• Title, Summary, Keyword: complex power

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Comparison of Two Reactive Power Definitions in DFIG Wind Power System under Grid Unbalanced Condition

  • Ha, Daesu;Suh, Yongsug
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.213-214
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    • 2014
  • This paper compares two instantaneous reactive power definitions in DFIG wind turbine with a back-to-back three-level neutral-point clamped voltage source converter under unbalanced grid conditions. In general, conventional definition of instantaneous reactive power is obtained by taking an imaginary component of complex power. The other definition of instantaneous reactive power can be developed based on a set of voltages lagging the grid input voltages by 90 degree. A complex quantity referred as a quadrature complex power is defined. Proposed definition of instantaneous reactive power is derived by taking a real component of quadrature complex power. The characteristics of two instantaneous reactive power definitions are compared using the ripple-free stator active power control algorithm in DFIG. Instantaneous reactive power definition based on quadrature complex power has a simpler current reference calculation control block. Ripple of instantaneous active and reactive power has the same magnitude unlike in conventional definition under grid unbalance. Comparison results of two instantaneous reactive power definitions are verified through simulation.

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A Study on the Out-of-Step Detection Algorithm using Time Variation of Complex Power-Part I : The Variation of Complex Power Trajectory in Complex Plane (복소전력의 변화율을 이용한 동기탈조 검출 알고리즘에 관한 연구-Part I: 복소평면에서의 복소전력의 궤적변화)

  • Kwon O-Sang;Kim Chul-Hwan
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers A
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    • v.54 no.7
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    • pp.345-351
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    • 2005
  • An out-of-step condition results from the loss of the synchronism of the generators. A disturbance in a power system causes the generator angle to oscillate. When there is a severe disturbance such as a heavy current fault loss of major generation or loss of a large block of load, the oscillation can be severe and even increase largely and finally the out-of-step condition may un. During the power swing and out-of-step conditions, the apparent impedance at a relay location changes, and the power flow also changes as the angle difference is varied. This paper presents a method to analyze the trajectory of complex power during a power swing and out-of-step condition. The trajectory of the complex power is analyzed when a power swings and a fault occurs. Moreover, the complex power is analyzed when the ratios between the voltages at both sides and the line impedances are changed. These methods are verified through simulation using the ATP/EMTP MODELS.

A Study on the Out-of-Step Detection Algorithm using Time Variation of Complex Power-Part I : The Variation of Complex Power trajectory in Complex plane (복소전력의 변화율을 이용한 동기탈조 검출 알고리즘에 관한 연구-Part I: 복소평면에서의 탁소전력의 궤적변화)

  • Kwon, O.S.;Kim, C.H.;Park, N.O.;Chai, Y.M.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.310-312
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    • 2005
  • An out-of-step condition results from the loss of the synchronism of the generators. A disturbance in a power system causes the generator angle to oscillate. When there is a severe disturbance such as a heavy current fault loss of major generation or loss of a large block of load the oscillation can be severe and even increase largely and finally the out-of-step condition may occur During the power swing and out-of-step conditions, the a apparent impedance at a relay location changes, and the power flow also changes as the angle difference is varied. This paper presents a method to analyze the trajectory of complex power during a power swing and out-of-step condition. The trajectory of the complex power is analyzed when a power swings and a fault occurs. Moreover, the complex power is analyzed when the ratios between the voltages at both sides and the line impedances are changed. These methods are verified through simulation using the ATP/EMTP MODELS.

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Topological and Statistical Analysis for the High-Voltage Transmission Networks in the Korean Power Grid

  • Kang, Seok-Gu;Yoon, Sung-Guk
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.923-931
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    • 2017
  • A power grid is one of the most complex networks and is critical infrastructure for society. To understand the characteristics of a power grid, complex network analysis has been used from the early 2000s mainly for US and European power grids. However, since the power grids of different countries might have different structures, the Korean power grid needs to be examined through complex network analysis. This paper performs the analysis for the Korean power grid, especially for high-voltage transmission networks. In addition, statistical and small-world characteristics for the Korean power grid are analyzed. Generally, the Korean power grid has similar characteristics to other power grids, but some characteristics differ because the Korean power grid is concentrated in the capital area.

A Design of High Power Amplifier Predistortor using Carrier Complex Power Series Analysis (Carrier Complex Power Series 해석을 통한 대전력 증폭기용 전치 왜곡기 설계)

  • 윤상영;정용채
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.686-693
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, a new carrier complex power series which represents nonlinear transfer function of high power amplifier is derived. Using this transfer function, the nonlinear transfer function of predistortive circuit for linearizing the distortion effect of a HPA(High Power Amplifier) is derived and fabricated. A measured gain and $P_{1dB}$ of the fabricated HPA in IMT-2000 basestation transmitting band are 34.06 dB and 35.4 dBm. The predistortive circuit using inverse carrier complex power series is fabricated and operated with HPA. The predistortive HPA improves C/I(Carrier to Intermodulation) ratio of HPA by 17.01 dB(@Pout=25.43 dBm/tone) with 2-tone at 2.1375 GHz and 2.1425 GHz.

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Islanding Detection Based on Complex Power at the Intertie (연계점에서의 복소전력을 이용한 단독운전 판단기법)

  • Kang, Yong-Cheol;Cha, Sun-Hee;Jang, Sung-Il;Kang, Hae-Gweon;Kim, Yong-Gyun;Park, Goon-Cherl
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.57 no.12
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    • pp.2167-2172
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    • 2008
  • A large scale embedded generator or a micro-grid is usually interconnected to the grid through the dedicated line. Immediately after the removal of the grid supply, it must be disconnected and remain disconnected until the normal grid supplies are restored. This paper proposes an islanding detection algorithm based on complex power at the intertie. Complex power at the intertie delivered to the grid has a value depending on power flow during normal operation. When loss of mains occurs, complex power at the intertie moves to a value depending on the parameters of the dedicated line. The performance of the proposed algorithm was investigated under various operating and fault conditions. The proposed algorithm can detect an islanding operation even if no power is exchanged prior to loss of mains and discriminate the fault condition from islanding.

Complex Neural Classifiers for Power Quality Data Mining

  • Vidhya, S.;Kamaraj, V.
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.1715-1723
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    • 2018
  • This work investigates the performance of fully complex- valued radial basis function network(FC-RBF) and complex extreme learning machine (CELM) based neural approaches for classification of power quality disturbances. This work engages the use of S-Transform to extract the features relating to single and combined power quality disturbances. The performance of the classifiers are compared with their real valued counterparts namely extreme learning machine(ELM) and support vector machine(SVM) in terms of convergence and classification ability. The results signify the suitability of complex valued classifiers for power quality disturbance classification.

ON-LINE FAULT DIAGNOSIS IN THE LARGE POWER SYSTEM (계통 내 온라인 고장 진단 시스템 개발)

  • Seo, Gyu-Seok;Baek, Young-Sik;Kim, Jung-Nyun
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.122-124
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    • 2004
  • Recently, power system is getting larger and more complex. When the complex power system has a problem, it is very difficult even for the experts to find out where the problem is and to make a timely decision by operators. There have been many studies on these problems but the results are not good enough for applying to real power system. Therefore power system operators always had to judge the exact state of power system and had to be preparative for the problems that can occur later. We developed new methods that can be applied to complex power system by dividing the system into small modules. By using 'module' we can combine small modules together to make complex power systems and the knowledge base that is applied to fault diagnosis system. As a result, compared to previously developed diagnosis products, operational time has shortened, and the knowledge base becomes simpler and clearer, which made online usage capable. This system can be used as a complementary measure that helps the operator from making any mistakes.

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A Study on Rail Transport Method by the Construction Plan of Samcheok Electric Power Complex (삼척발전단지 건설계획에 따른 철도수송력 강화 방안 연구)

  • Cho, Chi-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1327-1334
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    • 2009
  • According to the construction plan of Samcheok electric power complex from year 2009 to year 2020, many people are interested in this area. This national project which invests about 8.6 trillion won will have great influence to rail transport considering current depression days. Samcheok electric power complex will be the largest plan in Korea, and it is necessary to have railroad construction plan as soon as possible considering the route change of domestic coal transport and the possibility of coal transport by rail from North Korea, Russia and China after reunification of Korean peninsula. Also, Samcheok electric power complex will be located in the east area railroad route and it is important to study about this area. This study will mention about the railroad route of east sea north line and Pohang $\sim$ Samcheok line, and review the prospect and strengthening method of coal transport by railroad according to the construction of Samcheok electric power complex.

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A Study on the Out-of-Step Detection Algorithm using Time Variation of Complex Power-Part II : Out-of-Step Detection Algorithm using a Trajectory of Complex Power (복소전력의 변화율을 이용한 동기탈조 검출 알고리즘에 관한 연구-Part II: 복소전력의 궤적 변화를 이용한 동기탈조 검출 알고리즘)

  • Kim Chul-Hwan;Heo Jeong-Yong;Kwon O-Sang
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers A
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    • v.54 no.5
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    • pp.217-225
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    • 2005
  • In a power system, an out-of-step condition causes a variety of risk such as serious damage to system elements, tripping of loads and generators, mal-operation of relays, etc. Therefore, it is very important to detect the out-of-step condition and take a proper measure. Several out-of-step detection methods have been employed in relays until now. Most common method used for an out-of-step detection is based on the transition time through the blocking impedance area in R-X diagram. Also, the R-R dot out-of-step relay, the out-of-step prediction method and the adaptive out-of-step relay using the equal area criterion (EAC) and Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) technology have been developed. This paper presents the out-of-step detection algorithm using the time variation of the complex power. The complex power is calculated and the mechanical power of the generator is estimated by using the electrical power, and then the out-of-step detection algorithm which is based on the complex power and the estimated mechanical power, is presented. This algorithm may detect the instant when the generator angle passes the Unstable Equilibrium Point (UEP). The proposed out-of-step algorithm is verified and tested by using Alternative Transient Program/Electromagnetic Transient Program (ATP/EMTP) MODELS.