• Title, Summary, Keyword: cattle

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Analysis of Microsatellite DNA Polymorphisms in Five China Native Cattle Breeds and Application to Population Genetics Studies

  • Jin, Hai-Guo;Zhao, Yu-Min;Zhou, Guo-li
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.1696-1700
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    • 2005
  • Five China native cattle breeds have been characterized by using 10 microsatellite DNA markers. The studied populations can be divided into five groups: Luxi cattle, Nanyang cattle, Jinnan cattle, Qinchuan cattle and Yanbian cattle. Allele frequencies were calculated and used for the characterization of the breeds and the study of their genetic relationships. Heterozygosity, polymorphism information content, the effective number of alleles was calculated. Nei' standard genetic distance (1978) was calculated and used for a neighbor-joining tree construction. NJ tree showed that Luxi cattle, Nanyang cattle, Jinnan cattle and Qinchuan cattle are closely related, whereas Yanbian cattle are clearly distinct from other four populations. The genetic relationship of five breeds corresponds to their history and geographic origins. This work analyzes the recent origin of these populations and contributes to the knowledge and genetic characterization of China native breeds.

Seroprevalence of specific Brucella infection of cattle in Bangladesh Agricultural University Veterinary Clinics and its surrounding areas

  • Rahman, Md. Siddiqur;Alam, Nur;Rahman, A.K.M. Anisur;Huque, A.K.M. Fazlul;Ahasan, Md. Shamim;Song, Hee-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2009
  • A cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in cattle in Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU) Veterinary Clinics, in BAU Dairy Farm and Vabokhali from June 2008 to November 2008. A total of 200 serum samples were collected from BAU Veterinary Clinic, from BAU Dairy Farm and Vabokhali. Among the serum samples 143 sera samples were collected from BAU Veterinary Clinic, 42 serum samples from BAU Dairy Farm and 15 serum samples from Vabokhali. Sera were separated from blood samples and tested with specific Brucella abortus antigen (BAA) test and B. melitensis antigen (BMA) test. The overall seroprevalence of brucellosis in cattle was 5% in BAA and 0.5% in BMA. It was observed that, a significant higher prevalence of B. abortus was found in female than male. An insignificant higher prevalence of brucellosis was found in adult cattle (aged above 5 years), in cross breed cattle, in cattle with grazing, cattle breed by natural breeding, and in pregnant cows. Although insignificant but a higher prevalence of brucellosis was found in aged cattle than young cattle, cross bred cattle, pregnant cattle than non pregnant cattle, cattle with grazing. A higher prevalence of brucellosis was found in female cattle than male.

Historical Look at the Genetic Improvement in Korean Cattle - Review -

  • Kim, J.B.;Lee, C.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.1467-1481
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    • 2000
  • The Korean cattle industry is important to farming households, the national economy, and the security of foodstuffs in Korea. Since Korean cattle have had inferior ability to produce meat, the Korean cattle industry aimed to improve the meat production ability and to increase numbers to meet the demand from the growing beef cattle market in Korea. This paper reviews the history of the Korean cattle industry and surveys the efforts devoted to improve genetic abilities of the Korean cattle. Discussed are current situations of the Korean cattle industry, projects related to improvement of Korean cattle, Korean cattle's genetic characteristics of economic traits, and some issues to deal with.

The latent period and anti-epidemic measure of bovine brucellosis (소 부루세라병 잠복기간과 방역대책;-제주도 소 부루세라병 근절대책을 중심으로-)

  • 김종성
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1997
  • The 37,000 holstein which had been raised in Jeju island were examined for the purpose of brucellosis detection and so on. We investigated the relationship between the farms showing positive outbreak and the number of examination, incubation period, and the outbreak rate of positive cattle. We endeavored to separate germs from brucellosis positive cattles blood and negative bulls semen against brucellosis serum test and concluded as follows. We intend to offer you institutional supplements and preventions of brucellosis for the future. 1. Outbreak of brucellosis could not lead the outbreak rate of positive cattle to decrease through 1-2 examination per year, For the past 4 years, the outbreak rate of brucellosis positive cattle had a tendency to show a gradual decrease through at least 5 examinations per year. 2. As we examined live-in cattle with positive cattle in mass outbreak farms for 9 months, we found out positive cattle every month. In a grazing land, the group of cattle producd enormous positive cattle in 9-12 months. 3. Annual brucellosis positive outbreak rate was 20-25% among live-in cattle with brucellosis positive cattle, but the rate might be 50-100% depending on extent of pollution. 4. 94's brucellosis examination showed that 200 positive cattle of 71,153 cattle and most of them were live-in cattle with confirmed brucellosis positive cattle. 5. 1 head of 200 positive cattle showed positivity against serum of bulls test and the rate of bulls was about 1%. 6. Brucellosis germ was separated from 2 cattle's semen among 52 negative bulls against brucellosis serum test and there was the one brucellosis positive cattle against tube agglutination of semen test, so the positive rate of brucellosis was 5.8%. 7. Brucellosis germ was not separated from 15 brucellosis positive cattle's blood.

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Seroprevalence of paratuberculosis of dairy cattle and Korean cattle in Eastern-Gyeongbuk area (경북 동부지역 젖소 및 한우의 요네병 감염실태 조사)

  • Lee, Seon-Mi;Kim, Mee-Sug;Jang, Young-Sul;Chon, Ryoung-Hoon;Park, No-Chan
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.171-176
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    • 2009
  • Johne's disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease of cattle, sheep, goats and other ruminants, and Mycobacterium paratuberculosis is the etiologic agent of this disease. Many studies have been carried out on paratuberculosis from daily cattle and Korean native cattle in multiple areas around nation, but there is no report in Eastern-Gyeongbuk area. The purpose of this study is to investigate the seroprevalence of bovine paratuberculosis in Eastern-Gyeongbuk area. From July to December in 2007, blood samples were collected from 363 dairy cattle of 27 farms and 281 Korean cattle of 114 farms and the ELISA was conducted. 25 (6.9%) dairy cattle of 6 (22%) farms and 19 (6.8%) Korean cattle of 8 (7.0%) farms were positive in ELISA. In regional analysis, 25 (8.3%) out of 300 dairy cattle in Gyeungju were positive and Pohang were negative in this research. 12 (16.4%) out of 73 Korean cattle in Gyeungju and 7 (9.6%) out of 73 Korean cattle in Uljin were positive. Pohang and Youngdeok of Korean cattle were negative in this research. According to raising scale of dairy cattle, 4 (66.7%) farms out of 6 farms were raising 30 below and 2 (33.3%) farms out of were raising 30$\sim$70. And there were negative raising scale more than 70. In Korean cattle, 6 (75%) farms out of 8 were raising below 10 and 2 (25%) farms were raising 10$\sim$30. And there were negative raising scale more than 30. The rate of seropositive of paratuberculosis dairy cattle and Korean cattle were similar and the positive rate of Eastern-Gyeongbuk area is reported lower than that of any other region.

The Impact of Crossbred Cattle (Red Sindhi×Yellow Local) on Smallholder Households in the Mountainous and Lowland Zones of Quang Ngai, Vietnam

  • Phung, L.D.;Koops, W.J.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.1390-1396
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    • 2003
  • This research investigates the use of crossbreed cattle (Red Sindhi${\times}$Yellow Local cattle) at household level in the lowland and mountainous zones in Quang Ngai province, Vietnam. The internal and external inputs and outputs of mixed farming systems were analysed to quantify the productivity and efficiency of the use of the crossbred and yellow local cattle. In the mountainous zone, households with crossbred cattle had a lower crop and farm efficiency rate than households without crossbred cattle, but in terms of crop, livestock and farm productivity they did not differ. In the lowland zone, households with crossbred cattle had a higher crop, livestock and farm productivity and crop efficiency rate than households without crossbred cattle, but did not differ in terms of farm efficiency rate. The lowland zone had higher off-farm income, crop and household productivity, but lower livestock productivity, livestock and farm efficiency rate than the mountainous zone. Households with crossbred cattle had lower off-farm income than households without crossbred cattle. The results suggest that interactions between zone and kind of household occur at the households and show that the yellow local cattle is a better breed in the mountainous zone and more or less comparable with crossbred cattle in the lowland zone. The extrapolation of the use of crossbred cattle should be carefully considered in line with feeding practice and management.

Prevalence for persistently infected cattle with bovine viral diarrhea virus in Korea (국내 한우의 소바이러스성 설사 바이러스 지속감염우에 대한 실태 조사)

  • Cho, Jong-Suk;Kim, Gyung-Dong;Park, Hong-Je;Lim, Yeoun-Su;Hong, Sung-Hee;Seo, Chang-Won;Ryu, Hee-Jeong;Sin, Ryeong-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2013
  • Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is very important disease in domestic and wild ruminants and has a world wide distribution. Cattle persistently infected with BVDV (BVDV-PI) are the primary reservoir for BVDV infection in Korean native cattle herds. The prevalence of cattle persistently infected with BVDV (BVD-PI) was determined using 4,260 heads from 29 Korean native cattle farms at 8 districts from 2011 to 2012. The sera and ear nothches were collected for each sample. We surveyed BVD-PI cattle using antibody ELISA and antigen capture ELISA for detection of antibody and antigen respectively. Three thousand seventy-six cattle (72.2%) were positive for BVDV antibody and a total of 27 BVD-PI cattle were found in 12 farms. 11 cattle (40.7%) out of the total 27 BVDV-PI cattle were six months old or under. The positive rate of BVDV antibody (83.2%) from 12 farms with BVD-PI cattle was higher than the positive rate of BVDV antibody (63.6%) from 17 farms without BVD-PI cattle.

Genomic diversity and admixture patterns among six Chinese indigenous cattle breeds in Yunnan

  • Li, Rong;Li, Chunqing;Chen, Hongyu;Liu, Xuehong;Xiao, Heng;Chen, Shanyuan
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.8
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    • pp.1069-1076
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    • 2019
  • Objective: Yunnan is not only a frontier zone that connects China with South and Southeast Asia, but also represents an admixture zone between taurine (Bos taurus) and zebu (Bos indicus) cattle. The purpose of this study is to understand the level of genomic diversity and the extent of admixture in each Yunnan native cattle breed. Methods: All 120 individuals were genotyped using Illumina BovineHD BeadChip (777,962 single nucleotide polymorphisms [SNPs]). Quality control and genomic diversity indexes were calculated using PLINK software. The principal component analysis (PCA) was assessed using SMARTPCA program implemented in EIGENSOFT software. The ADMIXTURE software was used to reveal admixture patterns among breeds. Results: A total of 604,630 SNPs was obtained after quality control procedures. Among six breeds, the highest level of mean heterozygosity was found in Zhaotong cattle from Northeastern Yunnan, whereas the lowest level of heterozygosity was detected in Dehong humped cattle from Western Yunnan. The PCA based on a pruned dataset of 233,788 SNPs clearly separated Dehong humped cattle (supposed to be a pure zebu breed) from other five breeds. The admixture analysis further revealed two clusters (K = 2 with the lowest cross validation error), corresponding to taurine and zebu cattle lineages. All six breeds except for Dehong humped cattle showed different degrees of admixture between taurine and zebu cattle. As expected, Dehong humped cattle showed no signature of taurine cattle influence. Conclusion: Overall, considerable genomic diversity was found in six Yunnan native cattle breeds except for Dehong humped cattle from Western Yunnan. Dehong humped cattle is a pure zebu breed, while other five breeds had admixed origins with different extents of admixture between taurine and zebu cattle. Such admixture by crossbreeding between zebu and taurine cattle facilitated the spread of zebu cattle from tropical and subtropical regions to other highland regions in Yunnan.

Productivity Affected by Various Disease Conditions in Bovine (소의 질병감염이 생산성에 미치는 영향)

  • 이성재;이후식;노수일;김길수;이주묵
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.227-246
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    • 1994
  • Present investigations were undertaken in order to clarify the clinical status of Korean native cattle and dairy cattle(holstein). Blood, Feces and urine samples were collected from 247 Korean native cattle(222 adult and 25 calf), 224 dairy cattle(211 adult and 13 calf) at Chonbuk area and analyzed for clinical, serum chemical, hematological and urinary findings. In addition, we were examined the infection rate of Theileriosis, internal patasite and ring worm. The mean value for each component was calculated by statistical analysis using Excel computer program. From these investigations the following results were obtained. The mean values for RBC, PCV and etc in 433 adult cow(Korean native cattle and dairy cattle) were similar with other reports. But the mean values for MCHC of all species were lower than normal. Adult Korean native cattle and adult dairy cattle which showed hematologically normal levels were only 9.01% and 9.48%, respectively. Ahnormally high values for PCV, RBC and Hb were recorded in 7.66% of adult Korean native cattle, 20% of Korean native calf, 15.38% of dairy calf. Adult Korean native cattle and adult dairy cattle which showed hematologically anemia were 4.95% and 19.43% respectively, but all in Korean native calf and dairy calf showed normal values. Adult Korean native cattle, adult dairy cattle, Korean native calf and dairy calf which showed normal serum protein level were 84.0%, 90.8%, 50% and 44.4%, respectively. In present investigations, 50% of Korean native calf and 55.6% of dairy calf were decreased serum protein values under normal range. These abnormally decreased serum protein values mean the shortage of antibody, and these have a possibility to occrus to pneumonia and diarrhea. From these results, the economical loss caused by pneumonia was calculated as 124, 038, 833 won in the KNC and 742, 703, 430 won in the dairy calf rearing in Chonbuk area. Calculated economical loss caused by enteritis was 56, 658, 690 won in Korean native cattle. 476, 775, 799 won in dairy calf and the total loss amount to 533, 434, 488 won in Chonbuk area. Abnormally high values($21.7{\pm}4.0mg/dl) for serum calcium were recorded 49.6% in dairy cattle. The mean values of serum total cholesterol were $170.8{\pm}99.8mg/dl in Korean native cattle, $196.0{\pm}40.6mg/dl$ in Korean native calf, $202.9{\pm}86.0mg/dl$ in adult dairy cattle and $289.4{\pm}97.5mg/dl$ in dairy calf. The infection rate of internal parasite were as follows; adult Korean native cattle:21.2%, Korean native calf:80%, adult dairy cattle:67.8%. The estimated economical loss caused by internal parasites infection were 1, 120, 855, 837 won in Korean native calf, 4, 994, 959, 405 won in adult Korean native cattle, 3, 334, 751, 066 won in adult holstein, and the total loss amount to 9, 450, 566, 308 won. The infection rate of theileriosis were 1.4% in Korean native cattle and 6.6% in dairy cattle. The presumed Economical loss by T. sergenti infection were 154, 408, 482 won in Korean native cattle and 171, 577, 237 won in dairy cattle rearing at Chonbuk area. The infection rat of ringworm were 0.5% in Korean native cattle, 0.9% in adult dairy cattle and 7.7% in dairy calf. The presumed economical loss by dermatomycophyte were 12, 061, 532 won in Korean native cattle, 16, 895, 403 won in dairy cattle, and the total estimated loss amount to 28, 955, 935 won a year in Chonbuk area. The infection rate of ringworm were 0. 5% in Korean native cattle, 0.9% in adult dairy cattle and 7.7% in dairy calf. The presumed economical loss by dermatomycophyte were 12, 061, 532 won in Korean native cattle, 16, 895, 403 won in dairy cattle, and the total estimated loss amount to 28, 955, 935 won a year in Chonbuk area.

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Causal Loop Analysis and Policy Simulation on the fluctuation of Korean Cattle Price (한우 가격 파동의 인과순환적 구조분석과 정책 시뮬레이션)

  • Choi, Nam-Hee
    • Korean System Dynamics Review
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.135-163
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to analyze the feedback loops and policy simulation of price fluctuation of Korean Cattle. The Korean Cattle market shows the 'Cycle of Beef' since 1970. In general, the market for agricultural commodities exhibit repeated cycles of prices and production. Why Beef products market in Korea shows the fluctuation of cattle and beef price repeatedly for forty years? To find an answer, this paper explores the feedback structure of the dynamics of the beef market by the systems thinking and build a stock-flow diagram model for the simulation of future behavior of the market sector of the Cattle. The dynamic simulation model was developed to identify and analyze the cyclical behavior among many variables, which is the number of cattle (calves, cow, etc.), the price of cattle, the demand for beef, the desirable number of cattle, slaughter, etc. The results of this study demonstrate that dominant feedback loops between the number of cattle and livestock prices. The demand for Beef and slaughter with time delay, also the results of the simulation to explain the persistence of future price fluctuations and actions meat market until 2025.

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