• Title, Summary, Keyword: coffee beans

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Analysis of Flavor Pattern of Various Coffee Beans Using Electronic Nose (원두 종류에 따른 커피의 향기패턴 분석)

  • Kim, Ki Hwa;Kim, Ah Hyun;Lee, Jae Keun;Chun, Myoung Sook;Noh, Bong Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2014
  • An 'electronic nose' based on mass spectrometer and discriminant function analysis (DFA) was used to evaluate the grade of coffee beans. The data obtained from the electronic nose was analyzed by DFA. The discriminant function first score (DF1) of natural coffee beans showed a greater decrease than the different processing methods. Defective coffee beans were separated well from non-defective coffee beans by DF1, which correlated with a weaker flavor than that of the others. Flavor patterns of the defective and the non-defective coffee beans were determined as complementary information. The flavor patterns obtained in this study can explain, in a simplified way, the differences between the defective and the non-defective coffee beans.

Contents of Defective Beans and Cup Quality in Relation to the Grade and Processing Methods of Green Coffee (커피 생두 등급 및 가공법에 따른 결점두 함량과 컵핑을 통한 관능적 특성)

  • Yoon, Hye-Hyun;Choi, Yoo-Mei
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.703-711
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    • 2009
  • Arabica coffee is classified for trading according to the New York Board of Trade(NYBOT) green coffee classification. NYBOT's grading system is based on classification derived from a defect count on a 300 g sample. In the present study, green and roasted coffees were investigated for possible correlations between the content of defective beans and sensory characteristics. Sensory evaluation was performed by expert tasters used by the Specialty Coffee Association of America(SCAA) cupping method. For green coffee, the percentage of defective beans increased. as the coffee grade decreased. Black and sour beans were not found in the NY2 grade coffee out of all natural, pulped natural, and washed coffee samples. Sour and insect damage were found in more natural coffee samples as the green coffee grade decreased. Green and broken beans were found in more washed coffee samples as the green coffee grade decreased. Flavor, clean, uniformity, aftertaste, and overall sensory characteristics were significantly different among the NY2, NY3/4 and NY4/5 grade coffee in all natural, pulped natural and washed coffee samples. The natural coffee in the NY2 sample presented the highest body characteristic. The pulped natural coffee in the NY2 sample presented the highest sweetness and balance characteristics. The washed coffee in the NY2 sample presented the highest acidity and flavor characteristics. In conclusion, the percentage of defective beans increased as sensory characteristics decreased.

Analyses of Organic Acids and Phenolic Compounds in Columbia Coffee Bean in Roasting Process

  • Park, Jongsun;Kim, Yongsung;Yeon, Jihun;Woo, Jongwook;Seo, Youmi;Mun, Jeong-Yun;Choi, Ji-Soo;Park, Min-Jeong;Im, Jong-Yun;Jang, Tae-Won;Park, Jae-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.88-88
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    • 2018
  • Coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world. Roasting process of coffee bean is one of major steps to make coffee, however, there are few studies which analyzed chemical compounds in intermediate state of roasting coffee beans due to technical limitations to get coffee beans with the same roasting condition. We utilized Stronghold S7 pro roasting machine which guarantees the saming roasting conditions repletively with the aid of precise computer to control heat sources to get 20 steps (every 30 seconds) of roasted coffee beans during roasting process (10 min in total). Along with roasting process, phenolic compounds were decreased, which can be explained that roasting process cause phenolic compounds degradation. Caffeine is almost constant during roasting, reflecting that caffeine is not affected in roasting process. These samples presents that organic acids significantly increase along with the roasting process by HPLC analysis. With additional analysis of coffee beans, such as moisture contents, pH, as well as coffee tastes, our analysis will show detailed process of chemical compounds of coffee beans during roasting process.

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Comparative studies on the fatty acids in the green and roasted coffee beans (커피의 원두와 배전두의 지방산조성에 관한 비교연구)

  • 고영수
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.119-127
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    • 1986
  • To investigate differences in fatty acid composition in green coffee beans and roasted coffee beans, the extracts of two beans were subjected to analysis of fatty acid composition by GC and HPLC. The results showed that palmitic and liolneic acid were the main fatty acids of coffee oil and their contents were about 40%. Minor components, such as capric acid, lauric acid and myristic acid were detected in both samples by GC, but nut HPLC.

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Simulateous Determination for the Contents of Caffeine and Chlorogenic Acid in Coffee Beans (원두커피내 카페인 및 클로로겐산 함량 평가를 위한 동시분석법)

  • Shin, Jeoung Hwa;Ahn, Yun Gyong
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.5-12
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    • 2013
  • Caffeine is an alkaloid of the methylxanthine family known as a central nervous system stimulant, temporarily warding off drowsiness and restoring alertness in humans. There is a recommended upper limits of caffeine for health because a high dose can cause negative effects. Chlorogenic acid is a natural polyphenol compound known to have an antioxidant activity. In this study, the contents of caffeine and chlorogenic acid in coffee beans from different origins(Costa Rica, Indonesia, Vietnam) were determined by using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(LC-MS/MS). The experiment offers more selectivity and sensitivity for those compounds compared with conventional methods such as UV/VIS spectrophotometry. The average concentrations of caffeine and chlorogenic acid in coffee beans origined in Costa Rica were 15.05 mg/g and 5.33 mg/g respectively. In the case of coffee beans origined in Indonesia, the average concentrations were 13.10 mg/g for caffeine and 3.75 mg/g for chlorogenic acid. Vietnamese coffee showed that the average concentrations were 17.79 mg/g for caffeine and 1.12 mg/g for chlorogenic acid. This study can contribute to a better understanding of the contents of caffeine and chlorogenic acid in various coffee beans in order to evaluate dietary intake.

Antioxidant and Neuronal Cell Protective Effects of Columbia Arabica Coffee with Different Roasting Conditions

  • Jeong, Ji Hee;Jeong, Hee Rok;Jo, Yu Na;Kim, Hyun Ju;Lee, Uk;Heo, Ho Jin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.30-37
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    • 2013
  • In vitro antioxidant activities and neuronal cell protective effects of ethanol extract from roasted coffee beans were investigated. Colombia arabica coffee (Coffea arabica) green beans were roasted to give medium ($230^{\circ}C$, 10 min), city ($230^{\circ}C$, 12 min) and french ($230^{\circ}C$, 15 min) coffee beans. Total phenolics in raw green beans, medium, city and french-roasted beans were $8.81{\pm}0.05$, $9.77{\pm}0.03$, $9.92{\pm}0.04$ and $7.76{\pm}0.01$ mg of GAE/g, respectively. The content of 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid, the predominant phenolic, was detected higher in medium-roasted beans than others. In addition, we found that extracts from medium-roasted beans particularly showed the highest in vitro antioxidant activity on ABTS radical scavenging activity and FRAP assays. To determine cell viability using the MTT assay, extracts from medium- roasted beans showed higher protection against $H_2O_2$-induced neurotoxicity than others. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage was also inhibited by the extracts due to prevention of lipid peroxidation using the malondialdehyde (MDA) assay from mouse whole brain homogenates. These data suggest that the medium-roasting condition to making tasty coffee from Columbia arabica green beans may be more helpful to human health by providing the most physiological phenolics, including 5-O-caffeoylquinic acids.

Anti-obesity and Anti-hyperlipidemic Activities of Fermented Coffee with Monascus ruber Mycelium by Solid-State Culture of Green Coffee Beans (고지방 식이를 섭취한 마우스에서 홍국균 균사체-고체발효 원두커피의 비만억제 및 지질저하 효과)

  • Sung, Jeehey;Shin, Ji-Young;Kim, Hoon;Baek, Gil-Hun;Yu, Kwang-Won;Yeon, Jeyeong;Lee, Junsoo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.341-348
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    • 2014
  • We investigated the anti-obesity and anti-hyperlipidemic effects of extracts of two roasted coffee beans (Vietnam robusta and Ethiopia mocha sidamo G2) and fermented coffee beans with Monascus rubber mycelium (MR) by solid-state culture. C57B/L6 mice were divided into seven groups: normal diet (ND) group, high fat diet (HFD) group, and HFD groups with hot water extracts from Vietnam robusta coffee beans (HFD-VR), MR-fermented Vietnam robusta coffee beans (HFD-VR-MR), MR-fermented Vietnam robusta coffee beans with 10% brown rice (HFD-VR-MR-BR10), Ethiopia mocha sidamo G2 coffee beans (HFD-ES), and MR-fermented Ethiopia mocha sidamo G2 coffee beans (HFD-ES-MR). After 6 weeks, body weight gain and food efficiency ratio were higher in the HFD group, but significantly reduced in the coffee extracts-fed groups. The HFD-ES-MR group showed greater body weight reduction than the HFD-ES group. The serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol levels as well as the atherogenic index and cardiac risk factor all tended to decrease in groups fed Vietnam robusta coffee extracts compared to the HFD group. These results suggest that Vietnam robusta and Ethiopia mocha sidamo G2 may be used to make functional coffee beverages with anti-obesity and anti-hyperlipidemic activities.

A Comparison of Antioxidant Effects among Non-fermented and Fermented Columbian Coffee, and Luwak Coffee Beans (발효 유무에 따른 콜롬비아 커피와 루왁커피의 항산화 활성 비교연구)

  • Kim, Song-Suk
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.757-766
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the antioxidant effects of non-fermented (CAC) and Monascus pilosus-fermented Columbia arabica coffee (FCAC), as well as Luwak coffee (LC) beans. The results indicated that total polyphenols content (mg/g of dry basis) was highest in CAC (70.69), followed by LC (62.07), and FCAC (41.38). However, the ratio of total flavonoids/polyphenols in FCAC was the highest. In terms of electron donating ability (%, coffee mg/mL), CAC was significantly higher than LC and FCAC. Regardless of fermentation, ferric reducing antioxidant powers were similar in CAC and FCAC and lowest in LC. LC also had the highest inhibitory activity against xanthine oxidase (XO). However FAAC had the highest inhibitory activity against aldehyde oxidase (AO), with nearly three times the levels found in CAC and LC. According to the above results, FCAC had a higher ratio of flavonoids/polyphenols and iron chelating activity than CAC. FCAC also had the highest AO inhibitory activity among the three experimental coffee beans. The results suggest that further studies are required to evaluate the bioactive components of various coffee beans so as to determine the potential benefits that coffee may have on preventing oxidative stress-related conditions.

Characteristics of Particulate Matter Generated during the Operation of a Small Directly Fired Coffee Roaster (소형 직화식 커피 로스터 이용 시 발생하는 미세먼지 특성 연구)

  • Yu, Da Eun;Kim, Seung Won
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.236-248
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the concentrations of particulate matter generated during coffee roasting and to study various factors affecting the concentrations. Methods: Differences in concentration levels were investigated based on various factors to understand the emission rates of particulate matter over time and to compare the mass and number concentrations according to their size. Sampling was performed in closed laboratories without the operation of air conditioning or ventilation. Optical Particle Sizer(OPS) was used as a measuring device. An OPS measures using a light-scattering method. Sampling was performed for sixty minutes at one-minute intervals. The background concentration was measured for about 30 minutes before starting of coffee roasting. The concentrations of particulate matter generated during coffee roasting were monitored until roasted coffee beans were removed from the roaster and cooled down. Several factors affecting the concentrations of particulate matter were investigated, which includes the origins of green beans, the roasting level, and the input amount of green beans. Results: The results of this study may be summarized as follows: 1) There was no difference in particulate matter concentration levels by the origin of the green beans, but a statistically significant difference in concentration levels by roasting level and the input amount of green beans; The higher the roasting level, the higher was the particulate matter concentration. The more green beans we put in the roaster, the higher were the concentrations; 2) The PM10 mass concentrations increased over time. The average concentration after roasting was higher than the average concentration during roasting; 3) In the distribution of mass and number concentration by particle diameter, the majority of particles was below 2.5 ㎛. Conclusions: Persons who work in roastery cafes can be exposed to high concentrations of particulate matter. Therefore, personal exposure and risk assessment should be conducted for roastery cafe workers.

Analysis of Antioxidant Components in Coffee Making Process Using Washed Coffee and Natural Coffee (워시드 커피와 내추럴 커피를 활용한 커피제조 과정에서의 항산화 성분 분석)

  • Shin, Hye-Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.312-320
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    • 2019
  • This study examines the changes in chlorogenic acid (CGA), an antioxidant, and one of its decomposition substances, caffeic acid, at various roasting stages and extraction conditions. Based on the CGA content for each roasting stage, at $3^{\circ}C$ after the beginning of the $1^{st}$ crack, the CGA decreased for washed beans and natural beans by more than 50% compared to that of green coffees. The CGA continued to decrease sharply by more than 75% at the end of the $1^{st}$ crack for washed beans and at $5^{\circ}C$ after the end of the $1^{st}$ crack for natural beans. At the peak of the $2^{nd}$ crack, it had decreased by more than 90% for both beans. The Caffeic acid content gradually increased for both washed and natural beans, then rapidly increased from the beginning of the $2^{nd}$ crack to the peak of the $2^{nd}$ crack. However, its contents were very small in quantity. Additionally, the content of CGAs for differing extraction conditions were in the order of 3-CGA, Crypto-CGA, and Neo-CGA. Crypto-CGA content was about half that of 3-CGA and Neo-CGA content was approximately 100 ppm less than that of Crypto-CGA. This study was conducted in order to help make coffee that has the most antioxidant effect.