;Jang, Sun-Sik;Kwon, Eung-Gi;Seo, Yong-Joo;Ok, Ji-Un;Park, Keun-Kyu;Lee, Sung-Sill;Kim, Kyoung-Hoon
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.832-838
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of catechins and wheat bran on growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat color using forty-eight Hanwoo steers. Each steer was randomly assigned to one of four treatments. Treatments were as follows: control, catechins, wheat bran, and catechins+wheat bran (CW). At the end of the feeding trial, blood samples were collected for analysis of hemoglobin and iron concentration, and then steers were slaughtered at a commercial abattoir. Catechins, wheat bran, and CW had no effect on growth performance and carcass characteristics. Percentage of myoglobin in M. longissimus dorsi was not affected by treatments. Percentage of oxymyoglobin was increased (p<0.05) by CW and maintained at the highest level (p<0.05) for CW during meat display time up to 24 h. Percentage of metmyoglobin was the lowest (p<0.05) for CW between 5 and 24 h during display time. Although blood iron concentration was not affected by treatments, total concentration of muscle iron was the lowest (p<0.05) for CW compared with that of other treatments. Therefore, the results of the present study suggest that CW may provide good protection against oxidation of myoglobin, and might be an effective dietary supplement for improving meat color in the late fattening period of Hanwoo steers.

GREEN TEA AND ITS CATECHINS AS DIETARY AND PHARMACOLOGICAL MEANS OF LOWERING CHOLESTEROL ABSORPTION

  • Koo Sung I;Noh Sang K.;Loest Helena B;Wang Shu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition Conference
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    • pp.74-87
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    • 2001
  • Evidence shows that the serum level of cholesterol (CH) is decreased with increasing green tea (GT) consumption. This presentation summarizes our recent findings on the effect of GT extract on intestinal absorption of [$^{14}C$-labeled CH and phosphatidylcholine (PC). Ovariectomized (OX) adult rats were infused intraduodenally with lipid emulsions containing radiolabeled lipids [$^{14}C$-CH or $^{14}C$-phosphatidylcholine (PC)] in the presence of GT extract or catechins to determine the rates and amounts of CH absorption and the intestinal hydrolysis and lymphatic output of PC. During lipid infusion, lymph was collected hourly for 8 h. The lymphatic absorption of $^14C$-CH was drastically lowered by infusion of GT extract at two dosage levels (GTl =5.4 mg catechins/h and GT2 = 15.1mg catechins/h). The cumulative lymphatic absorptions of $^{14}C$-CH in rats infused with GT1 and GT2 were 20.7$\pm$4.3 and $4.8{\pm}4.1{\%}$ dose, respectively, whereas the absorption of $^{14}C$-CH in rats infused with no GT extract (GT0) was $36.3{\pm}1.1{\%}$ dose. GT extracts also significantly lowered the absorption of-tocopherol (TP) in a dose dependent manner ($29.6{\pm}4.9{\%}$ dose in GT0, $20.8{\pm}5.8{\%}$ dose in GTl, and $7.9{\pm}5.4{\%}$ dose in GT2 groups). Both (+)-catechin and EGCG significantly lowered the lymphatic outputs of $^{14}C$-radioactivity after intraduodenal $^{14}C$-PC infusion. A significantly higher amount of $^{14}C$-PC remained unhydrolyzed in the intestinal lumen of the EGCG rats ($22.8{\%}$) compared with the (+)-catechin ($15.8\%$) and control groups ($11.9\%$). GT extracts, (+)-catechin, and EGCG significantly reduced the absorption of TP. The inhibitory effect of GT extract and catechins on lipid absorption may be mediated in part through the inhibition of pancreatic PLAz. The findings provide the first direct evidence that green tea and catechins have a profound inhibitory effect on the intestinal absorption of CH in OX rats. Results suggest that green tea and catechins may be used as a dietary or pharmacological means of lowering cholesterol absorption.

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Optimal HPLC Condition for Simultaneous Determination of Catechins and Caffeine in Green Tea Extracts (녹차 함유 카테친 및 카페인 동시분석을 위한 최적 HPLC 분석 조건)

  • Choung, Myoung-Gun;Lee, Min-Seuk
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.224-232
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    • 2008
  • The health benefits associated with tea consumption have resulted in the wide inclusion of green tea extracts in botanical dietary supplements, which are widely consumed as adjuvants for complementary and alternative medicines. Tea contains polyphenols such as catechins or flavan-3-ols including (-)-epicatechin (EC), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC), (-)-epicatechin gallate (ECG), and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), as well as the alkaloid, caffeine. The contents of catechins and caffeine in green tea are considered as a standard of quality evaluation of green tea. Therefor, the purpose of this study was to investigate the most suitable HPLC condition for simultaneous determination of catechins and caffeine in green tea extracts. The efficient HPLC analytical condition of catechins and caffeine contained green tea extracts was developed. The gradient elution employed a $250\;mm\;{\times}\;4.6\;mm$ i.d. YMC-pak ODS-AM 303 column. The gradient system was used two mobile phases. A gradient elution was performed with mobile phase A, consisting of 0.1% aqueous phosphoric acid, and mobile phase B, comprising 100% MeOH, and delivered at a flow rate of 1 mL/min as follows: $0{\sim}25\;min$, 80% A; $26{\sim}50\;min$, $80{\sim}70%$ A; 51 min, 80% A. $51{\sim}55\;min$, 80% A. The UV detection wavelength was set at 280 nm. The limit of detection (LOD) for catechins and caffeine standards were under 50 ng/mL.

HPLC analysis of Catechins in The Residues After Dyeing Silk Fabrics with Korean Green Tea Extracts (녹차 염색 견포의 카테킨 함량 분석)

  • Son, Ji-Hyeon;Cheon, Tae-Il
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers Conference
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    • pp.296-301
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    • 2004
  • We focused our research interests on the characteristic of silk fabrics dyed with green tea extracts and, moreover, revealed the catechin content of silk fabrics after dyeing with Korean tea extract by measuring the residues. Three kinds of green tea samples were taken between April and May, 2003, from Bosung(southern province in South Korea), in different terms as the first corp, the second corp, and the third corp. Before and after dyeing the silk fabrics with these extracts, catechins in the residue were analyzed by HPLC. Four kinds of Catechins, such as (-)-epicatechin(EC), (-)-epicatechin gallate(ECG), (-)-epigallocatechin (EgC), (-)-epigallocatechin gallate(EgCG) were isolated from Korean green tea extracts. Catechine contents in Korean green tea leaves depend on the making process such as heating and steaming, and the younger the richer. The absorbed catechins in sillk fabrics after dyeing followed in a decreasing order of EgCG>EgC>ECG>EC. We have found a 68% uptake of EgCG, and 116.8mg/g of EgCG in the silk fabrics after dyeing with 1% Korean green tea extracts.

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Functional Dyeing and Finishing using Catechins Extracted from Green Tea(I) - Extraction Optimization, Stability, and Content Analysis of Catechins - (녹차추출 카테킨을 활용한 기능성 염색가공(I) - 카테킨의 추출 최적화와 안정성 및 함량 분석 -)

  • Kim, Tae-Kyeong;Son, Song-I;Jung, Jong-Suc;Jang, Kyung-Jin;Kwon, Oh-Kyung;Choi, Young-Hee;Jeong, Young-Han
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2008
  • The optimum extraction conditions of green tea used for a bath were investigated for application to textiles. The stability of the extracts and content of active ingredients were analyzed as well. The extraction was more effective in water and methanol than in ethanol. The optimum extraction temperature was determined as $80^{\circ}C$ in water and $60^{\circ}C$ in methanol. The solid extracts were obtained about 7% in water and 9% in methanol on the weight of dry green tea. The extracts were more stable in acid and neutral conditions than in alkaline region. From the analysis of contents of active ingredients, about 20% of effective catechins was appeared to be contained in the extract solid, which was thought to be available for application to textiles.

Green tea and type 2 diabetes

  • Park, Jae-Hyung;Bae, Jae-Hoon;Im, Sung-Soon;Song, Dae-Kyu
    • Integrative Medicine Research
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.4-10
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    • 2014
  • Green tea and coffee consumption have been widely popular worldwide. These beverages contain caffeine to activate the central nervous system by adenosine receptor blockade, and due to the caffeine, addiction or tolerance may occur. In addition to this caffeine effect, green tea and coffee consumption have always been at the center of discussions about human health, disease, and longevity. In particular, green tea catechins are involved in many biological activities such as antioxidation and modulation of various cellular lipid and proteins. Thus, they are beneficial against degenerative diseases, including obesity, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and various inflammatory diseases. Some reports also suggest that daily consumption of tea catechins may help in controlling type 2 diabetes. However, other studies have reported that chronic consumption of green tea may result in hepatic failure, neuronal damage, and exacerbation of diabetes, suggesting that interindividual variations in the green tea effect are large. This review will focus on the effect of green tea catechins extracted from the Camellia sinensis plant on type 2 diabetes and obesity, and the possible mechanistic explanation for the experimental results mainly from our laboratory. It is hoped that green tea can be consumed in a suitable manner as a supplement to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes and obesity.

Effect of pH on the Stability of Green tea Catechins (녹차 카테킨류의 pH에 대한 안정성 연구)

  • 박영현;원은경;손동주
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.117-123
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    • 2002
  • The five main green tea catechin components such as (+)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin, (-)-epigallocatechin, (-)-epicatechin gallate, and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate were analyzed quantitatively from commercial green tea by HPLC. Amounts of catechins decreased in the following order : (+)-catechin > (-)-epigallocatechin gallate >(-)-epigallocatechin >(-)-epicatechin >(-)-epicatechin gallate. In this study, the stability of the following green tea catechins to pH in the range from 3 to 11 was studied using of ultraviolet spectroscopy : (+)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin, (-)-epicatechin gallate, and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate. This study demonstrated that green tea catechins were not stable at high pH and that the pH-, and time-dependent spectral alternatives were not reversible In conclusion, low pH is important to maintain the efficient utilization of green tea catechins.

Inhibitin of Xanthine Oxidase by Tea Extracts from Green Tea, Oolong Tea and Black Tea (녹차, 오룡차 및 홍차 추출물의 Xanthine Oxidase 억제작용)

  • 김선봉;여생규;박영범;김인수;박영호
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.154-159
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    • 1995
  • Inhibition of xanthine oxidase by tea extracts obtained from non-fermented tea(steamed green tea and roasted green tea), semi-fermented tea(oolong tea) and fermented tea(black tea) were investigated. The crude catechin fraciton had a hgher inhibitory effect against xanthine oxidase, and the effect was increased with the addition of tea extracts. Their inhibitory effect were hardly influenced until extracted three times with hot water. According to the investigation of catechins in the crude catechin fraction obtained from tea extracts, (-)-epicatechin-(EC), (-)-epicatechin gallate(ECg). (-)-epigallocatechin(EGC) and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate(EGCg) were 80.1$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg 113.5$\mu\textrm{g}$ /mg, 186.3$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg and 367.7$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg in steamed green tea, and 75.6$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg, 114.7$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg, 193.7 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mg and 381.9$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg in roasted green tea, and 69.4$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg, 110.0$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg, 127.1$\mu\textrm{g}$.mg and 464.9$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg in oolong tea, and 78.1$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg, 171.8$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg, 80.7$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg and 51.4$\mu\textrm{g}$/mg in black tea, respectively. Order of the content of these catechins was (-)-EGCg>(-)-EGC>(-)-ECg>(-)-EC in steamed green tea, roasted green tea and oolong tea, and was (-)-ECg>(-)-EGC>(-)-EC>(-)-EGCg in black tea. Also the concentration of catechins was hardly influeced until extracted three times. The inhibition ratio of xanthine oxidase by autherntic catechins was hardly influenced until extracted three times. The inhibition ratio of xanthine oxidase by authentic catechins was 94.9% and 87.6% by addition of 5.0$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml of (-)-EGCg and (-)-ECg, respectively. the inhibitors of xanthine oxidase were supposed to be due to (-)-ECg and (-)-EGCg in tea polyphenol compounds.

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