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Eutrophication in the Namhae Coastal Sea 2. The Aspects of Eutrophication of Bottom Mud and Surface Seawater in the Namhae Coastal Seas (남해 연안해역의 부영양화 2. 남해 연안해역의 저질 및 수질의 부영양화 실태)

  • Kim, Sung-Jae
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.107-118
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    • 2001
  • The aim of this paper is to grasp eutrophication aspects in Namhae coastal seas, statistically analyzing existing data for their surface seawater and bottom mud. A pollution level(ignition loess) of bottom mud, on the whole, trended to increase as moving the coastal sea around Mokpo-Wando toward the east(Gyeongnam Namhae coastal seas). Especially, the pollution level(ignition loss=10.5%) of bottom mud for the coastal sea around Tongyeong-Keoje-Gosung was similar to that(10.3%) for the coastal sea around Masan-Jinhae, whose coastal marine pollution was the severest in Namhae coastal seas. It indicates that large amounts of pollutant from aqualculture facilities have been, thus far, accumulated on the coastal sea around Tongyeong-Keoje-Gosung, considering there was no significant inflow of sewage and industrial wastewater into this coastal sea. A COD, T-N, and T-P level of surface seawater, on the whole trended to increase as moving the coastal sea around Mokpo-Wando toward the east(Gyeongnam Namhae coastal seas). A COD level appeared to be the second grade of coastal water quality over the entire year throughout all Namhae coastal seas A T-N level exceeded the third grade of coastal water quality throughout all Namhae coastal seas except the coastal sea around Mokpo-Wando. Especially, a T-N level exceeded as many as three and six times over the third grade of coastal water quality in the coastal sea around Tongyeong-Keoje-Gosung and Masan-Jinhae, respectively. A T-P level appeared to be the second grade of coastal water quality in the coastal sea around Mokpo-Wando and the third grade of coastal water quality in the coastal sea around Yosu-Narnhae and Tongyeong-Keoje-Gosung, while it exceeded as many as two times over the third grade of coastal water quality. A degree of eutrophication of the surface seawater was 1.5 in the coastal sea around Mokpo-Wando and 11.9 In the coastal sea around Tongyeong-Keoje-Gosung, gradually increasing as moving toward the east(Gyeongnam Narnhae coastal seas). It sharply increased to 146.1 in the coastal sea around Masan-Jinhae. Because the degree of eutrophication throughout all Namhae coastal seas exceeded 1, a red tide organism could pose a possibility of proliferation at any place of Namhae coastal seas if other requirements were satisfied. It indicates that a red tide may move to another place once a red tide breaks out at a place of Namhae coastal seas.

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A Study on Improvement of Management Framework for Coastal Erosion Protection (연안침식방지를 위한 관리체계 개선방안)

  • Lee, Moon-Suk;Park, Seong-Wook
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.155-165
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    • 2007
  • Recently, coastal erosion has become an important issue in relation to keeping territorial integrity of a nation as well as protecting the coastal marine ecosystem. This study examines some apprehensions about the effectiveness of the existing legal system concerning prevention of coastal erosion. After examining several case studies in Scotland, the USA, and the Netherlands, this study proposes appropriate revisional legal measures that can be applied in Korea: first, the coastal management act should be revised for stronger, enforceable and practical legal grounds emphasizing minimal coastal erosion; second, the proposed "Comprehensive Coastal Erosion Prevention Plan" should be established and implemented in four steps such as characterization of issues through surveys of stakeholders and demand assessment, plan establishment, execution, and maintenance and management; third, there is a demand to establish and implement a legal framework to support monitoring activities which provide important data and information to prevent coastal erosion; fourth, the chronic region of damage is designated as the "Vulnerable Area" to be protected and managed accordingly; fifth, the "Coastal Coordination council" is established and operated for developing an integrated coastal management policy and visions for sustainable coastal zone, as well as coordinating and intervention of any activities which may cause coastal erosion.

On the Behavior of Suspended Sediment near a Silt Screen and the Screen Efficiency in a Microtidal Coastal Area

  • Jin, Jae-Youll;Song, Won-Oh;Park, Jin-Soon;Chae, Jang-Won;Kim, Sung-En;Jeong, Weon-Mu;Yum, Ki-Dai;Oh, Jae-Kyung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers Conference
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    • pp.344-352
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    • 2003
  • Sediment plumes arising from various coastal works can cause detrimental effects on the coastal ecosystem in various manners. Although the most active countermeasure against the plumes is to restrict the works to specified time periods known as environmental windows (Reine et al., 1998), silt screens have been widely used for reducing the spreading of suspended sediments (SS) generated by coastal works. (omitted)

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Development of a Real-Time Water Quality Monitoring System using Coastal Passenger Ships and PCS Telemetry

  • Jin, Jae-Youll;Park, Jin-Soon;Lee, Jong-Kuk;Park, Kwang-Soon;Lee, Dong-Young;Yum, Ki-Dai
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.117-126
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    • 1999
  • To meet increasing needs for environmentally sustainable management of coastal area, there has been compelling pressure to establish a cost-effective and long-term coastal water quality (CWQ) monitoring system. A remote CWQ monitoring system, STAMP, has been developed and is in operation along the route between Kyema harbor and Anma Island in the southwestern coastal area of Korea. STAMP uses a PCS phone as a telemetry unit to transmit acquired data for monitoring general water quality parameters, and a routinely operating coastal passenger ship or car ferry. STAMP has various merits of low-cost operations; long-term monitoring with secure instrumentation; and stable real-time telemetry of acquired data with-out the loss and noise. It is expected that the system will serve as a very useful tool in the CWQ managing programs of Korea taking the advantage of many coastal passenger ships in various routes including the ships departing from the coastal industrial cities. The acquired data compiled on suspended surface sediment concentrations (SSSC) will be also valuably helpful in understanding the sediment budget across the routes of the vessel.

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Systems Thinking for the Land Use and Landscape Value of Coastal Dune (해안사구의 토지이용과 경관가치에 대한 시스템 사고)

  • Seok, Youngsun;Song, Kihwan;Chon, Jinhyung
    • Korean System Dynamics Review
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.81-104
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    • 2014
  • This study aimed to suggest the directions for the landscape protection of Sindu-ri coastal dune based on its ecological system. The study investigated ecological systems of the coastal dune followed by damage causes of coastal dune according to the land use change, and landscape value of coastal dune in the study area. In order to construct causal-effect feedback loop, systems thinking was performed. Result of this study showed that the area of coastal dune and the amount of sand are maintained by the interaction with sand beach while they are affected by wind direction, wind speed, and dune plants. It was also found that the changes of land use pattern, increasing commercial area, and planted windbreak forest damaged to the coastal dune. In addition, size of coastal dune and growing number of dune plants increased landscape value of coastal dune and tourist draw. However increasing tourists have constantly affected land use changes and have damaged to coastal dune area. In sum, planning for land use regulation, rest-year system areas, promotion and education for coastal dune, dune plants protection, and windbreak management should be taken into account for landscape protection in coastal dune.

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Estimation of the Efficiency of a Silt Screen using a Vessel-mounted ADCP

  • Jin, Jae-Youll;Park, Jin-Soon;Song, Won-Oh;Kim, Sung-En;Lee, Kwang-Soo;Yum, Ki-Dai;Oh, Jae-Kyung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers Conference
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    • pp.353-358
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    • 2003
  • As fur quantitative evaluation of the amount of sediments released into the ambient waters by various works fur coastal development, the instrument and method of the measurement of suspended sediment concentration (SSC) are critical for estimating the efficiency of a silt screen to reduce the spreading of sediment plumes generated by coastal works. (omitted)

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Occurrence and Distribution of Cellular Slime Molds in Relation to the Coastal Plant Communities of Islands near Inch`on (仁川 近海 島嶼地域의 海岸植物 群落에 따른 細胞性 粘菌의 出現과 分布)

  • Hong, Jeong-Soo;Nam-Kee Chang
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.457-467
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    • 1991
  • Occurrence and distribution of the celluar slime molds in relation to the coastal plant communities of svven islands near inch'on wereinvestigated. as a results, total seven species were isolated from the soils of the coastal plant communities. These are dictyostelium mucoroides, polysphodylium pallidum, dictystelium polycephalum. d. mucoroides was the most commonly found in the coastal plant communities investigated, and was dominant pecularly in the coastal mixed forests, the coastal broad-leaved forests and salt marshes. In the coastal coniferous forest and the coastal dune sand plants, hoeever, p. violaceum was the dominant species. species diversity was relatively was relatively high in the coastal coniferous ferests and the coastal mixed forests. However, agerage number of species isolated from all plant communities was very low,2.8.

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The Methods of Coastal Disaster Mapping Using Digital Map (수치지도를 이용한 연안재해지도 작성 방안)

  • Jeong, Jong-Chul
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.373-379
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    • 2007
  • Natural hazards such as typhoon, flood, landslide affect both coastal and inland areas more often according to increasement of severe and unusual weather. To provide adequate coastal disaster mitigation strategies, coastal disaster prevention system using GIS is very useful. Application methods of digital map on this issue was discussed in this study. For developing of coastal disaster prevention system, the data structures related to disaster monitoring is needed to be revised for interdisciplinary framework. To improve the current coastal disaster mapping methods, GIS based new model for coastal disaster mapping was suggested. In this study, coastal GIS showed the attribute data and structures of coastal disaster mapping.

GIS-based Ocean Informatics for Integrated Coastal Management (연안역통합관리를 위한 GIS 기반 해양정보학)

  • Kim, Jong-Kyu
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.227-237
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    • 2004
  • Recently development trends in information technology expand the activity boundaries for human living beyond coastal zones. These rapid changes of paradigm are stimulating scientists and strategists to be encouraged in making adequate model for marine geographic information system (MGIS) and their applications. Coastal zones are places which are affected by many factors, such as water quality, tide, wave, atmosphere, population, industry, etc. Therefore information related to the coast has to be integrated and analyzed for managing it efficiently. GIS-based Ocean Informatics is suited for those purposes and used in the study for establishing and managing coastal geographic and environmental information system. This paper reviews the properties of ocean and coastal spaces, then defines some MGIS related terminologies for clarifying the scope of MGIS boundaries. In this study, coastal geographic information is established by digital geographic information and digital terrain information. Digital coast chart having information on digital chart and map can merge and analyze various coastal information and can be a useful tool for the coastal integrated management.