• Title, Summary, Keyword: concentrated apple juice

Search Result 7, Processing Time 0.03 seconds

The Browning Reaction and Inhibition of Apple Concentrated Juice (사과농축액의 갈변현상 및 그 억제)

  • 배수경;이영철;김현위
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.6-13
    • /
    • 2001
  • The study was conducted to investigate the effect of the browning inhibitors such as PVPP(polyvinylpoly-pyrrolidone), A.A.(ascorbic acid) on nonezymatic browning factors [free sugar, total amino acid, organic acid, A.A., HMF (hydroxymethylfurfural)] and enzymatic browning factors [PRO (polyphenoloxidase) activity, polyphenol compounds] in concentrated apple juice during 90 days storage. Considering color value (L value, $\Delta$E), absorbance at 420 nm, concentrated apple juice during 90 days storage. Considering color the effect of browning inhibition. According to the storage period, the changes of nonenzymatic factors in concentrated apple juice added with browning inhibitors were similar to those in control (concentrated apple juice without browning inhibitors), which were the decreased of sucrose(0.24~0.35% at 90 days), the slight increase of glucose and fructose, the decrease of total amino acid (530.4~573.1 mg/10g at 90 days), same value of A.A. at 90 days (38.5~78.6 mg/100g), and the increase of HMF (27.8~30.6 mg/100g at 90 days). On the contrary, enzymatic browning factors were significantly inhibited in concentrated apple juice added with PVPP, judging from the slow increase of PRO activity and the significant decrease of initial value in polyphenol compounds (especially chlorogenic acid). These results suggest that PVPP plays an important role as enzymatic browning inhibitor, that is, a scavenger of polyphenol compounds by adsorption in concentrated apple juice.

  • PDF

Effect of Concentration Methods on the Quality of Single and Blended Juice Concentrates

  • Lee, Jun-Ho;Sohn, Kyoung-Suck
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.8 no.3
    • /
    • pp.225-229
    • /
    • 2003
  • Clarified apple, carrot and orange juices were prepared using ultrafiltration and their single and blend juices were further concentrated using ultrafiltration, freeze-drying, and rotary evaporation. Effect of concentration methods on the quality of concentrated single juices and juice blends was investigated. Turbidity values of samples concentrated by evaporation were significantly higher than those prepared by ultrafiltration and vacuum freezing regardless of juice source (i.e., apple, orange or carrot) or blending (p<0.05). The highest soluble solids contents were obtained for the samples concentrated by evaporation process. Concentrated apple juice contained significantly higher amount of vitamin C and soluble solids than concentrated orange and carrot juices regardless of concentration methods (p<0.05). For blended samples, no direct relationships between blend ratio and total amount of vitamin C were found; however, samples contained more apple juice showed the highest value of soluble solids regardless of concentration methods.

Optimization of the Vinegar Fermentation Using Concentrated Apple Juice (농축 사과주스를 이용한 식초 발효조건의 최적화)

  • 서지형;이기동;정용진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.30 no.3
    • /
    • pp.460-465
    • /
    • 2001
  • To prepare vinegar using concentration apple juice, response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to optimize and monitor the vinegar fermentation properties by two stage fermentation. In the first stage, the optimum conditions for maximum alcohol contents were 18.56。Brix of initial sugar concentration, 61.96 rpm of agitation rate and 67.32 hr of fermentation time. The optimum condition for maximum acidity in the second stage (vinegar fermentation) were 201.53 rpm of agitation rate and 179.42 hr of fermentation time. Malic acid content was the highest and its content little changed during acetic acid fermentation. Lactic acid content increased a little during alcohol fermentation. Acetic acid content apparently increased during acetic acid fermentation.

  • PDF

Pre-concentration of Apple Juice with Different Reverse Osmosis Membranes (역삼투막을 이용한 사과쥬스의 예비농축)

  • Kim, Kil-Hwan;Park, Hyun-Jin;Kim, Dong-Man
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.419-425
    • /
    • 1988
  • The clarified apple juice was pre-concentrated by reverse osmosis system as a trial for reduction of heat treating time and quality drop in concentration of the juice. The permeate fluxes through CA 865 and CA 960 membranes were higher than those of HR 95 and HR 98 membranes even at the low operating pressure. In the concentration limit depended on the membranes used, HR membranes operated at 60 bar showed $29.0^{\circ}$Brix, and the time required to reach the limit was 86 min for HR 95 and 71 min for HR 98. In cases of CA membranes run at 30 bar, the juice concentration was linearly increased without the limit, and longer time to reach the same concentration was required in comparison with HR membranes. As the juice concentration was increased, the loss of soluble solids was increased, and the average contents of soluble solids in the permeate passed through HR 95, HR 98, CA 865 and CA 960 were 1.3, 0.5, 7.5 and $2.3^{\circ}$ Brix, respectively, in the juice concentration range of 20.0 -$25.0^{\circ}$ Brix. The lower amounts of sugars, total acid and flavor volatiles were involved in the permeate through HR membranes, especially HR 98 than in the permeate through CA membranes.

  • PDF

Administration of Mycotoxins in Food in Korea (식품 중 곰팡이독소 안전기준 관리)

  • Kang, Kil-Jin;Kim, Hye-Jung;Lee, Yeon-Gyeong;Jung, Kyung-Hee;Han, Sang-Bae;Park, Sun-Hee;Oh, Hye-Yeong
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.25 no.4
    • /
    • pp.281-288
    • /
    • 2010
  • Total aflatoxin ($B_1+B_2+G_1+G_2$) maximum levels of 15 ${\mu}g/kg$ ($B_1=10\;{\mu}g/kg$) were set for grain, beans, peanut, nuts & their processed food (grinding, cutting etc.), processed cereal product & processed bean product, confectionaries (peanut or nut-containing food), soybean paste, red pepper paste, dried red pepper, processed com products for popcorn and steamed rice. The maximum levels for aflatoxin $M_1$ are 0.5 ${\mu}g/kg$ for raw milk and milks before manufacturing processing. The patulin maximum level is 50 ${\mu}g/kg$ in apple juice and apple juice concentrate (including concentrate to use as raw material and converted by concentration multiple). The ochratoxin A is managed at the maximum levels of 5 ${\mu}g/kg$ in wheat, barley, rye, coffee beans and roasted coffee, 10 ${\mu}g/kg$ in instant coffee and raisin, 2 ${\mu}g/kg$ in Grape juice, concentrated grape juice as reconstituted and wine. The fumonisins ($B_1+B_2$) maximum levels are 4000 ${\mu}g/kg$ in com, 2000 ${\mu}g/kg$ in com processed food (grinding, cutting etc.) and com powder, 1000 ${\mu}g/kg$ in processed com products. Standards for mycotoxins in food have been established and the mycotoxin risk in food is managed reasonably and scientifically, based on risk assessment and exposure analysis.

Rapid Fermentation of Freeze-Concentrated Ice Apple Wine by a Sugar Tolerant Yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae SS89 (내당성 효모 Saccharomyces cerevisiae SS89에 의한 동결농축 사과즙의 무가당 아이스 사과주 속성 발효)

  • Choi, Sang-Hoon;Baek, Seong-Yeol;Yeo, Soo-Hwan;Park, Heui-Dong
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.413-419
    • /
    • 2012
  • Fermentation of ice apple wine from freeze-concentrated Fuji apple juice to 36 $^{\circ}Brix$ was carried out using Saccharomyces cerevisiae SS89, a sugar-tolerant wine yeast strain. The characteristics of the fermentation and the properties of ice apple wine were compared with those of S. cerevisiae W-3, an industrial wine yeast that was used as a control in this study. During the fermentation, the alcohol content increased more rapidly by S. cerevisiae SS89 together with the decrease of the soluble solid content, compared to S. cerevisiae W-3. It reached 12% (v/v) after 15 days of fermentation by S. cerevisiae SS89 (12.4%, v/v) and 21 days by S. cerevisiae W-3 (12.6%, v/v). The soluble solid contents of the SS89 and W-3 wines were 24.0 and 23.6 $^{\circ}Brix$, respectively. Lactic acid was detected at the highest level, followed by malic aid, among the organic acids in both wines. No big differences in the organic acid contents were observed based on the strains. In the SS89 wine, higher levels of methanol, propanol, butanol, and isoamyl alcohol were detected, together with a lower isobutanol content, compared with the W-3 wine. The SS89 wine showed higher level of intensity as well as higher Hunter's L and b color values compared to the W-3 wine. In the sensory evaluation, similar scores in color, flavor, taste, and overall preference were obtained in the two wines. Therefore, S. cerevisiae SS89 was thought to be useful for the rapid fermentation of ice apple wine.

Fermentation Characteristics of Freeze-Concentrated Apple Juice by Saccharomyces cerevisiae Isolated from Korean Domestic Grapes (국산 포도로부터 분리된 Saccharomyces cerevisiae에 의한 동결농축 사과주스의 알코올 발효특성)

  • Choi, Sang-Hoon;Choi, Yoon-Jung;Lee, A-Rong;Park, Seon-A;Kim, Dong-Hyun;Baek, Seong-Yeol;Yeo, Soo-Hwan;Rhee, Chang-Ho;Park, Heui-Dong
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.18 no.4
    • /
    • pp.559-566
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this study, the good brewing conditions for the 24 $^{\circ}Brix$ freeze-concentrated apple wine were investigated. The four selected Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains MM10, SS89, SS812, and WW108, could ferment quickly when brewed with high sugar levels. During the fermentation, the reducing sugar contents slowly declined while the total acid in all the yeasts increased and the final alcohol content was 12-13%, a typical wine's alcohol content. The viable counts were shown to be 6-6.8 log cfu/ml. During the fermentation, the organic acid content was shown to be within the range of 2.36-3.11%, and the free sugar content, except for the SS89 and WW108 strains, was shown to consist only of sorbitol, although fructose was somewhat detected in the SS89 and WW108 strains. Methanol was not detected, or only a trace of it was detected, and the aldehyde content was 107.68-114.27 ppm. As for the fusel oil contents, a trace of propanol was detected. Isobutanol and butanol were present in 40.16-54.65 and 25.47-27.73 ppm, respectively. The isoamy1 alcohol content was shown to be the highest (108.88-217.26 ppm). The final total phenolic compounds were shown to be 0.1-0.16%. The final Hue values were shown to be 1.3-3.6, and the final intensity was 0.1-0.45. The lightness (L) was within the range of 91.78-98.51, the redness (a) was at a neutral position at red and green, and the yellowness (b) was within the range of 2.38-7.7. In the sensory evaluation, the SS812 strain was found to be the best in terms of color, the SS89 strain in terms of odor, and the WW108 strain in terms of taste. Overall, SS812 was found to be the best apple wine.