• Title, Summary, Keyword: chunggukjang

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Fermentation and Quality Characteristics of Cheonggukjang Fermented with Bacillus subtilis BC-P1 (Bacillus subtilis BC-P1 균주를 이용하여 제조한 청국장의 발효 및 품질 특성분석)

  • Park, Sung-Yong;Bang, Mi-Ae;Oh, Boung-Jun;Park, Jeong-Hoon;Song, Won-Seob;Choi, Kyung-Min;Choung, Eui-Su;Boo, Hee-Ock;Cho, Seung-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.262-269
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    • 2013
  • The object of this study was to improve the quality of Cheonggukjang with new starter, Bacillus subtilis BC-P1. Twenty strains were isolated from the commercial cheonggukjang and 1 Bacillus strain (BC-P1) with protease activity was selected. The 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that the BC-P1 was closely related to B. subtilis with 99% homology. The quality characteristics of chunggukjang fermented with B. subtilis BC-P1, Bacillus nato (PC) and commercial chunggukjang (NC) were investigated. The characteristics of fermentation were determined by protease, lipase, xylanase, chitinase, and fibrinolytic activities, reducing sugar, nutrient composition and amino acid contents of cheonggukjang sample. Cheonggukjang fermented with B. subtilis BC-P1 showed the strongest fibrinolytic, xylanase, and chitinase activities. Reducung sugar contents of Cheonggukjang samples were $30.16{\pm}2.11$ mg/g (NC), $28.56{\pm}1.52$ mg/g (PC), $32.39{\pm}1.87$ mg/g (BC-P1). And their total amino acid contents were 338.99 mg% (NC), 445.19 mg% (PC), 741.35 mg% (BC-P1). These results suggested that B. subtilis BC-P1 was suitable to be used as a starter to enhance the quality and effects of cheonggukjang.

Development and Acceptance Test of Protein Enriched Menu for the Aged (고령소비자를 위한 단백질 강화 식단 개발 및 기호도 조사)

  • Kim, Hae-Young;Back, Su-Ryon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.262-269
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to develop protein enriched menu for the aged and running an acceptance test on the protein enriched menu. Four kinds of the menu were developed with emphasis on protein enriched food materials of chicken and beans for menu1, chunggukjang for menu2, pork for menu3, beef and mackerel for menu4. one portion of calorie, polysaccharide, protein and fats for the aged were calculated at 567kcal, 92.8g, 21.3g and 12.6g respectively based on recommended daily allowances for adults. Protein content increased in the menus 1, 2, 3 and 4 were 13.2%, 17.5%, 12.4%, and 13.3%, respectively. In the result of the acceptance test, the cooked rice with black beans and chicken soup of menu1 had significantly the highest acceptance score among the rice and soup groups, respectively (p<0.05). In the side dish, bean curd, cucumber and onion salad in menu1 had relatively higher acceptance scores than the others with significant difference at p<0.05. Overall acceptance of menu 1 had significantly the highest acceptance scores of all. Female showed significantly the higher scores of overall acceptance on menu 2 and 4 than those of male from the t test results of acceptance test.

Comsumption Aspects of Fermented in Busan Yangsan and Ulsan -II. Traditional fermented Soybean Products - (부산, 양산, 울산 지역의 발효식품 소비현황 -II. 장류-)

  • 영동민
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.350-357
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    • 1999
  • To investigate the consumption pattern of traditional fermented soybean products a survey was con-ducted to the subjects composed of 308 housewives in busan yangsan and ulsan. Doenjang was rated among one of the often-used traditional foods in Korean meal preparation. 67.2% fo the respondents used Doenjang once or twice a week and 22.7% every day and by the educational level the lower in education level used more. Doenjang has been prepared by housewives themselves(46.9%) or by their relatives(30.7%) for the most important reason of good taste and by purchasing of commercial products(22.4%) for convenience. By regional groups the frequency to use commercial products of Doenjang was higher in Ulsan and the younger or the higher in education level showed the higher frequency. The consump-tion pattern of Gochujang was very similar to that of Doenjang. Chunggukjang which has peculiar flav-our showed very low consumption with being rarely used or having not eaten by 60.3% of subjects. Gan-jang was consumed mainly once or twice a week and jin-ganjang was preferred than Guk-ganjang. In the preparing methods Guk-ganjang have been made by housewives themselves(31.0%) by their relativ-es(29.5%) or by purchasing of commercial products(31.0%) and Jin-ganjang mainly by purchasing of commercial products(65.0%) which showed higher consumption frequency of commercial products com-pared with Doenjang and Gochujang.

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A Survey on the Seasonal Menu and Consumer Acceptance Test of Free Meals for the Elderly Facility in Sungnam Region (성남 고령자 무료급식소의 계절별 식단 및 기호도 조사)

  • Kim, Hye-Young L;Kang, Nam-E
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.273-282
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to nut a survey on the seasonal menu and consumer's acceptance test of free meals for the elderly facility in Sungnam Region. The elderly meals of the free lunch meal service were mainly composed of staple food, hot soup, and three kinds of side dishes. Questionare for accentance test was developed based on the seasonal menu including 13 kinds of cooked rices, 43 kinds of soups and 94 kinds of side dishes. The test was run for 104 elderly living and receving the service in the area. Average age of the subjects was 75.9 and 43% was male 57% was female. The 81% and 88% of the subject answered 'yes' on the intake of breakfast and dinner respectively representing high percentages of regular meal habits of the elderly. The cooked rice with black beans had significantly the highest acceptance score among the rice group and soups prepared with chunggukjang and cabbage had higher accentance scores(P<0.05). In the side dish groups, broiled eed, croakers, and various kinds of namuls had relatively higher scores than the others with significant difference at P<0.05.

A Study on the Book "Siuejunsuh" ("시의전서"의 정리학적 고찰)

  • 이효지
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.47-61
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    • 1981
  • The Siuejunsuh is a book of Korean woman's life in the Yi-dynasty which published late in 18 century by unknown author. I have studied the food habits of the Yi-dynasty that wrote in siuejunsuh as following. The staple foods ae Bab (boiled cooked rice) 2, Juk(gruel) 6, Mieum(thin rice gruel) 3, Uee (liquid) 1, D'ockguk 2, Mandu3 Kinds I this book. the side dishes are Guk(soup) 24, Jochi 7, jungol 2, J'im 16, Sinsollo 1, Bockuem 5, Sun 6, Gui 16, Jock 10, jon 12, jorim 7, Namul 14, Sangchae 4, Hyae 17, Joban 2, Nooruemi 1, Sooranpoached egg) 2, Sondae 2, jockpyun 1, Choe 1, Muchim 11, Pyunuk 2, Jockgall 6, Po 9, Ssam 4, Jup 1, Jangaji 27, Kimchi 20, and other 27 Kinds. the desserts are D'ock 41, jabgwa 52, Beverages 17 kinds. the alcohol and frutie liquor are 18 kinds. The seasonings are soybean sauce, Jinjang, red peper bean paste, Zupjang, Dampukjang, Chunggukjang, honey, vinegar, mustard, Yunzup etc. Storage foods are vegetables,fruits and beans etc. There are 62 kinds of table ware and cooking kitchen utensiles, but many of them came to usefulness. 16 kinds of measuring unit are very non-scientific because that is not by weight but by bulk or volume. Thee are many food making terms which are 179 kinds of prepared cooking term, 22 kinds of cutting term and 16 kinds of boiling term. And 20 kinds of expression of taste can be seen in this book. Food serving methods are D'ockiserving method, fruits and dried food serving methode in chanhap (food packed in a nest of boxes) Guksoo serving method, Jock serving method, fruits serving method, Seup serving method etc. Table setting methods ae 9 sets of dinner, 7 sets of dinner, 5 sets of dinner, side table setting, liquor table setting, Sinsollo table setting, food's dab table setting etc.

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Antioxidant Activity of Soybean Yogurt added Tomato Extract by Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus plantarum (Bacillus subtilis와 Lactobacillus plantarum에 의한 토마토 첨가 두유 요구르트의 항산화 활성)

  • Yang, Ming;Kwak, Jung Soon;Jang, Seri;Jia, Yuan;Park, Inshik
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.280-286
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to investigate the effect of types of microorganisms on the antioxidant activity of soybean yogurt by a single or mixed culture of Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus plantarum isolated from chunggukjang and kimchi. The fermented soybean milk by Bacillus subtilis exhibited the highest values of total polyphenol, DPPH radical scavenging activity, reducing power and nitrite scavenging activity compared to those of Lactobacillus plantarum or mixed culture of Bacillus subtilis/Lactobacillus plantarum. As the amount of tomato extract was added to the soybean milk, various antioxidant parameters, such as total polyphenol, DPPH radical scavenging activity, reducing power and nitrite scavenging activity, were linearly increased.

Fermentation Characteristics of Soybean Yogurt by Mixed Culture of Bacillus sp. and Lactic Acid Bacteria (고초균과 유산균의 혼합배양에 의한 두유 요구르트의 발효 특성)

  • Yang, Ming;Kwak, Jung Soon;Jang, Seri;Jia, Yuan;Park, Inshik
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.273-279
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    • 2013
  • The microorganisms producing high protease activity and acid producing ability were isolated from Chunggukjang and kimchi, which were identified as Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus planetarum by morphological, biochemical and nutrient requirement. The attempt was made to produce soybean milk yoghurt by using the isolated microorganisms. The mixed culture of Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus plantarum exhibited the lowest pH value of 4.23 and highest titratable acidity of 0.88% compared to those of single cultures at $37^{\circ}C$ for 32 hrs, and their total viable count was $4.09{\times}10^8$ $cfu/m{\ell}$. The ${\alpha}$-amylase activity was the highest in culture of Bacillus subtilis after incubation for 24 hrs, while protease activity was most produced in mixed culture of Bacillus subtilis and Lactobacillus plantarum. The amounts of reducing sugars were steadily decreased as soy milk fermentation progressed.

Potential probiotics activity of Bacillus spp. from traditional soybean pastes and fermentation characteristics of Cheonggukjang (전통장류유래 Bacillus spp.의 프로바이오틱스 활성과 청국장 발효 특성)

  • Ryu, Myeong Seon;Yang, Hee-Jong;Kim, Jin Won;Jeong, Su-Ji;Jeong, Seong-Yeop;Eom, Jeong-Seon;Jeong, Do-Youn
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.1168-1179
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    • 2017
  • In this study, we tried to screen the Bacillus strain having safety probability by isolation of strains from traditional fermented food, measurement of probiotic properties, and the fermentative characteristics of Cheonggukjang. We isolated 400 Bacillus-like isolates from traditional fermented foods. Selected strains examined on the prevalent characteristic such as extracellular enzyme and antibacterial activities, and their safety probability was confirmed by biogenic amine productivity, hemolytic, and harmful substances and enzyme productivity. We selected the 5 strains by analysis of biogenic amine, antibacterial and B. cereus toxic associated gene. Five selected strains were examined on cell surface hydrophobicity, and bile and acid tolerance, and we selected the SRCM100730 as the final strain. SRCM100730 was confirmed B. amyloliquefaciens by 16S rRNA sequencing, and named the B. amyloloquefaciens SRCM100730 (KCCM11966P). Finally, we manufactured Cheonggukjang using SRCM100730 for confirmation of fermentation properties. Manufactured Cheonggukjang did not contain B. cereus, and showed that ${\gamma}$-PGA and extracellular enzyme activities were superior to commercial Chunggukjang. Amino nitrogen content was 544.02 mg% and 26 free amino acid were detected, and the bitterness-related amino acid content was lower than commercial Cheonggukjang. Especially, the amount of GABA was 3 fold higher than commercial Cheonggukjang. These results suggest that SRCM100730 have high availability in commercial probiotics market and fermented food industry.

Antioxidant Effect of Chungkukjang Supplementation against Memory Impairment induced by Scopolamine in Mice (Scopolamine으로 유도된 기억 손상 마우스에서 청국장 식이의 항산화 효과)

  • Kong, Hyun-Joo;Lee, Kyung-Eun;Yang, Kyung-Mi
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.237-249
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    • 2016
  • In this study, the antioxidant effect of Chungkukjang supplementation against memory impairment and oxidative stress in scopolamine (2 mg/kg i.p)-injected mice was investigated. The experimental animals were divided into five groups and fed experimental diets for 12 weeks; normal diet group (C), scopolamine + normal diet group (S), scopolamine + 63.0% soybean Chungkukjang supplementation group (SS), scopolamine + 45.0% Yakkong Chungkukjang supplementation group (SY), and scopolamine + 50.0% black foods such as black rice, black sesame seeds, and sea tangle added Yakkong Chungkukjang group (SYB). For the results of food intake, body weight gain, and brain weights, levels of scopolamine-injected groups were lower than the levels of the control group. The reduced brain weight of the scopolamine-injected group (S) was regulated to control level by supplementation of three types Chungkukjang. In the oxidative stress indicator, nitric oxide and malondialdehyde levels in serum of scopolamine-injected mice were higher than those of other groups. However, supplementation of soybeans, Yakkong and black foods added Yakkong Chungkukjang was proven to regulate them. Antioxidant enzyme activities such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) in serum showed no significant differences among the groups. The reduced levels of vitamin A and vitamin E in serum and brain tissue of scopolamine-injected mice were controlled by supplementation of three types of Chungkukjang. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of scopolamine-injected group was lower than those of other groups. However, TAC was significantly elevated by Chunggukjang supplementation. Therefore, antioxidative effects of soybeans, Yakkong, and black foods added Yakkong Chungkukjang supplementations against oxidative stress in scopolamine-injected in mice could expected.