• Title, Summary, Keyword: connection

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LIGHTLIKE HYPERSURFACES OF AN INDEFINITE TRANS-SASAKIAN MANIFOLD WITH AN (ℓ, m)-TYPE CONNECTION

  • Jin, Dae Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.55 no.5
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    • pp.1075-1089
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    • 2018
  • We define a new connection on semi-Riemannian manifolds, which is a non-symmetric and non-metric connection. We say that this connection is an (${\ell}$, m)-type connection. Semi-symmetric non-metric connection and non-metric ${\phi}$-symmetric connection are two important examples of this connection such that (${\ell}$, m) = (1, 0) and (${\ell}$, m) = (0, 1), respectively. In this paper, we study lightlike hypersurfaces of an indefinite trans-Sasakian manifold with an (${\ell}$, m)-type connection.

LIGHTLIKE HYPERSURFACES OF AN INDEFINITE KAEHLER MANIFOLD WITH A SYMMETRIC METRIC CONNECTION OF TYPE (ℓ, m)

  • Jin, Dae Ho
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.1171-1184
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    • 2016
  • We define a new connection on semi-Riemannian manifolds, which is called a symmetric connection of type (${\ell}$, m). Semi-symmetric connection and quarter-symmetric connection are two examples of this connection such that $({\ell},m)=(1,0)$ and $({\ell},m)=(0,1)$ respectively. In this paper, we study lightlike hypersurfaces of an indefinite Kaehler manifold endowed with a symmetric metric connection of type (${\ell}$, m).

Database Connection Pool Architecture for User Interconnections Access (동시접속 사용자 접근을 고려한 데이터베이스 커넥션 풀 아키텍처)

  • Kim, Young-Chan;Kim, Tae-Gan;Lee, Se-Hoon;Rim, Kee-Wook;Lee, Jung-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2009
  • The use of database system in application increases day by day. This brought out the DBMS interconnection access problem with rapid increase of the user. To solve these database connection problem, database connection pool has been presented. However, there is much to be desired on user's interconnection access. To improve previous connection pool architecture, we have designed the sub connection pool besides main connection pool in this paper. We defined connection pool broker to manage both main and sub connection pool connection. When main connection pool reached its limitation, connection pool broker transfers a connection from a main connection pool to a sub connection pool. When the interconnection access user increased rapidly, we have proved that the suggested sub pool architecture is more effective on response time by comparing it with other existing DBMS connection pool architectures using simulation.

Experimental study of rigid beam-to-box column connections with types of internal/external stiffeners

  • Rezaifar, Omid;Nazari, Mohammad;Gholhaki, Majid
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.535-544
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    • 2017
  • Box sections are symmetrical sections and they have high moment of inertia in both directions, therefore they are good members in tall building structures. For the rigid connection in structures with box column continuity plates are used on level of beam flanges in column. Assembly of the continuity plates is a difficult and unreliable work due to lack of weld or high welding and cutting in the fourth side of column in panel zone, so the use of experimental stiffeners have been considered by researchers. This paper presented an experimental investigation on connection in box columns. The proposed connection has been investigated in four cases which contain connection without internal and external stiffeners(C-0-00), connection with continuity plates(C-I-CP), connection with external vase shape stiffener (C-E-VP) and connection with surrounding plates(C-E-SP). The results show that the connections with vase plates and surrounding plates can respectively increase the ultimate strength of the connection up to 366% and 518% than the connection without stiffeners, in case connection with the continuity plates this parameter increases about 39%. In addition, the proposed C-E-VP and C-E-SP connection provide a rigid and safe connection to acquire rigidity of 95% and 98% respectively. But C-I-CP connection is classified as semi-rigid connections.

LIGHTLIKE HYPERSURFACES OF AN INDEFINITE KAEHLER MANIFOLD WITH A NON-METRIC 𝜙-SYMMETRIC CONNECTION

  • Jin, Dae Ho
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.54 no.2
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    • pp.619-632
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    • 2017
  • We define a new connection on semi-Riemannian manifold, which is called a non-metric ${\phi}$-symmetric connection. Semi-symmetric non-metric connection and quarter-symmetric non-metric connection are two impotent examples of this connection. The purpose of this paper is to study the geometry of lightlike hypersurfaces of an indefinite Kaehler manifold with a non-metric ${\phi}$-symmetric connection.

THE EXISTENCE AND UNIQUENESS OF E(*κ)-CONNECTION IN n-*g-UFT

  • Lee, Jong Woo
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of the present paper is to introduce a new concept of the E($^*{\kappa}$)-connection ${\Gamma}^{\nu}_{{\lambda}{\mu}}$, which is both Einstein and ($^*{\kappa}$)-connection, and to obtain a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of the unique E($^*{\kappa}$)-connection in $n-^*g$-UFT. Next, under this condition, we shall obtain a surveyable tensorial representation of the unique E($^*{\kappa}$)-connection in $n-^*g$-UFT.

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A Study on Connection Ductility of Steel Structures Subjected to Monotonic Loading (단조하중을 받는 철골구조물의 접합부 연성도에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Suk-Bong;Kim, Jin-Hyoung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.375-385
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    • 2000
  • The required connection ductility has been evaluated, considering geometric, material and connection nonlinearity, for 6-story unbraced and 20-story braced steel structures subjected to ultimate lateral load. For material nonlinearity, section moment-curvature relationship and member stiffness matrix have been derived utilizing fiber model and linear flexibility distribution model. In 6-story structure with semi-rigid connections for rigid connection, the required connection ductility is less than that for rigid connection. In 20-story structure, the required connection ductility for semi-rigid connection is almost the same as that for shear connection and the required ductility for rigid connection is larger than that for semi-rigid or shear connection.

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Effect of bolted splice within the plastic hinge zone on beam-to-column connection behavior

  • Vatansever, Cuneyt;Kutsal, Kutay
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.767-778
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate how a fully restrained bolted beam splice affects the connection behavior as a column-tree connection in steel special moment frames under cyclic loading when located within the plastic hinge zone. The impacts of this attachment in protected zone are observed by using nonlinear finite element analyses. This type of splice connection is designed as slip-critical connection and thereby, the possible effects of slippage of the bolts due to a possible loss of pretension in the bolts are also investigated. The 3D models with solid elements that have been developed includes three types of connections which are the connection having fully restrained beam splice located in the plastic hinge location, the connection having fully restrained beam splice located out of the plastic hinge and the connection without beam splice. All connection models satisfied the requirement for the special moment frame connections providing sufficient flexural resistance, determined at column face stated in AISC 341-16. In the connection model having fully restrained beam splice located in the plastic hinge, due to the pretension loss in the bolts, the friction force on the contact surfaces is exceeded, resulting in a relative slip. The reduction in the energy dissipation capacity of the connection is observed to be insignificant. The possibility of the crack occurrence around the bolt holes closest to the column face is found to be higher for the splice connection within the protected zone.

A study on rotational behaviour of a new industrialised building system connection

  • Moghadasi, Mostafa;Marsono, Abdul Kadir;Mohammadyan-Yasouj, Seyed Esmaeil
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.245-255
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    • 2017
  • The performance of an Industrialised Building System (IBS) consists of prefabricated reinforced concrete components, is greatly affected by the behaviour of the connection between beam and columns. The structural characteristics parameters of a beam-to-column connection like rotational stiffness, strength and ductility can be explained by load-rotation relationship of a full scale H-subframe under gravitational load. Furthermore, the connection's degree of rigidity directly influences the behaviour of the whole frame. In this research, rotational behaviour of a patented innovative beam-to-column connection with unique benefits like easy installation, no wet work, no welding work at assembly site, using a hybrid behaviour of steel and concrete, easy replacement ability, and compatibility with architecture was investigated. The proposed IBS beam-to-column connection includes precast concrete components with embedded steel end connectors. Two full-scale H-subframes constructed with a new IBS and conventional cast in-situ reinforced concrete system beam-to-column connections were tested under incremental static loading. In this paper, load-rotation relationship and ratio of the rigidity of IBS beam-to-column connection are studied and compared with conventional monolithic reinforced concrete connection. It is concluded that this new IBS beam-to-column connection benefits from more rotational ductility than the conventional reinforced concrete connection. Furthermore, the semi-rigid IBS connection rigidity ratio is about 44% of a full rigid connection.

THE CHARACTERISTIC CONNECTION ON 6-DIMENSIONAL ALMOST HERMITIAN MANIFOLDS

  • Kim, Hwajeong
    • Journal of the Chungcheong Mathematical Society
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.725-733
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    • 2011
  • The characteristic connection is a good substitute for the Levi-Civita connection, especially in studying non-integrable geometries. Unfortunately, not every geometric structure has the characteristic connection. In this paper we consider the space $U(3)/(U(1){\times}U(1){\times}U(1))$ with an almost Hermitian structure and prove that it has a geometric structure admitting the characteristic connection.