• Title, Summary, Keyword: chemical fungicides

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Chemical Control of Gray Blight of Tea in Korea

  • Shin, Gil-Ho;Hur, Jae-Seoun;Koh, Young-Jin
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.162-165
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    • 2000
  • Screening of effective fungicides, determination of effective fungicide application time and investigation of the emergence of resistant isolates to fungicides were conducted to establish effective chemical control strategy of gray blight of tea (Camellia sinensis) in Korea. Systemic fungicides, such as bitertanol, were effective for controlling gray blight when the fungicides were sprayed within 3 days after cutting tea leaves for harvest. Sprayed immediately after cutting, contact fungicides such as chlorothalonil were also effective, but control efficacy rapidly decreased with lengthening of the intervals between cutting and spraying. Korean isolates of P. longiseta and P. theae were still sensitive to bitertanol or fluazinam. However, the isolates highly insensitive to copper hydroxide or thiophanate-methyl have already emerged in Korea. Therefore, careful attention should be paid to use of fungicides and spraying programs for the effective control of gray blight of tea in Korea.

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Control Efficacy of Mixed Application of Microbial and Chemical fungicides against Powdery mildew of red-pepper (미생물 농약과 유기합성 살균제 혼용에 따른 고추 흰가루병 방제 효과)

  • Hong, Sung-Jun;Kim, Jung-Hyun;Kim, Yong-Ki;Jee, Hyeong-Jin;Shim, Chang-Ki;Kim, Min-Jeong;Park, Jong-Ho;Han, Eun-Jung;Goo, Hyung-Jin;Choi, Kwang-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.409-416
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to reduce the using amount of chemical fungicides for the control of red-pepper powdery mildew. Effect of combined application of three microbial fungicides and six chemical fungicides for the control of red-pepper powdery mildew was examined in vitro, in pot assay and under field condition. One chemical fungicide (Azoxystrobin+Chlorothalonil) among six chemical fungicides significantly suppressed three microbial fungicides (Bacillus subtilis Y1336, Bacillus subtilis DBB1501, Bacillus subtilis QST-713) registered for the control of pepper powdery mildew in vitro. In the pot assay, two mixed application such as B. subtilis DBB1501+Trifloxystrobin, B. subtilis QST713+Trifloxystrobin among nine mixed applications of three microbial fungicides and three chemical fungicides showed the highest suppressive effect against red pepper powdery mildew. Also, suppressive effect of the mixed application of B. subtilis QST713 and Trifloxystrobin was similar to that of single application of three chemical fungicides(Myclobutanil, Trifloxystrobin, Hexaconazole). In the field test, when the microbial fungicides (B. subtilis DBB1501, B. subtilis QST713) and the chemical fungicide (Trifloxystrobin) for the control of powdery mildew of red pepper were mixed foliar sprayed four times at 7 day-intervals, the control values were in the range of 70.3% to 70.9%. On the other hand, when each of the chemical fungicide (Trifloxystrobin) was foliar sprayed four times at 7 day-intervals, the control value was 72.7%. Consequently, the mixed application of the microbial fungicides and chemical fungicides could be recommended as a one of control measures for reducing the using amount of chemical fungicides.

Chemical Control of Brown Leaf Blight in Alisma plantago Double Cropping after Early Rice

  • Shin, Jong-Sup;Kwon, Byung-Sun;Park, Hee-Jin
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.348-351
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the control effect of fungicides on control of brown leaf blight, growth characteristics, and dry root yield in the cultivation of Alisma plantago after early maturing rice cropping. All fungicides treated had no effect on the growth and flowering rate of Alisma plantago. The major fungicides were mancozeb Wp, 75%, chlorothalonil Wp, 75%, dithianon Wp, 43%, difenoconazole Wp, 10%, benomyl Wp, 50%, and propineb Wp, 70%. Dry root of yield were increased largely with chlorothalonil Wp, 75%(33 g/20), fungicide than the other fungicides and control. All fungicides had no injury with standard dosage. On the other hand all fungicides had slight injury in the double dosage level for the Alisma plantago.

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Control Efficacy of Mixing Application of Microbial and Chemical fungicide against Phytophthora blight of red-pepper (미생물농약과 유기합성 살균제 혼용에 따른 고추 역병 방제 효과)

  • Hong, Sung-Jun;Kim, Jung-Hyun;Kim, Yong-Ki;Jee, Hyeong-Jin;Shim, Chang-Ki;Kim, Min-Jeong;Park, Jong-Ho;Han, Eun-Jung;Goo, Hyung-Jin;Choi, Kwang-Young;Yun, Jong-Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.460-467
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to reduce the using amount of chemical fungicides for the control of red-pepper Phytophthora blight. Effect of combination application of two microbial fungicides and two chemical fungicides for the control of red-pepper Phytophthora blight was examined in vitro, in greenhouse and under field conditions. Each microbial fungicides and chemical fungicides was two-fold diluted and mixed-soil drenched. In the greenhouse pot assay, the mixed application of B. pumilus QST2808 and a mixture of dimethomorph + ethaboxam (De) among four mixed applications of two microbial fungicides (B. pumilus QST2808, P. polymyxa AC-1) and two chemical fungicides showed the highest control effect against Phytophthora blight. Also, control effect of mixed application of B. pumilus QST2808 and De was similar to that of single application of De (dimethomorph + ethaboxam) or Mo (mancozeb + oxadixyl). In the field test, when the microbial fungicides (B. pumilus QST2808, P. polymyxa AC-1) and the chemical fungicide(De) for the control of Phytophthora blight of red pepper were mixed-soil drenched four times at 7~10 day-intervals, the control values were in the range of 78.8% to 82.0%. On the other hand when each of the two chemical fungicides (De, Mo) were soil drenched four times at 7~10 day-intervals, the control value were 65.7% to 85.8%. Consequently, the mixed application of the microbial fungicides and chemical fungicides could be recommended as a control method for reducing the using amount of chemical fungicides.

Determination of fungicides in wines by solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography with mass selective detection (고체상 추출법과 GC/MS를 이용한 포도주 중의 fungicides 정량)

  • Park, Gyo-Beom;Lee, Sueg-Geun
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.438-442
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    • 2003
  • The fungicides, used for grape growth and remained in the wine products from domestic and foreign countries such as vinclozolin, dichlofluanid, penconazole, procymidone were quantitatively analyzed after solid-phase extraction using a GC/MS-SIM method. The results obtained were as follows: for all the samples, the content of procymidone was in the range from 2.2 to $76.1{\mu}g/L$, recoveries 81.3-93.1 %, and standard deviation 1.4-3.4 %.

Recent Trends in Studies on Botanical Fungicides in Agriculture

  • Yoon, Mi-Young;Cha, Byeongjin;Kim, Jin-Cheol
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2013
  • Plants are attacked by various phytopathogenic fungi. For many years, synthetic fungicides have been used to control plant diseases. Although synthetic fungicides are highly effective, their repeated use has led to problems such as environmental pollution, development of resistance, and residual toxicity. This has prompted intensive research on the development of biopesticides, including botanical fungicides. To date, relatively few botanical fungicides have been registered and commercialized. However, many scientists have reported isolation and characterization of a variety of antifungal plant derivatives. Here, we present a survey of a wide range of reported plant-derived antifungal metabolites.

Evaluation of Foliar Uptake of Eight Fungicides Using a New Measuring Tool, Congo Red Method

  • Yu, Ju-Hyun;Lim, He-Kyoung;Cho, Kwang-Yun;Kim, Jeong-Han
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 2001
  • Using a new evaluation method, Congo red method, the foliar uptakes of eight fungicides were measured. Among the fungicides tested, fenarimol, myclobutanil, edifenphos, isoprothiolane, and tricyclazole were found to be penetrable (11.0~42.8%), and were continuously absorbed into the leaf regardless of their formulation types. Procymidone, dimethomorpb, and ethaboxan were seldomly absorbed into plant leaf. The uptakes of dimethomorph and ethaboxam were facilitated (18.1~22.7%) in the presence of Koremul-OE-20, as an activator, showing plateau phase at 12h after application. Foliar uptake of fenarimol and myclobutanil into cucumber plant by spray application was larger than that by dropping application, while observed opposite in the cases of dimethomorph and ethaboxam containing activator. Congo red method in conjunction with spraying application used in the present study produced the clear results on foliar uptake of fungicides and therefore proved to be better than the conventional method in which the dropping application of pesticide has been used.

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Development of a System for Controlling Ginseng Alternaria Leaf Blight (Alternaria panax) to Reduce Fungicide Application and Use (살균제 감량을 위한 인삼 점무늬병 방제체계의 개발)

  • Li, Xiangguo;Choi, Jae-Eul
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.17-22
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    • 2009
  • To reduce the amount of chemical fungicides and the number of spray for the control of Alternaria blight of ginseng, biofungicides were used in order to reduce the residue and ensure the safety of ginseng plants. The control efficiencies were 68.34%$\sim$73.56% against Alternaria blight in 2 times alternate spray of biofungicides and chemical fungicide at 14 days interval whereas the control efficiencies were 87.00%$\sim$89.42% in 2 times alternate spray of 3 different kinds of chemical fungicides at 14 days interval. In case of treatment combination the control efficiencies were 74.53%$\sim$87.23% in alternate spray of mixture of biofungicides and chemical fungicides at 28 days interval in all combinations except 2 kinds of combinations (Com-12 and Com-17). Therefore, the alternate application of the biofungicides and chemical fungicides or alternate application of mixture of biofungicides and chemical fungicides could reduce the amount of chemical fungicide about 75.00%$\sim$83.33%.

Control Efficacy of Fungicides on Chinese Cabbage Clubroot under Several Conditions (발병 조건에 따른 살균제들의 배추 뿌리혹병 방제효과)

  • Eom, Min-Yong;Jo, Su-Jung;Jang, Kyoung-Soo;Choi, Yong-Ho;Kim, Jin-Cheol;Choi, Gyung-Ja
    • Research in Plant Disease
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.155-160
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    • 2011
  • To develop the efficient screening methods for antifungal compound active to Chinese cabbage clubroot caused by Plasmodiophora brassicae, the control efficacy of three fungicides fluazinam, ethaboxam, and cyazofamid on the disease was tested under several conditions such as soil types, cultivars of Chinese cabbage, growth stages of the host, and inoculum concentrations. The in vivo antifungal activities of the fungicides on clubroot of two Chinese cabbage cultivars were hardly different. At 7- and 14-day-old seedlings, the fungicides were more effective to control of clubroot than at 21-day-old seedlings. In a commercial horticulture media soil (CNS), disease severity of untreated controls was higher and control activity of the fungicides was less than in a mixture of CNS and upland soil (1:1, v/v). Disease development of the seedlings inoculated with P. brassicae at $1.8{\times}10^7$ spores/pot to $1.1{\times}10^9$ spores/pot was almost same, but control efficacy of the fungicides was negatively correlated with inoculum dosages. To effectively select in vivo antifungal compound on Chinese cabbage clubroot, 14-day-old seedlings need to be inoculated with P. brassicae by drenching the spore suspension to give $1{\times}10^8$ spores/pot 1 day after chemical treatment. To develop clubroot, the inoculated plants are incubated in a growth chamber at $20^{\circ}C$ for 2 days, and then cultivated in a greenhouse ($20{\pm}5^{\circ}$) for four weeks.

In Vivo Antifungal Activities of Various Fungicides against Plamodiophora brassicae (다양한 살균제의 배추 뿌리혹병 방제효과)

  • Jang, Kyoung-Soo;Kim, Jin-Cheol;Lim, He-Kyoung;Cho, Kwang-Yun;Choi, Gyung-Ja
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.422-428
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    • 2005
  • In vivo antifungal activity of 44 fungicides consisting of 3 clubroot fungicides, 7 Oomycetes fungicides, 7 botriticides, 7 blasticides, 9 sterol biosynthesis inhibitors, and 11 broad spectrum fungicides were investigated against Plamodiophora brassicae, the causal agent of clubroot disease in Chinese cabbage. When fluazinam, flusulfamide and cyazofamid, commercial fungicide to control clubroot of Chinese cabbage in Korea, were applied to infested soil, club formations by P. brassicae were strongly inhibited at pot (35 $cm^2$) per 0.63 mg. Ethaboxam and cymoxanil, Oomycetes fungicides, completely controlled Chinese cabbage clubroot at 5 mg/pot, but cymoxanil represented sever phytotoxicity. Besides, dichlofluanid and procymidone of botriticides effectively controlled the development of Chinese cabbage clubroot at 2.5 mg/pot. Chlorothalonil, quintozene and trichlamide, broad spectrum fungicides, showed disease-control efficacy of 85%, 100% and 100% at 2.5 mg/pot, respectively. Most of sterol biosynthesis inhibitors displayed the strong antifungal activity against P. brassicae on cabbage seedlings and plant growth -retarding activity. From these results, 7 fungicides were selected and further tested in vivo antifungal activity against P. brassicae in glasshouse. Among them, ethaboxam showed the most antifungal activity against P. brassicae on cabbage seedlings, followed by fenarimol, procymidone, nuarimol and chlorothalonil.