• Title, Summary, Keyword: chunggukjang

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Effects of Chunggukjang and Greentea-Chunggukjang on Lipid Profile and Antioxidative Enzyme Activity of Liver Tissue in Growing Rats Fed Cholesterol (청국장과 녹차청국장이 고콜레스테롤 식이를 섭취한 성장기 쥐의 Lipid Profile 및 항산화효소 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Yun-Jung;Choi, Mi-Ja
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.278-286
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    • 2015
  • The overall purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Chunggukjang and Greentea-Chunggukjang on the lipid profile, lipid peroxidation and antioxidative enzyme activities of liver tissue in growing male rats fed cholesterol. Twenty seven rats were divided into three treatment groups (Control, Chunggukjang and Greentea-Chunggukjang) and were given experimental diets with 1% cholesterol for 9 weeks. All rats in this study were fed a casein-based diet. Chunggukjang groups were fed diet containing 33.1% Chunggukjang powder. The Chunggukjang and Greentea-Chunggukjang groups showed significantly lower weight gain, food efficiency ratio than the control group regardless of Chunggukjang type. Serum total cholesterol was significantly lower in the Chunggukjang group than in the control group, whereas serum triglyceride and atherogenic index were significantly lower in the Greentea-Chunggukjang group than in the control group. Hepatic triglyceride contents was not significantly different among the diets. However, hepatic cholesterol content was significantly lower in the Greentea-Chunggukjang group than in the control group. Lipid peroxidation of malondialdehyde (MDA) contents was significantly lower in the Chunggukjang and Greentea-Chunggukjang groups than in the control group. Activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT) in liver tissue of the Chunggukjang and Greentea-Chunggukjang groups were not significantly different. It can be concluded that Chunggukjang and Greentea-Chunggukjang influence lipid profile and hepatic malondialdehyde contents in growing male rats fed cholesterol.

The Effects on the Rheological Properties of the Bread Flour containing Doenjang and Chunggukjang (된장과 청국장 첨가가 강력분의 물성 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Kun-Og;Hwang, Seong-Yun
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.440-450
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    • 2015
  • Effects of Doenjang and Chunggukjang on rheological properties of bread flour were investigated based on falling number, RVA, farinogram, colorimeter, rheofermentometer and SEM. The falling number of bread flour was highest among all samples, and mixed flours containing Chunggukjang showed lower falling number than Doenjang. RVA showed that initial pasting temperatures of the control mixed flour of Doenjang and Chunggukjang increased sequentially, whereas peak viscosities were reversed and final viscosities showed similar results. In the farinogram, consistencies and water absorptions decreased with increasing quantity of Doenjang and Chunggukjang. Developments, stabilities, time to breakdowns and farinogram quality numbers of the mixed flour containing Doenjang were higher than those of Chunggukjang and greater addition decreased values. In the rheofermentometer test, height of maximum dough development of mixed flours containing Chunggukjang were lower than that of flours containing Doenjang. Total volumes, retention volumes and retention coefficients of mixed flours containing Doenjang and Chunggukjang were lower compared to the control. For features, SEM showed that mixed flour containing Chunggukjang showed a faded boundary compared to flour containing Doenjang. All of results showed that the various activities of Chunggukjang were more potent than those of Doenjang.

The Effect of Adding Soybean Oil on the Fluidity of Garlic Chunggukjang Paste (대두유 첨가량이 마늘청국장 페이스트의 유동성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Eun-Kyung;Kim, Kyeong-Yee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.288-293
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    • 2007
  • In this study, chunggukjang was made from soybeans and Bacillus natto. This chunggukjang was meant to be consumed as a margarine and butter substitute, to help lower trans-fatty acid (TFA) intake. A freeze-dried garlic product was used during fermentation to aid in removing the smell of the chunggukjang. Chunggukjang has a very low fluidity due to its high viscosity; therefore, we added 3%(w/w) soybean oil to improve the fluidity. We found that the TFA content of the garlic chunggukiang paste was no more than 0.02${\sim}$0.05%, which was low compared to the usual contents of margarine and butter. After 4 weeks of storage the TFA content was 0.03${\sim}$0.08%, and it remained within the limits of the permissible amount. The addition of soybean oil allowed this chunggukjang to be made with greater ease, and the freeze-dried garlic eliminated the negative inherent qualities of the chunggukjang. Therefore, this garlic chunggukjang paste could be considered reasonable for commercial production.

Characteristics of Flavor and Functionality of Bacillus subtilis K-20 Chunggukjang (Bacillus subtilis K-20에 의한 청국장의 향미성분 및 기능성식품에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Sook;Jung, Hyuck-Jun;Park, Young-Sook;Yu, Tae-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.475-478
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    • 2003
  • Bacillus subtilis K-20 chunggukjang is widely used in making soy sauces and bean pastes which are Korean traditional fermented foods. Bacillus subtilis K-20 chunggukjang was cultured, and fermented at $40^{\circ}C$ and 90% humidity for 96 hr after homogenizing with garlic, garlic and onion, and garlic, onion, and ginger. As a result, a product with pizza flavor and taste was obtained from Bacillus subtilis K-20. This product could be used as a functional food to promote immunity.

Increased Quality Characteristics and Physiological Effects of Chunggukjang Fermented with Bacillus subtilis-SKm (Bacillus subtilis-SKm를 스타터로 이용하여 제조한 청국장의 품질 및 기능성 증진 효과)

  • Zheng, Yanfei;Jeong, Ji-Kang;Choi, Hye-Sun;Park, Kun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.12
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    • pp.1694-1699
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    • 2011
  • The quality characteristics and physiological effects of chunggukjang fermented naturally (NF-c), with Bacillus subtilis-SKm (BS-c), with Bacillus subtilis HJ18-4 (BH-c), and with Bacillus subtilis KCCM 42923 (BK-c) were investigated. The characteristics of fermentation were determined by protease, ${\alpha}$-amylase and ${\gamma}$-GTP activities, and additionally the amounts of amino-type and ammonia-type nitrogens. BS-c showed the highest protease, ${\alpha}$-amylase, and ${\gamma}$-GTP activities, and also amino-type nitrogen content among the four types of chunggukjang. The ammonia-type nitrogen content in BS-c was similar to that of BK-c and NF-c. BH-c showed the lowest enzyme activities and amino-type and ammonia-type nitrogen content. BS-c, BH-c, BK-c, and NF-c showed a similar overall acceptability during sensory evaluation. BS-c also showed the strongest DPPH free radical scavenging and anti-proliferative activities in HT-29 human colon carcinoma cells. These results suggested that B. subtilis-SKm was suitable to be used as a starter to enhance the quality and effects of chunggukjang.

Effect of Sword Bean Chunggukjang Addition on Quality of Kochujang (작두콩 청국장 첨가 고추장의 품질 특성)

  • Chang, Moon-Ik;Kim, Jae-Young;Kim, Seong-Jo;Baek, Seung-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.9
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    • pp.1292-1299
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    • 2011
  • This research aimed to determine the quality characteristics of kochujang made of sword bean chunggukjang. The effects of chunggukjang addition were compared in products fermented for 90 days. During the fermentation period of kochujang, sword bean chunggukjang was added at 0, 2, 5, 8, and 10%. The moisture content ranged from 40.24 to 42.83% (w/w). After 90 days of fermentation, sodium chloride was at around 10.2 to 10.3%, which was not much different from that of control kochujang (SBC 0) before and after fermentation. The color values were not significantly different between SBC kochujang and traditional kochujang. The microbial counts in 0, 2, 5, 8, and 10% SBC kochujang fermented for 90 days were around $5.42{\times}10^7$ to $9.59{\times}10^7$ CFU/g for aerobic viable cells, $1.14{\times}10^2$ to $9.73{\times}10^2$ CFU/g for yeast, and $8.49{\times}10^2$ to $1.25{\times}10^3$ CFU/g for Bacillus cereus. Sensory evaluation of kochujang showed that the comprehensive preference was 5.40, 5.15, 6.30, 6.10, and 6.95, respectively, for SBC 0, 2, 5, 8, and 10%. In conclusion, the quality difference between SBC and traditional kochujang was not significant, and sensory evaluation of kochujang showed that SBC 10% received the highest score.

Physicochemical Characteristics of Traditional Fermented Soybean Products Manufactured in Folk Villages of Sunchang Region (순창 고추장민속마을에서 생산한 전통 장류의 이화학적 특성)

  • Kim, Jong-Wook;Kim, Yong-Suk;Jeong, Pyeong-Hwa;Kim, Hyung-Eun;Shin, Dong-Hwa
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.223-230
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    • 2006
  • For standardization of quality of traditional fermented soybean products manufactured in Folk Villages of Sunchang Region, the physicochemical characteristics of 28 Kochujang, 28 Doenjang, and 18 Chunggukjang were compared. Moisture contents of Kochujang, Doenjang, and Chunggukjang were $46.9{\pm}3.6,\;60.6{\pm}1.9,\;and\;57.0{\pm}3.10%$, respectively. On the basis of average moisture contents, crude protein, crude fat, and crude ash contents were calculated to $6.2{\pm}0.7,\;2.0{\pm}0.5,\;and\;8.2{\pm}1.1%$ in Kochujang, $13.2{\pm}1.0,\;7.1{\pm}0.6,\;and\;15.2{\pm}1.5%$ in Doenjang, and $18.9{\pm}1.2,\;6.1{\pm}1.4,\;and\;5.1{\pm}1.7%$ in Chunggukjang, respectively. Reducing sugar, salinity, and water activities in Kochujang were $19.25{\pm}4.1%,\;7.3{\pm}1.1%,\;and\;0.790{\pm}0.003$, in Doenjang were $2.38{\pm}0.89%,\;14.2{\pm}1.4%,\;and\;0.835{\pm}0.020$, and in Chunggukjang were $0.51{\pm}0.24%,\;4.2{\pm}1.6%,\;and\;0.962{\pm}0.028$, respectively. Amino-type nitrogen contents, which affects delicate flavors of fermented soybean products, of Kochujang, Doenjang, and Chunggukjang were $114.03{\pm}19.04,\;734.32{\pm}147.70,\;and\;600{\pm}150mg%$, respectively. Lightness (l), redness (a), and yellowness (b) values in color of Kochujang were $14.49{\pm}1.44,\;15.45{\pm}1.77,\;and\;8.34{\pm}1.02$, respectively, and the redness was lower than that of other ones. Those of Doenjang were $26.69{\pm}4.33,\;7.25{\pm}1.03,\;and\;12.02{\pm}1.82$, respectively, and those of Chunggukjang were $35.62{\pm}2.05,\;6.31{\pm}0.37,\;and\;13.50{\pm}0.78$, respectively. These results indicate that the salt concentration and quality of traditional fermented soybean products manufactured in Folk Villages of Sunchang region must be lowered and standardized, respectively.

Isolation of Bacteria from Chunggukjang Prepared by Rice Straw and Identification of Protease Secreted (볏짚 청국장 발효 세균 분리 및 분비된 protease의 확인)

  • Oh, Jae-Hyeon;Lee, Byeong-Jeong;Paik, Hyoung-Rok;Jung, Sang-Chul;Baik, Keun-Sik;Choi, Sang-Ki
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.397-402
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    • 2009
  • To isolate bacteria secreting protease, which can dissolve fibrin efficiently, we prepared chunggukjang using rice straw and isolated, preliminarily, approximately 100 bacterial stains. Their capabilities to dissolve milk protein as well as fibrin included in media were then examined and finally, five strains named J1 - J5 were selected. Among them, J-4, which is close to bacillus subtilis, showed highest activity for fibrin dissolution. Proteases secreted from the J-4 strain were partially purified from culture supernatant using DEAE-sepharose column chromatography and identified with SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Three proteins were subjected to analysis with MALDI-TOF and PMF (Peptide Mass Fingerprinting). 41.9 kDa protein was identified as a neutral protease. On the other hand, 45 kDa protein turned out to be bacillopeptidase F, with a molecular mass of 91.7 kDa, indicating that partially purified peptide is a degradation product.

Fermentation Characteristics of Whole Soybean Meju Model System Inoculated with 4 Bacillus Strains (Baciilus속 세균 4종을 이용한 콩알메주 Model System의 발효특성)

  • Kim, Dong-Ho;Lim, Dae-Won;Bai, Suk;Chun, Soon-Bai
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.1006-1015
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    • 1997
  • Whole soybean meju was fermented with four Bacillus strains for 45 hr in its model system. The pH range of the product was $7.98{\sim}8.68$, the contents of amino nitrogen and ammoniacal nitrogen were $286{\sim}439\;mg%,\;0.11{\sim}0.23%$, respectively and that of reducing sugar ranged $0.65{\sim}2.24%$. During fermentation, the enzyme activities increased up to $30{\sim}40\;hr$ of fermentation and slightly decreased after 45 hr. Stachyose was special sugar components for B. licheniformis and raffinose was for B. natto. The components of the organic acid showed distinctive patterns among four products and the patterns of amino acids and fatty acids were almost similar to those of other reports. The main and common odor concentrates of meju were pyrazine components, 3-methyl-1-butanol, acetic acid and ethanol. Chunggukjang, mixed with B. natto and B. licheniformis showed more acceptabilities than other combinations. Soybean paste, mixed with B. megaterium and B. subtilis, soysauce, mixed with B. megaterium and A. oryzae showed excellent acceptability, respectively.

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