• Title, Summary, Keyword: colon cancer cells

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Effects of Duchesnea Indica of Colorectal Adenocarcinoma Cells (사매가 대장암 세포에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Do-Hyoung;Kim, Jin-Sung;Yoon, Sang-Hyub;Ryu, Ki-Won;Ryu, Bong-Ha
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.310-319
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: The aim is to identify any anti-tumor effects of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke on colon cancer cells. Materials & Methods: Colo201 human adenocarcinoma cells were obtained from American Type Culture Collection. The boiled extract of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke was added (10 and 20 microliters) to cultures and observed at 0, 6, and 12 hours, and at 12-hour intervals thereafter. Morphological changes in colon cancer cells were observed through an inverted microscope, Destruction of colon cancer cells was measured through Trypan blue exclusion testing. Suppression of the viability of colon cancer cells were measured via MTT assay. Anti-cancer mechanisms in the cell cycle of colon cancer cells were analysed via flow cytometry. Results: After introduction of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke to cultures several changes were seen. Significant atrophy of the nucleus and cytoplasm of colon cancer cells was observed, indicating cell injury. Destruction of colon cancer cells was observed in direct proportion to dosage and duration. Suppression of viability of colon cancer cells for each test group was greater than that of the control group increasingly over time(36h, 48h, 60h, 72h), which was statistical significant (p<0.05). Cell numbers of the mitosis phase of the colon cancer cell cycle reduced. Conclusions: Statistcally significant anti-tumor effects of Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke were observed in this in vitro experiment. Results support a role for Duchesnea indica(Andr.) Focke in treatment of colon cancer. though it will required progressive research to develop a practical treatment.

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The Role of Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1 Group H Member 4 (NR1H4) in Colon Cancer Cell Survival through the Regulation of c-Myc Stability

  • Lee, Yun Jeong;Lee, Eun-Young;Choi, Bo Hee;Jang, Hyonchol;Myung, Jae-Kyung;You, Hye Jin
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.459-468
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    • 2020
  • Nuclear receptor subfamily group H member 4 (NR1H4), also known as farnesoid X receptor, has been implicated in several cellular processes in the liver and intestine. Preclinical and clinical studies have suggested a role of NR1H4 in colon cancer development; however, how NR1H4 regulates colon cancer cell growth and survival remains unclear. We generated NR1H4 knockout (KO) colon cancer cells using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-CRISPR-associated protein-9 nuclease (CAS9) technology and explored the effects of NR1H4 KO in colon cancer cell proliferation, survival, and apoptosis. Interestingly, NR1H4 KO cells showed impaired cell proliferation, reduced colony formation, and increased apoptotic cell death compared to control colon cancer cells. We identified MYC as an important mediator of the signaling pathway alterations induced by NR1H4 KO. NR1H4 silencing in colon cancer cells resulted in reduced MYC protein levels, while NR1H4 activation using an NR1H4 ligand, chenodeoxycholic acid, resulted in time- and dose-dependent MYC induction. Moreover, NR1H4 KO enhanced the anti-cancer effects of doxorubicin and cisplatin, supporting the role of MYC in the enhanced apoptosis observed in NR1H4 KO cells. Taken together, our findings suggest that modulating NR1H4 activity in colon cancer cells might be a promising alternative approach to treat cancer using MYC-targeting agents.

Apoptosis Induction of HCT-15 Cells by Extracts of Undaria pinnatifida with Fermented Micro-organism (미역 발효추출물의 HCT-15 대장암 세포 사멸 유도 효과)

  • Kim, Tae-Yun;Han, Hyo-Sang;Lee, Young-Jong
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : To study the apoptosis effects of fermented Undaria pinnatifida extracts(FUP) against HCT-15 colon cancer cells. Method : By measuring cell proliferation, DNA fragmentation, cell cycle, morphology, and western blot from FUP, the study investigated the effects of the extractions had upon the HCT-15 colon cancer cells, and concluded that the inhibiting effects upon cells were induced by apoptosis. Result : FUP effectively inhibited the growth of HCT-15 colon cancer cells. After analyzing the DNA fragmentation, the study observed a DNA ladder, while examining the cells, and found an increase of sub-G1 hypodiploid cells. On the changes regarding the nucleus of the cells, a condensation of cells and chromatin, as well as an apoptotic body was clearly observed. By observing through western blot from FUP, the study found a decreased level of Bcl-2 from HCT-15 colon cancer cells, but the increased level of Bax and cleaved caspase-3, which as a result induced apoptosis, inhibiting the growth of HCT-15 colon cancer cells. FUP increased the natural death of HCT-15 colon cancer cells by the induction of apoptosis. FUP seemed to have no suppressing effect upon HL-60/MX2 cells. However, compared to the fucoidan, the study was able to clearly observe morphological changes of HCT-15 cells apoptosis, in a 1/2 concentration. Conclusion : FUP had antiproliferative effects on different kinds of cancer cells, while proving especially efficacious against colon cancer cells.

Effect of miR27a on Proliferation and Invasion in Colonic Cancer Cells

  • Gao, Yang;Li, Bao-Dong;Liu, Yong-Gang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.4675-4678
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    • 2013
  • The aim of this study was to detect the expression of miR196a, miR146a, miR27a and miR200a in patients with colon cancer, and investigate the effect of miR27a expression on proliferation and invasion in colonic cancer cells. RT-PCR was employed to detect the expression levels in colon cancers. Then, colon cancer cells were cultured and transfected with 100 nM of miR27a mimics (80 nmol/L) or 80 nM miR27a inhibitors (80 nmol/L) in 24-well plates. Proliferation and invasion of colonic cancer cells were then determined by CCK-8 and Transwell assays, respectively. Our data showed miR27a to be high-expressed in patients with colon cancer. In addition, proliferation and invasion in the miR27a mimic group were significantly higher than in the control group and negative group (P<0.05), while, proliferation and invasion in the miR27a inhibitor group were obviously lowered (P<0.05). In conclusion, high expression of miR27a may play an important role in enhancing proliferation and invasion of colon cancer cells.

The oncogenic effects of p53-inducible gene 3 (PIG3) in colon cancer cells

  • Park, Seon-Joo;Kim, Hong Beum;Kim, Jeeho;Park, Sanggon;Kim, Seok Won;Lee, Jung-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.267-273
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    • 2017
  • The p53-inducible gene 3 (PIG3), initially identified as a gene downstream of p53, plays an important role in the apoptotic process triggered by p53-mediated reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Recently, several studies have suggested that PIG3 may play a role in various types of cancer. However, the functional significance of PIG3 in cancer remains unclear. Here, we found that PIG3 was highly expressed in human colon cancer cell lines compared to normal colon-derived fibroblasts. Therefore, we attempted to elucidate the functional role of PIG3 in colon cancer. PIG3 overexpression increases the colony formation, migration and invasion ability of HCT116 colon cancer cells. Conversely, these tumorigenic abilities were significantly decreased in in vitro studies with PIG3 knockdown HCT116 cells. PIG3 knockdown also attenuated the growth of mouse xenograft tumors. These results demonstrate that PIG3 is associated with the tumorigenic potential of cancer cells, both in vitro and in vivo, and could play a key oncogenic role in colon cancer.

Pristimerin, a Naturally Occurring Triterpenoid, Exerts Potent Anticancer Effect in Colon Cancer Cells

  • Seo, Hee Won;Park, Ju-Hyung;Lee, Ji Yeon;Park, Hyun-Ju;Kim, Jin-Kyung
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2018
  • Pristimerin is a triterpene compound isolated from plant extracts that reportedly possesses antitumor, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities. The current study was designed to evaluate the antitumor effects of pristimerin on human colon cancer cells. Treatment of the human colon cancer cells, HCT116 and SW480, with pristimerin led to a dose-dependent decrease in cell proliferation. Flow cytometry experiments showed that pristimerin increased cell apoptotic rate and decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential in HCT116 and SW480 cells. Western blot assay showed that pristimerin induced increased cleavage of caspase-3, -7, -8, and poly ADP ribose polymerase. Treatment with pristimerin also caused a marked decrease in the expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL. Additionally, the levels of phosphorylated AKT and forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a) were decreased in pristimerin-treated colon cancer cells. Taken together, our study illustrated that pristimerin promoted apoptosis via the AKT/FOXO3a signaling pathway in colon cancer cells, elucidating that it might be considered as a potential agent for colon cancer therapy.

Effects of Nelumbo nucifera Root Extract on Proliferation and Apoptosis in HT-29 Human Colon Cancer Cells (연근(Nelumbo nucifera Root) 추출물의 HT-29 인체 대장암세포 증식 억제 및 사멸 효과)

  • Guon, Tae-Eun;Chung, Ha Sook
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.20-27
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    • 2014
  • Our study is investigated the effects of Nelumbo nucifera root extract on HT-29 colon cancer cells. The anti-proliferative effect of 70% ethanol extract from Nelumbo nucifera root on HT-29 colon cancer cells was identified based on cell viability, Hoechst 33342 nuclear staining, apoptosis analysis, Western blotting and RT-PCR analyses. In our study, Nelumbo nucifera root extract inhibited the growth of HT-29 colon cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner. Concomitant activation of the mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathway of HT-29 colon cancer cells by Nelumbo nucifera root extract occurred via modulation of Bax and Bcl-2 expressions, which activated cleavage of caspases-3 and -9. The findings of this study indicate that Nelumbo nucifera root extract induces apoptosis in HT-29 colon cancer cells, and this phenomenon is occurs via the death receptor-mediated and mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathways.

STK899704 inhibits stemness of cancer stem cells and migration via the FAK-MEK-ERK pathway in HT29 cells

  • Jang, Hui-Ju;Bak, Yesol;Pham, Thu-Huyen;Kwon, Sae-Bom;Kim, Bo-Yeon;Hong, JinTae;Yoon, Do-Young
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.51 no.11
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    • pp.596-601
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    • 2018
  • Colon cancer is one of the most lethal and common malignancies worldwide. STK899704, a novel synthetic agent, has been reported to exhibit anticancer effects towards numerous cancer cells. However, the effect of STK899704 on the biological properties of colon cancer, including cancer cell migration and cancer stem cells (CSCs), remains unknown. Here, we examined the inhibitory effect of STK899704 on cell migration and CSC stemness. In the wound healing assay, STK899704 significantly inhibited the motility of colon cancer cells. Furthermore, STK899704 downregulated the mRNA expression levels of the cell migration mediator focal adhesion kinase (FAK). STK899704 also suppressed mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase, which are downstream signaling molecules of FAK. Additionally, STK899704 inhibited stemness gene expression and sphere formation in colon cancer stem cells. These results suggest that STK899704 can be used to treat human colon cancer.

Glycoantigen Biosyntheses of Human Hepatoma and Colon Cancer Cells are Dependent on Different N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase-III and -V Activities

  • Kim, Cheorl-Ho
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.891-900
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    • 2004
  • UDP-N-Acetylglucosamine(GlcNAc):$\beta$1,4-D-mannoside$\beta$-l ,4N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-III (GnT-III) and UDP-N-GlcNAc:$\alpha$-6-D-mannosid$\beta$-1,6N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-V(GnT - V) activities were determined in human hepatoma cell lines and metastatic colon cancer cells, and their activities were compared with those of normal liver cells and fetal hepatocytes. GnT-III activities were higher than those of GnT-V in hepatic carcinoma cells. When the two enzyme activities were assayed in highly metastatic colon cancer cells, GnT - V activities were much higher than those of GnT-III. When GlcN, GlcN-biant-PA and UDP-GlcNAc were used as substrates, the enzymes displayed different kinetic properties between hepatic and colon cancer cells, depending on their metastatic potentials. Normal cells of two origins had characteristically very low levels of GnT-III and -V activities, whereas hepatoma and colon cancer cells contained high levels of activities. These data were supported by RT-PCR and Northern blot analyses, showing that the expression of GnT-III and -V mRNAs were increased in proportion to the enzymatic activities. The increased GnT-III, md -V activities were also correlated with increased glycosylation of the cellular glycoproteins in hepatoma and colon cancer cells, as examined by lectin blotting analysis by using wheat germ glutinin (WGA), erythroagglutinating phytohemagglutinin (E-PHA), leukoagglutinating phytohemagglutinin (L-PHA), and concanavalin A (Con A). Treatment with retinoic acid, a differentiation agent, resulted in decreases of both GnT-III and -V activities of HepG2 and HepG3 cells. In colon carcinoma cells, however, treatment with retinoic acid resulted in a reduction of GnT-V activity, but not with GnT-III activity. Although the mechanism underlying the induction of these mzymes is unclear, oligosaccharides in many glycoproteins have been observed of cancer cells.

Galectin-3-independent Down-regulation of GABABR1 due to Treatment with Korean Herbal Extract HAD-B Reduces Proliferation of Human Colon Cancer Cells

  • Kim, Kyung-Hee;Kwon, Yong-Kyun;Cho, Chong-Kwan;Lee, Yeon-Weol;Lee, So-Hyun;Jang, Sang-Geun;Yoo, Byong-Chul;Yoo, Hwa-Seong
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.19-30
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: Many efforts have shown multi-oncologic roles of galectin-3 for cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and apoptosis. However, the mechanisms by which galectin-3 is involved in cell proliferation are not yet fully understood, especially in human colon cancer cells. Methods: To cluster genes showing positively or negatively correlated expression with galectin-3, we employed human colon cancer cell lines, SNU-61, SNU-81, SNU-769B, SNU-C4 and SNU-C5 in high-throughput gene expression profiling. Gene and protein expression levels were determined by using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blot analysis, respectively. The proliferation rate of human colon cancer cells was measured by using a 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Results: Expression of ${\gamma}$-aminobutyric acid B receptor 1 (GABABR1) showed a positive correlation with galectin-3 at both the transcriptional and the translational levels. Down-regulation of galectin-3 decreased not only GABABR1 expression but also the proliferation rate of human colon cancer cells. However, Korean herbal extract, HangAmDan-B (HAD-B), decreased expression of GABABR1 without any expressional change of galectin-3, and offset ${\gamma}$-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-enhanced human colon cancer cell proliferation. Conclusions: Our present study confirmed that GABABR1 expression was regulated by galectin-3. HAD-B induced galectin-3-independent down-regulation of GABABR1, which resulted in a decreased proliferation of human colon cancer cells. The therapeutic effect of HAD-B for the treatment of human colon cancer needs to be further validated.