• Title, Summary, Keyword: color

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Properties of AgCl and Emulsions prepared by Acidic Method (산성법으로 제조된 AgCl과 AnBr유제의 특성)

  • 임권택
    • Journal of the Korean Printing Society
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 1997
  • The objectives of color reproduction in printing, photography, and digital hard-copy is an important problem. The Color is obsorved differently from illumination an obsorvation condition, and varied according to individual taste. Generally, the color reproduction system is designed with colorimetric color reproduction method. But the color gamut of the color reproduction system is different each other and the one device has nonlinear relationalship between the other. By these reason, to predict the reproduced color based on linear color transform method is difficult. Some methods of non-linear color transform by neural network was proposed. These method was theoretical useful and valid to transform from CIE color to device color. But more studies were needed to realize the non-linear color transform system. In this paper, we described a method to realize the non-linear color transform system by neural network. The optimum structure of the non-linear color transform system was found out. The structure of descrived system has four layer( input, output and two hidden layers.) Input and output layer have 3 units, and a hidden layer has 27 units. We trained 216 color-samples, and estimated the realized color transform system by 1115 color-samples. The average color difference between original color samples and transformed color samples was 2.54.

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A Study of the International Color Sensibility through the Analysis of the Ethnic Color Preference (민족적 색채(Ethnic color)기호의 분석을 통한 국가별 색채감성)

  • Jo, Eun-Young;Yoo, Tai-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.62 no.6
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    • pp.38-52
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to confirm the international unique color sensibility according to the ethnic color preferences. The existing studies about color sensibility were investigated to analyze the international color sensibility. The countries were chosen according to its, strong regional and racial color. Also, the documents and websites about environment color such as structure color, natural feature color, traditional folk costume color and customary color names were investigated, and then, the international color sensibility was analyzed by using the color image scale. As a result of the analysis about the differences of color sensibility, internationally distinguished color sensibility was discovered. There were differences not only for the preference trend of hue but also for the tone or contrast of color among the selected countries. Especially, Great Britain had a strong preference for G categories that they preferred the warm-grayish color image. Russia has a preference for R, G, and B categories with the preference for the warm-clear image. Netherlands had a preference for R, Y, and PB categories and it preferred the cool-hard-grayish, warm-soft-clear image. Italy had a preference for R and Y categories and it preferred the warm-clear image. Morocco had a preference for R and B categories and it preferred the warm and cool, clear image. Japan had a preference for R, G categories and it preferred the warm-grayish image. Korea had a preference for R and B categories and it preferred the warm-soft-clear, and cool-clear image. With these results, the researcher concludes that the integrated analysis of the environment color and the traditional racial color factors are very persuasive methods to comprehend the international color sensibility.

A study on the Transformation from CMYK to $L^{*}a^{*}b^{*}$ color space using color reproduction models (색재현 모델을 이용한 CMYK에서 $L^{*}a^{*}b^{*}$ 색변환에 관한 연구)

  • 차재영;조가람;구철희
    • Journal of the Korean Printing Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.29-40
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    • 2000
  • Recently. color proofing in printing industry grow rapidly. If an order decide color from known color information in the case of color reproduction, we can reduce expenses and time. In color proofing the best important point must be closed proofed color to primary color and secondary color. Model-based approaches have the advantages of faster recharacterization and the opportunity of simulating product enhancements such as changes in ink properties and halftoning. In this paper, we transformed the dot area of CMYK to CIELAB color space using color reproduction models. Firstly, we measured spectral reflectance of primary color printed by Matchprint II and the data was used to find tone reproduction curve using regression equation, and than we applied at primary color model, such as Murray-Davies, Yule-Nilsen, and mixed color model, such as Kubelka-Munk, relaxed version of spectral Neugebauer. In such results, the Kubelka-Munk model resulted in the best spectral reconstruction accuracy followed by relaxed version of spectral Neugebauer model, color difference is 2.8401.

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A New Method for Color Feature Representation of Color Image in Content-Based Image Retrieval Projection Maps

  • Kim, Won-Ill
    • Journal of The Institute of Information and Telecommunication Facilities Engineering
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2010
  • The most popular technique for image retrieval in a heterogeneous collection of color images is the comparison of images based on their color histogram. The color histogram describes the distribution of colors in the color space of a color image. In the most image retrieval systems, the color histogram is used to compute similarities between the query image and all the images in a database. But, small changes in the resolution, scaling, and illumination may cause important modifications of the color histogram, and so two color images may be considered to be very different from each other even though they have completely related semantics. A new method of color feature representation based on the 3-dimensional RGB color map is proposed to improve the defects of the color histogram. The proposed method is based on the three 2-dimensional projection map evaluated by projecting the RGB color space on the RG, GB, and BR surfaces. The experimental results reveal that the proposed is less sensitive to small changes in the scene and that achieve higher retrieval performances than the traditional color histogram.

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A New Method for Color Feature Representation of Color Image in Content-Based Image Retrieval - 2D Projection Maps

  • Ha, Seok-Wun
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.123-127
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    • 2004
  • The most popular technique for image retrieval in a heterogeneous collection of color images is the comparison of images based on their color histogram. The color histogram describes the distribution of colors in the color space of a color image. In the most image retrieval systems, the color histogram is used to compute similarities between the query image and all the images in a database. But, small changes in the resolution, scaling, and illumination may cause important modifications of the color histogram, and so two color images may be considered to be very different from each other even though they have completely related semantics. A new method of color feature representation based on the 3-dimensional RGB color map is proposed to improve the defects of the color histogram. The proposed method is based on the three 2-dimensional projection map evaluated by projecting the RGB color space on the RG, GB, and BR surfaces. The experimental results reveal that the proposed is less sensitive to small changes in the scene and that achieve higher retrieval performances than the traditional color histogram.

A Study on the Color-Scape about Fishing Village and Harbor in Gangwon East Coast (강원 동해안 어촌어항의 경관색채에 관한 분석 연구)

  • Cho, Won-Seok;Kim, Heung-Gee
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 2007
  • This study aims to propose directions of color-scape about fishing village and harbor in East coast. In order to offer better landscape in harbor; Namae and Sachun, such as regional atmosphere and identification are to analyze with color planning. For the quality of color-scape, natural color, regional color of harbor may be possible to work out future harbor surrounding by evaluation scale and then hue, value, chroma can be estimated systematically. This survey suggests that color of harbor is to be environmental and regional color control. We analyze that the color-scape planning through the both whole harmony and organic combination is important elements of satisfaction to the people of experience with color environments. Consequently, some proposal of color guideline by analysis of color simulation will be useful to make out preliminary design criteria in improvement of color.

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Development of Color Range for the Fashion Industry in Korea (국내 섬유패션업계의 색채사용 체계화에 관한 연구)

  • 조민정;김영인
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.607-616
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to develope a practical color range for the fashion industry in Korea. 3623 color sample used by 109 brands from'93 spring/summer to'96 spring/summer were collected. Also, the application frequency and consumer responses of each collected colorwere analyzed in this study. To clarify the characterstics of color range used in the fashion industry, density of color was etermined by color clustering based on A: and consumer responses. The resultsof this study were as follow; 1. The result analyzed based on the Munsell System revealed that the distributions of hue were concentrated in R, YR, Y, and PB. The chroma was concenturated mostly in the low range and the value, on the contrary, showed relatively even distribution. 2. 458 representative colors were selected by color clustering based on the toEless than 1. 0. In addition, the frequency of color applications and consumer responses were also considered when selecting the colors frequently used in the fashion industry and finals, 1163 colors wereobtained. The color range of the representative colors showed similar color characteristics with the 3623 colors supplied by the fashion industry. As a results, this approach was proven to appropriate to develope a color range for a practical use. 3. In conclusion, around 1200 colors were suggested to organize the color range to reflect the characteristics of the fashion industry with an acceptable color differance for color planning and management.

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Fabric color and color difference recognized by smartphone display during mobile shopping - Focused on instrument analysis method - (모바일 쇼핑 시 스마트폰 화면으로 인지되는 직물의 색상과 색차 비교 - 기기분석 방법을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Taejin;Sang, Jeong Seon;Park, Myung-Ja
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.519-528
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    • 2017
  • Mobile shoppers have encountered frequent color mismatch in the products that they have purchased, as they can only rely on their sense of sight. Therefore, fabric color and color difference recognized by smartphone display during mobile shopping were studied using instrument analysis method. It aimed to gather precise information on actual fabric color understanding of the mobile shoppers purchasing textile products. Three smartphones were selected from LG, Samsung, and Apple companies, and four colors were researched (red, yellow, green and blue) to both polyester and wool test fabrics for color analysis though color measuring instruments. The results from the spectrophotometer indicated that the color coordinate location of smartphone fabric color is similarly distributed regardless of the type of fabric. The Samsung smartphone displays a relatively high color chroma (especially on red-colored fabric) regardless of the type of fabric due to a high color reproduction range. In contrast, the LG smartphone, which has high color temperature, displays high color chroma on the blue colored fabric with a significant color mismatch between the actual fabric color and smartphone fabric color. From the results of this study, issues related to mobile shopping can be addressed through an analysis of the products sold, the smartphone's color representation, and user understanding.

A Study on the Expressive Characteristics of Epidermal Color Applied to the Fashion Store (패션스토어에 적용된 표피색채의 표현특성 연구)

  • Kim, Sun-Young
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.138-145
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    • 2012
  • The epidermal color is one of factors the space for ages. Instead of the epidermal color expression, it made with material and decoration under structure for make shade of meaning before have the new media. But now a days, the epidermal color of the fashion store is getting free owe to the development of color harmony, has a great notion that gets out of the subordinate from color, and it is a emphasized factor with expression and self-control. The epidermal color of the fashion store makes an effort to accept the development and changing of new media. It should show that there role and function is changing constantly according to a new technology, and it gave a motivation for reanalysis about existence and expression of the epidermal color. The purpose of this research is that look around the feature of the epidermal color system, elements, and principle. Then contemporary fashion store is expressive characteristics of epidermal color. Using epidermal color is not common, we can find lots of the case with surface color, layer color, interface color, though. The paper reflects on the meaning and concept of fashion store which enables the application of expressive characteristics on space through advanced technology. Meanwhile, the features of epidermal color such as immateriality of process and communication can be inferred from case analysis.

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Color Prediction of Yarn-dyed Woven Fabrics -Model Evaluation-

  • Chae, Youngjoo;Xin, John;Hua, Tao
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.347-354
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    • 2014
  • The color appearance of a yarn-dyed woven fabric depends on the color of the yarn as well as on the weave structure. Predicting the final color appearance or formulating the recipe is a difficult task, considering the interference of colored yarns and structure variations. In a modern fabric design process, the intended color appearance is attained through a digital color methodology based on numerous color data and color mixing recipes (i.e., color prediction models, accumulated in CAD systems). For successful color reproduction, accurate color prediction models should be devised and equipped for the systems. In this study, the final colors of yarn-dyed woven fabrics were predicted using six geometric-color mixing models (i.e., simple K/S model, log K/S model, D-G model, S-N model, modified S-N model, and W-O model). The color differences between the measured and the predicted colors were calculated to evaluate the accuracy of various color models used for different weave structures. The log K/S model, D-G model, and W-O model were found to be more accurate in color prediction of the woven fabrics used. Among these three models, the W-O model was found to be the best one as it gave the least color difference between the measured and the predicted colors.