• Title, Summary, Keyword: child abuse

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A Study on Teacher Intention to Report Child Abuse at Child Care Centers (보육교사의 아동학대 신고의도에 관한 연구)

  • Park, So Yeon;Cho, In Ju
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2019
  • Objective: This study aims to examine the factors associated with teacher intention to report child abuse in child care centers. Methods: Data were collected from teachers at child care centers in the Jeonbuk region, using a self-administered questionnaire. In this study, 186 completed questionnaires were used to analyze the data. Results: The respondents reported their intention to report child abuse as follows: physical abuse(49.5%), emotional abuse(16.1%), sexual abuse(12.9%), and neglect(15.6%). The multiple hierarchical regression analyses revealed that participation at child abuse prevention training programs and awareness of reporting procedures were significantly associated with teacher intention to report child abuse at child care centers in Model 2. Also, attitudes towards reporting child abuse were significantly associated with teacher intention to report child abuse in Model 3. Conclusion/Implications: This study suggests evaluating chid abuse prevention training programs more accurately because the respondents who did not participate in the programs showed statistically significant higher mean scores of intention to report child abuse than who participated(1.83 vs .85). In addition, educational programs about child abuse for teachers in child care centers need to focus on changes in attitudes towards reporting child abuse, which in turn can change behavior.

Relationship between Child Abuse Experience of Childhood and Child Abuse Perception in College Students (대학생의 아동기 학대경험과 아동학대 인식간의 관계연구)

  • Moon, Jin-Ha
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.107-118
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between child abuse experience of childhood and child abuse perception in college students. Methods: The subjects of this study were 231 college students by convenience sampling. The collected data were processed using SPSS program and analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation. Results: 93.1% of the college students were abused by their parents during childhood. Child abuse perception was very high with a mean score of 3.22(range 0~4). Child abuse perception was significantly different according to gender, major, perception of frequency for child abuse. There was a significantly negative correlation between child abuse experience and physical abuse perception. Conclusion: It is suggested that intervention programs to enhance child abuse perception will help reduce child abuse.

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Chlid Abuse in High-risk Group (고 위험 집단의 아동학대에 관한 연구 - 생활보호 대상자를 대상으로 -)

  • 안혜영;김신정;고주애
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.775-783
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to provide basic data on preventive child abuse program development. Method: Data were collected on 105 high-risk families of child abuse intervention was obtained from their main child rearer who raised the child under 18 years, olds during 10 months period from May, 2000 to March 2001. Result: The results were as follows : 1. Child abuse occurred in the subject's home, in the case of mild child abuse, 'throwing an object at the child' had the highest percentage 39.1%, in severe child abuse, 'rod, stick, belt, broom beating or using a variety of objects such as' had the highest percentage 49.5%, and in very severe child abuse, 'hospitalized by belting' had the highest percentage 3.8% 2. The degree of child abuse potential showed high risk child abuse score with a mean of 213.3. The degree of beliefs in corporal punishment showed that subjects perceived corporal punishment of children positively with a mean of 32.2,. 3. With respect to the child abuse potential, there were significant correlations with the subjects' age (r=.294, p=.002), education level (r=-.442, p=.000), and family income (r=-.355, p=.000). Conclusion: From this study not only child abuse occurrence but also child abuse potential were severely increased in poor livelihood families. Therefore to the high risk group, individual preventive approach must be applied.

Awareness Toward Child Abuse of Parents With the Elementary School Students

  • Kim, Yoseob;Park, Inn-Jee;Kim, Taehoon
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.42-47
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of the present study was to investigate the degree of awareness toward child abuse behaviors, causes of child abuse, and the necessity of the parent education for child abuse prevention in the parents of elementary school students. Four hundred fifty parents of elementary school students participated for this study. The results were as follows. First, the parents generally were aware of emotional abuse and physical abuse, but not aware of neglect. In the comparison, according to parental education level and family income, highly educated parents and high-income parents were more aware of both emotional abuse and neglect. Second, most of the parents agreed on the causes of child abuse presented in the survey except the cause of having an unexpected child. Third, most parents agreed on the necessity of parent education programs for child abuse prevention. The discussion for the results and strategies for child abuse prevention was provided.

Child Abuse (아동학대)

  • Kim, Choon-Kyung;Lee, Ju-Ok;Song, Young-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.349-360
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    • 2009
  • During the last ten years, a number of the substantiated child abuse cases, studies, and newspaper articles in relation to child abuse have increased rapidly. Newspaper reports on physical abuse cases decreased, while articles on those of the sexual abuse and negligence increased after the year of 2000. However, the reason of child abuse was less studied, in comparison to the substantial number of research on the policy and the negative effects of child abuse. It is suggested that child abuse studies and policies should be performed from a pre-preventive perspective as well as a pro-protective perspective. The research regarding child abuse has to be conducted in the ecological perspective which includes not only the problems of children and their families, but also sociocultural issues. The results of studies on child abuse should be applied for the actual policy and systems improvement.

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A Study on the Relationship between Public Service Announcement on Child Abuse and the Perception of Reporting by People Obliged to Report Child Abuse (아동학대 공익광고와 아동학대 신고의무자의 신고인식의 관계 연구)

  • Seo, Bokhyun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.43-57
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    • 2018
  • Purpose : The act of reporting child abuse by people obliged to report child abuse is a way to detect long-term incidents of child abuse in early stages and to prevent a vicious cycle of social crimes. Thus, this study intends to enhance the reporting of child abuse through a study on the perception of people obliged to report child abuse through the public service announcement on child abuse. Methods : First, in order to identify the demographic characteristics of the subjects, the frequency and percentage were calculated. Second, in order to verify the reliability of the variables, Cronbach ${\alpha}$ was calculated. Third, in order to examine the perception of people obliged to report child abuse and the perception of reporting, a t-test (verification) and One-way ANOVA were conducted. Fourth, in order to identify the relationship between variables, a Correlation analysis was conducted. Result : The results show that people obliged to report child abuse did not perceive the public service announcement on child abuse positively and it varied depending on their jobs. The correlation between the public service announcement on child abuse and sub-factor of perceptions of reporting showed that a positive correlation was found in reliability, interest, understanding, perceiving the public service announcement on child abuse, perceiving severity and effectiveness, whereas a negative correlation was found in perceiving hazards. Conclusion : The education for preventing child abuse is required by the job type of people obliged to report. It is necessary to convey the message of effective public service announcement. The public service announcements on child abuse must be nationwide and long-term projects.

The Effect of a Child Abuse Prevention Program for Parents with Disabled Children (장애아 부모를 위한 아동학대 예방 프로그램 효과분석)

  • 안혜영
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.663-672
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study describes the ecological variables effect on child abuse potential and the results from a prevention program for parents with disabled children aiming at decreasing child abuse potential. Method: Data was collected from 30 parents with disabled preschoolers attending an early education center in a community. The program consisted of handouts, small group lectures, support group meetings on understanding the disabled child-parents relationship, communication skill improvement, non-punitive discipline techniques, and influences of child abuse. A non equivalent pre-post test design was employed. Result: Ecological variables, and parenting self-efficacy, had a significant effect on child abuse potential in parents with a disabled child. By regression parenting self-efficacy showed(27.1 %) child abuse potential. Both parenting self-efficacy and beliefs in corporal punishment directly related to (52.0%) child abuse potential in parents. The program was effective inbringing some positive changes on pareting self-efficacy beliefs in corporal punishment, and child abuse potential toward disabled children. However, marital discord was not significantly effected. Conclusion: Child abuse prevention programs should decrease thechild abuse potential in parents. Thus I recommend a child abuse prevention program development; for parents with disabled adolescents, and teachers in disabled child education.

Predictors of Intention to Report Child Abuse among Nurses (간호사의 아동학대 신고의도 영향요인)

  • Kim, Jin-Sun;Park, Gyeong-Sook
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.211-220
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    • 2005
  • Purposes: The purposes of this study were to examine knowledge related to child abuse, attitudes toward child abuse, and intention to report child abuse and to identify the predictors of nurses' intention to report child abuse. Method: A descriptive-correlational study was conducted. Participants were 171 nurses who worked in the pediatric or emergency rooms in G city. Self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive statistics, t-test or ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and stepwise multiple regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results: Nurses had a limited knowledge related to child abuse. Nurses had negative attitudes toward child discipline, were inclined to punish the abuser, and had positive attitudes about professional responsibility for reporting child abuse. Nurses perceived difficulty in the actual behavior of reporting child abuse. Nurses' intention to report child abuse was predicted by nurses' attitudes to professional responsibility for reporting child abuse. Conclusions: Based on the findings of this study, educational programs need to be developed, implemented, and evaluated. The conclusion of this study is that supplementary education is needed for multidisciplinary decision making concerning the role of the nurses within the context of child abuse. Implications for nursing practice, education and research are discussed.

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A Systematic Review of Child Abuse Screening Instruments (아동학대 평가도구의 체계적 고찰)

  • Kim, Hyun-Kyoung;Choi, Hye-mi;Park, Hyun-Jung
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.265-278
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and to describe the characteristics of child abuse screening instruments. Methods: Articles regarding the development of a child abuse screening instrument were investigated using the systematic review method. A literature search using the keywords "child and abuse or maltreatment and instrument or screening tool" in English, and "child," "abuse," and "instrument" in Korean, was conducted of material published in PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, SCOPUS, ERIC, and RISS. Database and bibliographic searches, and quality appraisal using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies tool that included systemic reviews, yielded 17 records. Results: Key elementary child abuse screening instruments were developed for physical, psychiatric, affective and sexual and child neglect assessment. The instruments' target populations were children at home and in institutions. The reviewed instruments had the advantage of diagnosing past, concurrent, and indirectly, potential child abuse. Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrate that child abuse screening instruments are available for screening and for assessment of abused children in various circumstances. This review of child abuse screening instruments offers evidence for the acceptable use of optimal psychometric tools for child abuse assessment and provides guidelines for child health nursing practice.

Study on Child Abuse Observed by Pre-Service Early Childhood Teachers at Child-Care Centers (예비보육교사가 관찰한 어린이집에서의 아동학대 연구)

  • Yoon, Hye-Jin
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.257-271
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to suggest basic data for prevention of child abuse by examining the patterns and characteristics of child abuse observed at child-care centers. Data was collected by pre-service early childhood teachers majoring in child studies in an education practice session from May 1 to May 31, 2015 based on examined information and class discussion. This study shows that emotional abuse was performed most often, followed by neglect and physical abuse. Physical abuse was observed as a form of punishment and beating, whereas emotional abuse was observed in the form of force, sarcastic remarks, verbal attacks, and disregard. Neglect was observed as exclusion and indifference. Most crucial prevention against child abuse lies in teachers' personality education and concerns with their own mental health as well as children's rights education.