• Title, Summary, Keyword: comparative study

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The Comparative Education and History of Education: An Introductory Approach to Comparative Education History (비교교육학과 교육사학: 비교교육학사 서설(敍說))

  • Hahn, Yong-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Comparative Education
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.243-263
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    • 2018
  • In order to confirm the academic authenticity of comparative education, the academic methodology which is also appropriate for the historical arrangement is the history. In this sense, this article focuses on the study of comparative education from the viewpoint of history of education and aims for a tentative approach to comparative education history. In every discipline, it is essential to organize the history of the discipline both for those majoring in it and for the development of the discipline itself. The conclusions obtained from this study are as follows. First, in general, the method of studying comparative education includes not only 'comparative studies' but also 'regional studies', but it can add academic depth through the study of time series called 'comparative education history'. Second, the developmental process of the comparative education can be classified into four stages; the first stage is 'the pre-history' of the comparative education, the second stage is the 'embryo stage', the third stage is the 'establishment stage', and the fourth stage is the 'development stage'. Especially, in the era of globalization, the academic potential of comparative education is even higher, so it is possible to add an 'expanding period'. Third, it is necessary to understand the 'comparative education history' in order to secure the academic identity of the comparative education study. It is expected that it will be possible to more easily confirm the perspectives and issues of comparative education in the future, together with a good conceptual understanding of comparative education.

Analysis of Trend in Comparative Education Research Related to Curriculum in the 「Korean Journal of Comparative Education」 from Postcolonial Perspectives (탈식민주의 관점에서 본 국내 교육과정 관련 비교교육 연구 동향: 「비교교육연구」 학술지에 게재된 논문을 중심으로)

  • So, Kyung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Comparative Education
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.23-44
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to review the trend in comparative education research related to curriculum published in the Korean Journal of Comparative Education, and to critically analyze its characteristics from the postcolonial perspectives. In this study, I analyzed 61 articles published in this journal from 1995 to 2016. The result showed that comparative studies related to curriculum were conducted mainly by benchmarking policies or contents related to curriculum and textbooks of Western countries including North America and Europe as well as Japan which colonized Korea. In addition, although Korea has been changing into multicultural society, studies on Asian countries such as China and Vietnam which are the nationalities of many foreigners living in Korea were rare. Based on the results, this study suggested that the expansion of comparative education research subjects, overcoming of coloniality in comparative education, and ontological reflection of comparative education researchers are necessary.

A Comparison Study on the Comparative Advertising Regulation among Nations (세계 각국의 비교광고 규제에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Lyi, De-Ryong;Lee, Hyun-Seon
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.26
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    • pp.209-257
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    • 2004
  • Comparative advertising, in which explicit or implicit comparisons are drawn between the advertised brand and its competitors, is commonplace in today's marketplace. While holding the promise of helping consumers make more informed choices among brands, comparative advertising may actually have the opposite effect when they mislead consumers about the relative merits of competing brands. Therefore government agencies are continuously monitoring the comparative advertising to ensure that it is in the public's interest. The objective of this study is to investigate cross-national differences in comparative advertising regulation. For this, the study analyze the law of comparative advertising in Korea and around the world. The results showed there are differences among nations in the law of comparative advertising and most nations have special legislation on the comparative advertising. The other finding of this study is that the law governing comparative advertising becoming increasingly clear. This study can assist advertisers concerned with providing advertising that is acceptable to countries which they attempt to marker. And this work can contribute to the research scream, building on the work of others in broadening the understanding of that constitutes acceptable comparative advertising in contemporary nations.

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A Study of the Effects and Regulations of Comparative Advertising: Focusing on the Definition and Application of Unfairly Comparative Advertising (비교 광고의 효과와 규제에 대한 연구: '부당한 비교'의 정의와 적용을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Jae-Yung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.270-276
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    • 2017
  • Previous studies of the effects of comparative advertising did not consider that comparative advertising should satisfy its legal conditions otherwise it would be unfairly comparative advertising. In this context, this study reviewed the current legal definition of 'unfairly comparative advertising' to clarify it by the definition of unfairly comparative advertising of the Guideline of Judgement of Comparative Labeling or Advertising based on the Act on Fair Labeling and Advertising. In addition, this study confirmed that comparative advertising was banned by the Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act, which was the previous act on unfair labeling or advertising, and identified differences between the two Acts in regulating unfairly comparative advertising. This study analyzed 354 adjudication cases of unfairly comparative advertising based on the regulation of Monopoly Regulation and Fair Trade Act. As a result, the definitions of the two Acts of unfairly comparative advertising were found to correspond to each other. These results suggest empirically that comparative advertising was not banned legally in the past and the definition and judgement standards of unfairly comparative advertising have not been changed.

The Effect of Advertisement Type, Brand Typicality and Need for Cognition on Attitude toward Advertisement Intention - Focused on Outdoor Apparel Brands - (광고유형, 브랜드 전형성, 인지욕구가 광고태도에 미치는 영향 - 아웃도어 의류 브랜드를 중심으로 -)

  • Jung, Mi Yeon;Hwang, Sun Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.66 no.8
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of comparative advertisement brand typicality and need for recognition in outdoor apparel market. This study was created with a mixed factorial design of 2 (Advertisement types: Comparative advertisement vs. General advertisement) X 2(Brand Typicality: High Brand vs. Low Brand) X 2 (Need for Cognition: High vs. Low). The results of this study are as follows: First, it was shown that comparative advertisement had a greater positive influence on attitudes toward advertising intentions in comparison to general advertisements. Second, while comparative advertisement was more effective than general advertisement for outdoor apparel brands with low typicality. Third, consumers with higher need for cognition showed a preferred attitude toward advertising intention when met with comparative advertising in contrast to general advertisement. Fourth, when consumers with higher needs for cognition were exposed to advertisement for brands of lower typicality, there was higher positive influence on the attitudes toward advertisement intention with comparative advertisement in comparison to general advertisement. This means the comparative advertisement may be effective for the new garment brand or the garment brands having low typicality to secure the cognition quickly from the consumers having high need for cognition.

The Exploration of the Usefulness of Comparative Educational Approach in Education Policy Studies (교육정책탐구에서의 비교교육학적 접근방법의 유용성 탐색)

  • Chung, Il-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Comparative Education
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.153-173
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of the study is to identify the usefulness of comparative educational research approach for rational educational policy development and operation through the analysis of the area, contents, methods, and so on that comparative educational research approach in educational policy studies is used. For achieving the purpose, the study examined as the follows. First, the study discussed the academic traits and research target of educational policy and comparative education using the academic trait of definition method and the academic trait of approach method. Second, the study examined the contents of the exploration of educational policy studies in comparative education. For this, the study analyzed previous research on the relationship between comparative education and general education. And using articles published in Journal of Comparative Education, the study analyzed the contents of educational policy research in comparative education. Based on the main results, the discussions and suggestions are provided.

Comparative Education and Educational Evaluation (비교교육학과 교육평가학)

  • Park, Chanho
    • Korean Journal of Comparative Education
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.135-151
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to help establish the status of comparative education as an academic discipline by investigating its relationship with educational evaluation. Comparative education as a subfield of education covers other areas of study in education, while educational evaluation is a study of methodology. First, international comparative study was investigated, and recent methodologies in educational evaluation were introduced. International comparative study started in 1960's, and is being expanded. The participating countries hope for better education by comparing their educational curricula and practices with others. For international comparative studies, a differential item functioning analysis as a multigroup analysis can provide information on what sociocultural factors other than the construct are affecting the measurement results. The study dataset has a hierarchical structure so that multilevel item response theory is suitable to obtain multidimensional national profiles. Although there have been methodological advances in educational evaluation, the methods are not available in comparative education. In order to reduce the gap, scholars in educational evaluation should try to make the methods easily available, while those in comparative education should try to use the exact and precise methods in their studies.

Current Status and Developments of Comparative Education at Universities in Korea and World Wide (세계적 동향에 비추어 본 우리나라 대학의 비교교육학 교육현황과 과제)

  • Hyun, Kyung S.;Park, Elisa L.
    • Korean Journal of Comparative Education
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.1-26
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to present the overall landscape of Comparative Education study in teacher training program at universities in Korea. The Comparative Education in Korea is relatively young without a lengthy tail on its name and still on the way of upgrading itself, however various efforts are gathering for the development of Comparative Education. With this understanding, this paper diagnoses the current status of Comparative Education in Korea by analyzing 1) the number of institutions which provide Comparative Education lectures for their teacher training program, 2) aims of Comparative Education teaching, 3) curricular and course titles, 4) teaching methods and textbooks, and 5) current issues and problems currently laid on Comparative Education in Korea designated by actual lecturers and professors who are in charge of Comparative Education lectures. The historical development of Comparative Education in Korea will be briefly presented at the beginning part of the chapter. To gauge the comparative position of Korean Comparative Education, the second half of this paper introduces the cases of Comparative Education at universities worldwide, presenting various countries' status of Comparative Education along with their developmental status. As the first research which pays an attention on the current figure of Comparative Education in Korea, it will form an impetus on why we should teach college students about comparative education and on what next step should be carried for further development of Comparative Education at universities based on the comparative understanding of other countries. Since it is in the transitional stage in terms of its development, it would be critical to have a self-analysis of the current status, which will help to lay the comprehensive understanding background for designating the future direction of its development.

A comparative study of the Oriental Medicine on the cell (세포(細胞)에 대(對)한 한의학적(韓醫學的) 비교연구(比較硏究))

  • Yu, Byeong-Wan;Hwang, Woo-Jun;Lee, Si-Hyeong;Keum, Kyeong-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.165-183
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    • 2006
  • A study of scientific methods in a study of comparative on the oriental medicine and the western medicine evidence to find on the cause-effect relationship. The rationality in a study of process and the confidence in a study of result were improved by a study of methods on the cause-effect relationship. Also a comparative study on the Jeong(精) of the oriental medicine and the cell of the western medicine, after established a model of the cause-effect relationship secured a suitability of a comparative subject and operationalization of a comparative variable to the rationality in a study of process. The Jeong(精) and the cell are the character of a unit and the character of a matter on the human body. The Jeong(精) and the cell are a point of similarity in the function. The Jeong(精) and the cell are a relation in the mechanism. Our paper reviewed a study of comparative methods on the oriental medicine and the western medicine, and suggest an identic interpretation on the human body.

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Application of the Comparative Method from Social Science for Architectural History (건축역사연구(建築歷史硏究)를 위한 비교방법론(比較方法論)의 응용(應用))

  • Kwon, Jong Wook
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.141-151
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    • 1995
  • For many social scientists, the comparative method has been a part of the common enterprise of describing, explaining, and developing theories about socio-cultural phenomena. However, it is rare that comparison has been methodologically considered in architectural history in spite of the usefulness for understanding the similarities and differences among architectural styles. This research emphasizes the importance of comparative methodology in architectural history and proposes an example which can be introduced from the comparative method for social studies. The application in this study is based on the assumption that an architectural phenomenon is a kind of social phenomenon and comparative method in social study can be applied to architectural history. The method is to generate and test hypotheses through establishing functional correlation between variables treated as the objective facts that differentiate one type of building from another.

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