• Title, Summary, Keyword: color Doppler ultrasonography

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Incidence of Deep Vein Thrombosis before Hip Fracture Surgery Diagnosed by Color Doppler Sonography Surveillance (고관절 주위 골절환자에서 술 전 색 도플러 초음파를 이용하여 진단한 심부 정맥 혈전의 빈도)

  • Jung, Jae-Hoon;Lee, Kyung-Jae;Min, Byung-Woo;Son, Eun-Seok;Koo, Tae-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Ultrasound Society
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.98-104
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: To evaluate the incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) before hip fracture by duplex color Doppler ultrasonography. Materials and Methods: From June 2013 to May 2014, 27 patients who had agreed to perform color Doppler ultrasonography before hip fracture surgery were evaluated for the incidence of DVT. Patients who had history of DVT were excluded. Five patients were men and 19 patients were women. The mean age was 74.3 years old (41-87). There were 15 cases of femoral neck fracture, 11 cases of intertrochanteric fractures and one case of acetabular fracture. Surgical intervention underwent within 48 hours from admission and duplex color Doppler ultrasonography was carried out at the day of admission. Results: DVT occurred in six cases (22.2%). Four cases (14.8%) occurred in proximal deep vein and two cases (7.4%) occurred in distal deep vein. The mean period of immobilization was longer in patients who had DVT. But there was no significant difference. The mean age was 79 years old (75-87) in patients who had DVT and 72 years old (65-86) in patients who had not. There was significant difference (p=0.038). Conclusion: The incidence of DVT which was diagnosed by duplex color Doppler ultrasonography before hip fracture surgery was relatively high (22.2%). So it is necessary to undergo duplex color Doppler ultrasonography more aggressively to rule out DVT before hip fracture surgery.

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Usefulness of Color Doppler for Non-dilatational Ureteral Stone (비확장성 요관결석에 대한 컬러 도플러의 유용성)

  • Sim, Hyun-Sun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.120-128
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    • 2017
  • Acute flank pain from urolithiasis is the most common condition in people visiting emergency rooms. This study is to evaluate the usefulness of color Doppler in detecting ureteral stones in patients without hydronephrosis. We performed ultrasonography and retrospective analysis on 161 patients who were suspected of urinary stones through plain radiography of the kidney, ureter, and bladder examination or urine tests that showed positive signs of hematuria. In ultrasonography, a total of 154 (95.6%) cases from the 161 patients were diagnosed with ureteral stones. In color Doppler, ureteral stones with twinkling artifact (TA) in the absence of hydronephrosis was shown in 18 (85.7%) cases of the 21 patients(p<0.001). The use of color Doppler has a high diagnostic efficacy for the detection of indistinguishable stones, non-dilatational ureteral stones, and middle ureter stones.

Color Doppler Ultrasonographic Evaluation in Observing the Affects of $Osteoset^{(R)}$ on Radial Defects in Beagle Dogs (개에서 $Osteoset^{(R)}$의 요골 결손부 충진에 대한 색도플러초음파검사의 유용성 평가)

  • Jeon, Jong-Hoon;Seong, Yun-Sang;Eom, Ki-Dong;Kim, Jae-Hoon;Jang, Kwang-Ho
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2008
  • This study is conducted to compare ultrasonographs with plain radiographs in monitoring bone regeneration during reconstruction of critical sized radial defects in dogs. A 15 mm bony defect was taken on each of the eight dog's radius using an electrical saw and an external fixator was applied. The experimental groups were divided into non-treated group(group 1) and $Osteoset^{(R)}$-treated group(group 2). Each fracture site was evaluated using plain radiography and ultrasonography. Radiographic callus formation occurred after $11.50{\pm}1.12$ days in group 1 and $11.50{\pm}0.5$ days in group 2. Neovascularized flow signal could be seen $6.50{\pm}1.5$ days and the vascular signal disappeared after $45.00{\pm}6.16$ days after operation in group 1. Neovascularized flow signal was observed $6.75{\pm}1.78$ days and vascular signal disappeared $23.25{\pm}3.03$ days after surgery which was caused by acoustic shadowing in group 2. Early stages of regeneration were observed more clearly with color Doppler ultrasonography than with plain radiography. Also from the results it is concluded that color Doppler ultrasonography are useful in observing initial stages of bone repair.

Usefulness of Twinkling Artifacts in Color Doppler Ultrasonography (컬러 도플러 초음파에서 Twinkling artifacts의 유용성)

  • Sim, Hyun-Sun;Kwon, Kyung-Tae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.291-298
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    • 2016
  • The aim of the study was to investigate the diagnostic value of the color Doppler twinkling artifact in disease of urinary system. The intensity of twinkling artifact(TA) with color Doppler was classified into 3 levels, 0(non-TA) to 3(distinct TA). In the in vitro study, acorn jelly with various materials on top was examined using color Doppler at B-mode sonography in a water bath for TA. 31 patients with diagnosis of urinary calculi(renal stones 16, urinary stones 15) based on B-mode sonography were studied in vivo for TA. The materials with rough surfaces such as salt, screw and cubics at B-mode sonography with color Doppler contributed to causing TA. At B-mode sonography without color Doppler 37% of renal stones and 60% of ureter stones were detected. but at B-mode sonography with color Doppler TA was demonstrated for all cases. Superficial roughness of materials affected occurrence of TA at B-mode sonography with color Doppler. Therefore, TA at B-mode sonography without color Doppler could play a role in confident diagnosis of the disease of urinary system.

Differentiation of Malignant and Benign Cervical Lymph Nodes with Color and Pulsed Doppler Ultrasonography (색채 및 펄스 도플러 초음파를 이용한 경부 림프절의 양성과 악성의 감별)

  • Lee Kang-Dae;Lee Bong-Hee;Lee Yun-Woo;Lee Hwan-Ho;Ahn Kyong-Mo;Lee Young-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2001
  • Objectives: The clinical efficacy of the color and pulsed Doppler ultrasound with spectral waveform analysis for differentiation of malignant from benign cervical lymphadenopathy was prospectively evaluated in cervical lymphadenopathy. Materials and Methods: Color and pulsed Doppler ultrasound examination was prospectively performed in 32 cervical lymph nodes in 28 patients. These 10 nodes from 10 patients were malignant and 22 nodes from 18 patients were benign, proved by operation, biopsy, and follow-up examination. Another 12 lymph nodes from 12 normal volunteers were evaluated as control group. The peak systolic velocity (PSV), minimal diastolic velocity (MDV) , and resistive indexes (RI) of arterial flows within the 32 lymph nodes were assessed to differentiate the malignant from benign nodes with pulsed Doppler ultrasonography. The results were qualitified with one-way ANOVA and Bonferroni method of multiple comparison. Results: The mean values of PSV of malignant, benign, and control nodes were 38.2(10.1-134)cm/sec, 23.3(9-38.5) cm/sec and 11.8(6.7-18.1) cm/sec, respectively. The mean values of MDV of them were 0.9(-7.5-10.7)cm/sec, 9.7(2.9-18.6)cm/sec and 6.5(3.7-9.3)cm/sec, respectively. However, there was no statistical significance in differentiation of malignant from benign nodes with PSV and MDV. The mean values of RI of malignant, benign, and control nodes were 0.99(0.80-1.30), 0.59(0.46-0.77) and 0.45(0.38-0.50), respectively. RI value of 0.8 is suggestive value for discrimination of malignant from benign lymphadenopathy during examination of color Doppler ultrasound of cervical lymphadenopathy. Conclusion: Color and pulsed Doppler ultrasound examination with spectral waveform analysis may be quite helpful in the differentiation between benign and malignant alterations of cervical lymph nodes.

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Renal hemodynamics in dogs with experimental hydronephrosis treated with transarterial embolization of renal artery (신장동맥색전술을 실시한 개의 실험적 수신증의 혈동학)

  • Chang, Dongwoo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.413-419
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    • 2001
  • This study was performed to evaluate the renal hemodynamics using color Doppler ultrasonography in dogs with unilateral experimental hydronephrosis treated with transarterial embolization of the renal artery (TAE-RA). Experimental hydronephrosis was induced by ligation of unilateral ureter in 12 dogs. The mean resistive index (RI) value of kidney was significantly increased at 4, 9, 17 days after ligation of ureter. Unilateral hydronephrosis was established in 12 dogs at 17 days after ligation of ureter. Renal artery embolization was performed using selective catheterization in the hydronephrotic kidney of seven dogs and EKG, $SpO_2$body temperature, pulse, and respiratory rate were within normal ranges during procedures. There were no dogs expired after TAE-RA and no side effects associated with regurgitation of iohexol-ethanol solution. In color Doppler ultrasonographic findings, there was no blood flow into the embolized kidneys treated by TAE-RA, however, blood flow signal was found in contralateral normal kidney of dogs treated with TAE-RA compared to that of normal kidney in normal control group. It is concluded that TAE-RA does not affect the hemodynamics of contralateral normal kidney in dogs with experimental hydronephrosis and color Doppler ultrasonography is simple and non-invasive modality for the monitoring of the revascularization of the renal artery after TAE-RA.

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The Impacts of Piezoelectric Elements' Defects On Color & Power Doppler Images (초음파 프로브에서 소자결함이 컬러 및 파워 도플러 영상에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kyung-Sung
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.443-449
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    • 2015
  • An ultrasound probe has a big impact on Doppler images even though it has very high risk of frequent function-breakdowns occurring in medical ultrasound scanners. This study experimentally analyses the impacts of an ultrasonic probe's defected elements on power & color Doppler images. The results show that, the bigger the size of defected probe elements is, and the closer a group of action elements is to the center, the more the brightness of images and the velocity of Doppler diminish. When elements' defects increase in color & power Doppler images, false images are formed to be mistaken for blood-vessel plaque in neighboring regions. Accordingly, whenever element defects are suspected, we need check-up process in B-mode. From this respective, it is advisable to have primary interest in a probe and carry out continuous probe QA for ultrasonography.

The efficacy of ultrasonography in monitoring the healing of jaw lesions

  • Zainedeen, Obai;Haffar, Iyad Al;Kochaji, Nabil;Wassouf, George
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.153-160
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to assess the reliability of ultrasonography (US) in comparison with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) as a tool for monitoring the healing of jaw lesions. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one radiolucent lesions in jaws referred to the Oral Surgery Department at our institution were selected for this study. All lesions underwent CBCT and US examinations. The anteroposterior, superoinferior, and mesiodistal dimensions of the lesions were measured on CBCT and US images before surgery and at 6 months after surgery. The dimensions were compared between the US and CBCT images. Blood-flow velocity around the lesions was measured by color Doppler before surgery and at 1 week and 6 months after surgery to assess the capability of US to show changes in blood-flow velocity around the lesion. Results: Before surgery, there were no significant differences between US and CBCT in the mesiodistal and anteroposterior dimensions, although a significant difference was found in the superoinferior dimension (P<.05). However, at 6 months after surgery, significant differences were found between US and CBCT in all dimensions, and it is likely that the US measurements more accurately reflected the extent of healing. The average blood-flow velocity increased at 1 week after surgery (5.84 cm/s) compared with the velocity before surgery (4 cm/s) (P<.05). Then, at 6 months after surgery, the blood-flow velocity significantly decreased (3.53 cm/s) compared to the velocity measured at 1 week after surgery (P<.05). Conclusion: US with color Doppler was confirmed to be a more efficient tool than CBCT for monitoring bone healing.

Radiographic and Ultrasonographic Diagnosis of Single Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt in a Dog (개의 단순 간내성 간문맥전신단락증의 영상진단학 및 치료 1예)

  • 전혜영;장동우
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.508-515
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    • 2003
  • A 4-month-old 5.7 kg male Golden retriever with history of seizure, depression, lethargy and anorexia was referred to Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, Chungbuk National University. Hematologic examination revealed microcytosis and nonregenerative anemia. Serum chemical values showed increased serum ammonia (423 $\mu$mol/L), ALP (1101 U/L), r-GTP (13.9 U/L) and CPK (1454 U/L), and decreased total protein (4.9 g/dl) and BUN (1.6 mg/dl). Microhepatia was shown in survey abdominal radiographs. Color doppler ultrasonographic examination revealed dilated tortuous vein with turbulent flow within liver parenchyma. Intraoperative jejunoportography and intraoperative ultrasonography confirmed the location and size of single intrahepatic shunt vessel in the left medial liver lobe. Also, the anomalous vessel entering the caudal vena cava was identified beneath the diaphragm. The shunting vessel was ligated with using an Ameroid constrictor. General conditions, hematologic and serum chemical values resolved gradually after surgery. One month after surgery abdominal radiograph showed normal gastric axis and it was consistent whit the normal size liver. Normal echogenecity of liver and enlargement of portal vein were shown in ultrasonography. It is assumed that survey radiography and ultrasonography are useful for diagnosis of single intrahepatic shunt in a dog and especially jejunoportography vein portography and intraoperative ultrasonography are suitable for confirmation of the anatomic location and size of the shunting vessels.

Peroneal Artery Perforator-Based Propeller Flaps for Reconstruction of Soft Tissue Defect around the Ankle Joint: A Report of Four Cases (비골 동맥 천공지 기저 프로펠러 피판술을 이용한 족관절 주위 연부조직 결손의 재건술: 4예 보고)

  • Cho, Byung-Ki;Park, Ji-Kang;Park, Kyoung-Jin;Chong, Suri
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.222-226
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    • 2014
  • Four patients with soft tissue defects around the ankle joint were covered with peroneal artery perforator-based propeller flaps. Using color Doppler sonography, the flap was designed by considering the location of the perforator and soft tissue defects. The procedure was then performed by rotating the flap by $180^{\circ}$. Additional skin graft was required in a patient due to partial necrosis, and delayed wound repair was performed in another patient with poor blood circulation at the distal part of the flap. The remaining patients did not have any complications and results were considered excellent. Good outcomes were eventually obtained for all patients.