• Title, Summary, Keyword: chemical composition

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Changes in Chemical Composition of Panax ginseng Leaves by Different Harvesting Months (인삼협의 채엽시기별 화학성분에 관한 연구)

  • 정현기
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.6-12
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    • 2000
  • This study was performed to investigate the changes in chemical composition of Panax ginseng leaf by harvesting at July, August and September. The levels of crude protein of dried ginseng leaf were decreased from 17.12mg% to 14.26% by harvesting month, however, crude fat contents of dried ginseng leaf were increased slightly from 1.90% to 2.49%. Three kinds of free sugar, i.e. glucose, fructose and sucrose were found in dried ginseng leaf and maltose was not found. Free sugar contents were increased by delaying harvest, but free amino acid were decreased. Total free amino acid was decreased in delayed harvesting month, serine was revealed superior in free amino acid composition, and valine was revealed next order. In minerals, contents of Ca were from 1,306.1mg% to 1,923mg%, that of K were higher than others patricualy as 1,266.9∼1,216.0mg%. The contents of minerals were existence in order of Mg, P, Na, Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu, abundantly. Total vitamin C were present of 391.0∼336.1mg%, and the contents were decreased as delayed as harvesting period despite of the plentiful content. In fatty acid composition of ginseng leaf, the palmitic acid content was as 40% higher than other fatty acids, remarkably.

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Determination of Chemical Composition of Gallbladder Stones and their Association with Induction of Cholangiocarcinoma

  • Hussain, Saad Muhmood;Al-Jashamy, Karim Alwan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.6257-6260
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    • 2013
  • Gallstone disease is a major surgical problem in many populations; it is probably related to diet, especially excessive consumption of meat. The objective of this study was to determine the chemical composition of gallstones and their association with neoplastic changes including cholangiocarcinomas in cholecystectomised patients. The chemical composition of gallstones from 40 patients (8 males and 32 females) was analyzed. This is a prospective study performed in Baquba teaching hospital in the period from 1/10/2012 to 1/1/2013 in which we collected the gallstones for the patients who underwent cholecystectomy, whether open or laparoscopic. The stones were classified according to their chemical composition as a mixed stones (MS), and examined using a stone analysis set (chemical qualitative method) for calcium, magnesium, phosphate, uric acid and oxalate which was used reagent for qualitative determination of main individual components of stones. The results of this study showed the highest incidence of gallstones in the age group 40-49 was 13 cases followed by 11, 8 and 4 cases for age groups 30-39, 50-59, 20-29 and 60 and above, respectively. The chemical analysis showed the majority of gallstones were mixed, 38 containing calcium followed by 37 cases with uric acid, 28 with magnesium, and 25 and 22 stones with oxalate and phosphate, respectively. Microscopically, we confirmed neoplastic changes (17.5%) as cholangiocarcinomas (CCCs) (7.55%) and dysplastic cells of carcinoma in situ in 4 (10%), 31 (77.5%) cases were chronic cholecystitis and 2 (5%) cases were acute cholecystitis with empyema out of bile duct disorders patients. In conclusion, majority of cases had mixed gallstones that involved five and four of inorganic chemicals of calcium, magnesium and phosphate, the highest incidence of gallstones in age group 40-49 years old was 13 cases, and neoplastic changes were confirmed (17.5%) including CCCs, (7.5%) and dysplastic cells of carcinoma in situ (10%), while 31 (77.5%) cases were chronic cholecystitis.

An Experimental Study on Composition Characteristics of SiO$_2$/TiO$_2$/Multicomponent Particle Generated in a Coflow Diffusion Flame (화염중 발생하는 SiO$_2$/TiO$_2$/다성분입자의 조성특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Tae-O;Seo, Jeong-Su;Choe, Man-Su
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.25 no.9
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    • pp.1175-1182
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    • 2001
  • Chemical compositions of polydisperse SiO$_2$/TiO$_2$multicomponent aggregates were measured for different heights from the burner surface and different mobility diameters of aggregates. SiO$_2$/TiO$_2$multicomponent particles were generated in a hydrogen/oxygen coflow diffusion flame from two sets of precursors: TTIP(titanium tetraisopropoxide), TEOS(tetraethylorthosilicate). To maintain 1:1 mole ratio of TTIP:TEOS vapor, flow rate of carrier gas $N_2$was fixed at 0.6lpm for TTIP, at 0.1lpm for TEOS. In-situ sampling probe was used to supply particles into DMA(differential mobility analyzer) which was calibrated with using commercial DMA(TSI, model 3071A) and classifying monodisperse multicomponent particles. Classified monodisperse particles were collected with electrophoretic collector. The distributions of composition from particles to particle were determined using EDS(energy dispersive spectrometry) coupled with TEM(transmission electron microscope). The chemical(atomic) compositions of classified monodisperse particle were obtained for different heights; z=40mm, 60mm, 80mm. The results suggested that the chemical(atomic) composition of SiO$_2$decreased with the height from burner surface and the composition of SiO$_2$and TiO$_2$approached to the value of 1 to 1 fat downstream. It is also found that the composition of SiO$_2$decreases as the mobility diameter of aggregate increases.

Effects of Cricket Supplements of the Chicken Meats and Its Eggs (귀뚜라미 첨가 사료가 계육과 계란의 성분에 미치는 영향)

  • 안미영;류강선;박범영;김동운;김익수;김상호
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.197-202
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    • 2000
  • Chemical characteristics of the cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus, were investigated in total composition, amino acid composition, fatty acid composition and mineral components. After the treatment of 0.4% of G. bimaculatus in the chicken feed, the changes of fatty acid composition in the chicken meat and egg were also estimated. As the result, saturated fatty acid, especially palmitic acid, decreased 4% and unsaturated fatty acids, linoleic aced and arachidonic acid, increased 12 and 23%, respectively, compared with those of control. In addition, there was a small increase in Eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA). The sensory test of the chicken meat resulted in increased flavor, brightness and yellow color. The sensory scores of G. bimaculatus egg in the point of taste resulted in somewhat better estimate than control. These results are appear to be stemmed from fatty acids of cricket.

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A Study on Chemical Composition of Dustfall Sampled in Cheju Area: 2. Identification of Source (제주지역 강하먼지의 조성에 관하여 : 2. 오염원 추정)

  • 이기호;허철구
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.101-111
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    • 1999
  • In previous study, the local trends in dustfall chemistry and deposition were determined and the characteristics of chemical compositions among dustfall, TSP and rainwater were also compared. Based on the previous results, in this study, the effects of sea salts and soil and soil on the chemical composition of dustfall were studied and then the sources of dustfall in Cheju area were tentatively identified by principal component analysis(PCA)

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The Influence of Aniline to Acid Composition on the Electrical Conductivity of PANI-PAAMPSA

  • Yoo, Joung Eun;Bae, Joonho
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.12
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    • pp.3825-3828
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    • 2013
  • In this study, the influences of aniline to acid composition were investigated on the electrical conductivity of PANI-PAAMPSA. The ratio of aniline to sulfonic acid groups was optimized for the maximum conductivity of PANI-PAAMPSA. The conductivity is strongly correlated with the electronic structure of PANI-PAAMPSA; the highest conductivity of PANI-PAAMPSA was observed when PANI has the longest conjugation length.

Can the body composition of crossbred dairy cattle be predicted by equations for beef cattle?

  • Neves, Maria Luciana Menezes Wanderley;de Souza, Evaristo Jorge Oliveira;Veras, Robson Magno Liberal;de Campos Valadares Filho, Sebastiao;Marcondes, Marcos Inacio;da Silva, Gabriel Santana;Barreto, Ligia Maria Gomes;de Andrade Ferreira, Marcelo;Veras, Antonia Sherlanea Chaves
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.10
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    • pp.1604-1610
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    • 2018
  • Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficiency of the Hankins and Howe (HH46), Valadares Filho (V06), and Marcondes (M12) equations for predicting the physical and chemical composition of dairy crossbred bulls carcasses, as well as the chemical composition of their empty bodies. Methods: This study was conducted using 30 dairy crossbred bulls. One group of five animals was slaughtered at the beginning of the experiment, and the remaining were slaughtered 112 days later. Animals were distributed in a completely randomized design into treatments consisting different levels of concentrate (0%, 17%, 34%, 51%, and 68%). The physical and chemical compositions of the cattle were obtained from the right half of the carcass and using samples taken between the 9th and 11th ribs of the left half of the carcass. The estimated and experimentally determined values were compared using the correlation and concordance coefficient, as well as the mean square error of prediction (MSEP) and its components. Results: The HH46 equations were better at estimating the amount of muscle plus fat in the carcass. The amount of bone in the carcasses could not be well estimated by the HH46 and M12 models. The M12, HH46, and V06 equations were worst at estimating the amounts of protein, ether extract, and water in the carcass, respectively. In the empty body, the amounts of protein and water were well estimated by the HH46 equations. Protein, ether extract, and water were accurately estimated by the V06 equations, and ether extract by the M12 equations. Conclusion: The physical and chemical composition of dairy crossbred bull carcasses, as well as the chemical composition of their empty bodies, can be predicted using the equations tested here. The amount of bone in these carcasses could not be accurately predicted.

Analysis of the Chemical Constituents of Agaricus brasiliensis

  • Cho, Soo-Muk;Jang, Kab-Yeul;Park, Hong-Ju;Park, Jeong-Sik
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.50-54
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    • 2008
  • This study examined the chemical composition of A. blasiliensis and the chemical structural properties of an immuno-stimulating polysaccharide. The amino acids, free sugars, and organic acids by HPLC and fatty acids by GC were analyzed. The immuno-stimulating substance from A. blasiliensis was extracted with hot water and purified by ethanol precipitation. It underwent ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and gel filtration on Toyopearl HW 65F. Through GP-HPLC, the substance was found to be homogeneous. Its chemical structure was determined by $^{13}C-NMR$. Fatty acids, organic acids, and sugar alcohol composition consisted exclusively of linoleic acid, fumaric acid and mannitol, respectively. The amino acids were mainly glutamic acid, glycine, and arginine. By $^{13}C-NMR$ analysis, the immuno-stimulating substance was identified as ${\beta}-(1{\rightarrow}3)\;(1{\rightarrow}6)$-glucan, composed of a backbone with $(1{\rightarrow}3)$-linked D-glucopyranosyl residues branching a $(1{\rightarrow}6)$-linked D-glucopyranosyl residue. The ${\beta}$-glucan from A. blasiliensis showed pronounced immuno-stimulating activity on the antibody-production ability of B-lymphocytes by the hemolytic suspension assay. In these results, A. blasiliensis was estimated to have potent pharmacological properties and potential nutritional values.

Morphology and Rheology on the Blends of PLA/CMPS

  • Shin, Boo-Young;Jo, Gyu-Soon;Kang, Kyoung-Su;Lee, Tae-Jin;Kim, Bong-Shik;Lee, Sang-Il;Song, Jeong-Sup
    • Macromolecular research
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.291-301
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    • 2007
  • The rheological behaviors and morphologies of polylactide (PLA) and chemically modified plasticized starch (CMPS) blends were investigated. For this study, oscillatory shear flow measurements of the PLA, CMPS and their blends were performed. A scanning electron microscope (SEM) study was also conducted on the extracted extrudates of the blends. The morphology of the blend changed in relation to the composition: sphere-shaped CMPS disperse/continuous PLA, rod-like deformed CMPS phase/continuous PLA, a co-continuous structure with bridged CMPS long rods and PLA dispersed/continuous CMPS. The composition of the phase inversion could be estimated and closely coincided from the observed morphology experimental results. The rheological behavior of the blends, from oscillatory measurements, was found to vary in relation to the composition, and reflected the morphologies of the blends. PLA showed Newtonian flow behavior, while CMPS showed strong shear thinning behavior. The relationships between the morphology and rheological properties were observed in detail.

A Study on Curing Level Prediction Model for Varying Chemical Composition of Epoxy Asphalt Mixture (에폭시 아스팔트 혼합물의 에폭시 화학 조성에 따른 양생수준 예측)

  • Jo, Shin Haeng;Kim, Nakseok
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.465-470
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    • 2015
  • The curing of epoxy asphalt mixture depends on the chemical reaction of epoxy resin and the curing agent. The curing level of epoxy asphalt mixture needs to be predicted in order to decide traffic opening time and to establish further construction plans. In this study, chemical analysis of the prediction model was executed to expand the applicability of the previous prediction model. Consequently, the curing level prediction model of epoxy asphalt concrete mixture was proposed using the concentration ratio and the acid value ratio. According to the results of outdoor curing experiments, the final prediction model showed that the correlation coefficient is greater than 0.971. Precise prediction results of different composition epoxy asphalt were obtained by reflecting the chemical composition ratios in the curing level prediction model.