• Title, Summary, Keyword: color

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A Development of Color Prototypes Based on Digital Color Image Analysis (한국 디지털 전통색채이미지를 이용한 배색유형 개발)

  • Lee, Hyun-Soo;Kim, Joon-Jl
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.240-249
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this paper is to produce color harmony code based on color harmony prototype in terms of environmental color design. This paper proposes ways of categorizing more accurate color harmony prototype through digital image processing by the computer program called the Color Syntax. The method of analysis adopted in this paper is pixel based color image processing. The study suggests color harmony prototype which are categorized by a color harmony angles. These angles represented internal relations between colors. This study describes development processes of color harmony prototype which is a basis for creating color harmony codes. Development processes of color harmony schema consists of color analysis, color codes generation and color selection. Also, how to analyze color images and to chose suitable harmony color codes among various codes are main research issues. As a final result, 109 color harmony codes have been obtained. These code numbers are suggested through rotating 2 color pairs in a 360-degree arc in the same color harmony angles, the codes which is applicable to the color harmony schema previously developed. This color harmony codes will produce better color environment in a sense that it will help designers to maximally reduce their time consumption, and the results of their designs will also be related to the use of proper color for regional environments.

A Study on Personal Color in Relation with Well-matched Color and Preferred Color (퍼스널 컬러에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) - 선호색(選好色)과 조화색(調和色)을 중심(中心)으로 -)

  • Oh, Hee-Sun
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 1999
  • This study is to examine personal color - preferred color, well-matched color and the relations between preferred color and the well-matched color. Focus is also placed on how sexual difference influences color temperature preference. For data collection, a questionnaire including color stimulus was employed. The subjects of this study were the male and female college students who lived in Pusan. The results of the research are summarized as the following : In view of preferred color, male subjects preferred KEY2 color(warm) in red, pink, and yellow, and preferred KEY1(cool) in green and blue. While most subjects showed the same signal, in green, male preferred KEY1 color and female preferred KEY2 color. Concerning preferred personal color type, KEY1 type person liked KEY1 color except red, and KEY2 type person liked KEY2 color except blue. This shows that people prefer the focused color presenting its own traits. In view of well-matched color, most subjects liked KEY2 color in red, yellow, pink, and they selected KEY1 color in blue as the well-matched color. However, in green, each sex showed different preferences; while male subjects selected KEY1 color as the well-matched color, female ones selected KEY2 color. In each personal color type, KEY1 type male evaluated KEY1 color as the well-matched color, KEY2 type male evaluated KEY2 color except blue. KEY1 type female chose all the KEY1 color as well-matched colors, and KEY2 type female chose KEY2 color. The well-matched colors are similar between male and female subjects. In over 80 percentage of the answers, the preferred colors coincided with well-matched colors. KEY1 type persons chose KEY1 color, and KEY2 type person chose KEY2 color as the well-matched color. These results show that there is a meaningful relationship between the preferred color and well-matched color.

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Selection of Color Smaples based on Genetic Algorithm for Color Correction (유전알고리즘을 이용한 색 보정용 색 샘플 결정)

  • 이규헌;김춘우
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics S
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    • v.34S no.1
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    • pp.94-104
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    • 1997
  • Most color imaging devices often exhibit color distortions due to the differences in realizable color gamuts and nonlinear characteristics of their components. In order to minimize color differences, it is desirable to apply color correction techniques. Th efirst step of color correction is to select the subset of the color coordinates representing the input color space. Th eselected subset serves as so called color samples to model the color distortion of a given color imaging device. The effectiveness of color correction is determined by the color sampels utilized in the modeling as well as the applied color correction technique. This paper presents a new selection method for color samples based on gentic algorithm. In the proposed method, structure of strings are designed so that the selected color samples fully represent the characteristics of color imaging device and consist of distinct color coordinates. To evaluate the performance of the selected color samples, they ar etuilized for three different color correction experiments. The experimentsal results are comapred with the crresponding results obtianed with the equally spaced color samples.

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The Analysis of General and Apparel Color Preference and Apparel Possession Color (일반색. 의복색 선호도와 의복색 소유도의 특성 및 차이)

  • 김미영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.26 no.8
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    • pp.1165-1176
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    • 2002
  • This study intended to provide more refined information on color preferences by systematizing the concept of the color preference(general color preference, apparel color preference) and revealing different trends in the color preference and the actual possession of apparels. We collected data from 303 females in the ages between 20 and 40 in Seoul and analyzed by paired t-test. The results were as follows: 1. The analysis on general color preference, apparel color preference, and apparel possession color revealed that the cold colors such as blue and violet marked higher, and the warm colors such as yellow and orange marked lower in general color preference. For apparel color preference, neutral and brown were among the highest and the rest of the colors were in the same trend as general color preference. Apparel possession color showed defined accordance with apparel color preference. In terms of tones, pale tone marked the highest in general color preference and was followed by vivid, dull, and dark tones in decreasing order. For apparel color preference, pastel, dul1, and dark tones were among the highest. 2. Comparison between general color preference and apparel color preference in terms of hue showed that, except for orange, every hue showed disagreement in general color preference and apparel color preference. Neutral and brown hues marked higher in apparel color preference than in general color preference where as a]1 the other hues marked higher in general color preference. Comparison between apparel color preference and apparel possession color in terms of hue revealed that in most hues, apparel possession color was lower than apparel color preference. In terms of tones, vivid and pale tones marked higher in general color preference than in apparel color preference while dull and dark tones marked higher in apparel color preference than in general color preference.

An Analysis of Fashion Color Preferences According to Koreans' Personal Color Types (한국인의 개인색채 유형에 따른 패션색채 기호의 분석)

  • Jo, Eun-Young;Yoo, Tai-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.58 no.10
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    • pp.37-51
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is according to four Seasonal Color system, the researcher analyzed the Korean Personal color and investigated abstract color preferences and the fashion color preferences to support the Korean color preferences and the rotor recognition trend. The study was conducted according to the following procedures: 144 women from 20s to 50s were selected as participants of the survey and the interview. The fashion color preferences and the personal body color was analyzed by the questionnaire and the interview. The data were analyzed by SPSS 12.0 program. As a way of analysis, crosstabs analysis, correlation analysis, t-test, ANOVA and regression analysis were used. As a results, in the Personal color type of Korean women, it is distributed in the order of spring, summer, winter and autumn. In addition, Light image is highly distributed in the Personal color image. People preferred summer color group in the general color preference and the cosmetic color preference and they preferred winter color type in the clothes color and the suitable color for themselves. In the color recognition, as the color interest increases, the coincidence between suitable color and favorite color increased. The recognition of suitable color, the consideration of color in purchasing and the interest of outward appearances were highly showed.

Planning of Systematic Color Coordinate System and Manufacture of Color Paper for Establishment of Basic Color Education (색채교육의 기초확립을 위한 시스템배색체계의 설계 및 색지 제작)

  • Lee, Kyung-Hee
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.709-719
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    • 2009
  • Since the beginning of time people had been using color to mark territory and decorate their surroundings. Color was taken for granted today as an intrinsic part of every waking moment. In modern age, color education was very important curriculum of art and design. In general, color expressed by hue, value and chroma but used the tone on the design spot, therefore the tone concept education was very important to color education. In this study I planned the usable "Systematic Color Coordinate System 180" for general color education on hue and tone color system and manufactured the color papers, color chart and color code based on the system. "Systematic Color Coordinate System 180" was attached the Munsell notation and common color names which could reappear the colors when needed.

The Characteristics of Separation Color Coordination In Current Women's Fashion collections of Paris, Milan, N.Y, London from 2004 SS - 2008 A W - centering on the types of color scheme, color harmony, separation color - (최신 여성 패션에 나타난 세퍼레이션 색채 코디네이션의 특성)

  • Kwon, Hae-Sook
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.94-110
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    • 2008
  • The main objective of this research was to understand the characteristics of separation color coordination of contemporary female fashion through the analysis of 'pre-a-porter Collections' of four collections (i. e. cities) - Paris, Milan, New York, London - from the periods of 2004 S/S to 2008/9 A/W. The data collection of 265 was done by reviewing 'pre-a-porter Collections' magazine and total 265 observations were made. Statistical analysis of frequency and also qualitative interpretation of separation color coordination characteristics were completed. The main findings were; (1) In separation color coordination of contemporary women's fashion collections, there were three main types of color scheme which were classified into seven detailed categories of color combination. First was the achromatic color & one chromatic separation color scheme which was classified into four categories of - black & white, black & grey, white & grey, and grey & grey - color combination. Second was the chromatic colors & one achromatic separation color scheme which classified into two categories of achromatic & chromatic color & one achromatic separation color combination, and chromatic colors & one achromatic separation color combination. Third was chromatic colors and one chromatic separation color combination. (2) The achromatic colors and one chromatic separation color scheme showed two phases of reinforcing the strong and modern image, or softening the hard and dull image of achromatic color combination. In color schemes which used more than two chromatic colors, the separation color frequently converted the tedious and monotonous fashion image, which caused by identical or similarity in color or tone harmony, into more attractive and interesting. (3) In conclusion, through the various use and coordination of various color schemes, color harmony and separation colors, the separation color coordination in contemporary female fashion has been suggested the effective way of color combination which can lead the visual pleasure and the vitality along with the unity and the harmony. This characteristics can create various images and visual diversity for fashion. The types and the use of color scheme and separation color showed different trends in four collections.

A Study on the Color Scheme of Workstation Based on the Color Image Types (색채이미지유형에 따른 워크스테이션의 색채배색에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Hye-Sun;Park, Hyo-Chul
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.105-112
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to suggest the color scheme based on the color image types through the color analysis of workstation furniture which is on the market. This color scheme of the workstation furniture is expected to be give the comfort to office environment when planning office. For this study, It is selected the three furniture firms that have a brand of office furniture and their web site that is showed color sample of furniture. The following researches are drawn based upon the purpose. First, the color image types of interior space is classified and the color image words that are suitable for each types is extracted based on the results of existing literature. Second, the distribution of its hue and tone is analysed after collecting the each firm's color sample of desk top, panel and chair. Third, the color image appearing in each furniture color is analysed by color image scale positioning. Forth, the color scheme of desk top, panel and chair is suggested by its color scheme palette. The result of this study is expected to help comfortable environment by providing the color scheme for selection of furniture color in work space. Not all color of each furniture is sufficient to be combined color scheme, the result is indicated that the color scheme of workstation by color image types is possible for color planning in office environment.

Estimation of surface color with use of subjective feeling: On the influence of contrast by complementary color

  • Sakamoto, Kazuyoshi;Wada, Mitsuyoshi;Min, Byung-Chan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.261-265
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    • 2002
  • The unique colors of paper, that is, blue, green, red, and yellow were used in the estimation of color from the subjective feeling. The monochrome with unique color or the unique color surrounded with the background color was presented. Subject gazed the monochrome or the unique color, which was called target color. The target and background color were the complementary color each other. The various ratios of the area of gazed color and background were taken. Subject answered the level of subjective feeling consisted of pair of adjective items for unique color presented. With the use of the subjective feeling fer the target color presented, the estimation of the unique color was carried out due to Fuzzy theory and neural networks. The results of color difference between unique color presented and the estimated color gave very small value for the case without background, while the results of the case with background color depended on the ratio of area of presented color and background color till the ration of 2:1, The relation showed the Kirschman's law. The color difference saturated in the increase of area of background with the ratio more than 2:1.

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Estimation of Surface Color with Use of Subjective Feeling: On the Influence of Contrast by Complementary Color

  • Sakamoto, Kazuyoshi;Wada, Mitsuyoshi;Min, Byung-Chan
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.73-78
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    • 2002
  • The unique colors of paper, that is, blue, green, red, and yellow were used in the estimation of color from the subjective feeling. The monochrome with unique color or the unique color surrounded with the background color was presented. subject gazed the monochrome or the unique color, which was tailed target rotor. The target and background color were the complementary color each other. The various ratios of the area of gazed color and background were taken. Subject answered the level of subjective feeling consisted of pair of adjective items for unique color presented. With the use of the subjective feeling for the target color presented, the estimation of the unique color was cai\ulcornerlied out due to Fuzzy theory and neural networks. The results of color difference between unique color presented and the estimated color gave very small value for the case without background, while the results of the case with background color depended on the ratio of area of presented color and background color till the ration of 2:1, The relation showed the Kirschman's law, The color difference saturated In the increase of area of background with the ratio more than 2:1.

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