• Title, Summary, Keyword: color

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A Study of Make up Colon Analysis of Adult Women - Focusing on Make up Product - (성인여성의 화장색에 관한 분석 -메이크업 제품을 중심으로-)

  • Han, Bo-Hyun;Kuh, Ja-Myung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fashion and Beauty
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.27-47
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    • 2003
  • This research is to build the foundation of systematic application of color in cosmetology by analyzing color attributes in women's makeup presentation. The result were as follows. 1. The most popular color series in make up were R then RP and YR. The most popular color tone is 'd' and 'lt'. 2. Colors in make up according to age was as follows. For eye shadow, people aged 18 to 24 used 'lt' tone of the R color series; people aged 25 to 34 used 'lt', 's', 'sf tone of the R color series, 'lt' tone of the PB color series, 'lt' tone of the YR color series; people over 35 'g' tone of the YR color series, 'sf' tone of the P color series. For lipstick, people aged 18 to 24 used 'd' tone of the R color series; people aged 25 to 34 used 'd', 'sf' tone of the R color series; people over 35 used 'd' tone of the R color series. For lip-gloss, people aged 18 to 24 used 'v', 'lt', 'b', 's' tone of the R color series; people aged 25 to 34 used 's' 'd' 'dp' 'sf' tone of the R color series; people over 35 used 'b' tone of the R color series. 3. Make up colors according to marital status was as follows. For eye shadow, while married interviewees used 's', 'dk' tone of the R color series, single interviewees used 'lt', 'sf' tone of the R color series. For lipstick, while married interviewees used 'd', 'g' tone of the R color series, single interviewees preferred to use madder 'd', 'sf' tone of the R color series. For lip-gross, while married interviewees used 'd' tone of the R color series, single interviewees used 'b' tone of the R color series the most.

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Color cast detection based on color by correlation and color constancy algorithm using kernel density estimation (색 상관 관계 기반의 색조 검출 및 핵밀도 추정을 이용한 색 항상성 알고리즘)

  • Jung, Jun-Woo;Kim, Gyeong-Hwan
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.535-546
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    • 2010
  • Digital images have undesired color casts due to various illumination conditions and intrinsic characteristics of cameras. Since the color casts in the images deteriorate performance of color representations, color correction is required for further analysis of images. In this paper, an algorithm for detection and removal of color casts is presented. The proposed algorithm consists of four steps: retrieving similar image using color by correlation, extraction of near neutral color regions, kernel density estimation, and removal of color casts. Ambiguities in near neutral color regions are excluded based on kernel density estimation by the color by correlation algorithm. The method determines whether there are color casts by chromaticity distributions in near neutral color regions, and removes color casts for color constancy. Experimental results suggest that the proposed method outperforms the gray world algorithm and the color by correlation algorithm.

The Functional Color Arrangement for Industrial Safety in Machinery Work Site 2: Focusing on Chroma Value from Top and Bottom

  • Park, Hyewon;Jang, Seonu
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.98-110
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    • 2013
  • This research is to study the functional color arrangement of work clothes based on the color chroma value arrangement, which could affect the safety of workers at the site of the mechanical industry. For the study, 5PB hue, indicating a high satisfaction level with proper colors at the site of the mechanical industry, were selected from previous research for 6 types of CAD simulation on a 2-color chroma value arrangement. To analyze the color data of each color arrangement after applying the color chroma value arrangement as well as to figure out the level of recognition on the color arrangement, an analytical result, which was based on the NCS color system, was evaluated. Furthermore, the survey study on items regarding the safety of the relevant work site for the simulated result was executed. As a result of the evaluation, the color arrangements which include high color chroma value indicated a high satisfactory level in all items under the visibility criteria for the safety of workers, propriety as a color arrangement of work clothes, and safety from the perspective of work site management. In particular, the color arrangement mixture between high color chroma obtained the highest satisfactory evaluation, indicating that the color arrangement of high color chroma is essential in the color arrangement of work clothes for the establishment of safety by adjusting the color chroma value. Yet, in order to figure out the independent function of the color chroma value, other factors are restricted in this study. Thus, it is not proper to apply the result of this study only at the actual work site. Therefore, a follow-up research centered on the tones of all three types is proposed, from which we can expect, a suggestion of the applicable color guideline for the industrial site.

Difference of Perception and Preference of Color According to Time Passage -Comparison between 1998 and 2004- (시간경과에 따른 색상의 인지도와 선호도의 차이 -1998년과 2004년의 색상 인지도와 선호도 비교 -)

  • Park, Hea-Ryung;Shim, Kue-Nam;Park, Mee-Ryung
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.191-195
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the change of perception and preference of color according to time passage. The subjects were university students and for the survey 257 questionnaires in 1998 and 522 questionnaires in 2005 were effectively used to compare the perception and preference of color between the both period. The statistics was performed with frequency analysis and independent t-test in SPSS 10.0. The results were as follows. 1) Color perception according to time passage showed significant differences in red, yellow, green, and blue color. 2) Color preference according to time passage showed significant differences in red, green, and blue color. 3) Color perception among three regions according to time passage showed significant differences in red color in Seoul, yellow color in Seoul, Mokpo and Jeju, green color in Seoul and Mokpo, blue color in Seoul, Mokpo and Jeju, and purple color in Seoul. 4) Color preference among three regions according to time passage showed significant differences in yellow color in Mokpo, green and blue color in Seoul, Mokpo and Jeju.

An Approach to Determining Rural Rooftop Color by Environmental Color Extraction (환경색채 추출을 통한 농촌마을 지붕 개선색채 선정방법에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young;Ahn, Tong-Mahn
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to find out the color preference on rural rooftop color. Today, public profit value of a rural community has been heavily recognized in the areas of preservation of pro-environmental and traditional life styles and foundation of collective community. Comparatively with urban, rural town conserves the scenic of those days when the historic landscape existed. Therefore, elements of historic and tradition in rural town are interesting resources to people who want traditional experience. Color is one of the most influenced elements for the image of Landscape. On the other hand, radical modernization has brought conflicting color element that does not blend with existing environmental color. Among others, roof represents one of the important traits of rapidly developing rural community due to vast amount of space it covers. In order to come up with more appropriate coloring scheme, it is necessary determine color that forms a balance with present conditions of rural life and historic landscape. This study provides more objective rooftop coloring selection process by employing additional surveys regarding color image adjective. I justified necessity of the balance between environmental color and roof color through analyzing correlation between environmental color of the rural town and Color Image Scale of the preliminary selection of roofs.

Comparison of innerwear color preference among the Korea, China and Hong Kong (한국, 중국과 홍콩 성인여성의 속옷 선호색상 비교 연구)

  • Cha, Sujoung
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.106-113
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    • 2012
  • This study intend to research color preferences about innerwear(specially brassiere) and draw a comparison of color preference's differences among the Korea, China and Hong Kong. The subjects of study are female students of universities in Korea, China and Hong Kong. The data analysis was done with the statistical treatment in SPSS 14.0, and the results are as follows. Female students of universities in Korea, China and Hong Kong are distinguished from wearing color and preference color of innerwear. Korea and China female students prefer skin color to the other color but most of Hong Kong female students prefer black color. In case of red color, Korea female students don't select a red color as a preference color but even if some students select a red color, China and Hong Kong females prefer a red color. The traditional color opinions of Korea, China and Hong Kong are the same as a Yin-Yang School. But these days they have different color opinions because of cultural, political and ideological elements. Korea females like skin and white colors because these colors don't appear on the outwear surface. Korean have an inclination toward conservatism and use the color according to ideological and deceptive orders of the Confucianism. Hong Kong have a different color preference from China because they have chances of receiving the other cultures for example United Kingdom, Japan and so on.

Systematic Color Combination for Apparel and Textile Design (어패럴과 텍스타일 디자인을 위(爲)한 시스템배색(配色))

  • Lee, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.12-24
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficiency of systematic color combination for apparel and textile design. We planned the new color systems, HUE AND TONE COLOR SYSTEM 277 and HUE AND TONE COLOR SYSTEM 253 USED KOREAN TRADITIONAL COLORS. In order to emprove the efficiency, this study aims to explore the development of systematic color combination by computer graphics. With this purpose, this study progressed in the following order and we obtained these results. 1. First, we considered the possibility of the development of the systematic color combination used the new color system, HUE AND TONE COLOR SYSTEM 277. We considered the possibility of the development of the systematic color combination by graphic computer SDS-480. Through the experimental regulation of the RGB (Red, Green, Blue) and HLS (Hue, Lightness, Saturation) we obtained an approximation of the colors of the HUE AND TONE COLOR SYSTEM 277 on the CRT display of SDS-480. 2. We planned the new color system, HUE AND TONE COLOR SYSTEM 253 USED KOREAN TRADITIONAL COLORS for systematic color combination. 3. In a practical application, we tried five principal types of color combination in apparel and textile design, monochromatic combination, tone on tone combination, moderate combination, tonal combination, and contrast combination. 4. Furthermore, we applied the systematic color combination for the textile patterns by tone on tone combination. By using the systematic color combination for apparel and textile design, we realized the efficiency and utility of the systematic color combination.

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Characterization of Natural Gardenia Color with Systhetic Color (천연치자색소의 합성색소와의 특성 비교)

  • 김희구;김옥도;이상준
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.506-512
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    • 1998
  • In order to replance systhetic colors by natural colors as food additive, properties of Gardenia yellow color and Gardenia blue color were compared with Food yellow No. 4 and Food blue No. 1. Color differeance between Food yellow No. 4 and Gardenia yellow color was 7.55. Thermal stability of Food yellow No. 4 was above 99%. On the other hand, in case of Gardenia yellow color, showed adove 90% of residual color units in 8$0^{\circ}C$$\times$30min and 10$0^{\circ}C$$\times$30min at pH 7.0 but 75% in 121$^{\circ}C$$\times$15min. Difference of light stability between Food yellow No. 4 and gardenia yellow color was about 18%. Addition of ascorbic acid was increased about 6% in light stability. Color difference between Food blue No. 2 and Gardenia blue color was 107. Thermal stability of Food blue No. 2 was above 99%. But Gardenia blue color showed 92% of residual color units in 8$0^{\circ}C$$\times$30min and 10$0^{\circ}C$$\times$30min at pH 7.0 but 90% in 121$^{\circ}C$$\times$15min. Difference of light stability between Food blue No. 4 and Gardenia blue color was about 8%. Addition of -tocopherol was increased about 4% in light stability of Gardenia blue color.

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A Study on Color Management of Input and Output Device in Electronic Publishing (II) (전자출판에서 입.출력 장치의 컬러 관리에 관한 연구 (II))

  • Cho, Ga-Ram;Koo, Chul-Whoi
    • Journal of the Korean Printing Society
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.65-80
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    • 2007
  • The input and output device requires precise color representation and CMS (Color Management System) because of the increasing number of ways to apply the digital image into electronic publishing. However, there are slight differences in the device dependent color signal among the input and output devices. Also, because of the non-linear conversion of the input signal value to the output signal value, there are color differences between the original copy and the output copy. It seems necessary for device-dependent color information values to change into device-independent color information values. When creating an original copy through electronic publishing, there should be color management with the input and output devices. From the devices' three phases of calibration, characterization and color conversion, the device-dependent color should undergo a color transformation into a device-independent color. In this paper, an experiment was done where the input device used the linear multiple regression and the sRGB color space to perform a color transformation. The output device used the GOG, GOGO and sRGB for the color transformation. After undergoing a color transformation in the input and output devices, the best results were created when the original target underwent a color transformation by the scanner and digital camera input device by the linear multiple regression, and the LCD output device underwent a color transformation by the GOG model.

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Changes in Consumer Color Preference for 'Songpyun', a Korean Rice Cake

  • Kim, Hee-Sup;Lee, Jung-Hee
    • Food Quality and Culture
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.20-26
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    • 2008
  • Color is one of the most important attributes determining the purchase of food products by consumers. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify consumer color preferences for songpyun, a traditional Korean rice cake, by a consumer acceptance test and using coated Pantone color chips. Color evaluation tools for the study were developed accordingly. From the results, the songpyun sample designated as product E was given the highest color acceptability score, and was 'slightly liked' (p<0.05). The color of product E was 'very pale red-purple'. All the evaluated pink-color songpyun products were based on this red-purple hue, however, they had differences in tone. The consumer panel favored a pale tone over a bright tone. The color concept for traditional songpyun within the pink color category was identified as 'very pale red-purple', using coated Pantone color chips. This result for the conceptual color preference was consistent with that of the consumer color acceptance test. Thus, color chips could be an effective tool when applied for color standardization in traditional foods production. From the overall results, it seems consumers are perceiving color trends and are willing to adapt to such changes in food applications.

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