• Title, Summary, Keyword: cecum

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The effects of electroacupuncture on stomach and cecum motility in horses (전침자극이 말의 위와 맹장의 운동성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Byung-sun;Choi, Hee-in
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.183-199
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    • 1998
  • The effects of electroacupuncture(EA) on gastrointestinal motility were investigated in 6 horses. Three acupuncture points ; Guan Yuan Shu(BL-26), Wei Shu(BL-21) and Da Chang Shu(BL-25) were stimulated for 20 minutes by EA at separate occasions under varying condition ; 2V-1Hz, 2V-5Hz, 2V-30Hz, 4V-1Hz, 4V-5Hz and 4V-30Hz. Myoelectric activity of stomach and cecum was monitored to investigate the gastrointestinal motility. Electromyogram(EMG) recordings were carried out before, 0, 20 minutes after and 40 minutes after the EA stimulation. EMG bipolar electrode was surgically implanted in seromuscular layer of greater curvature in the stomach and between medial band and ventral band in the cecum. The EA stimulation and monitoring were not commenced until 15 days after electrode implantation. The EA stimulation of Wei Shu influenced on stomach motility and that of Da Chang Shu on, cecum motility. However, the EA stimulation of Guan Yuan Shu influenced on both the stomach and the cecum motility. The myoelectrical spike burst amplitude of the stomach and the cecum was significantly(p<0.05) increased by 2V-1Hz stimulation, but the myoelectrical spike burst frequence of the stomach and the cecum was significantly decreased by 2V-30Hz or 4V-30Hz stimulation. The myoelectrical spike burst duration of the stomach and the cecum was significantly lengthened by 4V-30Hz and 2V or 4V-30Hz stimulation, respectively.

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Effects of husbandry systems and Chinese indigenous chicken strain on cecum microbial diversity

  • Dong, Xiuxue;Hu, Bing;Wan, Wenlong;Gong, Yanzhang;Feng, Yanping
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.33 no.10
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    • pp.1610-1616
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    • 2020
  • Objective: This study was to evaluate the effect of husbandry systems and strains on cecum microbial diversity of Jingyang chickens under the same dietary conditions. Methods: A total of 320 laying hens (body weight, 1.70±0.15 kg; 47 weeks old) were randomly allocated to one of the four treatments: i) Silver-feathered hens in enrichment cages (SEC) with an individual cage (70×60×75 cm), ii) Silver-feathered hens in free range (SFR) with the stocking density of 1.5 chickens per ten square meters, iii) Gold-feathered hens in enrichment cages (GEC), iv) Gold-feathered hens in free range (GFR). The experiment lasted 8 weeks and the cecum fecal samples were collected for 16S rDNA high throughput sequencing at the end of experiment. Results: i) The core microbiota was composed of Bacteroidetes (49% to 60%), Firmicutes (21% to 32%) and Proteobacteria (2% to 4%) at the phylum level. ii) The core bacteria were Bacteroides (26% to 31%), Rikenellaceae (9% to 16%), Parabacteroides (2% to 5%) and Lachnoclostridium (2% to 6%) at the genus level. iii) The indexes of operational taxonomic unit, Shannon, Simpson and observed species were all higher in SFR group than in SEC group while in GEC group than in GFR group, with SFR group showing the greatest diversity of cecum microorganisms among the four groups. iv) The clustering result was consistent with the strain classification, with a similar composition of cecum bacteria in the two strains of laying hens. Conclusion: The core microbiota were not altered by husbandry systems or strains. The free-range system increased the diversity of cecal microbes only for silver feathered hens. However, the cecum microbial composition was similar in two strain treatments under the same dietary conditions.

Effects of High Amylose Starch on Gut Functions in Rats (고아밀로오스전분의 섭취가 흰쥐의 장기능에 미치는 영향)

  • 설소미;방명희;정미경;김우경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 2003
  • This study investigated the effects of high amylose starch (HAS) consumption on gut functions in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Experimental animals were fed an diet containing HAS for 4 weeks (0, 125, 250, 500 g/kg diet). Stool weights, transit time, the pH of cecum, Bifidobacterium growth, short chain fatty acid production, and prostaglandin E$_2$production in colon mucus were measured. HAS intake did not affect body weight gain or food efficiency ratio during experimental period. There were no significant differences in kidney weight, epididymal fat pad weights or spleen weights, but the weights of the liver and thymus were significantly lower in the HAS100 group. The length of the large intestine, the weights of the cecum wall and cecum contents, and stool weights significantly increased through HAS intake. But transit time was not affected by the experimental diet. Although Bifidobacterium growth in the cecum increased through the HAS intake dose dependently, there were significant differences in the HAS50 and HAS100 groups. HAS intake increased the production of short chain fatty acid in the cecum contents. In particular, acetate and butyrate concentrations grew significantly. And the production of prostaglandin E$_2$in the colon mucus significantly decreased through HAS intake. These results demonstrate that high amylose starch intake significantly improves gut function.

Prognostic significance of adjuvant radiation therapy in adenocarcinoma of the cecum

  • Hosseini, Sare;Bananzadeh, Ali Mohammad;Mohammadianpanah, Mohammad;Salek, Roham;Taghizadeh-Kermani, Ali
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: Local recurrence is a common failure pattern in adenocarcinoma of the cecum. This study aimed to investigate the potential role of adjuvant radiation therapy on oncologic outcomes of patients with adenocarcinoma of the cecum. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was carried out at three large tertiary university hospitals. We analyzed the characteristics, prognostic factors, and survival of 162 patients with adenocarcinoma of the cecum that were treated and followed up between 2000 and 2013. All the patients had undergone a right hemicolectomy and received chemotherapy with (n = 48) or without (n = 114) adjuvant radiation therapy. Results: The subjects were 65 females and 97 males with a median age of 56 years (range, 17 to 90 years) at diagnosis. The 5-year local control (LC), disease free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) rates were 72.7%, 57.2%, and 62.6% respectively. In a multivariate analysis, age, tumor stage, node stage, and adjuvant radiation therapy were determined to be independent prognostic factors. Age more than 55 years (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.0; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.06-0.32; p = 0.003), T4 stage (HR = 6.8; 95% CI, 3.07-15.36; p < 0.001), node positive disease (HR = 4.2; 95% CI, 1.94-9.13; p < 0.001), and the absence of adjuvant radiation therapy (HR = 3.0; 95% CI, 1.39-6.46; p = 0.005) had a negative influence on OS. Conclusion: Adjuvant radiation therapy significantly improves DFS and OS in patients with adenocarcinoma of the cecum.

Studies on the Intestinal Microflora of Chicken Under Tropical Condition

  • Jin, L.Z.;Ho, Y.W.;Abdullah, N.;Kudo, H.;Jalaludin, S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.495-504
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    • 1997
  • Three media, i. e., MOD-SD, M98-5 and M98-5 supplemented with chicken fecal extract were tested as isolation media for anaerobic bacteria present in the duodenum, jeju-ileum and cecum of chicken. The results showed that the mean colony counts of medium M98-5 were similar with those of MOD-SD medium in all intestinal samples at the incubation periods of 2, 6 and 10 days. Supplementation with chicken fecal extract of M98-5 medium significantly increased (p < 0.05) the colony counts of bacteria from the duodenum, jeju-ileum and cecum. The colony counts at 6-day incubation were similar with those at 10-day incubation, but were much higher than the counts at 2-day incubation. The major types of bacteria found in the duodenum and jeju-ileum of chicken were tentatively identified as Lactobacillus, Streptococcus and E. coli. In the cecum, ten tentatively identified groups of bacteria, namely, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, Lactobacillus, E. coli, anaerobic coccus, Eubacterium, Propionibacterium, Clostridium, Fusobacterium and Bacteroides were isolated. Anaerobes were found to comprise nearly the entire microbial population of the cecum. Predominating in all sections of the intestine were homofermentative lactobacilli. The main Lactotacillus species in chicken intestine were L. acidophilus, L. fermentum and L. brevis.

Intestinal obstruction caused by a duplication cyst of the cecum in a neonate (신생아에서 맹장의 장 중복낭종에 의해 발생한 장 폐쇄 1예)

  • Keum, Seung-woon;Hwang, Min-Woo;Na, Jong-In;Yu, Seung-taek;Kang, Dong-Baek;Oh, Yeon-Kyun
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.52 no.2
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    • pp.261-264
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    • 2009
  • Duplication cysts are rare congenital malformations, that may be detected anywhere along the alimentary tract, and they may communicate with the intestinal tract. Cystic duplication of the cecum is especially rare. About 80% of these cases are detected in the first 2 years of life as a result of an acute intestinal obstruction, which manifests as vomiting, recurrent abdominal pain, recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding and constipation. We report a case of intestinal obstruction secondary to a duplication cyst of the cecum in a neonate. The patient underwent surgery and was diagnosed subsequently, and is presently healthy.

An Experimental Study on the Mucosal Epithelization of the Digestive Tract in the Dog (개의 소화관점막 재생에 관한 외과적 연구)

  • Chang, Kyung Jin
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.107-113
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    • 1974
  • This study was performed for the purpose of investigating the possibility of epithelization on the defect of digestive tract after covering it with serosal wall of the cecum in the dog. The results obtained were as fallows: 1. Each defect of the digestive tract revealed almost complete formation of the mucous membrane and the muscle. Especially it was most fast in the jejunum. 2. Fistula formation was not found in all the experimental cases. The defects of small intestine and large intestine near the cecum were healed more fastly than the other portion. 3. The stomach and the duodenum appeared intestinal adhetion more frequently than the jejunum and the colon. Therefore, it is considered that covering with serosal wall of the cecum in the lower intestine is far better than in the upper intestine.

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Pathological Observations on Balantidiasis in Pigs (돼지 Balantidiasis의 병리학적 관찰)

  • 문운경;이주홍;김순복
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.44-48
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    • 1990
  • This study was based on 3 necropsies of patients affected with Balantidium coli dysentery from two pig farms. Grossly, the lesions involved the large intestine from cecum to rectum. Many variable-sized ulcers were diffusely scattered on the mucosa of the cecum and the colon which were covered with a necrotic, grayish white, slate black, or black membrane. The mucosa affected reddened and swollen. Microscopically, numerous balantidia penetrated In the mucosa of the colon and there they induced necrosis and desquamation of the epithelial cells, where inflammatory cells such as macrophages, neutrophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells were infiltrated.

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Effects of Supplemental Lactobacillus spp. on Performance and Cecum Microflora in Broiler (육계 생산성 및 맹장내 미생물에 대한 유산균의 첨가 효과)

  • 김상호;박수영;유동조;나재천;최철환;박용윤;이상진;류경선
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.37-41
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to examine the effects of Lactobacillus spp. on performance and cecal microflora in broiler chicks. Eight diets consisting of basal diet(C), C+Lactobacillus crispatus BC7 (T2), C+Lactobacillus reuteri BC9 (T3), C+L.reuteri BC5+L.crispatus BC9 (T4), C+L. reuteri BC5 (T1)+L.reuteri BC9 (T5), C+L.crispatus BC7+L.reuteri BC9 (T6) and C+L.reuteri BC5+L.crispatus BC7+L.reuteri BC9 (T7), were fed to Ross male broiler chicks for 5 weeks. The level of supplemented Lactobacillus spp. was 107 cfu/g diet. Body weight and feed intake were measured every week, and cecal microfla was counted at 1 and 5 weeks for Lactobacillus and yeast. Body weight increased signigicantly in supplemental Lactobacillus treatments from 2 weeks of age (p<0.05). Chicks in T2, T5 and T5 of treatments were heavier than those of other treatments at 5 weeks of age(p<0.05). Viability was not different significantly. Feed intake and feed conversion also were not different, although feed conversion improved slightly in supplemental Lactobacillus treatments. Lactobacillus spp. of cecal content was increased in supplemental Lactobacillus treatments at 1 week, but no significance was found. The number of yeast in cecum was not different from that of supplemental Lactobacillus. In conclusion, Lactobacillus, L.crispatus BC7 and L.reuteri BC9 from broiler cecum could contribute to the increase in body weight with supplemented mono-or mixing of di-lactobacilli. The results indicate that Lactobacillus feeding can benefit to intestinal lactobacillus at early growing broiler.

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Study on Growth Characteristics of Lactobacillus Isolated from Broiler Cecum (육계 맹장 유산균의 성장특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김상호;박수영;유동조;장병귀;최철환;박용윤;이상진;류경선
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.31-35
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    • 2000
  • This study was investigated to observe Lactobacillus spp. population of poultry digestive organ, duodenum, ilium, cecum and colon by growing steps and to select of valuable lactobacilli as probiotics. Two strains of male broiler commercial chickens, Hybrid and Ross, were used to evaluate population of Lactobacillus spp. in intestinal tracts. Three strains of Lactobacillus were identified, and bile salts environment. The number of lactovacilli was the lowest in duodenum compared to other intestinal tracts which had similar population. Population of Lactobacillus was maintained constantly regardless growing steps after one week of age. Identification of Lactobacillus from cecum resulted in L.reuteri BC5, L. crispatus BC7, L.reuteri BC9. All strains was depressed in pH 1 and 2, although two strains could survive for one hour at pH 2. And they could survive at pH 4 for 4hours. In bile salts tolerance, L.reuteri BC5, L.crispatus BC7 were maintained for 2 hours, but the growth reduced from 2hours. Growth of L.reuteri BC9 was increased continuously. In conclusion, Lactobacillus of intestinal tracts were established at first week, and maintained constant population. They were influenced on severe acidic condition and bile salts. Cecal Lactobacillus has different growth charcteristics by strains.

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