• Title, Summary, Keyword: concrete

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The Effects of Superplasticizers on the Engineering Properties of Plain Concrete

  • Park, Seung-Bum
    • KCI Concrete Journal
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.29-43
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    • 1999
  • The effects of superplasticizers on fresh and hardened concrete were investigated. The experimental program included tests on the workability and slump loss, bleeding, setting time, air content, compressive, tensile and flexural strength, permeability, shrinkage, freeze-thaw durability and creep deformation. Properties of superplasticized concrete were compared with those of conventional and base concretes. Superplasticizers were observed to have an appreciable fluidifying action in fresh concrete. They permitted a significant water reduction while maintaining the same workability. Bleeding of superplasticized concrete was much lower than that of conventional concrete of the same consistency. This indicates that the use of superplasticizers did not affect the tendency of segregation of fresh concrete. The compressive, tensile, and flexural strengths of superplasticized concrete were significantly higher than those of conventional concrete. The permeability and drying shrinkage and creep of superplasticized concrete were less than those of conventional concrete, but there were no significant differences between base and superplasticized concrete. Compared with base concrete, non-air-entrained superplasticized concrete had slightly higher freeze-thaw durability. and superplasticized concrete with an appropriate amount of entrained air Eave even better resistance to freezing and thawing.

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Testing of the permeability of concrete box beam with ion transport method in service

  • Wang, Jia Chun
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.461-471
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    • 2015
  • The permeability is the most direct indicator to reflect the durability of concrete, and the testing methods based on external electric field can be used to evaluate concrete permeability rapidly. This study aims to use an experiment method to accurately predict the permeability of concrete box beam during service. The ion migration experiments and concrete surface resistivity are measured to evaluate permeability of five concrete box beams, and the relations between these results in service concrete and electric flux after 6 hours by ASTM C1202 in the laboratory are analyzed. The chloride diffusion coefficient of concrete, concrete surface resistivity and concrete 6 hours charge have good correlation relationship, which denote that the chloride diffusion coefficient and the surface resistivity of concrete are effective for evaluating the durability of concrete structures. The chloride diffusion coefficient of concrete is directly evaluated permeability of concrete box beam in service and may be used to predict the service life, which is fit to engineering applications and the concrete box beam is non-destructive. The concrete surface resistivity is easier available than the chloride diffusion coefficient, but it is directly not used to calculate the service life. Therefore the mathematical relation of the concrete surface resistivity and the concrete chloride diffusion coefficient need to be found, which the service life of reinforced concrete is obtained by the concrete surface resistivity.

Flexural Strength of Dual Concrete Beams Composed of Fiber Reinforced Concrete and Normal Concrete (섬유보강 콘크리트와 보통콘크리트로 합성된 이중 콘크리트 보의 휨 강도)

  • 박대효;부준성;조백순
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.579-584
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    • 2001
  • The reinforced concrete(RC) beam is developed cracks because the compression strength of concrete is strong but the tensile strength is weak. The structural strength and stiffness is decreased by reduction of tension resistance capacity of concrete due to the developed cracks. Using the fiber reinforced concrete that is increased the flexural strength and tensile strength at tensile part can enhance the strength and stiffness of concrete structure and decrease the tensile flexural cracks and deflection. Therefore, The reinforced concrete used the fiber reinforced concrete at tensile part ensure the safety and serviceability of the concrete structures. In this study, analytical model of a dual concrete beam that is composed of the normal strength concrete at compression part and the high tensile strength concrete at tensile part is developed by using the equilibrium condition of forces and compatibility condition of strains and is parted into elastic analytical model and ultimate analytical model. Three group of test beam that is formed of one reinforced concrete beam and two dual concrete beams for each steel reinforcement ratio is tested to examine the flexural behavior of dual concrete beams. The comparative study of total nine test beams is shown that the ultimate load of a dual concrete beams relative to the reinforced concrete beams have an increase in approximately 30%. In addition, the initial flexural rigidity, as used here, refer to the slope of load-deflection curves in elastic state is increased and the deflection is decreased.

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Effect of Concrete Strength on Shear Cracking Strength in Reinforced Concrete Beams (철근콘크리트보의 전단균열강도에 대한 콘크리트강도의 영향)

  • Kim, U;Koh, Gwang-Il;Kim, Dae-Jung
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.83-87
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    • 1990
  • The effect of concrete strength on shear cracking strength in reinforced concrete beams is investigated analytically. The quantitative response of reinforced concrete beam-end-part with varing concrete stiffness, which is a function of concrete compressive strength, is examined utilizing a finite element mothod. The result indicates that the severer shear stress localization/concentration takes place in the beam having higher concrete strength. Thus the increase ratio of shear cracking strength with respect to concrete compressive strength decreases as the concrete strength becoms higher.

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A Study on Improvement for Freeze and Thaw Durability of Concrete Using Recycled Coarse Aggregate (재생굵은골재 사용 콘크리트의 내동해성 향상을 위한 연구)

  • 김용직;문한영;문대중
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.643-648
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    • 2002
  • A research for recycling the demolished-concrete as concrete aggregate has been concerned in all over the world. There, however, are some problems that qualities of recycled aggregates are not only largely different, but also mechanical properties of recycled aggregate concrete decrease a little in comparison with that of natural aggregate concrete. In this study, the resistance of freezing and thawing of concrete using source-concrete recycled aggregate(SRN) and demolished-concrete recycled aggregate(DRA) was investigated. Futhermore a research for improvement of freeze and thaw durability of recycled aggregate concrete was performed. Relative dynamic modulus of elasticity of SRN and DRA recycled aggregate concrete was dropped 60% before 150 of freezing and thawing cycle, and was much lower than that of control concrete. Relative dynamic modulus of elasticity of recycled aggregate concrete was increased to decrease water-cement ratio, but the freeze and thaw durability of recycled aggregate concrete was not enough improved. Futhermore, when metakaolin and silica fume were repalced, the freeze and thaw durability of recycled aggregate concrete containg metakaolin was more improved than that of silica fume.

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Quality Properties of Concrete Using Crushed Sand (부순잔골재를 사용한 콘크리트의 품질 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo Seung Yeup;Shon Yu Shin;Lee Seung Hoon;Lee Gun Cheol;Yun Gi Won;Han Cheon Goo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.455-458
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    • 2005
  • This study compares the concrete using natural sand with the concrete using crush sand for the examination for the properties of a concrete. In the fresh concrete, the concrete using crush sand has less of the quantity of consistency, the content of air, and bleeding than the concrete using natural sand, and the concrete using crush sand has faster setting time than the concrete using natural sand. In hardening concrete, the concrete using crush sand has higher compressive strength and tensile strength than the concrete using natural sand because minute particles fill up a gap. Drying shrinkage of the concrete using natural sand is less than the concrete using crush sand.

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A homogenization approach for uncertainty quantification of deflection in reinforced concrete beams considering microstructural variability

  • Kim, Jung J.;Fan, Tai;Reda Taha, Mahmoud M.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.503-516
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    • 2011
  • Uncertainty in concrete properties, including concrete modulus of elasticity and modulus of rupture, are predicted by developing a microstructural homogenization model. The homogenization model is developed by analyzing a concrete representative volume element (RVE) using the finite element (FE) method. The concrete RVE considers concrete as a three phase composite material including: cement paste, aggregate and interfacial transition zone (ITZ). The homogenization model allows for considering two sources of variability in concrete, randomly dispersed aggregates in the concrete matrix and uncertain mechanical properties of composite phases of concrete. Using the proposed homogenization technique, the uncertainty in concrete modulus of elasticity and modulus of rupture (described by numerical cumulative probability density function) are determined. Deflection uncertainty of reinforced concrete (RC) beams, propagated from uncertainties in concrete properties, is quantified using Monte Carlo (MC) simulation. Cracked plane frame analysis is used to account for tension stiffening in concrete. Concrete homogenization enables a unique opportunity to bridge the gap between concrete materials and structural modeling, which is necessary for realistic serviceability prediction.

The influence of EAF dust on resistivity of concrete and corrosion of steel bars embedded in concrete

  • Almutlaq, Fahad M.
    • Advances in concrete construction
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.163-176
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    • 2014
  • Essentially, when electrical current flows easily in concrete that has large pores filled with highly connective pore water, this is an indication of a low resistivity concrete. In concrete, the flow of current between anodic and cathodic sites on a steel reinforcing bar surface is regulated by the concrete electrical resistance. Therefore, deterioration of any existing reinforced concrete structure due to corrosion of reinforcement steel bar is governed, to some extent, by resistivity of concrete. Resistivity of concrete can be improved by using SCMs and thus increases the concrete electrical resistance and the ability of concrete to resist chloride ingress and/or oxygen penetration resulting in prolonging the onset of corrosion. After depassivation it may slow down the corrosion rate of the steel bar. This indicates the need for further study of the effect of electric arc furnace dust (EAFD) addition on the concrete resistivity. In this study, concrete specimens rather than mortars were cast with different additions of EAFD to verify the electrochemical results obtained and to try to understand the role of EAFD addition in influencing the corrosion behaviour of reinforcing steel bar embedded in concrete and its relation to the resistivity of concrete. The results of these investigations indicated that the corrosion resistance of steel bars embedded in concrete containing EAFD was improved, which may link to the high resistivity found in EAFD-concrete. In this paper, potential measurements, corrosion rates, gravimetric corrosion weight results and resistivity measurements will be presented and their relationships will also be discussed in details.

Mock-up Tests of Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Columns (콘크리트 충전 강관 기둥의 시공에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Deok-Chan;Choi, Jin-Man;Lee, Do-Heon;Kim, Hoon;Kim, Jin-Cheol;Park, Yon-Dong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.382-387
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    • 1996
  • Three concrete filled steel tubular columns with six inner diaphrams are constructed and tested under field conditions. The size and shape of three columns are exactly same. The cross section is $40\times40cm$, and the height is 9m. Each column is constructed with normal concrete, CFST concrete, and high flowing concrete, respectively. Concrete is pumped into bottom parts of steel tubular columns from a concrete pump on the ground. Test data indicate that the slump flow of the concrete place in the top of the column is lower than that of the concrete before pumping by about 10~20cm. Slump flow loss of high flowing concrete caused by pumping is high compared to the other concretes. Concrete pump pressure of high flowing concrete is somewhat higher than that of CFST concrete.

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An Experimental Research on the Material Properties of Super Flowing Concrete (초유동 콘크리트의 재료특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 김진근;한상훈;박연동;노재호
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.56-62
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    • 1995
  • In this study, the properties of super flowing cocrete containing gly ash were experimentally investigated and compared with those of ordinary concrete. Tests were carried out on five types of super flowing concrete mixes containing fly ash and three types of ordinary concrete mixes without fly ash. Flow test, O-funnel test, box test, Ltype thest and slump test were carried out to obtain the properties for the workability of fresh concrete. Compressime strength, splitting tensile strength, modulus of elasticity. creep and shrinkage test were also obtained as the mechanical properties of hardened concrete. In fresh concrete, it was found that super flowing concrete had excellent workability and flowability compared with ordinary concrete, and the volume ratio of coarse aggregate to concrete volume greatly influenced flowability. Super flowing concrete also had good mechanical properties at both early and late ages with compressive strengths reaching as high as 40 MPa at 28 days. The creep deformation of super flowing concrete investigated were relatively lower than that of ordinary concrete.

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